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Australia: Legislation Enacted Preventing Child Sex Offenders from Traveling Overseas

(June 29, 2017) On June 26, 2017, the Passports Legislation Amendment (Overseas Travel by Child Sex Offenders) Act 2017 (Cth) received royal assent, following its passage by the Australian Parliament on June 20, 2017. (Passports Legislation Amendment (Overseas Travel by Child Sex Offenders) Act 2017 (Cth), Federal Register of Legislation website; Passports Legislation Amendment (Overseas Travel by […]

Italy: Protection of Unaccompanied Foreign Minors

(May 16, 2017) On May 6, 2017, new legislation for the protection of unaccompanied foreign minors entered into effect in Italy. (Law No. 47 of April 7, 2017, Provisions on Protective Measures for Unaccompanied Foreign Minors (Law No. 47), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Apr. 21, 2017), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).)  Law No. 47 introduces several amendments to […]

Brazil: New Law Creates System of Guarantees for Protection of Young Victims of Violence

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 31, 2017, Brazil’s government adopted Law No. 13,431 to put in place a system of guarantees for children and adolescents who are witnesses to or victims of violence, to create mechanisms to prevent violence, and to establish measures of assistance and protection for children and adolescents in situations of violence. […]

Mongolia: Domestic Violence Made a Criminal Offense

(Apr. 12, 2017) On February 1, 2017, Mongolia’s newly amended Law to Combat Domestic Violence entered into force. The new Law was adopted on December 22, 2016, although it had originally been approved by the Great Hural (the parliament) on May 13, 2016, and scheduled for entry into effect on September 1 of that year. […]

Solomon Islands: Adoption Act Amended to Enhance Requirements for Intercountry Adoptions

(Mar. 15, 2017) On February 21, 2017, the National Parliament of Solomon Islands voted to pass the Adoption (Amendment) Bill 2016. (Press Release, National Parliament of Solomon Islands, Parliament Passes the Adoption (Amendment) Bill 2016 (Feb. 23, 2017); Adoption (Amendment) Bill 2016, National Parliament of Solomon Islands website.) The Bill, which amends the Adoption Act 2004, […]

Japan: Act to Secure Education for Emotionally Challenged Children

(Dec. 14, 2016) The Act on Securing Opportunities for Education Equivalent to Ordinary Education During the Ages of Mandatory Education was passed by the Diet (Japan’s parliament) and promulgated on December 14, 2016.  (Kanpo, Extra No. 276, at 13 (Dec. 14, 2016) (in Japanese).)   Based on the Act, the government will support “free schools” that […]

Tajikistan: Fines for Language Mistakes

(Sept. 26, 2016) On August 1, 2016, the State Committee on Language and Terminology under Tajikistan’s Cabinet of Ministers announced that it will issue fines for violating Tajik language norms and using words in the Farsi language that are not clearly understood by the audience of print and broadcast media. The fine will be in […]

South Africa: Constitutional Court Confirms Right of a Child not to be Detained Except as a Measure of Last Resort

(Aug. 26, 2016) On August 11, 2016, South Africa’s Constitutional Court found unconstitutional the arrest and detention of a 15-year-old child by the police and upheld her claim for damages for wrongful arrest and detention against the Minister of Safety and Security.  (The Right of a Child Not to Be Detained Prevails, BUSINESS DAY LIVE […]

Papua New Guinea: Changes to Marriage Laws to be Introduced

(Aug. 23, 2016) On August 22, 2016, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea government will soon introduce legislation to amend the country’s marriage and divorce laws.  (Nellie Setepano, PNG Marriage Laws to Be Amended as Part of Reform Bundle to Legally Recognize Traditional Marriage and Protect Minors, PNG POST-COURIER (Aug. 22, 2016).)  Two […]