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China: Laws Amended to Allow Prosecutors to Bring Public Interest Lawsuits

(July 6, 2017) On June 27, 2017, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) issued a decision on amending the Civil Procedure Law and the Administrative Procedure Law, formally allowing Chinese procuratorates, which in general serve as the prosecutors in criminal cases, to bring public interest lawsuits. (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui Changwu Weiyuanhui Guanyu […]

China: New Supreme Court Interpretations on Enforcement of Civil Judgments

(Apr. 26, 2017) On February 28, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released two judicial interpretations on enforcement of judgments in civil cases.  Both interpretations will come into effect on May 1, 2017.  (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Guanyu Minshi Zhixing Zhong Caichan Diaocha Ruogan Wenti de Guiding [SPC Provisions on […]

China: Guiding Case on Liability of Online Shopping Platforms in Tort Cases

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 6, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released the sixteenth batch of guiding cases. (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Fabu Di Shiliu Pi Zhidaoxing Anli [The Supreme People’s Court Released the Sixteenth Batch of Guiding Cases], SPC website (Mar. 16, 2017); see also Laney Zhang, […]

Italy: Compensation for Damages Arising from Antitrust Violations

(Feb. 10, 2017) On February 3, 2017, new legislation governing judicial procedures for the recovery of damages arising from antitrust violations entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 3 of January 19, 2017 Implementing EU Directive 2014/104/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 November 2014 on Certain Rules Governing Actions […]

Israel: Family Court Denies Suit of Lover of a Married Man

(July 15, 2015) On June 8, 2015, the Tel Aviv Family Court rejected a suit filed by a woman against a married man with whom she had romantic relationship four years ago. The woman was asking for living expenses in the amount of ILS923,000 (about US$241,428). (Family (TA) File 4574-04-14 Anonymous v. Anonymous (June 8, […]

Italy: Civil Liability of Judges

(Apr. 9, 2015) Italy has approved new legislation on the civil liability of judges. (Law No. 18 of February 27, 2015, on Civil Liability of Magistrates, GAZETTA UFFICIALE (G. U.) No. 52, NORMATTIVA, amending Law No. 117 of April 13, 1988, Indemnification of Damages Caused in the Exercise of Judicial Functions and Civil Liability of […]

Italy: Measures to Decrease Backlogs in Civil Proceedings

(Oct. 3, 2014) Recently adopted legislation in Italy seeks to clear the country’s considerable backlog of civil cases through a series of measures in the areas of attorney-client relationships, civil actions, family law proceedings, arbitration proceedings, summary proceedings, enforcement procedures, and the transfer of judges throughout the country. (Decree-Law No. 132, of September 12, 2014 […]

China: Environmental Protection Law Revised

(June 6, 2014) On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China website; English translation available through Westlaw China online subscription database.) This was the […]