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Iran: 14.5% Minimum Wage Increase Still Not in Accord with Labor Law Protections

(Apr. 19, 2017) Iran’s Supreme Labor Council, a government body charged with proposing labor regulations to the presidential Cabinet, agreed on March 15, 2017, to raise the minimum wage for the 2017 fiscal year (which begins March 21 in Iran) by 14.5%.  (Workers’ Rights, CENTER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN IRAN (Jan. 3, 2006); Labor Code […]

China: First Step Towards Adoption of a New Civil Code

(Mar. 30, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) passed the General Provisions of the Civil Law. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Minfa Zongze [General Provisions of the Civil Law of the PRC], NPC website; General Provisions of the Civil Law, CHINA LAW TRANSLATE (Mar. 15, 2017).) […]

Italy: Compensation for Damages Arising from Antitrust Violations

(Feb. 10, 2017) On February 3, 2017, new legislation governing judicial procedures for the recovery of damages arising from antitrust violations entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 3 of January 19, 2017 Implementing EU Directive 2014/104/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 November 2014 on Certain Rules Governing Actions […]

Aruba: Same-Sex Partnerships Recognized by Law

(Sept. 23, 2016) On September 8, 2016, the Parliament of Aruba, one of the constituent countries that comprise the Kingdom of the Netherlands, voted to amend the Aruban Civil Code provisions on marriage so as to officially recognize same-sex registered partnerships. The amendment will give same-sex couples the same benefits granted to married partners under […]

Japan: New Instructions Allow Women to Remarry 100 Days After Divorce

(Feb. 26, 2016) Currently, article 733 of Japan’s Civil Code states that women cannot remarry until six months after a divorce. (Civil Code (Part IV and Part V) (tentative translation), Act No. 89 of 1896, art. 733, Japanese Law Translation website.) This provision aims to avoid uncertainty regarding the identity of the legally presumed father […]

Brazil: Requirements to Legalize Foreign Documents Will Soon Be Abolished

(Jan. 21, 2016) On January 18, 2016, the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça – CNJ) announced that it will be responsible for coordinating and regulating the application of the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirements of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents (Apostille Convention) in Brazil. Brazil approved the text of the Apostille Convention […]

Guatemala: Congress Raises Marriage Age

(Jan. 11, 2016) A decree of November 2015 adopted by the Congress of Guatemala amended articles 81-84 and 177 of the country’s Civil Code on matters pertaining to the minimum legal age to marry. Under the amended article 81, the minimum marriage age is 18. Amended article 82 states, however, that as an exception and […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Unauthorized Biographies

(June 17, 2015) On June 10, 2015, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court unanimously decided that it is unconstitutional to require authors to ask for prior authorization of the persons who are the subjects of biographies, or their heirs, before the publication of bibliographic or audiovisual works. This requirement of prior authorization was established in article […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Affirms Pre-Trial Detention of Julian Assange

(June 15, 2015) On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals for Pre-Trial Detention of Julian Assange (May 12, 2015), Högsta Domstolen[Supreme Court] website; Case No. Ö 5880.14 of […]

Brazil: Civil Code Amendment Changes Joint Custody Rules

(Dec. 4, 2014) On November 26, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved an amendment to articles 1,583, 1,584, 1,585 and 1,634 of the Civil Code (Códico Civil [C.C.], Lei No. 10.406, de 10 de Janeiro de 2002, PLANALTO). Among the changes is an amendment to paragraph 2 of article 1,584 that will establish that when […]