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Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Unauthorized Biographies

(June 17, 2015) On June 10, 2015, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court unanimously decided that it is unconstitutional to require authors to ask for prior authorization of the persons who are the subjects of biographies, or their heirs, before the publication of bibliographic or audiovisual works. This requirement of prior authorization was established in article […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Affirms Pre-Trial Detention of Julian Assange

(June 15, 2015) On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals for Pre-Trial Detention of Julian Assange (May 12, 2015), Högsta Domstolen[ Supreme Court] website; Case No. Ö 5880.14 […]

Brazil: Civil Code Amendment Changes Joint Custody Rules

(Dec. 4, 2014) On November 26, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved an amendment to articles 1,583, 1,584, 1,585 and 1,634 of the Civil Code (Códico Civil [C.C.], Lei No. 10.406, de 10 de Janeiro de 2002, PLANALTO). Among the changes is an amendment to paragraph 2 of article 1,584 that will establish that when […]

France: Animals Granted New Legal Status

(Apr. 25, 2014) The French National Assembly recently adopted a legislative amendment changing the status of animals in the Civil Code. Since the inception of the Civil Code in 1804, the legal status of animals was that of mere objects. (Code civil [Civil Code], art. 528 [as worded from Jan. 25, 1804, to Jan. 7, […]

China: First Statute on Choice of Law Passed

(Nov. 5, 2010) On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falü Shiyong Fa [in Chinese], NPC website (Oct. 28, 2010), Effective from April 1, 2011, the Law regulates the application […]

Australia: Bankruptcy Law Revisions

(Sept. 3, 2009) On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes “that the majority of bankruptcies relate to consumer debts and involve people with relatively few assets and little income”; those who, as […]

Uganda: Insolvency Bill Tabled in Parliament

(Sept. 2, 2009) The Government of Uganda has submitted a bill on insolvency to the Parliament. The aim of the legislation “is to rationalise the law and combine the relevant provisions into one applicable to individuals as well as companies,” according to Deputy Attorney General Freddie Ruhindi, who tabled the bill. At present, Uganda's insolvency […]

Peru: Acquired Legal Capacity of Minors

(Nov. 24, 2008) Law No. 29274, promulgated by Peru's President Alan Garcia Perez on October 27, 2008, amends article 46 of the Civil Code concerning the legal capacity of minors, to authorize the acquisition of legal capacity by marriage or official title. Article 46 now states that the incapacity of persons older than 16 years […]

Taiwan: Civil Law Amended

(May 2, 2008) On April 22, 2008, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the parts of the Civil Code on General Principles and the Family, as well amendments to the two parts' enforcement laws. In addition, on May 7, the legislature adopted revisions to the Enforcement Law for Part V, Succession, of the Civil Code. The […]

Taiwan: Draft Changes to Succession Rules

(Dec. 2, 2007) An amendment to the Civil Code of the Republic of China (on Taiwan) on the rules of inheritance was discussed in November 2007 by the legislature's Judiciary Committee, with a view to protecting minors under 20 years of age and the underprivileged from incurring excessive debt from inheritances. At present, the Civil […]