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Italy: Compensation for Damages Arising from Antitrust Violations

(Feb. 10, 2017) On February 3, 2017, new legislation governing judicial procedures for the recovery of damages arising from antitrust violations entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 3 of January 19, 2017 Implementing EU Directive 2014/104/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 November 2014 on Certain Rules Governing Actions […]

Armenia: Relocation of Legal Entities Introduced

(Feb. 2, 2017) On December 17, 2016, legislative amendments on re-domiciliation of foreign companies to Armenia came into effect. (Law No. 207-N of Nov. 17, 2016, OFFICIAL GAZETTE, No. 88 (Dec. 7, 2016), Armenian Legal Information System (ARLIS) database (in Armenian).) The amendments affected both the Civil Code and the Law on Registration of Legal […]

France: Justice Reforms Adopted

(Dec. 6, 2016) On October 12, 2016, the French Parliament adopted a law reforming various aspects of the French justice system. The President promulgated the law on November 18.  (Loi n° 2016-1547 du 18 novembre 2016 de modernisation de la justice du XXIe siècle (1) [Law No. 2016-1547 of 18 November 2016 to Modernize XXIst […]

Brazil: Registration of Babies Born from In Vitro Fertilization or Surrogacy

(Apr. 28, 2016) On March 14, 2016, Brazil’s National Internal Affairs Office (Corregedoria Nacional de Justica, CNJ) published Act No. 52,  regulating the issuance of a birth certificate for children whose parents opted for reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization and “pregnancy by substitution” (barriga de aluguel), which is better known as “surrogacy.” (Provimento No. […]

Brazil: Alimony Now Permitted for Gay Couples

(Mar. 9, 2015) On March 3, 2015, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiça, STJ) unanimously granted to one of the partners of a gay union the right to request alimony in a case involving a separation. (STJ Garante a Gays Direito de Pedir Pensão Alimentícia, VEJA (Mar. 4, 2015).) The case […]

Kenya: Parliament Passes Comprehensive Marriage Bill, Changes Process for Contracting Customary Marriages

(Mar. 28, 2014) On March 20, 2014, the 349-member lower chamber of the National Assembly (Kenya’s parliament) passed the Marriage Bill No. 13 of 2013. Among other objectives, the purpose of the Bill is to consolidate the seven different marriage laws in the country. (Kenya Parliament Passes Polygamy Measure, VOICE OF AMERICA (Mar. 21, 2014).) […]

Denmark: New Family Law Regulation: Co-Mother from Birth

(Dec. 11, 2013) On December 1, 2013, the new amendment to Denmark’s Børneloven (Child Act) that allows the non-birth mother in a lesbian relationship to become a co-mother immediately at the birth of the child, entered into force. The new legislation gives legal certainty to couples who previously could become co-parents only through adoption proceedings […]

Israel: Property Division in Divorce Agreement Voided After Wife Discovers Husband’s Fraudulent Double Life

(Dec. 6, 2013) Judge Tova Sivan, President of the Tel Aviv Family Court, established a new precedent in her November 4, 2013, decision that voided a final divorce agreement’s division of marital property. (Family Court (TA) 6771-07 Anonymous v. Anonymous, NEVO LEGAL DATABASE [by subscription] (last visited Dec. 2, 2013).) In this case, after the […]

Kenya: Parliament Passes Matrimonial Property Bill, Affects Equal Sharing of Assets in Divorce

(Nov. 18, 2013) On November 12, 2013, Kenya’s Parliament passed the Matrimonial Property Bill, 2013, with key amendments that some argue will adversely affect the ability for stay-at-home women to gain an equal share of assets in divorce. (John Ngirachu, MPs Pass Contentious Matrimonial Property Bill, DAILY NATION (Nov. 12, 2013).) The amendments passed due […]