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France: Law on Energy and Climate Adopted

(Dec. 4, 2019) On November 8, 2019, the French president signed Loi n° 2019-1147 du 8 novembre 2019 relative à l’énergie et au climat (Law No. 2019-1147 of 8 November 2019 Regarding Energy and Climate). This law was adopted as part of France’s commitment to the 2015 Paris Agreement to address climate change, and seeks […]

International: International Law Commission Adopts ‘Sea-Level Rise in Relation to International Law’ as Topic for Long-Term Work Program

(Oct. 2, 2019) In the summer of 2019, the United Nations International Law Commission (ILC) adopted the topic of “Sea-Level Rise in Relation to International Law” for its program of work. The ILC noted that the real and potential legal implications of sea-level rise are numerous: What happens to existing low-lying coastal areas and islands […]

Brazil: Brazilian President Signs Decree Authorizing Use of Armed Forces in Amazon Region

(Sept. 19, 2019) On August 23, 2019, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed Decree No. 9,985 (Decreto No. 9,985, de 24 de Agosto de 2019) authorizing the use of the armed forces to assist in fighting fires in the Amazon forest. Article 1 of Decree No. 9,985 authorizes the use of the armed forces to guarantee […]

New Zealand: Zero Carbon Bill Introduced

(May 14, 2019) On May 8, 2019, New Zealand’s Minister for Climate Change, James Shaw, introduced the Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill in the Parliament. (Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill, NEW ZEALAND PARLIAMENT (last visited May 8, 2019); Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill, New Zealand Legislation website.) The explanatory […]

Russia: Government Introduces Bill to Regulate Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Absorption

(May 7, 2019) In December 2018, the Russian Federation’s Ministry of Economic Development drafted a bill on state regulation of emissions and absorption of greenhouse gases. (Federal’nii Zakon o Gosudarstvennom Regulirovanii Vibrosov i Pogloshenii Parnikovikh Gazov i o Vnesenii Izmenenii v Otdel’nie Zakonodatel’nie Acti Rossiiskoi Federatsii. Proekt [Federal Law on State Regulation of Emissions and […]

Australia: Court Includes Climate Impact in Grounds for Upholding Rejection of New Coal Mine

(Feb. 27, 2019) On February 8, 2019, the New South Wales (NSW) Land and Environment Court issued a ruling in which it dismissed an appeal from a mining company against a NSW government decision refusing to grant the company approval to establish a new open-cut coal mine. (Gloucester Resources Limited v Minister for Planning [2019] […]

Japan: Climate Change Adaptation Act Enacted

(June 26, 2018) The Japanese Diet enacted the Climate Change Adaptation Act in June 2018. (Act No. 50 of 2018, Kanpou Extra Ed. No. 126, at 41 (June 13, 2018) (in Japanese).) Before this legislation was passed, measures to reduce greenhouse gases were adopted on the basis of the Act on Promotion of Warming Countermeasures […]

Italy: New Consolidated Forestry and Forest Supply-Chain Law Takes Effect

(May 11, 2018) On May 5, 2018, a new law on forestry and forest supply chains came into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 34 of April 3, 2018, Consolidated Text on Forests and Supply Chains) (L.D. No. 34), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) Apr. 20, 2018 (in Italian), G.U. website.) General Purpose of the New Legislation […]

Sri Lanka: Decision to Ratify Amendment to Montreal Protocol

(Oct. 25, 2017) It was reported on October 11, 2017, that the Government of Sri Lanka intends to ratify the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.  (Sri Lanka to Ratify Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Hydrofluorocarbons (HGC) Phase-down, COLOMBO PAGE (Oct. 11, 2017).)  The Montreal Protocol […]

Iran: Law to Protect Wetlands

(July 10, 2017) In an effort to counteract the combined effects of climate change, water crises, and human activities that have turned Iran’s once-thriving wetlands into sources of dust and sand storms, the Iranian Parliament has passed the Law to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Country’s Wetlands (Wetlands Protection Law). (Law on Wetlands Protection Ready, […]