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Georgia: Constitutional Court Rules Against Part of De-Communization Law

(Nov. 23, 2015) On October 28, 2015, the Constitutional Court of Georgia declared unconstitutional and void several provisions of article 9 of the Freedom Charter, which had permanently banned former senior Soviet officials from holding important public offices with central and regional government, judiciary, police, military, and academia. (Constitutional Court of Georgia, Nodar Mumlauri v. […]

Armenia: Constitutional Amendments to Be Put to a Referendum

(Oct. 29, 2015) On October 8, 2015, the President of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan, signed a decree setting December 6, 2015, as the referendum day for constitutional amendments. (Decree of the President of Armenia No. 754 on Announcement of the Constitutional Amendments Referendum, PASHTONAKAN TEGHEKAGIR [Official Gazette], No. 67 (Oct. 9, 2015) (in Armenian).) The decree had […]

Vanuatu: Fourteen Politicians Sentenced to Prison for Corruption

(Oct. 26, 2015) On October 22, 2015, the Vanuatu Supreme Court sentenced 14 sitting members of parliament (MPs), including the Speaker of Parliament and the Deputy Prime Minister, to terms of imprisonment after their conviction on bribery and corruption charges.  (Vanuatu Court Sentences MPs, Including Former PMs Carasses and Vohor, to Jail for Corruption, ABC […]

Sri Lanka: Committee to Draft New Constitution

(Oct. 23, 2015) Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe of Sri Lanka has appointed a committee to make recommendations for a new Constitution for the country. In addition to officials from the Department of Legal Draftsman (an agency in the Ministry of Justice), the committee includes legal scholars, officials from the parliamentary staff, and legislative representatives. (Sri […]

Republic of the Congo: President Announces Referendum on New Constitution

(Oct. 1, 2015) On September 22, 2015, Denis Sassou Nguesso, the President of the Republic of the Congo, announced that a referendum would be held on the adoption of a new Constitution. (Congo: Denis Sassou Nguesso annonce un référendum sur un projet de nouvelle Constitution [Congo: Denis Sassou Nguesso Announces Referendum on a Project for […]

Nepal: New Constitution Approved

(Oct. 1, 2015) On September 16, 2015, the Constituent Assembly of Nepal approved a new Constitution for the country (Taylor Gillan, Protesters Gather in Response to Nepal Constitution, PAPER CHASE (Sept. 21, 2015); Constitution of Nepal – Final, Legislature Parliament of Nepal website [click on PDF link] (last visited Sept. 28, 2015) (in Nepali); Constitution […]

Central African Republic: Constitution Approved by Transitional Council

(Sept. 11, 2015) It was reported on September 2, 2015, that the National Transitional Council in the Central African Republic, the country’s government, had approved a Constitution for the country. Interim President Catherine Samba-Panza established the current Council with a view to promoting newly organized upcoming legislative and presidential elections; a first round of these […]

Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: President Adopts Laws on Elections, Traditional Leaders

(Sept. 8, 2015) The President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Joseph Kabila, issued two laws on August 25, 2015. One of the new statutes sets the status of traditional leaders, and the other adopts the pattern of distribution of seats of representatives for each local elective constituency. (DRC Head Enacts Laws Distributing […]

Uganda: Court Declares Refund of Bride-Price Under Customary Law Unconstitutional

(Aug. 12, 2015) Eight years after it began, a legal battle challenging the constitutionality of a customary practice of refunding the bride-price at the dissolution of customary marriages ended with Uganda’s Supreme Court, the highest court of the land, declaring the practice unconstitutional. (Uganda Bride Price Refund Outlawed by Top Judges, BBC NEWS (Aug. 6, […]

Maldives: People’s Majlis Passes Amendment to Constitution Allowing Foreign Ownership of Land

(July 30, 2015) On July 22, 2015, the People’s Majlis, the unicameral parliament of the Maldives, passed a bill amending the 2008 Constitution to allow foreign ownership of land. President Yamin Abdul Gayoom ratified the bill the next day. (Shan Anees, President Ratifies Land Ownership Bill, HAVEERU ONLINE (July 23, 2015).) The bill reportedly amends […]