Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Brazil: Court Says Abortion Not a Crime Before End of the Third Month of Gestation

(Dec. 5, 2016) A decision on a Habeas Corpus case issued by the majority of Ministers of the first panel (1a Turma) of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) on November 29, 2016, ordered the release of physicians and clerks who had been arrested, in a clandestine clinic, for the alleged practice […]

South Korea: President May Be Impeached

(Dec. 2, 2016) An impeachment motion against South Korean President Park Geun-hye has now been delayed and it is not certain whether it will be brought against her in, and passed by, the National Assembly. (Yoon-seung Kang, Impeachment Motion Delayed as Oppositions Fail to Narrow Gap, YONHAP NEWS (Dec. 1, 2016); for background on the […]

Côte d’Ivoire: New Constitution Adopted

(Nov. 25, 2016) Alassane Ouattara, the President of Côte d’Ivoire, promulgated a new Constitution on November 8, 2016.  (Côte d’Ivoire: Alassane Ouattara promulgue la nouvelle Constitution [Côte d’Ivoire: Alassane Ouattara Promulgates the New Constitution], JEUNE AFRIQUE (Nov. 8, 2016); Loi No. 2016-886 portant Constitution de la République de Côte d’Ivoire [Law No. 2016-886 Establishing the […]

South Korea: Scandal Raises Questions About the Future of the President

(Nov. 23, 2016) On November 20, 2016, South Korean prosecutors indicted Choi Soon-sil, a close friend of President Park Geun-hye, on charges of abuse of power, coercion, attempted coercion, and attempted fraud. The prosecutors also announced that Park is subject to investigation in the case as a co-conspirator. (Myo-ja Ser, Prosecutors Announce President Park Is […]

Italy: Constitutional Referendum Scheduled

(Nov. 18, 2016) On December 4, 2016, Italy is scheduled to hold a major constitutional referendum.  (Referendum, si vota il 4 dicembre. Renzi: «La partita è ora» [Referendum, the Vote Takes Place on December 4. Renzi: ‘The Match Is Now’], CORRIERE DELLA SERA (Sept. 26, 2016).)  The proposed amendments would drastically change the nature of […]

Brazil: Supreme Court Reaffirms that Convictions Are to Be Enforced After Confirmation by Appellate Court Decision

(Nov. 17, 2016) A decision on an extraordinary appeal (recurso extraordinário), issued by the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) on November 10, 2016, reaffirmed Court jurisprudence from October 2016 that determined that enforcement of a criminal sentence is to commence after a conviction has been confirmed by the first appellate court to […]

Hungary: Parliament Rejects Legislation Blocking Refugee Settlement

(Nov. 16, 2016) The National Assembly of Hungary voted on November 8, 2016, to reject a proposed constitutional amendment aimed at blocking the settlement of new refugees in the country.  The amendment reportedly read, “[f]oreign populations cannot be settled in Hungary,” and “[i]ndividual foreigners (not including EU nationals) can only live in Hungary with the […]

France: Controversial Labor Law Reform Adopted

(Oct. 14, 2016) On August 9, 2016, French President Francois Hollande signed into law a significant reform of France’s labor laws. (Loi n° 2016-1088 du 8 août 2016 relative au travail, à la modernisation du dialogue social et à la sécurisation des parcours professionnels (1) [Law No. 2016-1088 of 8 August 2016 on Labor, Modernization […]

Brazil: Confirmation that Enforcement of Sentences Begins After First Appellate Ruling

(Oct. 11, 2016) On October 5, 2016, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF) ruled that article 283 of the Code of Criminal Procedure does not preclude the enforcement of a criminal sentence commencing after a conviction has been confirmed by the first appellate court to consider the conviction. (STF Admite Execução da Pena […]

Israel: Law Authorizing Force-Feeding of Prisoners Held Constitutional

(Oct. 5, 2016) On September 11, 2016, Israel’s Supreme Court rejected a petition by the Israeli Medical Association (IMA) and various human rights organizations to declare void legislation passed by the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) in July 2015, authorizing force-feeding of prisoners on a hunger strike. (HC 5304/15 IMA v. Israel Knesset (Sept. 11, 2016), STATE […]