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European Union: European Court of Justice Strengthens Rights of Copyright Holders

(Aug. 24, 2018) On August 7, 2018, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) held that the download and subsequent posting on a website of a photograph that has previously been published on another website with the consent of the author and was freely accessible requires new consent from the copyright holder. The upload of such […]

European Union: Regulation on Cross-border Portability of Online Content Services in Effect

(Apr. 10, 2018) On April 1, 2018, the Regulation on Cross-border Portability of Online Content Services (Portability Regulation) became applicable across the European Union (EU). The Portability Regulation aims to accomplish seamless access for consumers throughout the EU to online content services, such as Netflix or Spotify, which they subscribe to in their home Member […]

Iran: New Copyright Law to Be Submitted to Parliament

(Nov. 7, 2017) Iran’s Ministry of Communications and Information Technology has announced it is working closely with the Parliament Research Center and other relevant agencies to formulate a new copyright bill for submission to Parliament. (Minister of Communications and Information Technology: Copyright Law Is Outdated; New Copyright Law to Be Sent to Parliament, IRANIAN LABOUR […]

Italy: Electronic Card for Access to Cultural Activities

(Oct. 12, 2017) On September 19, 2017, regulations on special electronic cards to be used to access cultural activities entered into effect in Italy.  (Decree No. 187 of the President of the Council of Ministers of September 15, 2016, Regulations on the Criteria and Modalities for the Allocation and Use of the Electronic Card as […]

European Union: Exclusive Competence over Marrakesh Treaty Confirmed

(May 23, 2017) On February 14, 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), in line with a CJEU Advocate General’s opinion, ruled that the EU enjoys exclusive competence in defining copyright rules concerning materials intended for use by people with disabilities. The Court stated that the Treaty falls, to a large extent, […]

European Union: Court of Justice Expands Scope of Copyright Infringement to Sellers of Multimedia Players

(May 2, 2017) On April 26, 2017, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) held that the sale of a multimedia player that enables protected works available illegally on the Internet to be viewed easily and for free on a TV screen could constitute an infringement of copyright. The sale of such a player is a […]

Sweden: Internet Service Provider Ordered to Block Access to File-Sharing Sites

(Mar. 9, 2017) A Swedish court has ordered an Internet service provider (ISP) to block file-sharing websites involved in alleged pirating of intellectual property. On February 13, 2017, the Swedish Patent and Market Court (part of the Svea Court of Appeals), in a judgment of final instance, issued a decision requiring the ISP, B2 Bredband (also known […]

New Zealand: High Court Finds Megaupload Founder Eligible for Extradition

(Feb. 22, 2017) On February 20, 2017, the High Court of New Zealand affirmed the district court’s December 2015 ruling that Kim Dotcom and three other appellants are eligible for extradition to the United States. (Ortmann & Ors v United States of America [2017] NZHC 189; Press Release, High Court of New Zealand, Ortmann & Ors v […]

New Zealand: Trans-Pacific Partnership Bill Passed

(Nov. 22, 2016) On November 15, 2016, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement Amendment Bill (TPPA Amendment Bill).  (Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement Amendment Bill, New Zealand Parliament website (last visited Nov. 16, 2016); text of the latest version (133-3) of the Bill on New Zealand Legislation website.)  The Bill amends various pieces of […]