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United Kingdom: Cabinet Office Details Government Actions to Tackle Public Intimidation Ahead of General Election

(Dec. 4, 2019) The Cabinet Office of the United Kingdom has issued an update detailing actions the government has taken to tackle public intimidation that candidates may face in the upcoming general election to be held on December 12, 2019. The experiences of many candidates during the 2017 general election resulted in the government commissioning […]

Colombia: Constitutional Reforms Proposed to Increase Punishment for Violent and Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Nov. 12, 2019) During debates over the last several months in the Colombian Congress regarding a proposed constitutional reform to apply life imprisonment to perpetrators of violent and sexual crimes against children, representative Jaime Rodriguez submitted an additional and highly controversial proposal to impose the death penalty for those who commit such crimes. Article 11 of the Colombian […]

Brazil: New Law Criminalizing Abuse of Authority Enacted

(Oct. 15, 2019) On September 5, 2019, Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, promulgated Law No. 13,869 (Lei No. 13.869, de 5 de Setembro de 2019), which provides for crimes of abuse of authority and amends and revokes other laws. President Bolsonaro had initially issued 19 vetoes that encompassed 36 provisions of the Law, and the National Congress […]

Brazil: Brazilian President Signs Decree Authorizing Use of Armed Forces in Amazon Region

(Sept. 19, 2019) On August 23, 2019, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed Decree No. 9,985 (Decreto No. 9,985, de 24 de Agosto de 2019) authorizing the use of the armed forces to assist in fighting fires in the Amazon forest. Article 1 of Decree No. 9,985 authorizes the use of the armed forces to guarantee […]

England and Wales: Bill Seeks to Increase Animal Cruelty Prison Sentences

(Sept. 10, 2019) The Animal Welfare (Sentencing) Bill was introduced in England and Wales on June 25, 2019, to increase the maximum sentence applicable to individuals who cause unnecessary suffering to animals. The aim of the bill is to deter cruelty to animals and ensure that judges have appropriate means to sentence individuals in the […]

Brazil: Provisional Measure Creates Financial Intelligence Unit

(Sept. 5, 2019) On August 19, 2019, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro enacted Provisional Measure No. 893 (Medida Provisória No. 893, de 19 de Agosto de 2019), which transforms the Financial Activities Control Board (Conselho de Controle de Atividades Financeiras, COAF) into the Financial Intelligence Unit (Unidade de Inteligência Financeira). The Provisional Measure makes the Financial […]

England and Wales: Man Receives First Conviction Under the Animal Welfare (Service Animals) Act For Stabbing Police Dog

(Sept. 4, 2019) On August 5, 2019, a man from the West Midlands of England became the first person convicted under the recently enacted Animal Welfare (Service Animals) Act for stabbing a police dog in the head while resisting arrest from the dog’s handler. The defendant, who was under the influence of drugs at the […]

Brazil: New Regulation on Firearms and Ammunition Enacted

(Aug. 27, 2019) On June 25, 2019, Brazil enacted Decree No. 9,847 to regulate the acquisition, registration, possession, and sale of firearms and ammunition, as well as define the responsibilities of the National Arms System (Sistema Nacional de Armas, SINARM) and create the Military Weapons Management System (Sistema de Gerenciamento Militar de Armas). The Decree […]

Argentina: New Requirement Adopted for Foreigners Seeking Permanent Residence

(Mar. 25, 2019) On March 1, 2019, the Dirección Nacional de Migraciones (National Directorate on Immigration) adopted a measure requiring that foreigners who apply for permanent residence in Argentina prove they have had no criminal record during the ten years prior to their application. The new provision constitutes a seven-year increase over the previous requirement. […]

Australia: Bill Enabling Law Enforcement and Intelligence Agencies to Access Encrypted Information Passes

(Dec. 14, 2018) On December 6, 2018, the Australian Parliament passed the Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment (Assistance and Access) Bill 2018 (Cth) (as enacted; all legislation links are to Federal Register of Legislation website.) The Bill amends the Telecommunications Act 1997 (Cth) to “establish “frameworks for voluntary and mandatory industry assistance to law enforcement and […]