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Italy: Legislation Addressing Difficult Financial Situation of Territorial Entities

(July 19, 2016) On June 25, 2016, new legislation establishing urgent financial measures for territorial entities within the country entered into effect in Italy. (Decree Law No. 113 of June 24, 2016, Urgent Financial Measures for Territorial Entities and the Territory (D.L. No. 113), GAZETTA UFFICIALE, No. 146 (June 24, 2016), NORMATIVVA (in Italian).) This […]

Germany: Act to Protect Cultural Property Passed

(July 19, 2016) On June 23, 2016, the German Bundestag (parliament) adopted a revised Act to Protect Cultural Property which protects certain national cultural property from being exported, restricts illegal trade in cultural goods, and facilitates the retrieval of cultural goods that were exported unlawfully. (Gesetz zur Neuregelung des Kulturgutschutzrechts [Act To Amend the Law […]

Vietnam: New Provisions on Cultural Treasures Sent Abroad

(June 23, 2016) Under Decision No. 23/2016/QD-TTg, issued by the Prime Minister of Vietnam on June 7, 2016, items formally designated as national treasures may be transported abroad “to serve state-level diplomatic activities of the Party General Secretary, the President, the Prime Minister and the National Assembly Chairperson.” (PM Allows Transport of National Treasures Abroad, […]

Italy: New Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape

(May 20, 2016) On March 31, 2016, an updated version of the 2004 Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape entered into effect in Italy.  (Legislative Decree No. 42 of January 22, 2004, Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape, as Mandated by Article 10 of Law No. 137 of July 6, 2002 (L.D. No. 42), GAZETTA UFFICIALE […]

International Criminal Court: Possible First War Crimes Trial for Destruction of Religious or Cultural Heritage

(Mar. 14, 2016) On March 1, 2016, the International Criminal Court (ICC), opened a confirmation of charges hearing against Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi. (Press Release, ICC, Confirmation of Charges Hearing in the Case of The Prosecutor v. Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi: Audio-Visual Materials and Photographs (Mar. 1, 2016).) Al Mahdi, as he preferred […]

Taiwan: Draft Legislation on Indigenous Language Protection

(Dec. 3, 2015) On November 26, 2015, the Executive Yuan (Cabinet) of the Republic of China (on Taiwan) approved a draft law on the promotion of indigenous languages. (Cabinet OKs Indigenous Language Development Bill, TAIWAN TODAY (Nov. 27, 2015).) The Council of Indigenous Peoples (Yuan-chu min-tsu wei-yuan-hui, CIP) proposed the new legislation.  (Id.) The draft […]

Taiwan: Law on Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage Adopted

(Nov. 30, 2015) The main legislative body of the Republic of China (on Taiwan), the Legislative Yuan, adopted a new Law on Underwater Cultural Heritage Preservation on November 24, 2015. (Draft Law on Preservation of Underwater Cultural Heritage (Nov. 24, 2015), Legislative Yuan website (in Chinese) (scroll down to item 6 and click on hyperlink […]

UNESCO: Palmyra Temple Bombing Deemed a War Crime

(Sept. 10, 2015) On August 24, 2015, the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Irina Bokova, issued a statement condemning the destruction the previous day of the temple of Baalshamin by Islamic militants. That temple is an ancient structure that formed part of Palmyra, a UNESCO World Heritage site in […]

Armenia: Private Cemeteries to Be Established

(July 27, 2015) On May 27, 2015, the President of Armenia signed into law amendments to the Law on Organization of Funerals and Operation of Cemeteries and Crematoria, the main purpose of which is to allow private cemeteries to operate in the country. (Law on the Organization of Funerals and Operation of Cemeteries and Crematoria, […]

Iceland: Family Fined over Daughter’s Name

(Mar. 20, 2015) Icelandic parents of a young girl are facing daily fines of ISK1.47 (about US$0.01) because they gave their daughter a name not previously used in Iceland for a girl. (Anita Rienstra, Icelandic Parents Facing Daily Fines over Daughter’s Name, ICE NEWS (Mar. 15, 2015).) Iceland’s Personal Names Act requires all names to […]