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Iceland: Central Bank Eases Currency Restrictions, Ends Financial Crisis Capital Controls

(May 16, 2017) On March 12, 2017, the Icelandic Central Bank announced that it had adopted new currency exchange rules and entered into agreements to purchase Icelandic krónur from foreign holders. (Central Bank of Iceland Concludes Agreement with Owners of Offshore Króna Assets, ICELANDIC CENTRAL BANK (Mar. 12, 2017); New Rules on Foreign Exchange, ICELANDIC CENTRAL […]

Japan: Bitcoin to Be Regulated

(Nov. 4, 2016) On June 3, 2016, an act that amended Japan’s Bank Act and other acts, including the Payment Services Act, was promulgated. (Act to Amend Parts of the Bank Act and Other Acts in Order to Correspond with Changes in the Environment Made by Information and Communications Technologies, Act No. 62 of 2016, […]

Belarus: Tax Law Changes Due to Redenomination

(June 23, 2016) Belarus adopted amendments to its Tax Code on June 13, 2016; the Law that enacted the changes, Law No. 372-Z, was published in the country’s official gazette, the Vedamasti Natsyianal’naha Skhodu Respublikie Belarus, on June 17. (Viktar Strachuk, Belarus: Amendments to Tax Code Due to Currency Redenomination – Law Gazetted, TAX NEWS […]

Sweden: Supreme Administrative Court Rules Trade in Bitcoins Not Subject to VAT

(Feb. 4, 2016) On February 2, 2016, the Swedish Supreme Administrative Court issued a ruling that trade in Bitcoins is not subject to value-added tax (VAT). (Högsta förvaltningsdomstolens dom [Supreme Administrative Court’s Judgment] (SAC Judgment), Nr. 7101-13 (Feb. 2, 2016).) The judgment was based on a case in which the Swedish Tax Authority had appealed […]

Switzerland: Referendum on Sovereign Money Will Go to a Vote

(Jan. 20, 2016) On December 24, 2015, the Swiss Government announced that a proposed referendum on sovereign money had achieved the required 100,000 number of signatures to be put to a vote. In a sovereign money system, all physical and electronic money is created by the central bank and the commercial banks act only as […]

Eritrea: Law on Issuance of New Currency Notes Enacted

(Nov. 10, 2015) On November 4, 2015, the Bank of Eritrea, the country’s central bank, issued the Legal Tender Nakfa Currency Notes Regulations to provide for the replacement of the currency notes currently in circulation (the old Nakfa) and to impose limitations on the amount of money individuals may hold in cash. (Legal Notice No. 124/2015 Legal Tender Nakfa […]

Vietnam: Central Bank Currency Regulation Issued

(Nov. 3, 2015) On October 2, 2105, the State Bank of Vietnam issued Circular No. 15/2015/TT-NHNN, on foreign currency transactions at credit institutions. The goal of the Circular, which went into effect on October 5, is to limit speculation in and hoarding of U.S. dollars and other foreign currencies. (Central Bank to Tighten Management of […]

Indonesia: Central Bank Measures to Stabilize Currency

(Oct. 7, 2015) On September 30, 2015, Indonesia’s central bank, Bank Indonesia, announced new measures designed to stabilize the rupiah, the country’s currency. The Bank will issue certificates in foreign currency and also will intervene in the currency market, hoping to stem the fall of the rupiah, both in fact and in public perceptions about […]

Sweden: Tax Authority Publishes Guidelines for Income Tax on Bitcoin Mining, Suggests Prohibition of Bitcoin Use in Waste and Scrap Metal Transactions

(May 20, 2015) On April 24, 2015, just days before the May 4 tax filing deadline, Sweden’s Tax Authority published guidelines on how to declare income from Bitcoin mining. (Beskattning vid mining av bitcoin och andra virtuella valutor m.m. [Guidelines on the Taxation of Mining of Bitcoins and Other Virtual Currencies] (Apr. 24, 2015), Dnr […]

European Union; Lithuania: Euro Zone Membership on January 1, 2015

(Dec. 18, 2014) Lithuania, after a long and arduous process, has been found by the European Commission and the European Central Bank to meet the required criteria and will join the euro zone on January 1, 2015; as of that date it will also adopt the euro as its currency. With the addition of Lithuania, […]