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Italy: Electronic Card for Access to Cultural Activities

(Oct. 12, 2017) On September 19, 2017, regulations on special electronic cards to be used to access cultural activities entered into effect in Italy.  (Decree No. 187 of the President of the Council of Ministers of September 15, 2016, Regulations on the Criteria and Modalities for the Allocation and Use of the Electronic Card as […]

European Court of Justice/Sweden: Invalidation of Data Retention Obligations

(Jan. 19, 2017) On December 21, 2016, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered a judgment striking down Sweden’s Data Retention Act as inconsistent with provisions of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. (Joined Cases C-203/15 & C-698/15, Tele 2, Sverige AB v Post-och Telestyrelsen and Secretary of State for the Home Department […]

Turkey: Constitutional Court Rulings on “Reasonable Suspicion” in Criminal Procedure Code and on 2014 Changes to Internet Law

(Dec. 30, 2015) The Constitutional Court of Turkey issued two key decisions in December 2015, on amending provisions of a “package” law adopted in December 2014 and on amendments to Turkey’s Internet Law that had been introduced in February 2014.  (Top Court Rejects Appeal Against ‘Reasonable Suspicion’ Clause in Security Law, TODAY’S ZAMAN (Dec. 23, […]

United States: Florida Act on Education Data Privacy

(May 29, 2014) On May 12, 2014, Florida Governor Rick Scott approved “An Act Relating to Education Data Privacy,” which prohibits public schools from collecting, obtaining, or retaining information on the political affiliation, voting history, religious affiliation, or biometric information of a student or a parent or sibling of a student. (Ch. 2014-41, LAWS OF […]

Brazil: New Internet Rules

(Apr. 29, 2014) On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.) Basis The regulation of the use of the Internet in Brazil is based, inter alia, on respect […]

Sweden: Data Retention No Longer Required of Telecom Companies

(Apr. 24, 2014) Following the April 8, 2014, verdict of the Court of Justice of the European Union invalidating the European Data Retention Directive, the Swedish oversight authority Post-och Telestyrelsen (PTS) announced on April 10, 2014, that it will not take actions against operators that stop collecting data. (Press Release, Judgment in Joined Cases C-293/12 […]