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Sweden: Parliament Votes to Grant Migrants Extended Residence Permits to Complete High School

(June 9, 2017) On May 3, 2017, the Swedish Parliament voted to amend the Act on Temporary Restrictions on the Right to Obtain Residence Permits in Sweden, to allow students aged 17-25 to remain in Sweden while they complete their high school education. (Lag om ändring i lagen (2016:752) om tillfälliga begränsningar av möjligheten att […]

Sweden: Mandatory Military Education Re-Introduced

(May 5, 2017) On March 2, 2017, the Swedish Government re-introduced mandatory military education for its citizens. (Regeringen återaktiverar mönstring och grundutbildning med värnplikt [Government Re-Activates Conscription and Mandatory Basic [Military] Education], REGERINGEN (Mar. 2, 2017).) The reason cited by the Swedish government is that the current “volunteer only” solution to military conscription and staffing […]

Turkey: Three New Decree-Laws Issued Under State of Emergency

(Jan. 11, 2017) Three new decree-laws pursuant to Turkey’s state of emergency were published in the country’s official gazette on January 6, 2017.  Decree-Law 679 provides for additional dismissals of thousands of civil servants, police officers, armed forces personnel, and university professors and staff; at the same time, over 200 individuals who had been dismissed […]

Germany: Court Declines Case Challenging Mandatory Participation of Female Muslim Student in Co-Ed Swim Class

(Dec. 15, 2016) On November 8, 2016, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) declined to accept for review a constitutional complaint alleging that mandatory participation in a co-ed swim class for a female Muslim student infringed on the applicant’s freedom of religion. In an unusual move, the Court provided reasoning for its refusal to hear […]

Japan: Act to Secure Education for Emotionally Challenged Children

(Dec. 14, 2016) The Act on Securing Opportunities for Education Equivalent to Ordinary Education During the Ages of Mandatory Education was passed by the Diet (Japan’s parliament) and promulgated on December 14, 2016.  (Kanpo, Extra No. 276, at 13 (Dec. 14, 2016) (in Japanese).)   Based on the Act, the government will support “free schools” that […]

Uruguay: Legislation Against Bullying in Schools

(Sept. 13, 2016) On July 26, 2016, legislation opposing bullying in educational institutions was been submitted for discussion in Uruguay’s Parliament. The draft law aims to define, prevent, and intervene in different types of harassment or bullying in schools and includes applicable sanctions.  (Proponen Sancionar el Bullying en Centros de Ensenanza [Proposal to Punish Bullying […]

Estonia: Court Confirms Russian Not a School Language

(Aug. 29, 2016) On August 26, 2016, an Estonian second instance Circuit Court, whose jurisdiction includes the capital city of Tallinn, confirmed the legality of a decision issued by a lower court earlier this year to reject consideration of a complaint submitted by the parents of two Tallinn city high school students objecting to the […]

Israel: Uniformity of Student Personal Injury Insurance

(Aug. 5, 2016) On July 26, 2016, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Personal Injury Insurance for Students (Amendment) Law, 5776-2016 (Amendment Law) (Knesset website (scroll down and click on issue No. 649 to view) (in Hebrew)).  The Amendment Law amends the Mandatory Education Law and the Municipalities Ordinance. (Mandatory Education Law, 5709-1949 (as amended) […]

Japan: Real Estate Transaction Business Act Amended

(Aug. 4, 2016) An amendment to Japan’s Real Estate Transaction Business Act (Act No. 176 of 1952) was promulgated on June 3, 2016. (Act to Amend the Real Estate Transaction Business Act, Act No. 56 of 2016, OFFICIAL GAZETTE (June 3, 2016), at 31, Official Gazette website (in Japanese).) The Japanese government is trying to […]

Italy: Legislation to Improve Government Educational Buildings and Research

(Apr. 22, 2016) On March 29, 2016, new legislation aimed at bettering government-run educational facilities and research was passed in Italy. (Decree Law No. 42 of March 29, 2016, Urgent Provisions on the Functionality of the Education System and Research (D.L. No. 42), GAZETTA UFFICIALE No. 73 (Mar. 29, 2016), available at NORMATTIVA (in Italian).) […]