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Italy: Measures for Simplification of Companies and Public Administration Take Effect

(Feb. 5, 2019) On December 12, 2018, new measures to simplify public administration and promote the economy entered into force in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 135 of December 14, 2018, Urgent Provisions on Supporting and Simplifying Companies and Public Administration) (D.L. No. 135), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.), Dec. 14, 2018, G.U. website (in Italian).) Support for Small […]

New Zealand: Mandatory Phase Out of Single-Use Plastic Bags to Commence Mid-2019

(Dec. 3, 2018) On November 24, 2018, Associate Minister for the Environment, Eugenie Sage, announced that the New Zealand government had decided that a mandatory phaseout of single-use plastic shopping bags will come into effect in the middle of 2019. (Press Release, Eugenie Sage, Mandatory Phase Out of Single-Use Plastic Bags Confirmed (Nov. 24, 2018).) […]

Togo: Parliament Adopts Bill to Promote Power Generation from Clean Sources

(Oct. 15, 2018) On July 24, 2018, Togo’s Parliament adopted a bill to promote power generation from clean sources. (Ouverture de la deuxième session extraordinaire de l’année 2018 [2018’s Second Extraordinary Assembly], Assemblée Nationale Togolais [Togolese National Assembly] website (all translations by author).) The bill was approved unanimously and includes 59 articles organized in seven […]

China: 2020 Air Pollution Action Plan Released

(Aug. 16, 2018) On June 27, 2018, the State Council (China’s cabinet) released a three-year action plan for tackling air pollution, which sets up targets for improving the air quality of the country by 2020. (State Council, Three-Year Action Plan for Winning the Blue Sky War (Guo Fa [2018] No. 22, June 27, 2018) (Three-Year […]

Several Pacific Countries Announce Bans on Single-Use Plastic Bags

(July 18, 2018) On July 11, 2018, it was reported that Niue was the latest Pacific Island country to announce a ban on single-use plastic bags, following the implementation of a similar ban in Vanuatu, and related announcements by Samoa and Papua New Guinea. (Niue Joins Growing Pacific Movement to Ban Plastics, RNZ (July 11, […]

Brazil: City of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Straws

(July 10, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the mayor of the city of Rio de Janeiro sanctioned Law No 6,384, which bans plastic straws in the city. (Lei No. 6.384, de 4 de Julho de 2018, DIÁRIO OFICIAL ELETRÔNICO DO MUNICÍPIO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, No. 73, July 5, 2018, at 3.) Article 1 of […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Bags

(July 5, 2018) On June 25, 2018, the governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro promulgated Law No. 8,006 (Lei No. 8.006, de 25 de Junho de 2018, State of Rio de Janeiro Legislative Assembly website) banning the use, distribution, and even sale of plastic bags all over the state. (Gilberto Porcidonio, Pezão Sanciona […]

Japan: Climate Change Adaptation Act Enacted

(June 26, 2018) The Japanese Diet enacted the Climate Change Adaptation Act in June 2018. (Act No. 50 of 2018, Kanpou Extra Ed. No. 126, at 41 (June 13, 2018) (in Japanese).) Before this legislation was passed, measures to reduce greenhouse gases were adopted on the basis of the Act on Promotion of Warming Countermeasures […]

Italy: New Consolidated Forestry and Forest Supply-Chain Law Takes Effect

(May 11, 2018) On May 5, 2018, a new law on forestry and forest supply chains came into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 34 of April 3, 2018, Consolidated Text on Forests and Supply Chains) (L.D. No. 34), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) Apr. 20, 2018 (in Italian), G.U. website.) General Purpose of the New Legislation […]

China: New System Relating Corporate Average Fuel Consumption to New Energy Vehicle Sales Takes Effect

(May 9, 2018) On April 1, 2018, the Measures on Parallel Administration of Passenger Car Enterprise Average Fuel Consumption and New Energy Vehicle Credits took effect. The Measures establish a “parallel administration” system for auto companies’ corporate average fuel consumption (CAFC) and new energy vehicle (NEV) sales, aiming to promote new energy cars and provide […]