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Guatemala: Congress Raises Marriage Age

(Jan. 11, 2016) A decree of November 2015 adopted by the Congress of Guatemala amended articles 81-84 and 177 of the country’s Civil Code on matters pertaining to the minimum legal age to marry. Under the amended article 81, the minimum marriage age is 18. Amended article 82 states, however, that as an exception and […]

China: Two Child Policy Becomes Law

(Jan. 8, 2016) On December 27, 2015, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) adopted a decision amending the Population and Family Planning Law. Effective January 1, 2016, the “two child policy” became law applicable nationwide. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Renkou yu Jihua Shengyu Fa [People’s Republic of China Population and Family Planning Law] (2015 […]

Slovenia: Same-Sex Marriage Law Rejected by Voters

(Dec. 24, 2015) In a referendum held on December 20, 2015, voters in Slovenia rejected by a margin of 63.54% to 36.46% a law on same-sex marriage and adoption rights that had been passed by the National Assembly in March 2015. (Taylor Isaac, Slovenia Voters Reject Same-Sex Marriage Law, PAPER CHASE (Dec. 21, 2015); Referendum […]

Saudi Arabia: Proposed Change to Give Widows, Divorced Women More Independence

(Dec. 7, 2015) According to a December 2, 2015, report in Al Riyadh, a state-aligned newspaper, women in Saudi Arabia who are divorced or widowed will soon be able to transact some business without prior approval of a male relative or a court order.  The report stated that the Interior Ministry will issue family identity […]

Germany: Non-Biological Father Who Agrees to Artificial Insemination Is Liable for Child Support

(Nov. 6, 2015) On September 23, 2015, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) held that a man who agreed to the artificial insemination of his girlfriend with another man’s donor sperm will be contractually liable for child support even though he was not married to the mother of the child and did not […]

India: Draft Legislation Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology Published

(Nov. 2, 2015) On September 30, 2015, India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, through its Department of Health Research, published for public and stakeholder comments draft legislation regulating assisted reproductive technology (ART). (Sushmi Dey, Foreigners May Be Barred from Commissioning Surrogacy in India, TIMES OF INDIA (Oct. 16, 2015).) According to the Director of […]

Iceland: Legalization of Surrogacy Proposed

(Oct. 26, 2015) On October 13, 2015, Iceland’s Health Minister, Kristján Þór Júlíusson, announced a proposal to legalize surrogacy in Iceland. (Proposal to Legalise Surrogacy in Iceland, MBL.IS (Oct. 14, 2015).) The proposed law would permit only altruistic surrogacy agreements, not commercial ones. It would allow both men and women to solicit a surrogate to carry their child. […]

Holy See: Amendments to Latin Code of Canon Law on Nullity of Marriage

(Oct. 22, 2015) On September 8, 2015, Pope Francis issued two Apostolic Letters, motu proprio (on his own initiative), in matters concerning Catholic marriage, which will enter into effect on December 8, 2015. The Pontifical Council for Interpretation of Legislative Texts performed the legislative work. (Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of Legislative Texts, The Vatican […]

European Court of Human Rights: Decision on Gay Marriage in Italy

(Sept. 14, 2015) On July 21, 2015, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a landmark judgment concerning homosexuals and their right to marry in Italy. In the case of Oliari and Others v. Italy, the ECHR found in favor of six male applicants who were in committed, stable relationships with other men, but […]