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India: Supreme Court Upholds Mandatory Use of Biometric Identification for Filing Taxes and Tax Account Applications

(July 21, 2017) India’s Supreme Court, on June 9, 2017, upheld the constitutional validity of section 139AA of the Income Tax Act, 1961, which made the Act’s biometric-based identification project, Aadhaar, mandatory for filing income tax returns and applying for Permanent Account Numbers (PANs). (Binoy Viswam v. Union of India & Ors., (2017), Supreme Court […]

Kenya: Anti-Money Laundering Law Amended

(Mar. 24, 2017) On March 3, 2017, the Kenyan President, Uhuru Kenyatta, signed into law the Proceeds of Crime and Anti-Money Laundering (Amendment) Bill.  During the signing ceremony, he reportedly noted that “[t]his is a major tool in our sustained efforts to fight corruption.  It means that no proceeds of theft and corruption are beyond the […]

New Zealand: High Court Finds Megaupload Founder Eligible for Extradition

(Feb. 22, 2017) On February 20, 2017, the High Court of New Zealand affirmed the district court’s December 2015 ruling that Kim Dotcom and three other appellants are eligible for extradition to the United States. (Ortmann & Ors v United States of America [2017] NZHC 189; Press Release, High Court of New Zealand, Ortmann & Ors v […]

United Kingdom: Border Force Has Bumper Haul of Seized Christmas Counterfeit Goods

(Jan. 5, 2017) Border Force, a law enforcement agency within the Home Office that is responsible for securing the borders of the United Kingdom through enforcing immigration and customs controls, seized more than 83,000 counterfeit items, with an estimated value of £3.5 million (about US$4.3 million) at airports during just six days in December 2016.  […]

Iceland: Supreme Court Convicts Bankers in Market Manipulation and Fraud Case

(Nov. 10, 2016) On October 6, 2016, the Icelandic Supreme Court handed down a judgment in the Kaupthing case, in which nine bank officials were convicted of fraud and market manipulation in connection with the Icelandic banking crisis of 2008 when the Kaupthing bank bought its own stock in order to keep its value artificially […]

France: Dismissal of Whistleblowers Illegal

(Sept. 8, 2016) On June 30, 2016 the Cour de Cassation (France’s Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters) ruled that the dismissal of whistleblowers is illegal. (Arrêt n° 1309 du 30 juin 2016 (15-10.557) [Judgment No. 1309 of June 30, 2016 (15-10557)] COUR DE CASSATION – CHAMBRE SOCIALE – ECLI:FR:CCASS:2016:SO01309, Cour de Cassation website.) The Cour […]

Netherlands: Tax Investigators to Use IMSI Catchers to Track Smartphones, Without Advance Police Permission

(Aug. 25, 2015) The Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs, Henk Kamp, announced on August 17, 2015, that the Fiscal Intelligence and Investigation Service (Fiscale inlichtingen- en opsporingsdienst, FIOD), a special investigatory unit under the country’s Tax and Customs Administration, will have the authority “to track and tap smartphones and tablets, including pre-paid … .” (Tax […]

Italy: New Legislation Against Public Corruption and Organized Crime

(June 25, 2015) On June 14, 2015, new legislation fighting criminal conduct against the state, organized crime activities, and false accounting reporting entered into effect in Italy. (Law No. 69 of May 6, 2015, Provisions on Crimes Against the Public Administration, Mafia-Type Associations and False Accounting, GAZETTA UFFICIALE No. 124 (May 30, 2015), NORMATTIVA (in […]

Iceland: Icelandic Bankers Jailed for Fraud

(July 30, 2014) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Dómur: Héraðsdóms Reykjavíkur 12. desember 2013 í máli nr. S-127/2012 [Judgment: Reykjavík District Court December 12, 2013 in case no. S-127/2012], […]

Japan: Gang Member Convicted of Fraud for Playing Golf While Hiding His Gang Membership

(Apr. 18, 2014) The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays golf can be guilty of fraud. Miyazaki CasesIn cases that involved two golf courses in Miyazaki […]