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International: Electronic Apostille Program Developments

(Mar. 16, 2017) From November 2-4, 2016, the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) held a Special Commission meeting to review the practical operation of the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents. Better-known as the Apostille Convention, this international instrument entered into force on January 24, 1965, and currently […]

European Union: Court Rejects Compensation of Commercial Banks over Greek Debt

(Feb. 8, 2017) In a decision issued on January 24, 2017, the General Court of the European Union determined that the European Central Bank (ECB) is not obligated to compensate commercial banks for losses they incurred in 2012 from the restructuring of Greek debt. The Court said that the ECB had not broken the law by […]

Gambia: State of Emergency Lifted

(Jan. 30, 2017) On January 24, 2017, Gambia’s legislature ended the state of emergency in the country and rescinded the extension of executive power that had been granted to former President Yahya Jammeh. Jammeh had lost an election in December 2016 to Adama Barrow, but for a time refused to leave office and hand over […]

Egypt/Saudi Arabia: Supreme Administrative Court Rejects Government Appeal in Red Sea Islands Agreement Case

(Jan. 25, 2017) On January 16, 2017, the Supreme Administrative Court of Egypt rejected the Egyptian government’s appeal against a decision issued by the court of first instance that repealed a bilateral agreement between Egypt and Saudi Arabia on maritime demarcation.  The agreement included the transfer of sovereignty of Tiran and Sanafir Islands in the […]

Cuba/United States: Memorandum of Understanding on Law Enforcement Matters

(Jan. 24, 2017) On January 16, 2017, authorities from Cuba and the United States signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) aimed at fostering collaboration on a number of law enforcement matters. (Press Release, United States and Cuba to Sign Law Enforcement Memorandum of Understanding (Jan. 16, 2017), U.S. Embassy in Cuba website.) The MOU was […]

Cuba/United States: Agreement on Oil Spill Preparedness

(Jan. 17, 2017) On January 9, 2017, it was announced that authorities from the United States and Cuba had signed an agreement covering matters related to preparedness for and responses to incidents of hazardous substance pollution and oil spills in the Straits of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. (Press Release, United States and Cuba […]

Egypt/Saudi Arabia: Bilateral Agreement on Maritime Demarcation Approved by Ministers

(Jan. 12, 2017) On December 29, 2016, the Council of Ministers of Egypt approved a maritime demarcation agreement between the governments of Egypt and Saudi Arabia. According to the agreement, Saudi Arabia will assume control over two islands in the Red Sea that have been under the control of Egypt. Following its approval of the […]

Panama: Accession to Multilateral Treaty on Invasive Species

(Dec. 5, 2016) In October 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced that Panama has acceded to the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments (known as the Ballast Water Management, or BWM, Convention). Panama is the 53rd country to take that step.  Panama is the largest shipping industry […]

United Nations: Latin American and African Countries Join International Program to Combat Drug Trafficking

(Dec. 2, 2016) In October 2016, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) announced that ten countries in Latin America and Africa will participate in a UNODC program aimed at combatting international drug trafficking.  (Press Release, UNODC Launches CRIMJUST Project to Address Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking Across Regions (Oct. 18, 2016), UNODC […]

Mexico/El Salvador/Guatemala/Honduras: Memorandum of Understanding on Labor Pilot Program

(Nov. 30, 2016) In October 2016, labor authorities from Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras signed a memorandum of understanding providing for a labor pilot program whereby nationals of the Central American signatory countries may temporarily migrate to Mexico  to work in certain industries.  (Press Release, Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare, Suscribe México Acuerdo […]