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Brazil: Requirements to Legalize Foreign Documents Will Soon Be Abolished

(Jan. 21, 2016) On January 18, 2016, the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça – CNJ) announced that it will be responsible for coordinating and regulating the application of the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirements of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents (Apostille Convention) in Brazil. Brazil approved the text of the Apostille Convention […]

Brazil: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Publishes Brochure on Child Custody and International Abduction

(Jan. 20, 2016) On January 19, 2016, the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs published on its website a brochure (cartilha) on child custody, international abduction of children, and violence against women. (MINISTÉRIO DAS RELAÇÕES EXTERIORES, DISPUTA DE GUARDA E SUBTRAÇÃO INTERNACIONAL DE MENORES – ORIENTAÇÃO PARA OS PAIS, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS CONSULAR PORTAL (last visited […]

Australia/Croatia: Former Serbian Commander Indicted

(Jan. 15, 2016) On January 8, 2016, Croatian authorities indicted Dragan Vasiljkovic on charges that he committed war crimes. Vasiljkovic was a Serbian paramilitary commander during the 1991-1995 war in the former Yugoslavia by which Croatia gained its independence. He is accused of torturing and killing Croatian soldiers and police officers; of ordering the executions […]

Dominican Republic/United States: Agreement on Customs Security

(Dec. 22, 2015) In December 2015, customs authorities from the United States and the Dominican Republic signed a Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) on customs security; the goal of this arrangement is to create a bilateral customs security structure aimed at streamlining and securing cargo trade between the two countries. The two offices of these programs […]

Russian Federation: New Law Allows Seizure of Foreign Governments’ Property

(Dec. 2, 2015) On November 3, 2015, President Vladimir Putin signed the Law on Jurisdictional Immunity of a Foreign State and a Foreign State’s Property in the Russian Federation (Federal Law No. 297-FZ (Nov. 3, 2015), PRAVO.GOV official government portal) (in Russian).) The law is scheduled to enter into force on January 1, 2016. (Id. […]

United Nations: Security Council Resolution on Terrorism in France

(Nov. 24, 2015) On November 20, 2015, in the wake of the recent terrorist attacks in France, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted Resolution No. 2249/2015, in which it condemned the terrorist attacks of November 2015 in France committed by ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant/Syria (ISIL or ISIS)), also known […]

Iran: Law on Nuclear Agreement Approved by Guardian Council

(Nov. 5, 2015) On October 14, 2015, the Guardian Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran determined that legislation passed by Iran’s Parliament (Majlis) the previous day, approving a multi-lateral nuclear agreement was consistent with the country’s Constitution and Islamic law. The agreement had been concluded with the United States and five other world powers […]

Permanent Court of Arbitration/China/Philippines: Plan to Consider South China Sea Dispute

(Nov. 4, 2015) On October 29, 2015, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), located in The Hague, issued an Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility to hear the dispute brought before it by the Philippines against China concerning rights over contested areas in the South China Sea. The central issue in the case, according to the […]

Mexico/United States: Memorandum of Understanding on Cargo Pre-Inspection Program

(Oct. 22, 2015) On October 15, 2015, authorities from the United States and Mexico signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the U.S.-Mexico Cargo Pre-Inspection Program, which aims to reduce inspections of shipments between the two countries by implementing procedures that will allow inspection of cargo generally only once (instead of twice, one inspection by each […]

European Union/Turkey: Cooperation to Manage the Migrant Crisis

(Oct. 16, 2015) On October 4, 2015, the European Union and Turkey agreed on a Draft Action Plan to increase cooperation and coordinate their actions on the refugee crisis, and to reduce the huge flow of immigrants who enter the EU through Turkey. The Draft Action Plan contains short- and long-term measures to tackle the refugee crisis. Its twin objectives […]