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Switzerland: Voters Reject Popular Initiative on Giving Swiss Constitution Explicit Precedence over International Law

(Dec. 17, 2018) On November 25, 2018, Swiss voters rejected by a vote of 66.2% to 33.8% a popular initiative known as the “Self-Determination Initiative.” Voter turnout was 47.7%. (Vorlage Nr. 624. Vorläufige amtliche Endergebnisse. Volksinitiative vom 12.08.2016 “Schweizer Recht statt fremde Richter (Selbstbestimmungsinitiative)” [Proposal No. 624, Preliminary Official Results: Popular Initiative of Aug. 12, 2016 “Swiss Law […]

Iran: Space Agency Aims to Train Specialists in Space Law

(Nov. 7, 2018) The Iranian Space Agency (ISA) and the University of Tehran’s Institute for Studies in Public Law signed a memorandum of understanding in late-August 2018 providing for the University to train specialists in space law “to increase Iran’s role in international assemblies and secure national interests.” (Iran Expanding Space Law Studies, EGHTESAD ONLINE […]

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Ex-warlord Found Ineligible to Run for Presidency

(Sept. 5, 2018) On August 24, 2018, the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Independent National Electoral Commission (Commission Electorale Nationale Independente, CENI) declared Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo ineligible to run in the country’s upcoming presidential election. (Décision No. 028/CENI/BUR/18 du 24 août 2018 déclarant irrecevable les candidatures des indépendants, des partis, et des regroupements politiques à […]

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Party Names Ex-warlord for Presidential Election Following ICC Acquittal

(Aug. 29, 2018) On June 8, 2018, the International Criminal Court (ICC) Appeals Chamber acquitted Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, former vice president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), of the charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. (Press Release, ICC, ICC Appeals Chamber Acquits Mr. Bemba from [sic] Charges of War Crimes and […]

European Union: New EU Legislative Framework to Regulate Financial Markets Enters into Force

(Feb. 27, 2018) On January 3, 2018, the European Union’s (EU’s) Second Directive on Markets in Financial Instruments (MiFID II) entered into force with the main objective of strengthening investor protection and increasing transparency in financial markets. (Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on Markets in Financial […]

Finland: Supreme Court to Make English Summaries of Precedents Available Online and Begin Using ECLI Code in 2018

(Jan. 12, 2018) On January 2, 2018, the Finnish Supreme Court announced it will make some of its precedents available through summaries in English. (Press Release, Finnish Supreme Court, The Supreme Court of Finland Starts to Publish Summaries of Its Precedents in English (Jan. 2, 2018), SUPREME COURT.) The cases will be limited to those […]

ICC: Jurisdiction over Crime of Aggression Activated

(Dec. 26, 2017) The Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) met at United Nations headquarters from December 4 to 14, 2017. (Press Release, Assembly Activates Court’s Jurisdiction over Crime of Aggression, ICC website (Dec. 15, 2017).) The Assembly “is the Court’s management oversight and legislative body and […]

International Criminal Court/Mali: Reparations Order Issued for Timbuktu Damage

(Aug. 29, 2017) On August 17, 2017, Trial Chamber VIII of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a Reparations Order in the case of The Prosecutor v. Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi. (Jaclyn Belczyk, ICC Orders Reparations for Destruction of Timbuktu Shrines, PAPER CHASE (Aug. 17, 2017); Situation in the Republic of Mali in the […]

Netherlands: Draft Law on New International Commercial Court

(Aug. 11, 2017) On July 18, 2017, Stef Blok, Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, submitted draft legislation to the Dutch House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer) on the establishment of a new commercial court that would have the authority to render judgments in English on complex international trade disputes involving the Netherlands. (Legislative […]

International: Electronic Apostille Program Developments

(Mar. 16, 2017) From November 2-4, 2016, the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) held a Special Commission meeting to review the practical operation of the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents. Better-known as the Apostille Convention, this international instrument entered into force on January 24, 1965, and currently […]