Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Germany: Judge Texting During Trial Created Appearance of Bias

(Sept. 10, 2015) On June 17, 2015, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) held that the private use of a cell phone by a judge during the questioning of a witness in the trial of a case created an appearance of impropriety and bias and thus constituted absolute grounds for appeal of the […]

International Criminal Court: New Judge Elected

(July 6, 2015) On June 24, 2015, during its 13th session, the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute, the founding treaty of the International Criminal Court (ICC), elected Dr. Raul Cano Pangalangan as a judge of the ICC. (Press Release, ICC, Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute Elects a Judge (June […]

Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Passed Increasing Justices

(May 12, 2015) On May 6, 2015, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved a constitutional amendment that increases the age of compulsory retirement of the members of the Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF), the Audit Tribunal of the Union (Tribunal de Contas da União, TCU), and all other superior tribunals. After the amendment, […]

Italy: Civil Liability of Judges

(Apr. 9, 2015) Italy has approved new legislation on the civil liability of judges. (Law No. 18 of February 27, 2015, on Civil Liability of Magistrates, GAZETTA UFFICIALE (G. U.) No. 52, NORMATTIVA, amending Law No. 117 of April 13, 1988, Indemnification of Damages Caused in the Exercise of Judicial Functions and Civil Liability of […]

Brazil: Lay Judges, a Quick Solution to Less Complex Disputes

(Feb. 25, 2015) Recently tribunals throughout Brazil have been enacting specific normative acts to regulate the activities of lay judges, who are recruited through a public selection process. These professionals already operate in states such as Espírito Santo, Rio Grande do Sul, and Rio de Janeiro and have played an important role in the rapid […]

Italy: Measures to Decrease Backlogs in Civil Proceedings

(Oct. 3, 2014) Recently adopted legislation in Italy seeks to clear the country’s considerable backlog of civil cases through a series of measures in the areas of attorney-client relationships, civil actions, family law proceedings, arbitration proceedings, summary proceedings, enforcement procedures, and the transfer of judges throughout the country. (Decree-Law No. 132, of September 12, 2014 […]

Ukraine: Judges Will Be Subjected to Lustration

(May 9, 2014) On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in revolutionary street protests in the capital city, Kyiv, during the period of November 2013-February 2014. The […]

Turkey: New Amendments to Laws on Judiciary

(Mar. 10, 2014) On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law No. 6087 on the High Council of Judges and Public Prosecutors (6087 sayıIı Hâkimler ve Savcılar Yüksek Kurulu Kanunu (Dec. […]

Uganda: Women Judges Voice Concern over Domestic Violence

(July 8, 2013) On June 18, 2013, a group of female judges in Uganda expressed concern over the increase in gender-based domestic violence and abuse in their country. (Domestic Violence Cases Soar, NEW VISION (June 18, 2013).) The President of the National Association of Women Judges-Uganda (NAWJU), Stella Arach Amoko, attributed this in part to […]

Libya: Judges Oppose Bill on Reorganization of Judiciary

(Nov. 6, 2012) On October 17, 2012, a number of Libyan judges announced their objection to a bill on the reorganization of the judiciary, which had been previously referred to the Libyan National Assembly (Parliament) by the Supreme Council of the Judiciary. The judges opposing the bill attempted to meet with the Speaker of the […]