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Germany: Non-Biological Father Who Agrees to Artificial Insemination Is Liable for Child Support

(Nov. 6, 2015) On September 23, 2015, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) held that a man who agreed to the artificial insemination of his girlfriend with another man’s donor sperm will be contractually liable for child support even though he was not married to the mother of the child and did not […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Upholds Criminalization of Lewd Acts by Military

(Nov. 3, 2015) In a decision issued on October 28, 2015, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) upheld, but struck down portions of, article 235 of the Military Penal Code, which criminalizes the practice of lewd acts by members of the Armed Forces while carrying out their military activities and imposes a […]

Germany: Court Clarifies Scope of Parliamentary Right to Approve Deployment of Troops

(Oct. 20, 2015) On September 23, 2015, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) ruled that the German government does not need to seek retroactive parliamentary approval for the deployment of troops in cases of imminent danger. The Court reiterated its view that the German government is under a general obligation to seek parliamentary approval […]

Indonesia: Court Rules on Presidential Role in Investigating Legislators

(Sept. 28, 2015) On September 22, 2015, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia issued a ruling that establishes that law enforcement officers must have the approval of the President of the country before they can begin any criminal investigations of the country’s legislators. (Court Rules President, Not House, Must Approve Criminal Probes into Legislators, JAKARTA GLOBE […]

Cambodia: Protest Supports Villagers Challenging Foreign Forest Concession

(Sept. 25, 2015) On September 22, 2015, a group of approximately 100 Cambodians from the Phnong ethnic group rallied to support five members of the group who were questioned in court and then released. The issues involved were claims of illegal logging and a land dispute in Kratie Province of eastern Cambodia. The provincial court […]

Sri Lanka: Update on War Crimes Investigation Proposal

(Sept. 24, 2015) On September 22, 2015, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe of Sri Lanka, speaking to the legislature, rejected the recommendation from the United Nations that there be international involvement in the investigation into the war crimes that allegedly occurred during the country’s civil war or that there be established any form of hybrid domestic […]

Germany: Allowing Juvenile to Stop Medical Treatment for Cystic Fibrosis Constitutes Torture

(Sept. 11, 2015) On August 4, 2015, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) held that letting a 12-year-old boy decide if he wants to continue treatment for the genetic disease cystic fibrosis, from which he had suffered since early childhood and for which he needed constant medical treatment, constitutes neglect of the custodian’s […]

Maldives: Rights Commissioner Criticizes Detention of Former President

(Sept. 11, 2015) In a statement released on August 25, 2015, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed concern about the re-imprisonment by the Government of the Maldives on August 23 of the former President of the country, Mohammad Nasheed. The Office also noted that the authorities had reportedly used […]

Israel: Intended Assets Sharing Presumption Applies to Same-Sex Couples

(Sept. 8, 2015) On August 20, 2015, Israel’s Supreme Court rejected an appeal of a decision of the Tel Aviv District Court recognizing the applicability of the “assets’ sharing presumption” to a same-sex couple who prior to ending their relationship had cohabited while jointly raising the child of one of the spouses and jointly managing […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Turns to Electronic Communication

(Sept. 8, 2015) On August 25, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court announced that as of August 31, 2015, it has turned to e-mail as its main means of communication. (Press Release, Ökad användning av e-post vid Högsta domstolen, Högsta Domstolen [Supreme Court] website (Aug. 25, 2015), NOTISUM.) The new policy means that all communication between […]