Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Switzerland: Voters Reject Popular Initiative on Giving Swiss Constitution Explicit Precedence over International Law

(Dec. 17, 2018) On November 25, 2018, Swiss voters rejected by a vote of 66.2% to 33.8% a popular initiative known as the “Self-Determination Initiative.” Voter turnout was 47.7%. (Vorlage Nr. 624. Vorläufige amtliche Endergebnisse. Volksinitiative vom 12.08.2016 “Schweizer Recht statt fremde Richter (Selbstbestimmungsinitiative)” [Proposal No. 624, Preliminary Official Results: Popular Initiative of Aug. 12, 2016 “Swiss Law […]

China: Supreme People’s Court Designated as Appeals Court for Highly Technical IP Cases

(Nov. 29, 2018) On October 26, 2018, China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee issued the Decision on Several Issues Concerning the Litigation Procedures in Patent and Other Intellectual Property Cases (Decision). Effective January 1, 2019, the Decision designates the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), the highest court in China, as the appeals court to hear […]

Japan: High Court Rules Tattooing Is Not a Medical Act

(Nov. 23, 2018) On November 14, 2018, the Osaka High Court acquitted a tattoo artist who had been convicted of violating the Medical Practitioners Act. (Osaka High Ct., Case No. 2017 (u) No. 1117 (Nov. 14, 2018) (in Japanese), posted by defense lawyers, Good Morning website.) Previously, the Osaka District Court had imposed a fine […]

Qatar: New Law to Create Permanent Residency System Adopted

(Nov. 19, 2018) On September 4, 2018, the amir of Qatar signed Law No. 10 of 2018, creating a new residency system for foreign nationals who are interested in residing permanently in the state of Qatar. (Details of the New Permanent Residency Law, AL-SHARQ (Sept. 4, 2018) (in Arabic).) Law No. 10 of 2018, known […]

South Korea: Supreme Court Finds Conscientious Objection to Military Service Justifiable

(Nov. 16, 2018) On November 1, 2018, the Supreme Court of South Korea ruled that conscientious objection to military service is “justifiable” under article 88(1) of the Military Service Act. (Sup. Ct., No. 2016 do 10912 (Nov. 1, 2018) (in Korean), Supreme Court website; Military Service Act, Act No. 4685, Dec. 31, 1993, as amended by […]

China: New Regulation on Police Cybersecurity Supervision and Inspection Powers Issued

(Nov. 13, 2018) On September 15, 2018, the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) issued a new regulation on cybersecurity supervision and inspections by the police. (Gong’an Jiguan Hulianwang Anquan Jiandu Jiancha Guiding  [Measures of Internet Security Supervision and Inspection by the Public Security Organs] (Sept. 15, […]

Israel: Legislation Exempting Food Donors from Liability Adopted

(Nov. 1, 2018) On October 22, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) passed the Encouragement of Food Donations Law, 5779-2018 (SEFER HAHUKIM [SH] [BOOK OF LAWS] (official gazette) 5778 No. 2752 p. 10, Ministry of Justice website (in Hebrew; click on issue No. 2752)). The Law exempts donors to food distribution organizations from civil and criminal […]

Uruguay: Congress Adopts New Law on Transgender Rights

(Oct. 31, 2018) On October 19, 2018, the Uruguayan Congress adopted the new Comprehensive Law for Transgender Persons, aimed at reversing discrimination and advancing the rights of this population, including the right to work, to housing, and to surgical interventions. (Uruguay Aprueba la Ley Integral para Personas Trans [Uruguay Approves Comprehensive Law for Transgender Persons], […]

France: Government Adopts Law Banning Cell Phone Use at School

(Oct. 30, 2018) On August 5, 2018, the French government promulgated a law banning “cell phones and other electronic communication devices” from kindergartens, elementary schools, and middle schools. (Loi n° 2018-698 du 3 août 2018 relative à l’encadrement de l’utilisation du téléphone portable dans les établissements d’enseignement scolaire [Law No. 2018-698 of August 3, 2018, […]