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Germany: Quota of Lawyers Suggested for Appointment of Justices to Federal Constitutional Court

(Dec. 5, 2016) In November 2016, the Federal Bar Association (Bundesrechtsanwaltskammer, BRAK) and the German Lawyers’ Association (Deutscher Anwaltverein, DAV) proposed a mandatory lawyers’ quota for the appointment of justices to the Federal Constitutional Court. They suggested that at least one of the justices in each of the two chambers should be an attorney who […]

Thailand/United Nations: Call to Investigate Disappearances, Ratify Treaty

(Jan. 8, 2016) On January 6, 2016, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, called on the Thai government to criminalize enforced disappearances; to investigate the cases of over 80 individuals who have disappeared, including the prominent attorney Somchai Neelapaijit; and to immediately ratify the International Convention for the Protection […]

Japan: Bar Association Guidelines for Defense Counsel in Death Penalty Cases

(Nov. 27, 2015) The Japan Federation of Bar Associations (JFBA) created Guidelines for Defense Counsel in Death Penalty Cases and sent them to local bar associations throughout Japan in October 2015. (Guidelines Exclusively for Capital Defense, JFBA “Special Defense Required,” NIKKEI (Oct. 19, 2015) (in Japanese).) The guidelines are modeled after the American Bar Association […]

Brazil: Bar Association Publishes New Code of Ethics and Discipline

(Nov. 10, 2015) A new Code of Ethics and Discipline was published in Brazil’s Official Gazette (Diário Oficial da União) on November 4, 2015, by the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association (Conselho Federal da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil). (Código de Etica e Disciplina da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil, Resolução No. 2, […]

Israel: Restrictions on Fees for Handling Holocaust Survivors’ Claims Constitutional

(July 22, 2015) On July 9, 2015, Israel’s Supreme Court, in a unanimous decision, rejected a petition filed by attorneys and public organizations arguing that the introduction of mandatory ceilings on and retroactive reimbursement of excess fees paid in connection with the Victims of Nazi Persecution (Amendment No. 20) Law 5775-2014 violated their basic rights […]

Tajikistan: Human Rights Lawyer Sentenced

(Jan. 15, 2015) On January 13, 2015, prominent human rights lawyer Sukhrat Kudratov was sentenced to nine years in prison in Tajikistan. The conviction was for bribery and fraud. Human rights advocates considered it to be a warning against criticism of the country’s government. (Addison Morris, Human Rights Lawyer Jailed in Tajikistan, PAPER CHASE (Jan. […]

Morocco: Human Rights Activist Sentenced to Four Years in Prison

(Dec. 4, 2014) On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the World Forum for Human Rights in Morocco. (Four Years of Imprisonment for the Sahraoui Rights Activist “Abdelkhalik […]

Saudi Arabia: Women Not Allowed to Perform Notary Duties

(Nov. 14, 2014) Notaries public in Saudi Arabia are public employees under the Ministry of Justice, in accordance with article 73 and subsequent articles of the Judiciary Law issued by Royal Decree No. M/78 of 2007 (1428 Hijri). (Text of the Law [in Arabic] (Sept. 2, 2007), Bureau of Experts at the Council of Ministers […]

Ukraine: New Law on State Attorneys

(Nov. 4, 2014) On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine’s legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The procuracy system is the main law enforcement institution in the post-Soviet countries; the office was inherited from […]

Israel: Anti-Money Laundering Law Amended

(Oct. 7, 2014) On July 30, 2014, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Prohibition on Money Laundering (Amendment No. 13) Law, 5774-2014 (Amendment Law [in Hebrew], Knesset website [scroll down to appropriate link on the right]), amending the 2000 law on the subject. (Prohibition on Money Laundering Law, 5760-2000, SEFER HAHUKIM 5760 No. 1753 p. […]