Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

French Government Plans to Introduce Proportional Representation

(May 22, 2018) On April 4, 2018, French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe announced the government’s plans to reform the country’s Constitution and especially the electoral system. This proposed reform would implement one of President Emmanuel Macron’s campaign promises to take steps towards a more representative and effective Parliament. (Baisse du nombre de parlementaires, proportionnelle… tout […]

Italy: New Law on Election of Members of Congress

(Jan. 2, 2018) On December 11, 2017, new legislation on the election of members of Congress came into effect in Italy. (Law No. 165 of November 3, 2017, Amending the Electoral System for the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic, Delegating Authority to the Government to Determine Uninominal and Plurinominal Electoral Constituencies […]

Australia: High Court Disqualifies Five Members of Parliament Due to Dual Citizenship

(Oct. 31, 2017) On October 27, 2017, the High Court of Australia (Australia’s highest court), sitting as the Court of Disputed Returns, issued its decision in a case involving seven sitting members of the federal Parliament (sometimes referred to as the “Citizenship Seven”). (Re Canavan; Re Ludlam; Re Waters; Re Roberts [No 2]; Re Joyce; […]

Italy: Update on Legislative Electoral Reform (Italicum)

(Feb. 7, 2017) On January 25, 2017, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision on the constitutionality of amendments to Italicum, the colloquial name given to the electoral reform introduced by Law No. 52 of 2015 on the election of members of the Chamber of Deputies. (Decisione sulla legge elettorale cd.Italicum, Corte Costituzionale website (Jan. […]

Turkey: Parliamentary Commission Approves Amendments to Constitution that Would Enhance President’s Powers

(Jan. 9, 2017) On December 30, 2016, the Commission on the Constitution in Turkey’s Grand National Assembly (GNA, the parliament) approved several draft amendments to the country’s Constitution that would, among other measures, augment the powers of the president and change the government to a presidential system from the current prime minister-led system. Of an […]

Italy: Constitutional Referendum Scheduled

(Nov. 18, 2016) On December 4, 2016, Italy is scheduled to hold a major constitutional referendum.  (Referendum, si vota il 4 dicembre. Renzi: «La partita è ora» [Referendum, the Vote Takes Place on December 4. Renzi: ‘The Match Is Now’], CORRIERE DELLA SERA (Sept. 26, 2016).)  The proposed amendments would drastically change the nature of […]

Vanuatu: Amendments to Reserve Seats in Parliament for Women to Be Introduced

(May 27, 2016) On May 20, 2016, the Vanuatu Minister of Justice, Ronald Warsal, stated in a radio interview that the government would introduce a bill that would reserve a certain number of seats for women in the Parliament.  (Michael Walsh, Vanuatu Paves Way for Women’s Seats in Parliament, ABC NEWS (May 20, 2016).)  The […]

Australia: Changes to Senate Electoral Law Passed Following Overnight Debate

(Mar. 28, 2016) On March 18, 2016, the Australian Parliament passed the Commonwealth Electoral Amendment Bill 2016, which makes changes to the voting system used to elect Senators under the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918.  (Commonwealth Electoral Amendment Bill 2016, Parliament of Australia website (last visited Mar. 18, 2016); Commonwealth Electoral Amendment Act 2016 (Cth), amending […]

Mongolia: Agenda for Autumn 2015 Session of Parliament

(Nov. 7, 2015) On September 20, 2015, the Chairman of the Great State Hural (Parliament), Zandaakhuu Enkhbold, gave a presentation on Mongolia’s economy to the American Chamber of Commerce in UlaanbaatarUlanbatar. Part of his remarks covered the fall agenda for the Great State Hural. Aside from what he termed “the usual suspects” – the 2016 […]