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Cameroon: Revision of Adultery Law

(June 30, 2016) On June 22, 2016, the lower house of the Parliament of Cameroon voted to amend the country’s criminal provisions on adultery. (Matthew Santiago, Cameroon Parliament Votes for Gender-Balanced Adultery, PAPER CHASE (June 26, 2016).) While the Penal Code had already penalized adultery as a crime for both men and women, responsibility was […]

Switzerland: Rejection of Abolishment of Marriage Tax Penalty and Constitutional Definition of Marriage

(Mar. 11, 2016) On February 28, 2016, Swiss voters rejected by a narrow vote of 50.8% to 49.2% a referendum to abolish the marriage tax penalty in Swiss law. (Vorlage Nr. 596, Vorläufige amtliche Endergebnisse [Initiative No. 596, Preliminary Official Results], Schweizerische Bundeskanzlei [Swiss Federal Chancellery] website (Feb. 28, 2016).) The “marriage penalty” refers to tax provisions […]

Pakistan: Hindu Marriage Bill Passed in Sindh Legislature

(Feb. 25, 2016) On February 15, 2016, the Provincial Assembly of Sindh passed the Hindu Marriage Bill 2016, applicable to Hindus and other non-Muslim citizens. It is reportedly the first of its kind in Pakistan. (Hafeez Tunio, Sindh Assembly Becomes First in Pakistan to Pass Hindu Marriage Bill, EXPRESS TRIBUNE (Feb. 15, 2016).) Similar draft […]

Egypt: Ministerial Resolution Regulating the Marriage of Egyptian Women to Foreigners

(Feb. 11, 2016) In December 2015, the Egyptian Minister of Justice issued Ministerial Regulation No. 9200 of 2015 to regulate the registration process for marriage contracts between Egyptian women and foreign men. The new Regulation relates to Law No. 103 of 1976 on the same subject. (Ministerial Regulation No. 9200 of 2015, 278 AL WAQA’A […]

Pakistan: Child Marriage Bill Withdrawn

(Jan. 25, 2016) On January 14, 2016, Pakistan’s National Assembly Standing Committee on Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony met to discuss the Child Marriage Restraint (Amendment) Bill 2014.  According to a press release, the bill, which was moved by National Assembly Member Marvi Memon, was withdrawn at the end of the discussion. (Press Release, National […]

Estonia: Legalization of Civil Partnerships

(Jan. 14, 2016) On January 1, 2016, the Registered Partnership Law, which had been passed by the Estonian Parliament in 2014, entered into force. The enforcement of the Law was delayed by the need to pass implementing regulations and amend existing legislation. (Registered Partnership Act (Oct. 9, 2014), RIIGI TEATAJA [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] (Oct. 16, 2014), […]

Guatemala: Congress Raises Marriage Age

(Jan. 11, 2016) A decree of November 2015 adopted by the Congress of Guatemala amended articles 81-84 and 177 of the country’s Civil Code on matters pertaining to the minimum legal age to marry. Under the amended article 81, the minimum marriage age is 18. Amended article 82 states, however, that as an exception and […]

China: Two Child Policy Becomes Law

(Jan. 8, 2016) On December 27, 2015, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) adopted a decision amending the Population and Family Planning Law. Effective January 1, 2016, the “two child policy” became law applicable nationwide. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Renkou yu Jihua Shengyu Fa [People’s Republic of China Population and Family Planning Law] (2015 […]

Japan: Supreme Court States Family Name System Constitutional

(Jan. 8, 2016) On December 16, 2015, the Japanese Supreme Court held that a Civil Code provision that requires one partner of a married couple, which in practice is nearly always the female partner, to change his/her surname to that of the other partner does not violate the relevant provisions of the Constitution. (Case No. […]

Holy See: New Procedural Rules on Nullity of Marriage

(Nov. 4, 2015) As we previously reported (Dante Figueroa, Holy See: Amendments to Latin Code of Canon Law on Nullity of Marriage, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Oct. 22, 2015)), on September 8, 2015, Pope Francis issued an Apostolic Letter, titled Mitis Iudex, on the Amendment of the Canonical Procedure for the Causes on the Declaration of […]