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Kyrgyzstan: Parliament Approves Bill Abolishing Military Courts

(Mar. 23, 2017) On December 27, 2016, the President of Kyrgyzstan signed into law amendments to the Constitutional Law on the Status of Judges of the Kyrgyz Republic that had been adopted by the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic. (Optimization of Spending: Military Courts Are Terminated in Kyrgyzstan, SPUTNIK-TJ.COM,  (Dec. 27, 2016) (in Russian); Law […]

Bahrain: Constitutional Amendment Allows Military Trials of Civilians

(Mar. 22, 2017) On March 6, 2017, the Bahraini Parliament (Shura Council) approved an amendment to article 105(b) of the Bahraini Constitution of 2002.  (Bahrain: Constitution of February 14 in English (2002) (Constitution), ACE Electoral Knowledge Network website.)  Members of the Council approved the constitutional amendment two weeks after it was passed by the National Assembly, […]

Australia: Amendments to War Crimes Provisions Relate to Fight Against Islamic State

(Oct. 17, 2016) On October 12, 2016, the Australian government introduced a bill into the Parliament to amend provisions related to war crimes contained in the Criminal Code Act 1995 (Cth).  (Criminal Code Amendment (War Crimes) Bill 2016, PARLIAMENT OF AUSTRALIA (last visited Oct. 13, 2016).) The proposed changes were first announced by the Prime […]

Turkey: Immunity for Soldiers Involved in Counterterrorism Operations

(July 5, 2016) On June 24, 2016, the Grand National Assembly (Turkey’s parliament) adopted a law amending the Turkish Armed Forces Personnel Law, along with some other laws, to provide for immunity from prosecution, in some cases, of armed forces personnel engaged in counterterrorism operations; prosecution of soldiers will require the permission of “the military […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Upholds Criminalization of Lewd Acts by Military

(Nov. 3, 2015) In a decision issued on October 28, 2015, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) upheld, but struck down portions of, article 235 of the Military Penal Code, which criminalizes the practice of lewd acts by members of the Armed Forces while carrying out their military activities and imposes a […]

Japan: Cabinet Adoption of Constitutional Interpretation Allowing Japan to Engage in Collective Self Defense

(Aug. 4, 2014) Japan’s Cabinet adopted a resolution on July 1, 2014, that allows Japanese Self Defense Forces (SDF) to take action in support of an ally that has come under enemy attack (collective self-defense). The resolution changed the government’s long-standing position that article 9 of the Constitution of Japan (1946) prohibited the country from […]