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Netherlands: Two New Sets of Administrative Sanctions Proposed to Fight Terrorism

(June 2, 2016) On May 17, 2016, the Dutch House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer) passed a draft temporary law put forward by the Ministry of Security and Justice (MSJ) that imposes administrative sanctions to help further combat terrorist-related activities. The draft legislation, whose short title is the Temporary Law on Counterterrorism Administrative Measures, was passed […]

New Zealand: Review of Legislative Framework and Oversight of Security and Intelligence Agencies Completed

(Mar. 14, 2016) On March 9, 2016, the report of the Independent Review of Intelligence and Security was presented to New Zealand’s Parliament.  (Press Release, John Key, PM Welcomes Security and Intelligence Review (Mar. 9, 2016), BEEHIVE.GOVT.NZ; Michael Cullen & Patsy Reddy, Intelligence and Security in a Free Society: Report of the First Independent Review […]

Saudi Arabia: 32 People on Trial for Treason and Spying

(Feb. 29, 2016) On February 21, 2016, the Specialized Criminal Court in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, began the trial of a group of 30 Saudis, an Afghani, and an Iranian on charges of treason and spying for Iran. The accused were allegedly in direct contact with the Iranian Intelligence Services, and some of them are said […]

China: Provisions on Decryption of Communications in Anti-Terrorism Law

(Feb. 17, 2016) On December 27, 2015, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) adopted the Anti-Terrorism Law of the People’s Republic of China, which took effect on January 1, 2016. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Fan Kongbu Zhuyi Fa [PRC Anti-Terrorism Law] (Dec. 27, 2015, effective Jan. 1, 2016), Central People’s Government website.) Article […]

Israel: Policy Document on Regulation of Cyber Security Professions Published

(Jan. 20, 2016) On December 31, 2015, the National Cyber Bureau (NCB) under the Israeli Prime Minister’s office published a policy document on the regulation of cyber security professions in Israel. (Policy of Regulating Cyber Security Professions in the State of Israel (Policy Document) (Dec. 31, 2015), NCB website (in Hebrew).) The NCB advises the […]

Israel: Government Declares Northern Branch of Islamic Movement Unlawful

(Nov. 18, 2015) On November 17, 2015, the Israeli government’s Security Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, declared the northern branch of the Islamic Movement in Israel to be an illegal organization. (Press Release, Prime Minister’s Office, Security Cabinet Decides to Outlaw the Northern Branch of the Islamic Movement in Israel (Nov. 17, 2015).) […]

Hungary: New Law Permits Army’s Use of Non-Lethal Weapons Against Illegal Migrants

(Nov. 6, 2015) On September 21, 2015, the National Assembly of Hungary approved legislation that allows the country’s military to use non-lethal weapons against refugees when they enter Hungary illegally (Jacqueline Jones, Hungary Lawmakers Approve Use of Non-Lethal Weapons on Refugees, PAPER CHASE (Sept. 23, 2015).) Soldiers may use rubber bullets, tear gas, pyrotechnical devices, […]

France: Anti-Terrorist Law Prohibiting Citizens from Leaving France Found Constitutional

(Oct. 30, 2015) In November 2014, France adopted a new law to reinforce its fight against terrorism. (Nicolas Boring, France: Six French Citizens Prohibited from Leaving Under New Anti-Terrorism Law, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Feb. 26, 2015) .) The law gives authorities the option to prohibit French citizens suspected of planning to participate in terrorist activities […]

Germany: Court Clarifies Scope of Parliamentary Right to Approve Deployment of Troops

(Oct. 20, 2015) On September 23, 2015, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) ruled that the German government does not need to seek retroactive parliamentary approval for the deployment of troops in cases of imminent danger. The Court reiterated its view that the German government is under a general obligation to seek parliamentary approval […]

Israel: Court Rejects Claim of Distinction Between “Civil” and “Military” Activities of Hamas

(Sept. 22, 2015)  On September 3, 2015, Israel’s Supreme Court rejected an appeal against the conviction of four individuals by the Jerusalem District Court on charges of financing and managing Hamas’ “civilian” activities in East Jerusalem.  (CrimA 1784/14 Ashraf Asoor v. State of Israel (Sept. 3, 2015), THE JUDICIAL AUTHORITY (in Hebrew).) Hamas was designated […]