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India: Tripura State Hopes to Follow Assam in Establishing National Register of Citizens

(Nov. 5, 2018) The working president of the Congress Party in the Indian state of Tripura, Pradyot Debbarman, filed a petition before India’s Supreme Court on October 24, 2018, requesting that a National Register of Citizens be compiled for his state. Debbarman’s petition is the second one filed on this issue with the Supreme Court, […]

Belgium: Proposed Amendment on Removal of Abortion from Penal Code

(Aug. 23, 2018) On August 1, 2018, the Justice Commission of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives adopted a bill introduced by representatives of the Ecolo-Groen opposition party that would remove abortion from the Penal Code and place relevant provisions in a public health law. (Proposition de loi relative à l’interruption volontaire de grossesse (1er août […]

Comoros: Planned Constitutional Referendum on Presidential Term Limits Leads to Crisis

(July 30, 2018) On April 29, 2018, Comoros’s President Sem Azali Assoumani declared that a referendum on amending the country’s Constitution would be held in July 2018. (Les conclusions des assises soumises au référendum au mois de juillet [Assembly’s Conclusions to Be Decided by Referendum in July], GOUVERNEMENT DE L’UNION DES COMORES [GOVERNMENT OF THE […]

Israel: Constitutionality of Removal from Parliament for Incitement to Racism or Support for Armed Struggle Against the State

(June 7, 2018) On May 27, 2018, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as an extended panel of nine justices, rejected joint petitions challenging the constitutionality of amendments authorizing the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) to remove sitting members determined to have acted “in a way constituting incitement to racism or support of an armed struggle against the State […]

Israel: Knesset Authorizes Eligibility Restriction on Knesset Candidates Convicted of Terrorism or Security Offenses

(May 25, 2018) On April 30, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) passed an amendment to Basic Law: the Knesset. (Basic Law: the Knesset (Amendment No. 47), SEFER HAHUKIM (SH, BOOK OF LAWS, official gazette) 5778 No. 2715 p. 636 (Amendment Law), Knesset website (in Hebrew) (amending Basic Law: the Knesset, SH 5718 No. 244 p. […]

Italy: New Law on Election of Members of Congress

(Jan. 2, 2018) On December 11, 2017, new legislation on the election of members of Congress came into effect in Italy. (Law No. 165 of November 3, 2017, Amending the Electoral System for the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic, Delegating Authority to the Government to Determine Uninominal and Plurinominal Electoral Constituencies […]

Cambodia: Supreme Court Dissolves Main Opposition Party

(Dec. 6, 2017) On November 16, 2017, Cambodia’s Supreme Court dissolved the country’s main opposition party, the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), and placed a five-year ban to effectively preclude 118 CNRP members from participation in any political activity.  (Prak Chan Thul & Amy Sawitta Lefevre, Cambodia’s Opposition Braces for Supreme Court Decision, REUTERS (Nov. […]

Italy: Update on Legislative Electoral Reform (Italicum)

(Feb. 7, 2017) On January 25, 2017, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision on the constitutionality of amendments to Italicum, the colloquial name given to the electoral reform introduced by Law No. 52 of 2015 on the election of members of the Chamber of Deputies. (Decisione sulla legge elettorale cd.Italicum, Corte Costituzionale website (Jan. […]

Germany: No Prohibition of the National Democratic Party

(Feb. 2, 2017) On January 17, 2017, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) unanimously rejected the application of the German Bundesrat to ban the National Democratic Party (NPD). The German Bundesrat is the constitutional body through which the German states participate in the legislation and administration of the German Federation.  (BVerfG, Jan. 17, 2017, docket […]

Italy: Constitutional Referendum Scheduled

(Nov. 18, 2016) On December 4, 2016, Italy is scheduled to hold a major constitutional referendum.  (Referendum, si vota il 4 dicembre. Renzi: «La partita è ora» [Referendum, the Vote Takes Place on December 4. Renzi: ‘The Match Is Now’], CORRIERE DELLA SERA (Sept. 26, 2016).)  The proposed amendments would drastically change the nature of […]