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Liechtenstein: Government Adopts Consultation Report on Draft Blockchain Act

(Sept. 20, 2018) On August 28, 2018, the government of Liechtenstein adopted a consultation report on a proposed Blockchain Act. The goal of the Blockchain Act is to take advantage of the potential of blockchain technology, create legal certainty for market participants, protect users of blockchain technology from potential abuse, and reduce potential reputation risks […]

United Kingdom: Supreme Court Rules on Heterosexual Civil Partnerships

(Sept. 14, 2018) On June 27, 2018, the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom issued a declaration that “sections 1 and 3 of [the Civil Partnership Act 2004, (CPA)], to the extent that they preclude a different sex couple from entering into a civil partnership, are incompatible with article 14 of [the European Convention for […]

Japan: Civil Code Amended to Enable Elderly Widows and Widowers to Continue Living in Deceased Spouse’s Residence

(Sept. 6, 2018) The inheritance chapter of Japan’s Civil Code was amended in July 2018. (Act to Amend Civil Code and Domestic Relations Case Procedure Act, Act No. 72 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] Extra Ed., No. 154, at 4 (July 13, 2018), National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese).) The amendment will become effective by July […]

Bolivia: Law on Social Enterprises Promulgated

(May 25, 2018) On May 1, 2018, Bolivian President Evo Morales promulgated Ley 1055 de Empresas Sociales (Law 1055 on Social Enterprises). The new Law allows workers to take over private companies they work for when the companies enter into bankruptcy and to convert them into “social companies” to stimulate production and address unemployment. (Ley […]

Germany: Federal Administrative Court Allows Cities to Ban Diesel-Fueled Vehicles to Reduce Air Pollution

(Mar. 28, 2018) On February 27, 2018, Germany’s highest administrative court, the Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht, BVerwG), held in two not-yet-published decisions that older and more-polluting diesel-run vehicles could be banned from predefined zones in the cities and metropolitan areas that are the worst affected by nitrogen dioxide (NO2)-polluted air. The Federal Administrative Court thereby […]

Austria: Expropriation of Hitler’s Birthplace Held Constitutional

(Sept. 8, 2017) On June 30, 2017, the Austrian Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof Österreich, VfGH) held that the expropriation by law of the house in which Adolf Hitler was born was constitutional, thereby rejecting the application of the former owner of the house to declare the Expropriation Act void.  The Court stated that the expropriation was […]

Kenya: Movable Property Security Rights Act Enacted

(May 18, 2017) On May 10, 2017, Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta signed into law the Movable Security Rights Bill 2017, legislation aimed at facilitating the use of movable property as collateral for securing a credit line.  (President Kenyatta Signs Movable Property Security Rights Bill into Law, OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF THE PRESIDENT (May 10, 2017).)  It does this […]

Italy: Security of Cities

(Mar. 10, 2017) On February 21, 2017, new legislation on the security of cities in Italy entered into effect.  (Decree-Law No. 14 of February 20, 2017, Urgent Provisions on the Security of the City (D. L. No. 14), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Feb. 20, 2017), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).)  The new legislation regulates the methods for coordination […]

Israel: Law on the Regulation of Settlement in Judea and Samaria

(Feb. 16, 2017) On February 6, 2017, the Knesset, Israel’s parliament, passed a law for the regulation of settlements on land in Judea and Samaria (the West Bank).  (Law on Regulation of Settlement in Judea and Samaria, 5777-2017, SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, SH] (the official gazette) No. 2604 p. 394 at 410 (Feb. 13, […]

Egypt: Council of Ministers Says Evictions in Sinai Comply with International Law

(Oct. 14, 2015) On September 22, 2015, the Council of Ministers of Egypt issued a statement saying that a decision taken by the military to forcibly evict hundreds of families on the Gaza-Egyptian border had adhered to the principles of the World Conference on Human Rights of 1993. The conference, which took place in Vienna […]