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New Zealand: Security and Intelligence Bill Introduced

(Aug. 16, 2016) On August 15, 2016, the Prime Minister of New Zealand, John Key, introduced the New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill 2016 in the Parliament.  (New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill, NEW ZEALAND PARLIAMENT; New Zealand Intelligence and Security Bill, New Zealand Legislation website (both last visited Aug. 15, 2016).)  The Bill implements […]

France/European Court of Human Rights: Intercepted Conversation with Client Admissible Against Attorney

(July 13, 2016) On June 16, 2016, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a judgment validating the interception, transcription, and use by the French government of a wiretapped conversation between an attorney and her client. (Affaire Versini-Campinchi et Crasnianski c. France (Judgment), Application No. 49176/11 (June 16, 2016) (Judgment), HUDOC.) Background This case […]

Italy: Legislation to Combat Corruption and Promote Transparency

(July 6, 2016) On June 23, 2016, new legislation on the fight against corruption and the promotion of transparency entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 97 of March 25, 2016, Review and Simplification of Provisions on the Prevention of Corruption and Promotion of Transparency, Correcting Law No. 190 of November 6, 2012, and Legislative Decree No. […]

New Zealand: Review of Legislative Framework and Oversight of Security and Intelligence Agencies Completed

(Mar. 14, 2016) On March 9, 2016, the report of the Independent Review of Intelligence and Security was presented to New Zealand’s Parliament.  (Press Release, John Key, PM Welcomes Security and Intelligence Review (Mar. 9, 2016), BEEHIVE.GOVT.NZ; Michael Cullen & Patsy Reddy, Intelligence and Security in a Free Society: Report of the First Independent Review […]

EHCR/Hungary: Mass Surveillance Activities by Police Force Violate the Right to Privacy, Home and Correspondence

(Feb. 9, 2016) On January 2016, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) delivered a judgment in the case of Szabo and Vissy v. Hungary. The ECHR held that broad secret surveillance activities that had been conducted by the Hungarian Anti-Terrorism Task Force, which was established within the police force on the basis of the […]

Poland: Controversial Proposals and Measures on Surveillance Law, Constitutional Tribunal, and Media Law

(Feb. 3, 2016) Poland’s government is planning legal changes that would increase the surveillance over the country’s citizens. The new provisions, proposed by the ruling Law and Justice Party, would increase the government’s access to digital data while reducing restrictions on the use of surveillance by the police. (Dominic Yobbi, Thousands March in Poland to […]

European Union: Draft Directive on Collection and Transfer of Air Passenger Record Data

(Dec. 23, 2015) In the wake of the recent terrorist attacks in France, the issue of the collection of passenger name record (PNR) data from airlines and the transfer of that data to the appropriate national authorities of the Member States of the European Union has been revisited with a renewed sense of urgency. On […]

Israel: Preventing Web Search Retrieval of Court Decisions Held Unlawful

(Dec. 7, 2015) On November 12, 2015, Israel’s Supreme Court voided a decision by the Court Administration (CA) (the judicial branch of the country) to require companies operating commercial databases to commit to not indexing court decisions retrieved from the CA’s databank.  This requirement would have prevented court decisions published by such companies from being […]

Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan): Mandatory Video Surveillance Introduced in Public Places

(Aug. 3, 2015) On May 18, 2015, the President of Kyrgyzstan signed into law the Outdoor Video Surveillance Act (Law No. 103 (May 18, 2015), Ministry of Justice website (in Russian)). The Act obligates the municipal authorities of the two largest Kyrgyz cities, Bishkek and Osh, and businesses registered in these jurisdictions to install video […]

France; France: Parliament Adopts New Surveillance Legislation

(July 10, 2015) Controversial national intelligence and surveillance legislation was adopted by the French Senate on June 23, 2015, and by the National Assembly on June 24, 2015. (Police et sécurité: renseignement, Assemblée Nationale website (last visited July 9, 2015).) This action follows a long legislative process that involved the establishment of a joint commission […]