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Italy: Updated Legislation on Territorial Entities and their Financial Stability

(July 22, 2015) On June 20, 2015, Decree-Law No. 78, on sub-national territorial entities, entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 78 of June 19, 2015, Urgent Provisions on Territorial Entities [D.L. No. 78], GAZETTA UFFICIALE, No. 140 (June 19, 2015), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).) Fresh Funds for Disaster Relief The new legislation approves the goals […]

Israel: New Basic Law on Requirements for Approval of Territorial Concessions

(May 22, 2014) On March 12, 2014, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed a new basic law. Basic Law: Referendum is the twelfth basic law currently in force in the country. (Basic Law: Referendum [in Hebrew], SEFER HA-HUKIM No. 2443, at 400 (5774-2014), available at the Ministry of Justice website.) Basic laws are adopted by the […]

Spain: Constitutional Court Finds Catalonia Sovereignty Declaration Unconstitutional

(Apr. 24, 2014) In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia’s regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. (El Constitucional Considera Ilegal que Cataluna Se Declare Soberana, EL PAÍS (Mar. 25, 2014).) Under the […]

United Nations: Resolution Declares Crimea Referendum Invalid

(Apr. 2, 2014) On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor and 11 against, with 58 abstentions. (Press Release, GA11493, General Assembly General Assembly Adopts Resolution Calling […]

Denmark; Greenland: Greenland Votes to Lift Uranium Mining Ban; Considers Independence

(Nov. 18, 2013) On October 24, 2013, in a close vote, Greenland’s legislature, the Inatsisartut (Parliament), overturned a 1988 ban on the mining of radioactive materials. The 15-14 vote will permit uranium, thorium, and rare earth deposits, among other materials, to be mined in Greenland. Denmark’s legislature will also have to approve the cancelling of […]

Indonesia; Vanuatu: Vanuatu Parliament Passes Resolution on West Papua Independence

(July 21, 2010) On June 21, 2010, it was reported that the Vanuatu Parliament had unanimously passed a motion to raise questions with the United Nations regarding the status of West Papua, which is currently a province of Indonesia. (Vanuatu Wants UN to Discuss West Papua, RADIO AUSTRALIA (June 21, 2010), The Vanuatu government […]

International Court of Justice; Serbia and Montenegro: Documents Submitted in Case Against Kosovo Claim of Independence

(Apr. 27, 2009) On April 17, 2009, the Government of Serbia submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague its arguments against Kosovo's unilateral claim of independence, made on February 17, 2008. (Lucas Tanglen, Serbia Submits Arguments Against Kosovo Independence to ICJ, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST, Apr. 19, 2009, available at The […]

Bolivia: Declaration of Regional Autonomy

(Dec. 2, 2007) Bolivia is now at a critical junction. Four departments (Santa Cruz, Tarija, Beni, and Pando) rich in oil, soy and cattle declared autonomy on December 15, 2007, while three others (La Paz, the "de facto" capital of the country, Potosi and Oruro, with heavy indigenous population) are in complete support of the […]