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Italy: Measures for Simplification of Companies and Public Administration Take Effect

(Feb. 5, 2019) On December 12, 2018, new measures to simplify public administration and promote the economy entered into force in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 135 of December 14, 2018, Urgent Provisions on Supporting and Simplifying Companies and Public Administration) (D.L. No. 135), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.), Dec. 14, 2018, G.U. website (in Italian).) Support for Small […]

Sweden: Changes to Law on National Minorities and Minority Languages Take Effect

(Jan. 28, 2019) On January 1, 2019, provisions expanding rights and protection for Swedish national minorities and minority languages took effect. The new provisions provide that minorities have a right to both elder care and preschool in their native (minority) language. (17, 18 & 18 a §§ Lag om nationell minoriteter [Act on National Minorities] […]

Italy: EU Regulation on the Abuse of Markets Implemented

(Jan. 15, 2019) On September 29, 2018, new legislation implementing an EU regulation concerning the abuse of markets entered into force in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 107 of August 10, 2018, Provisions Adapting Domestic Legislation to the Provisions of EU Regulation No. 596/2014 on the Abuse of Markets and Repealing Directives 2003/6/CE, 2003/124/UE, 2003/125/CE and […]

India: Tripura State Hopes to Follow Assam in Establishing National Register of Citizens

(Nov. 5, 2018) The working president of the Congress Party in the Indian state of Tripura, Pradyot Debbarman, filed a petition before India’s Supreme Court on October 24, 2018, requesting that a National Register of Citizens be compiled for his state. Debbarman’s petition is the second one filed on this issue with the Supreme Court, […]

Italy: New Law Reorganizes Ministries

(Sept. 27, 2018) On July 13, 2018, new legislation reorganizing certain government ministries entered into force in Italy. (Decree Law No. 86 of July 12, 2018, Urgent Provisions on the Reorganization of the Competences of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies, and the Ministry […]

Japan: Catastrophic Disaster Response Activated Following Hokkaido Earthquake

(Sept. 27, 2018) Japan’s northern island, Hokkaido, was hit by a powerful earthquake on September 6, 2018, causing people great suffering from the disruption of their normal lives and severe economic damage. (Haruka Nuga, Death Toll Rises, Flights Resume, Power Back in Japan Quake, AP NEWS (Sept. 8, 2018).) Prime Minister Abe announced on September […]

Japan: Short-Term Home Rentals Restricted by Many Local Governments

(Aug. 31, 2018) In June 2017 the Diet (Japan’s Parliament) enacted the House Sharing Business Act, which regulates short-term home renting (minpaku). (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Law on Renting Rooms in Private Homes to Tourists, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 16, 2017).) The new law became effective on June 15, 2018. (Press Release, Japan Tourism Agency, Cabinet […]

Brazil: National Policy on Reading and Writing Enacted

(July 25, 2018) The first National Policy on Reading and Writing (Política Nacional de Leitura e Escrita) was established in Brazil on July 12, 2018, through the enactment of Law No. 13,696. (Lei No. 13.696, de 12 de Julho de 2018, Presidency of the Republic website.) The policy was instituted as a permanent strategy to […]

Brazil: City of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Straws

(July 10, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the mayor of the city of Rio de Janeiro sanctioned Law No 6,384, which bans plastic straws in the city. (Lei No. 6.384, de 4 de Julho de 2018, DIÁRIO OFICIAL ELETRÔNICO DO MUNICÍPIO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, No. 73, July 5, 2018, at 3.) Article 1 of […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Bags

(July 5, 2018) On June 25, 2018, the governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro promulgated Law No. 8,006 (Lei No. 8.006, de 25 de Junho de 2018, State of Rio de Janeiro Legislative Assembly website) banning the use, distribution, and even sale of plastic bags all over the state. (Gilberto Porcidonio, Pezão Sanciona […]