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UK: Grocery Store Fined over US$11 Million for Gasoline Discharge

(July 11, 2017) Tesco Stores Ltd, a large chain of grocery stores and gas stations in the United Kingdom, was fined £8 million (about US$11 million) for a large-scale pollution event in Lancashire after 23,500 liters (about 6,200 gallons) of gasoline leaked from a filling tank over a period of 29 hours at a petrol […]

China: Guiding Case on Liability of Online Shopping Platforms in Tort Cases

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 6, 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released the sixteenth batch of guiding cases. (Zuigao Renmin Fayuan Fabu Di Shiliu Pi Zhidaoxing Anli [The Supreme People’s Court Released the Sixteenth Batch of Guiding Cases], SPC website (Mar. 16, 2017); see also Laney Zhang, […]

Italy: Security of Cities

(Mar. 10, 2017) On February 21, 2017, new legislation on the security of cities in Italy entered into effect.  (Decree-Law No. 14 of February 20, 2017, Urgent Provisions on the Security of the City (D. L. No. 14), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Feb. 20, 2017), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).)  The new legislation regulates the methods for coordination […]

Japan: Supreme Court Ruling on Liability of Kin of Elderly with Dementia

(Apr. 26, 2016) On March 1, 2016, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled on the liability of the family of a dementia sufferer who was struck and killed by a train to pay damages to the Central Japan Railway Company.  (2014(Ju)1434 (S. Ct., 3rd petty bench, Mar. 1, 2016), COURTS IN JAPAN (click pdf icon to view) (in […]

Italy: Legislation on Road Homicide and Road Injury Adopted

(Apr. 6, 2016) On March 25, 2016, new legislation introducing the crimes of “road homicide” (omicidio stradale) and “road personal injury” (lesioni personali stradali) entered into effect in Italy.  (Law No. 41 of March 23, 2016, Introducing the Crime of Road Homicide and the Crime of Road Personal Injury, and Approving Provisions for the Coordination […]

Netherlands: Legislation on Compensation for Emotional Distress

(July 29, 2015) The Netherlands Minister for Security and Justice has submitted draft legislation to the Dutch House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer) to provide for compensation for emotional distress arising from serious accidents and crimes. The proposed law would compensate the next of kin of victims who have died, and the dependents of victims who […]

Japan: Supreme Court Limits Responsibility of Parents

(June 12, 2015) Japan’s Supreme Court ruled on April 9, 2015, that the parents of a boy were not liable for a motorcycle accident caused by a soccer ball that was kicked out of the school grounds onto a street by their son. (Heise 24 (ju) 1948 (S. Ct., 1st petite bench, Apr. 9, 2015) […]

Netherlands: Local Court Ruling on Bitcoin Transaction

(June 4, 2014) It was reported on May 19, 2014, that a court in Overijssel, The Netherlands, had issued a decision in a civil suit involving an uncompleted Bitcoin transaction between two parties. The court held, citing a written interpellation of the Minister of Finance by the Dutch parliament, that the virtual currency “is a […]

Norway: New Restrictions on Weapons Exports

(Dec. 7, 2012) Norway has recently adopted rules placing additional restrictions on exports of weapons produced in the country. The move comes after a report that more than 200 civilians were killed by Norwegian firearms in the Iraq war. The government will now have the ability to stop sales of weapons to authoritarian regimes and […]