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Cuba/United States: Agreement on Oil Spill Preparedness

(Jan. 17, 2017) On January 9, 2017, it was announced that authorities from the United States and Cuba had signed an agreement covering matters related to preparedness for and responses to incidents of hazardous substance pollution and oil spills in the Straits of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. (Press Release, United States and Cuba […]

Egypt/Saudi Arabia: Bilateral Agreement on Maritime Demarcation Approved by Ministers

(Jan. 12, 2017) On December 29, 2016, the Council of Ministers of Egypt approved a maritime demarcation agreement between the governments of Egypt and Saudi Arabia. According to the agreement, Saudi Arabia will assume control over two islands in the Red Sea that have been under the control of Egypt. Following its approval of the […]

Japan: Two Outer Space-Related Laws Enacted

(Dec. 19, 2016) Two outer space-related laws were promulgated in Japan’s official gazette on November 16, 2016: the Act on Launching Artificial Satellites and Managing Satellites (Satellite Act, Act No. 76 of 2016) and the Act on Securing Proper Handling of Satellite Remote Sensing Records (Remote Sensing Records Act, Act No.77 of 2016).  (Texts of […]

Germany: Road Regulations Amended to Allow Autonomous Vehicles

(Dec. 15, 2016) On December 13, 2016, an act implementing an amendment to the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic entered into force in Germany. The amendment allows the transfer of driving tasks to the vehicle itself, provided that the technologies used are in conformity with the United Nations vehicle regulations or can be overridden or switched […]

UN: Call to Include Human Rights Provisions in Trade Agreements and Dispute Resolution

(Sept. 27, 2016) On September 13, 2016, the United Nations Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order, Alfred de Zayas, called for all future trade agreements to include provisions extolling the primary importance of human rights. He also said that the treaties should be aligned with the duty that states […]

Singapore/Sri Lanka: Development Agreement Signed

(July 26, 2016) On July 18, 2016, Singapore and Sri Lanka concluded a Memorandum of Understanding on investment by Singaporean businesses in Sri Lanka. The pact was signed by International Enterprise (IE) Singapore, a government agency, and the Ministry of Megapolis and Western Development of Sri Lanka; it is the first MOU signed between Sri […]

United Nations: Agreement on Illegal Fishing

(July 22, 2016) In a July 1, 2016, statement, the Director-General of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), José Graziano da Silva, lauded an agreement on illegal fishing which, although concluded on November 22, 2009, just came into force on June 5, 2016. The Director-General stated that “[g]enerations to come will recognize the importance […]

Egypt: Repeal of Maritime Demarcation Agreement with Saudi Arabia

(June 23, 2016) On June 21, 2016, the Egyptian Administrative Court rendered a decision nullifying the recent maritime agreement reached between Saudi Arabia and Egypt.  The agreement, which was drawn up in April 2016, allowed the ceding of the Red Sea islands of Tiran and Sanafir to Saudi Arabia.  The Saudi Shura Council and the Egyptian […]

Brazil: Requirements to Legalize Foreign Documents Will Soon Be Abolished

(Jan. 21, 2016) On January 18, 2016, the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça – CNJ) announced that it will be responsible for coordinating and regulating the application of the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirements of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents (Apostille Convention) in Brazil. Brazil approved the text of the Apostille Convention […]

South Korea: Constitutional Court Decides Long-Running Case on Compensation for Forced Labor During Colonial Rule

(Jan. 6, 2016) A lawsuit called “the longest unresolved case” in Korea, which took the country’s Constitutional Court six years to deliberate, was finally settled in December 2015. (2009 Heonba 317 (Dec. 23, 2015) (in Korean); Yong-Jin Che, Claims Agreement Lawsuit That Gained Attention in Korea and Japan, Korean Constitutional Court Avoided Discussion, CHOSUN ILBO […]