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Below are historical constitutions and legal materials digitized from the Law Library of Congress collection. For additional information, see the Indigenous Law Portal.

US South: Comprising Virginia, and West Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi, and the old Southwest (Louisiana, Arkansas, Indian Oklahoma, and Texas), and the historical Indian Territory. See also the US South section of the Indigenous Law Portal.

Title Imprint Date LCCN Full Text
Laws of the Cherokee Nation 1810 28014184 PDF, 3.36MB
Opinion of the right of the state of Georgia to extend her laws over the Cherokee Nation 1830 10013932 PDF, 1.59MB
Constitution and Laws of the Cherokee Nation, 1839 1840 06021615 PDF, 1.49MB
The constitution and laws of the Choctaw Nation [1847] 1847 21004829 PDF, 4.03MB
Compilation, in Cherokee 1850 14021571 PDF, 15.9MB
The constitution and laws of the Cherokee Nation, 1839-1851 1852 28014182 PDF, 10 MB
Laws of the Cherokee Nation: adopted by the Council at various periods [1808-1835] 1852 28014183 PDF, 7.23MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, 1852-1857 1858 29025971 PDF, 12 MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, April, June, and October 1858 1859 29025972 PDF, 3 MB
Constitution, laws and treaties of the Chickasaws [1860] 1860 28014198 PDF, 11.5MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, 1859 1860 29025973 PDF, 3.54MB
Laws of the Cherokee Nation, 1839-1867 1868 28014181 PDF, 8.71MB
Constitution and civil and criminal code of the Muskokee Nation 1868 28014186 PDF, 543KB
Constitution and laws of the Choctaw Nation 1869 22025915 PDF, 21.9MB
Penal laws of the Cherokee Nation, 1893-96 1870 56054656 PDF, 312KB
Laws and joint resolutions of the National Council, 1870 1871 38029243 PDF, 2.22MB
Compilation, in Cherokee 1871 39010420 PDF, 9.85MB
General laws passed by the Legislature of the Chickasaw Nation, 1867-1870 1871 06020309 PDF, 4.48MB
Laws and joint resolutions of the National Council, 1871 1872 28014179 PDF, 1.42MB
Acts of 1870-72, in Cherokee 1872   PDF, 4.95MB
Compilation, in Choctaw [1873?] 1873 42039512 PDF, 15.8MB
Constitution and Laws of the Cherokee Nation, in Cherokee 1875 28014177 PDF, 10.45MB
Journal of the sixth annual session of the General Council of the Indian Territory 1875 ltf96010085 PDF, 5 MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, 1876 and 1877 1878 28014191 PDF, 1.27MB

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Title Imprint Date LCCN Full Text
Laws and joint resolutions of the National Council, 1876-1878 1878 2002615565 PDF, 2.11MB
Constitution and laws of the Muskogee Nation 1880 39020530 PDF, 9.16MB
General and special laws of the Choctaw Nation, 1881 1881 28014190 PDF, 3.45MB
Revised statues, in Cherokee 1881 39010421 PDF, 11MB
Acts of 1881, in Choctaw 1881 42042872 PDF, 2 MB
Revised statutes, in Creek 1881 58053098 PDF, 3.57MB
Enactments of the National Council of the Muskogee Nation, 1880 and 1881 1881   PDF, 888KB
Acts in Choctaw, 1882 1882 42042874 PDF, 1.4MB
The constitution and Laws of the Osage Nation, 1881 and 1882 1883 28014187 PDF, 1.19MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, 1883 1883 31013490 PDF, 2.93MB
Acts of 1883, in Choctaw 1883 42042873 PDF, 4.05MB
Laws and joint resolutions of the Cherokee Nation, 1881-1883 1884 2002615553 PDF, 5.33MB
Constitution, and laws of the Chickasaw Nation together with treaties 1884 09003147 PDF, 25MB
General and special laws of the Chickasaw Nation 1884 31010951 PDF, 2.70MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, 1886 1886 28014189 PDF, 1.86MB
Laws and joint resolutions of the Cherokee Nation, 1884-1886 1887 28014174 PDF, 3.23MB
Acts of 1886, in Choctaw 1887   PDF, 1.89MB
Acts and resolutions of the Choctaw Council, 1888 1888 29025974 PDF, 1.54MB
Laws of the Cherokee Nation [1888] 1888   PDF, 428KB
Acts of 1884-86, in Cherokee 1888   PDF, 2.59MB
Constitution and laws of the Muskogee Nation 1890 30021566 PDF, 6MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, 1889 1890 38029241 PDF, 2.34MB
Ordinances of the Town of Tahlequah 1890 55051307 PDF, 2MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, Regular Session, 1890 1890   PDF, 1.38MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation passed at the regular session of the General Council convened at Tushka Humma 1891 28014188 PDF, 1.6MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, 1886-1890 1891 31017487 PDF, 1.65MB

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Title Imprint Date LCCN Full Text
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, Called Session, 1891 1891 28014188 PDF, 829KB
Revised statutes, in Cherokee 1892 28014175 PDF, 12MB
Constitution and laws of the Muskogee Nation 1893 28014185 PDF, 9.51MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, 1892 1893   PDF, 758KB
Constitution and laws of the Choctaw nation, in Choctaw 1894 28014192 PDF, 30MB
Constitution and laws of the Choctaw nation, together with the treaties of 1837, 1855, 1865 and 1866 1894 28014193 PDF, 15MB
Acts and resolutions of the Creek National Council, 1894 1894 43039923 PDF, 1.30MB
RevisedĀ  statutes, in Creek 1894 44020719 PDF, 7.5MB
Acts and resolutions of the National council of the Muskogee nation of 1893 1894 05039191 PDF, 1.44MB
Laws of the Choctaw Nation, 1893 1894   PDF, 1.54MB
The Choctaw laws. 1894 1894   PDF, 1.60MB
Treaties and laws of the Osage Nation 1895 02016475 PDF, 4.94MB
Acts and resolutions of the Creek National Council of the extra session of January, 1895 1895 ltf96008137 PDF, 815KB
Acts of the National Council authorizing and directing the sale of intruder improvements, 1897 1897   PDF, 429KB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, October, 1897 1897 ltf96008376 PDF, 2.15MB
Constitution and Laws of the Cherokee Nation 1892 1898 28014172 PDF, 13.4MB
The act of union between the Eastern and Western Cherokees 1899 28014180 PDF, 3.55MB
Compilation, in Chickasaw [1899] 1899 28014195 PDF, 30MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, 1898 1899 29025980 PDF, 2.20MB
Acts and resolutions of the National Council of the Muskogee Nation, 1893 and 1899 1900 29025976 PDF, 3.66MB
As to "court claimants" to Choctaw and Chickasaw citizenship 1900 57055140 PDF, 1.22MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation. 1900   PDF, 2.12MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation 1901 29025979 PDF, 1.99MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation 1902   PDF, 1.49MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation 1903 29025977 PDF, 2.24MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, 1902 1903 29025978 PDF, 2.9MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation 1904 29025981 PDF, 1.43MB
Acts and resolutions of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, 1905 1905   PDF, 2.55MB
Revised leasing regulations of June 11, 1907 1907 07035284 PDF, 2.29MB

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Title Imprint Date LCCN Full Text
Constitution and by-laws of the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma 1937 37026809 PDF, 310KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma 1937 37028936 PDF, 300KB
Corporate charter of the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma 1938 38016511 PDF, 336KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Pawnee Indians of Oklahoma 1938 38026345 PDF, 369KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma 1938 38026358 PDF, 454KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma 1938 38026359 PDF, 496KB
Corporate charter of the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma 1938 38026360 PDF, 317KB
Corporate charter of the Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma 1938 38026361 PDF, 312KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma 1938 38026406 PDF, 327KB
Corporate charter of the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma 1938 38026407 PDF, 326KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma 1938 38026408 PDF, 337KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Sac and Fox Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 1938 38026410 PDF, 319KB
Corporate charter of the Pawnee Indian Tribe of Oklahoma 1938 38026859 PDF, 353KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 1938 38026883 PDF, 319KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Alabama and Coushatta tribes of Texas 1938 38026981 PDF, 708KB
Corporate charter of the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma 1939 39026289 PDF, 334KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 1939 39026604 PDF, 336KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Citizen band of Potawatomi Indians Oklahoma 1939 39026605 PDF, 337KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma 1939 39026607 PDF, 307KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Thlopthlocco Tribal Town Oklahoma 1939 39026608 PDF, 318KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Alabama-Quassarte tribal town Oklahoma 1939 39026917 PDF, 303KB

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Title Imprint Date LCCN Full Text
Corporate charter of the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma 1939 39029314 PDF, 335KB
Corporate charter of the Alabama-Quassarte tribal town Oklahoma 1939 39029386 PDF, 368KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma 1940 40029055 PDF, 311KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma 1940 40029212 PDF, 283KB
Corporate charter of the Peoria Tribe of Indians Oklahoma 1940 40029298 PDF, 361KB
Corporate charter of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma 1940 41050159 PDF, 335KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 1940 41051003 PDF, 277KB
Corporate charter of the Alabama and Coushatta tribes of Texas 1940 40029052 PDF, 364KB
Corporate charter of the Thlopthlocco Tribal Town Oklahoma 1941 41050288 PDF, 341KB
Corporate charter of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma 1941 41050787 PDF, 352KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Kialegee tribal Town Oklahoma 1942 42038416 PDF, 419KB
Corporate charter of the Kialegee tribal Town Oklahoma 1943 43052236 PDF, 330KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Catawba Indian tribe of South Carolina 1946 46026410 PDF, 290KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Mississippi band of Choctaw Indians 1946 46026382 PDF, 298KB
Constitution and by-laws of the United Keetoowah band of Cherokee Indians Oklahoma 1951 51061558 PDF, 389KB
Corporate charter of the United Keetoowah band of Cherokee Indians Oklahoma 1951 51061613 PDF, 396KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 1951 51061697 PDF, 347KB
Corporate charter of the Ponca Indian Tribe Oklahoma 1951 51062932 PDF, 356KB
Corporate charter of the Seminole tribe of Florida 1958 58060123 PDF, 679KB
Constitution and by-laws of the Seminole tribe of Florida 1958 58060124 PDF, 675KB

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Last Updated: 06/09/2015