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The Mexican Constitution provides that every individual has the right to receive an education.[1]  The Mexican government must provide quality education from preschool through high school by ensuring, through appropriate oversight, that educational resources, both human and material, are utilized to obtain the maximum achievement level by students.[2]  Attendance at these educational levels is mandatory.[3]  Education provided by the government is free.[4]

The Mexican government must also foster and support higher education.[5]  In addition, private entities may also provide educational services at all levels, provided that applicable requirements are met.[6]

Accordingly, Mexico’s General Law on Education (GLE) indicates that all of the country’s inhabitants have an equal opportunity to access the national education system, so long as applicable educational requirements are complied with.[7]  Education authorities must take measures aimed at establishing appropriate conditions that allow every individual to have access to a quality and equal education.[8]

The GLE also provides that the annual amount that the Mexican government must allocate to public education may not be less than 8% of the country’s GDP, of which no less than 1% must be allocated to fund scientific research and technological development in public higher education institutions.[9]

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Prepared by Gustavo Guerra
Senior Foreign Law Specialist
May 2016


[1] Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos [Political Constitution of the United Mexican States] art. 3, Diario Oficial de la Federación [D.O.], Feb. 5, 1917, available as amended through January 2016 on the website of Mexico’s House of Representatives, at http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/ pdf/1_29ene16.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/2QAY-UZUV.

[2] Id.

[3] Id.

[4] Id. art. 3-IV.

[5] Id. art. 3-V.

[6] Id. art. 3-VI.

[7] Ley General de Educación [General Law of Education], as amended, art. 2, D.O., July 13, 1993, available as amended through December 2015 at http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/137_171215.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/UWT4-Q565.

[8] Id. art. 32.

[9] Id. art. 25.