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The chart below contains information on laws regulating or banning the use of leg-hold traps.  Where it was available, information on when each ban was established is included.  In a number of jurisdictions the law generally regulates or bans all traps, or prohibits trapping in particular areas, without separately addressing the question of leg-hold traps; those jurisdictions have been included.  Countries with laws that merely provide in general terms that animals must be treated humanely have not been included.  Some countries, such as India and Sri Lanka, have at times considered restrictions on traps but to date have not adopted them; such countries are not listed here.  The European Union (EU) entry identifies the 1991 European Economic Community (EEC) Council Regulation banning the use of leg-hold traps that is binding on all EU Member States; the entries on individual EU countries additionally provide citations to any national or local laws on the subject.

Jurisdictions from a supplemental report have been included below and indicated by an asterisk(*).

Full Report (PDF, 864KB)
Supplemental Report (PDF, 205KB)

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Albania

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Ligji Nr. 10253 për gjuetinë [Law No. 10253 on Hunting], Fletorja Zyrtare [Official Gazette of the
Republic of Albania], Mar. 11, 2010, No. 39/2010, art. 45.1(c), available at http://faolex.fao.org
/docs/pdf/alb132101.pdf
, archived at https://
perma.cc/MXJ2-5LKS
.

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Australia

Provisions

Serrated steel-jaw leg-hold traps banned in most Australian jurisdictions, with limited exceptions.  Other types of leg-hold traps may be subject to regulations or restrictions.

Citations

‘Round the Traps, The People and Environment Blog (National Museum Australia, Nov. 20, 2015),
https://pateblog.nma.gov.au/2015/11/20/round-the-traps/; archived at https://perma.cc/87PE-5GK7;
see also State Trapping Legislation, Western Trapping Supplies, http://www.trapping.com. au/State
Leg.php
(last visited June 13, 2016), archived at https://perma.cc/MEF3-MWWT.

State laws:
Animal Welfare Act 1992 (ACT) s 60, http://www.legislation.act. gov.au/a/1992-45/current/pdf/
1992-45.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/H9FS-MWCT; Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act
1979 (NSW) s 23, http://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/inforce/ af92116f-7d2d-60a9-f731-9dacdd
705d05/1979-200.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/FN5N-DRLR; Animal Welfare Act 2000 (NT)
s 18, http://notes.nt.gov.au/dcm/legislat/legislat.nsf/ d989974724db65b1482561cf0017cbd2/5c6b
5cd4d35105e469257fb100258efc/$FILE/Repa046.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/33YC-C6CZ;
Animal Welfare Act 1985 (SA) s 44, https://www.legislation.sa.gov.au/LZ/C/A/ANIMAL%20
WELFARE%20ACT%201985/CURRENT/1985.106.UN.PDF
,  archived at https://perma.cc/
F9QC-PPR4
, and Animal Welfare Regulations 2012 (SA) reg 9, https://www.legislation.sa.gov
.au/LZ/C/R/ANIMAL%20WELFARE%20REGULATIONS%20
2012/CURRENT/2012.187.UN.PDF
, archived at https://perma.cc/MUM9-7LNS; Animal Welfare
Act 1993 (Tas) s 12, http://www.thelaw.tas.gov.au/tocview/index.w3p; cond=phrase;doc_id=63++
[email protected]+20040310000000;histon=;pdfauthverid=;prompt=;
rec=;rtfauthverid=;term=Animal Welfare Act 1993;webauthverid
, archived at https://perma.cc/CBQ2
-HLW7
; Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986 (Vic) ss 15 & 15AB (effective 2008), http://www.legislation.vic.gov.au/domino/Web_Notes/LDMS/LTObject_Store/ltobjst9.nsf/DDE300
B846EED9C7CA257616000A3571/E4A34C99A2920B66CA257FA800821D7B/$FILE/86-46aa0
88%20authorised.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/SZ9V-79CM, and Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals Regulations 2008 (Vic) pt 2 div 3, http://www.legislation.vic.gov.au/domino/ Web_Notes/LDMS/LTObject_Store/ltobjst9.nsf/DDE300B846EED9C7CA257616000A3571
/13B846ADCD2A1CACCA257D850012C8E6/$FILE/08-162sra006%20authorised.pdf
,
archived at http://perma.cc/ZFS9-R2ME; Animal Welfare Act 2002 (WA) s 29, https://www.slp
.wa.gov.au/pco/prod/FileStore.nsf/Documents/MRDocument:24792P/$FILE/Animal Welfare
Act 2002 - [01-f0-03].pdf?OpenElement, archived at https://perma.cc/6N5X-G955
, and Animal
Welfare (General) Regulations 2003 (WA) regs 3 & 8, https://www.slp.wa.gov.au/ pco/prod/FileStore.nsf/Documents/MRDocument:24755P/$FILE/Animal%20Welfare%20%28
General%29%20Regulations%202003%20-%20%5B01-e0-05%5D.pdf?OpenElement
, archived at https://perma.cc/NHY9-KBDN.

Date Ban Established: Varies by state

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Austria

Provisions

In addition to EEC Council Regulation prohibiting use of leg-hold traps, each state has some restrictions:  Burgenland prohibits traps except live-catch traps that leave the animal unharmed & other traps that the state permits for furred game hunting if it is in the public interest; Carinthia gives its regulatory agency discretion to grant permits for the use of leg-hold traps for up to two years for epidemic control, prevention of severe damage to agriculture, or protection of animal species, if strict conditions are observed; Lower Austria allows an exception to the ban on traps for live-catch box traps for wild boar and furred game hunting, and, with agency approval, for scientific purposes; Upper Austria limits the use of live-catch traps to certain furred and feathered game but the state agency may allow the use of leg-hold traps for epidemic control or the protection of poultry from predators; Salzburg prohibits traps that harm the animal but may permit them as needed to protect human life or health or for similar important public interests; Styria bans the use of leg-hold traps but allows the regulatory agency to permit them for cases of imminent danger, or research or teaching purposes; Tyrol bans all traps that are cruel, including leg-hold traps; Vorarlberg bans traps but the state agency may permit them as a last resort on a case-by-case basis, for public health, safety, etc.; and Vienna bans traps that do not capture the animal unharmed or that are non-selective traps.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation (see European Union entry for full citation).
State laws:
Gesetz vom 10. November 2004 über die Regelung des Jagdwesens im Burgenland (Bgld. Jagdgesetz 2004) [Hunting
Act of Burgenland of 2004], Landesgesetzblatt [LGBL.] [State Law Gazette] No. 11/2005, § 99, ¶¶ 1, 2, 3 & § 101, ¶ 1, no.7b, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung/LrBgld/20000317/Bgld.%20Jagdgesetz%202004%2c%20Fassung%
20vom%2028.07.2016.pdf
, archived at http://perma.cc/DL85-X49T; Kärntner Jagdgesetz 2000 - K-JG [Hunting Act of
Carinthia of 2000], Landesgesetzblatt [LGBL.] [State Law Gazette]  No. 21/2000, § 68, ¶ 1, no. 4, § 68 ¶¶ 1, no. 6, &3, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung/LrK/20000013/K-JG%2c%20Fassung%20vom%2028.07.2016.pdf, archived at http://perma.cc/29FN-ADZ2; NÖ Jagdgesetz 1974 (NÖ JG) [Hunting Act of Lower Austria of 1974] Landesgesetzblatt
[LGBL.] [State Law Gazette] No. 6500-0, § 92, ¶ 1 & § 95, ¶ 1, no. 9, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/Dokumente/LrNO/LN O40004012/LNO40004012.pdf, archived at http://perma.cc/VUY2-XTB9;  Gesetz über die Regelung des Jagdwesens (Oö. Jagdgesetz) [Act to Regulate Hunting (Upper Austria Hunting Act)], Landesgesetzblatt [LGBL.] [State Law Gazette]
No. 32/1964, § 59, ¶¶ 1 & 2, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung/LrOO/10000063/O%C3%B6.%20Jagdgesetz%2c%20Fassung%20vom%20
28.07.2016.pdf
, archived at http://perma.cc/Q75W-KPER; Gesetz über das Jagdwesen im Land Salzburg (Jagdgesetz
1993 – JG) [Hunting Law of the State of Salzburg (Hunting Act of 1993)], Landesgesetzblatt [LGBL.] [State Law Gazette] No. 100/1993, § 70, ¶ 3h & § 72a, ¶¶ 1 &2, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung/LrSbg/10000930/JG%2c%20Fassung%20vom%2028.07.2016.pdf, archived at http://perma.cc/7T63-DNGS; Steiermärkisches Jagdgesetz 1986 [Hunting Act of Styria of 1986], Landesgesetzblatt
[LGBL.] [State Law Gazette] No. 23/1986 (WV), § 58, ¶¶ 1, 3, & 3a, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/ GeltendeFassung/LrStmk/20000850/Steierm%C3%A4rkisches%20Jagdgesetz%201986%2c%20Fassung%20vom%20
28.07.2016.pdf
, archived at http://perma.cc/7QJU-GHWD; Tiroler Jagdgesetz 2004 [TJG 2004] [Tyrol Hunting Act 2004], Landesgesetzblatt [LGBL.] [State Law Gazette] No. 41/2004, § 40, ¶¶ 1g & h, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung/LrT/10000088/TJG 2004, Fassung vom 28.07.2016.pdf, archived at http://perma.cc/2U7X-4YW9; Verordnung der Landesregierung über das Jagdwesen [State Regulation on Hunting], [LGBL.] Landesgesetzblatt 24/1995, § 20, ¶ b, § 20a, ¶¶ 1 & 2, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung/LrVbg/20000568/Jagdverordnung, Fassung vom 28.07.2016.pdf, archived at http://perma.cc/ZY7H-MB48; Gesetz über die Regelung des Jagdwesens (Wiener Jagdgesetz) [Act to Regulate Hunting (Vienna Hunting Act)], Landesgesetzblatt [LGBL.] [State Law Gazette] No. 1948/06, § 90, ¶ 1, no. 10, & ¶ 2, https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung/LrW/20000437/Wiener Jagdgesetz, Fassung vom 28.07.2016.pdf, archived at http://perma.cc/B74F-XM9H; Gesetz mit dem das Wiener Jagdgesetz geändert wird [Act to Amend the Vienna Hunting Act], Landesgesetzblatt [LGBL.] [State Law Gazette] No. 34/2001, https://www.wien.gv.at/recht/landesrecht-wien/landesgesetzblatt/jahrgang/2001/pdf/lg2001034.pdf, archived at http://perma.cc/C34D-A2WN.

Date Ban Established: Varies by state

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Azerbaijan

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan No. 10 of Jan. 27, 2005 on Hunting Rules in
the Republic of Azerbaijan, Part V, http://eco.gov.az/en/362-azerbaycan-respublikasinin-erazisinde-ovculugun-
aparilmasi-qaydalari-nin-ve-ovculuq-teserrufatlari-haqqinda-esasname-nin-tesdiq-edilmesi-haqqinda-azerbaycan-
respublikasi-nazirler-kabinetinin-qerari
, archived at https://perma.cc/LSQ3-MD8N (in Azerbaijani).

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Bahrain*

Law No. 2 of 1995 on protecting wildlife, which was promulgated by Decree, did not prohibit the use of leg-hold traps.  However, article 6(a) prohibits all types of hunting unless the designated government body has issued special permission.  The government body referred to by the Law is the Public Authority on the Protection of the Environment, Wildlife, Livestock, and Fisheries.[1]

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Bangladesh

Provisions

Hunting of wild animals with the use of traps prohibited unless capture license granted.

Citations

Bangladesh Wild Life (Preservation) Order, No. 23 of 1973, § 6(1), Laws of Bangladesh, http://bdlaws.minlaw
.gov.bd/ print_sections_all.php?id=452
, archived at https://perma.cc/6CJB-H795.

Date Ban Established: 1973

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Belgium

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited, both by EEC Council Regulation and by regional regulations for Flanders and the Brussels-Capital Region.  Hunting in Wallonia mainly governed by 1882 law that formerly also applied to the other two regions.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; Décret du 24 juillet 1991 sur la chasse [Decree of 24 July 1991 on Hunting] (Flanders)
(as amended to Dec. 29, 2015), art. 22, http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/cgi_loi/ change_lg.pl?language=fr&la=
F&cn=1991072430&table_name=loi
, archived at https://perma.cc/V44D-QHX5; Loi du 28 fevrier 1882 sur la
chasse [Law of 28 February 1882 on Hunting] (Wallonia) (as amended to July 6, 2016), art. 8, http://www.
ejustice.just.fgov.be/cgi_loi/loi_a1.pl?sql=&language=fr&rech=1&tri=dd%20AS%20RANK&value=&table
_name=loi&F=&cn=1882022830&caller=image_a1&fromtab=loi&la=F
, archived at https://perma.cc/87LE-
KZUU
; Ordonnance du 1 mars 2012 relative à la conservation de la nature [Ordinance of 1 March 2012
Regarding the Conservation of Nature] (Brussels – Capital Region) (as amended up to June 18, 2014),
http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/cgi_loi/change_lg.pl?language=fr&la=F&cn=2012030115&table_name=loi
,
archived at https://perma.cc/E9PM-P59Y.

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Belize*

The Wildlife Protection Act provides that it is unlawful to hunt wildlife using a variety of methods, including any traps, unless otherwise permitted by regulations.[2]  Section 4 of the Act further prohibits the carrying of a trap for the hunting of wildlife in an area that is closed to hunting.  There does not appear to be any further legislation that specifies in more detail the prohibitions on traps, nor that makes it legal to use them in certain areas.  The 2000 revised edition and annual index of the Laws of Belize show no further legislation regulating the use of traps in hunting. 

 

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Benin

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Loi 87-014 du 21 Septembre 1987 portant réglementation de la protection de la nature et de l’exercice de
la chasse en République Populaire du Bénin [Law 87-014 of September 21, 1987 Establishing the Regulations
for the Protection of Nature and for Hunting in the Popular Republic of Benin], art. 13(d), available at http:
//faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/ben4577.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/QR3H-9DYV.

Date Ban Established: Sept. 21, 1987

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Bermuda

Section 9 of the Protected Species Act describes a series of offenses applicable to individuals who damage, destroy, injure, remove, or obstruct the habitat or nest of any protected species; however, it does not explicitly refer to leg-hold traps, instead proscribing any kind of harm to protected species generally.[3]  The Endangered Animals Act further provides that it is an offense to take, including by trapping, endangered animals.[4]  Unless specifically authorized, traps, weapons, projectiles, and poisons are not permitted on property, both land and water, owned by the Bermuda National Trust.[5]  Other than for protected or endangered species, or on specified land, there does not appear to be any legislation that prohibits or regulates the use of leg-hold traps for hunting animals in Bermuda.  This information was obtained by a review of the Annual Laws Index to the Laws of Bermuda and a search of the Bermuda Laws Online database.[6]

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Bolivia

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Ley de Caza, Decreto-Ley 12301 1975 (Mar. 14, 1975), art. 81, https://www.elaw.org/es/content/bolivia-ley
-de-vida-silvestre-parques-nacionales-caza-y-pesca-en-espa%C3%B1ol
, archived at https://perma.cc/V76N-UBGJ.

 

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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Zakon o Lovstvu [Law on Hunting], Službeni Glasnik Bosne i Hercegovine [Official Gazette of the Federation
of Bosnia and Herzegovina], Feb. 1, 2006, No. 4/2006, art. 57(2), http://fmpvs.gov.ba/upload_files/14405895
17-205_17_b.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/H6UB-E4HJ.

 

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Brazil

Provisions

All hunting, including by use of traps that mistreat game, prohibited.

Citations

Lei No. 5.197, de 3 de Janeiro de 1967, art. 10(a), http://www.planalto. gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L5197.htm,
archived at https://perma.cc/ACR5-FQPK

Date Ban Established: 1967

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Bulgaria

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Zakon za Lova i Opazvane na Divecha [Law for Hunting and Protection of the Game], No. 78 of Sept. 26, 2000,
as last amended Feb. 16, 2016, art. 65(2), http://www.lex.bg/laws/ldoc/ 2134941184, archived at https://perma
.cc/PRR8-N7DM
, English translation available at http://lawyersforanimalprotection.eu/wp-content/uploads/2012
/10/LAW-FOR-HUNTING-AND-PROTECTION-OF-THE-GAME.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/L5J2-QYRX.

 

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Burkina Faso

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Loi 003-2011/AN portant Code Forestier au Burkina Faso [Law 003-2011/AN Establishing the Forest Code of
Burkina Faso] art. 138, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/bkf106703.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/
2DAU-ZLER
, replacing Loi No. 006/97/ADP du 31 janvier 1997 portant Code forestier au Burkina Faso [Law
No. 006.97/ADP of 31 January 1997 Establishing a Forest Code in Burkina Faso] art. 131, http://www.droit-
afrique.com/upload/doc/burkina/Burkina-Code-forestier-1997.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/5RGS-EKYJ
(prohibiting the use of traps for hunting).

Date Ban Established: At least by Jan. 31, 1997

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Burundi

Provisions

All traps prohibited for hunting wild animals, unless Minister of Agriculture and Breeding gives special authorization.

Citations

Réglementation de la chasse et la protection des espèces animales [Regulation of Hunting and the Protection of
Animal Species] ¶ 7, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/bur39353.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/XYN3-QSSE.

 

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Cameroon

Provisions

Use of “unconventional devices” for hunting prohibited absent special authorization.  Unclear whether leg-hold traps considered “un-conventional devices.”

Citations

Law No. 94-1 of 20 January 1994 to Lay Down Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries Regulations arts. 80–81,
available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/cmr4845.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/72VX-CFNU.

Date Ban Established: Jan. 20, 1994

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Canada

Provisions

Trapping regulated at provincial/territorial level.  No absolute prohibition on leg-hold and body-gripping traps, but certain types of such traps are certified for use for specific species, in accordance with the International Humane Trapping Standards; other types of leg-hold traps permitted on certain types of animals, depending on the province.  Ontario, Quebec, and Alberta have highest trapping activity in Canada. 

Citations

Trapping Regulations, Fur Institute of Canada, http://fur.ca/fur-trapping/trapping-regulations/, archived at
https://perma.cc/GTZ6-TPW6 (last visited July 26, 2016); Certified Traps – AIHTS Implementation in
Canada
, Fur Institute of Canada, http://fur.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Certified-Traps-List-FIC-
May-1-2016-Eng-8%C2%BD-X-14.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/76TU-KYTY (last visited July 26
, 2016); Canada’s Fur Trade: Facts and Figures, Fur Institute of Canada, http://fur.ca/fur-trade/canadas
-fur-trade-fact-figures/
(last visited July 26, 2016) archived at https://perma.cc/LNM6-5DRT.

Sample provincial provisions:
Alberta: 2015-16 Alberta Guide to Trapping Regulations, Fish and Wildlife Offices of Alberta,
http://albertaregulations.ca/ trappingregs/gen-regs.html (last visited July 26, 2016), archived at
https://perma.cc/FW8X-VH3N.
Ontario: Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997, S.O. 1997, c. 41, https://www.ontario.ca/laws
/statute/97f41#BK25
, archived at https://perma.cc/2WJ7-JZ9H; Trapping, O. Reg. 667/98 (Can.),
https://www.ontario.ca/laws/docs/980667_e.doc, archived at https://perma.cc/E2GQ-PAPR.
Québec: Trapping Devices, Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs du Québec, https://www.
mffp.gouv.qc.ca/ english/publications/online/wildlife/trapping-regulations/ devices/table_
devices.asp
(last visited July 26, 2016), archived at https://perma.cc/HJ4Z-M78M

Date Ban Established: Varies by province

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Central African Republic

Provisions

Traps prohibited for hunting, except when made and used in such a way that they cannot reach animals listed as protected under Lists A and B of Annex II of Ordinance (art. 62).  Minister in charge of wildlife may ban or limit use of traps that may compromise wildlife conservation (art. 63).

Citations

Ordonnance nº 84-045 portant protection de la faune sauvage et réglementant l’exercice de la
chasse en République centrafricaine [Ordinance 84-045 Establishing the Protection of Wild
life and Regulating Hunting in the Central Africa Republic] (July 27, 1984), arts. 61–63,
available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/texts/ caf4158.doc, archived at https://perma.cc/874H-M5BE.

Date Ban Established: July 27, 1984

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Chad

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Loi 08-014 2008-06-10 PR portant régime des forêts, de la faune et des ressources halieutiques
[Law 08-014 2008-06-10 PR Establishing the Regime of Forests, Wildlife, and Fisheries
Resources] arts. 163 & 165, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/html/cha117920.htm,
archived at https://perma.cc/32TK-7KQ8.

Date Ban Established: June 10, 2008

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Chile

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Reglamento de la Ley de Caza 19473, Decreto 5, art. 25.c, Diario Oficial, Dec. 7, 1998,
http://bcn.cl/1vsea, archived at https://perma.cc/E3CJ-FKAN

 

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China

Provisions

Use of traps when hunting wild animals prohibited.

Citations

Wildlife Protection Law [野生动物保护法] (adopted by the Standing Committee of the
National People’s Congress (NPC) on Nov. 8, 1988, rev. July 2, 2016, effective Jan. 1,
2017) art. 24, http://www.npc.gov.cn/npc/xinwen/2016-07/04/content_ 1993249.htm,
archived at https://perma.cc/EAF7-QYZP, unofficial English translation available at
https://eia-international.org/wp-content/uploads/WPL-Final-Law_translation_July-5-
2016.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/NW4J-3QKQ; Implementation Provisions of the
Law on the Protection of Terrestrial Wildlife [陆生野生动物保护法实施条例]
(Ministry of Forestry, Mar. 1, 1992), http://www.forestry.gov.cn/main/3950/content-
459885.html
, archived at https://perma.cc/G4RM-FF4T.

Date Ban Established: 1992 law banned “hunting devices not directly operated by man and threatening the safety of livestock or human beings”; local ordinances also banned traps.

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Comoros

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Décret nº 47-2254 du 18 novembre 1947 règlementant la chasse dans les territoires
africains relevant du ministère de la France d’Outre-Mer, modifié par le décret
nº 54-1920 du 24 décembre 1954 [Decree 47-2254 of 18 November 1947
regulating hunting in African territories under the Administration of the Ministry
of Overseas France, As Modified by Decree No. 54-1920 of December 1954],
art. 25, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/com4176.pdf, archived at
https://perma.cc/S2Z8-ETGW (decree dates from before Comorian
independence, but appears to still be applicable).

Date Ban Established: Nov. 18, 1947

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Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Provisions

Use of snares and net traps prohibited for sport hunting, unless special government authorization is given, and metal traps are generally prohibited.  Government authorities may also prohibit or regulate other hunting methods.  Leg-hold traps not specifically mentioned; collective hunting permits, which appear to be a type of permit meant only for Congolese citizens, only allow the use of traditional hunting tools, including traps made from local materials.

Citations

Loi nº 82-002 portant réglementation de la chasse [Law No. 82-002 Establishing
the Regulation of Hunting] art. 21, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/
cng4275.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/NL7M-MCBV; Arrêté n° 014/CAB
/MIN/ENV/ 2004 du 29 avril 2004 relatif aux mesures d’exécution de la loi n°
82-002 du 28 mai 1982 portant réglementation de la chasse [Order No. 014/
CAB/MIN/ENV/2004 of 29 April 2004 Regarding the Application Measures
for Law No. 82-002 of 28 May 1982 Establishing the Regulation of Hunting]
art. 18, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/cng61848.pdf, archived
at
https://perma.cc/BCK5-RGQT.

Date Ban Established: June 1, 1982

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Congo, Republic of the

Provisions

Use of nontraditional traps or traps made from imported materials prohibited.

Citations

Loi nº 48/83 définissant les conditions de la conservation et de l’exploitation
de la faune sauvage [Law No. 48/83 Defining the Conditions of Conservation
and Exploitation of Wildlife] (Apr. 21, 1983), art. 36, http://www.mefdd.cg/
no_cache/menu-haut/legislations/?tx_abdownloads_pi1[action]=getview
clickeddownload&tx_abdownloads_pi1[uid]=4
, archived at https://perma.cc/KL4A-GUYU.

Date Ban Established: Apr. 21, 1983

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Côte d’Ivoire

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited. 

Citations

Loi n° 65-225 du 4 août 1965 relative à la protection de la faune et à l’
exercice de la chasse [Law No. No. 65-225 of 4 August 1965 on the
Protection of Wildlife and on Hunting] (Aug. 26, 1965, as amended in 1994),
art. 4, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/ivc89113.pdf, archived at
https://perma.cc/6YFG-22P2.

Date Ban Established: Aug. 26, 1965

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Croatia

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited. 

Citations

Zakon o lovstvu [Law on Hunting], Narodne Novine [Official Gazette of
the Republic of Croatia], Nov. 17, 2005, No. 140/05, art. 64 (4), http://
www.zakon.hr/z/422/Zakon-o-lovstvu
, archived at https://perma.cc
/8M3A-GQQT
.

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Cuba

No information could be located in print or online on any general Cuban statute specifically banning or limiting the use of leg‐hold traps or similar traps.  However, a regulation governing the 2015–16 hunting season in Cuba prohibited the use of traps in hunting activities.[7]

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Cyprus

Provisions

Some traps, such as those with jaws, prohibited.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; Law on the Protection and Treatment of Wild
Birds and Animals, Law No. 152(I)/2003, art. 44, Official Gazette of
Cyprus Republic § (I), issue 3758, (Oct. 3, 2003), http://www.cylaw
.org/nomoi/arith/2003_1_152.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/9J2N-
7EXF
(in Greek).

Date Ban Established: Jan. 1, 1995

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Czech Republic

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited.

Citations

Zákon o Myslivosti [Hunting Law], Zákon č. 449/2001 Sb., § 45.1 (a),
http://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2001-449, archived at https://perma.cc
/97YR-4M22
.

 

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Denmark

Provisions

Use of traps that harm or kill mammals or birds prohibited.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; § 32 item 1 Bekendtgørelse om vildtskader
[BEK] nr 970 af 28/06/2016 [Regulation on Wildlife Injuries No. 970 of
June 28, 2016], https://www.retsinformation. dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id
=182106
, archived at https://perma.cc/R4VG-K257; §14 Lov om ændring
af lov om jagten Nr. 294 af 9 juni 1982 [Law No. 294 of June 9, 1982,
Amending the Act on Hunting].

Date Ban Established: 1982

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Djibouti

Provisions

All hunting prohibited.

Citations

Décret n° 2004-0065/PR/MHUEAT Portant protection de la biodiversité
[Decree No. 2004-0065/PR/MHUEA Establishing the Protection of Bio
diversity] (Apr. 22, 2004), art. 2, available at http://faolex.fao.org/
docs/texts/dji46297.doc
, archived at https://perma.cc/T7LB-DDS4.

Date Ban Established: Apr. 22, 2004

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Dominican Republic

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Ley 248-12 de Protección Animal y Tenencia Responsable [Law on
Animal Protection], art. 60(4), Gaceta Oficial [Official Gazette] No.
10692, Aug. 5, 2012, http://www.consultoria.gov. do/consulta/ (search
for law by entering 248-12 in “número” box), archived at https://
perma.cc/K34R-KQGW
.

 

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Ecuador

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Ley de Protección de la Fauna Silvestre y de los Recursos Ictológicos,
Decreto 818, art. 16.g, Registro Oficial [RO], Nov. 20, 1970, available
at
http://www.unesco.org/culture/natlaws/ media/pdf/ecuador/ecuador_
decreto_818_17_11_1970_spa_orof.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/
AHZ7-WWSD
; Ley de Control de Cacería Y Vedas de Especies de
Fauna Silvestre, Decreto Ejecutivo 3516 Texto Unificado de Legislacion
Secundaria del Ministerio del Ambiente, art. 108, RO, Mar. 21, 2003,
http://www.agua.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2012/ 07/TEXTO
_UNIFICADO_LEGISLACION_SECUNDARIA_i.pdf
, archived at https:
//perma.cc/7Q2P-ZA5B
.

Date Ban Established: 1970?

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El Salvador*

The Law on Conservation of Wildlife does not prohibit the use of leg-hold traps.  Article 20 prohibits the use and mistreatment of wildlife species in all kinds of shows; in addition, their transit through the national territory must be in accordance with international conventions.[8]  Article 12 states that regulatory norms will be established for the control of wildlife species that harm or threaten human health, agriculture, and livestock in the country.[9]  However, such regulatory norms were not located. 

The Penal Code does not penalize the use of leg-hold traps.  Article 260 penalizes with imprisonment of two to four years any person who employs poison, explosives, or other instruments or skills likely to cause a similar destructive result for hunting or fishing.[10]

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England and Wales

Provisions

Prohibited to:

  • use a spring trap that has not been approved by regulations,
  • use an approved spring trap in a location designed to capture other animals that are protected by legislation, or
  • offer for sale or sell any spring trap for any unlawful purpose. 

Exemption for rodents and small ground vermin.

Citations

Pests Act 1954, 2 & 3 Eliz. 2, c. 68, http://www.legislation. gov.uk/ukpga/
Eliz2/2-3/68
, archived at https://perma.cc/NYT3-U2SQ; Small Ground
Vermin Traps Order 1958, SI 1958/24, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/
uksi/1958/24/made
, archived at https://perma.cc/BNL2-WBZ5; Spring
Traps Approval (England) Order 2012, SI 2012/13, http://www.legislation
.gov.uk/ uksi/2012/13/made
, archived at https://perma.cc/NHW3-C5K3; Spring
Traps Approval (Wales) Order 2012, SI 2012/2941 (W. 300), http://www.
legislation.gov.uk/wsi/2012/2941/made
, archived at https://perma.cc/9XQF-Y3WZ.

Date Ban Established: 1954

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European Union

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited.

Citations

Council Regulation (EEC) No. 3254/91 of 4 November 1991 Prohibiting the Use of
Leg-hold Traps in the Community and the Introduction into the Community of Pelts and
Manufactured Goods of Certain Wild Animal Species Originating in Countries
Which Catch Them by Means of Leghold Traps or Trapping Methods Which Do Not
Meet International Humane Trapping Standards (elsewhere cited as EEC Council Regulation)
art. 2, 1991 O.J. (L 308) 1 (effective Jan. 1, 1995), http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/
TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX: 31991R3254&from=EN
, archived at https://perma.cc/TGT2-M2CS.

Date Ban Established: Jan. 1, 1995

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Equatorial Guinea

Provisions

Use of traps on endangered species prohibited.

Citations

Council Regulation (EEC) No. 3254/91 of 4 November 1991 Prohibiting the Use of
Leg-hold Traps in the Community and the Introduction into the Community of Pelts and
Manufactured Goods of Certain Wild Animal Species Originating in Countries
Which Catch Them by Means of Leghold Traps or Trapping Methods Which Do Not
Meet International Humane Trapping Standards (elsewhere cited as EEC Council Regulation)
art. 2, 1991 O.J. (L 308) 1 (effective Jan. 1, 1995), http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/
TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX: 31991R3254&from=EN
, archived at https://perma.cc/TGT2-M2CS.

Date Ban Established:

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Finland

Provisions

Leg-hold traps prohibited; use of all traps prohibited for hunting lynx, European beaver, Canadian beaver, muskrat, farm-bred fox, red fox, raccoon dog, ermine, mink, polecat, pine martens, badgers, otters, wild rabbit, squirrel, Baltic ringed seal, aay seal, and other mammals that do not enjoy protective status.  Traps must be designed so that animal does not hurt itself upon capture.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; § 11 Jaktförordning 12.7.1993/666 [Hunting Regulation, Reg. No.
666 of July 7, 1993], http://finlex.fi/sv/laki/ajantasa/1993/19930666?search%5Btype%5D=
pika&search%5Bpika%5D=f%C3%A4llor
, archived at https://perma.cc/M79H-BJFU; § 39
Jaktlagen 13.04.1962/290, sådant det lyder i lag av den 18 mars 1983 (263/83) [Hunting Act
No. 290 of April 13, 1962 as amended through amendment 18.3.1983/263].

Date Ban Established: Limited to traps that immediately kill from 1983

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France

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited by EEC Council Regulation.  Prior to that, leg-hold traps attached to a pole or with sharp teeth or notches were banned by a 1984 regulation, but other leg-hold traps were permitted.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; Arrêté du 23 mai 1984 relatif au piégeage des populations animales
[Order of 23 May 1984 Regarding the Trapping of Animals] (repealed July 1, 2007), art. 21,
https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do;jsessionid= 9EC41DB77CC70B6AE71E8DF40
47FDE70.tpdjo08v_1?cidTexte=LEGITEXT000006074744&dateTexte=19991210
, archived
at
https://perma.cc/WD6X-WBHD.

Date Ban Established: 1984 for partial ban; Jan. 1, 1995, for total ban

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Gabon

Provisions

Use of metallic traps and steel snares prohibited.

Citations

Loi nº 016-01 du 31 décembre 2001 portant code forestier en République gabonaise [Law No.
016-01 of 31 December 2001 Establishing the Forest Code of the Gabonese Republic] art. 215,
available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/gab29255.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/PGT7-CS46.

Date Ban Established: Dec. 31, 2001

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Gambia

Provisions

Manufacture, possession, or use of nets, fences, or enclosures, or similar devises that can kill or capture a wild animal, banned.

Citations

Biodiversity and Wildlife Act, No. 11 of 2003, § 62, 9 Laws of The Gambia, Cap. 62:01 (rev. ed. 2009),
http://www.moeccww.gov.gm/sites/default/files/Biodiversity Act, 2003.pdf, archived at https://perma.
cc/Z2W8-42Q7
; Wildlife Conservation Act, No. 1 of 1977 (Feb. 14, 1977), available at http://faolex.
fao.org/docs/pdf/gam6280.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/Z6UJ-BFTS.

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1977 

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Germany

Provisions

Use of catching devices that do not hold animals uninjured or do not kill them immediately prohibited by federal law.  Six German states apply federal law without change; the other ten have enacted additional legislation, as follows:

  • Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, & Berlin prohibit all traps.
  • Hamburg prohibits all traps for furred game except for wild rabbits and small predators.
  • Lower Saxony prohibits traps that kill immediately unless they have been approved by an institution recognized by the state hunting agency or under the rules of another German state.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate allows traps that kill immediately only in enclosed areas with approval by the authorities.
  • Saarland permits the use of all killing traps & all live-catching traps only for wild boar, furred game, or wild rabbits with a special trapping permit.
  • Saxony bans all traps except those used with special permission.
  • Schleswig-Holstein adds a ban on the use of conibear traps.
  • Thuringia permits traps only for wild rabbit and furred game hunting.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; Bundesjagdgesetz [BJagdG] [Federal Hunting Act], Sept. 29, 1976,
Bundesgesetzblatt [BGBl.] [Federal Law Gazette] I at 2849, as amended, § 19, ¶ 1, nos. 8 & 9, http://www.
gesetze-im-internet.de/bundesrecht/ bjagdg/gesamt.pdf
, archived at http://perma.cc/DZ84-E355, unofficial
English translation available at http://www.cgerli.org/ fileadmin/user_upload/interne_Dokumente/Legislation
/BJagdG2008.pdf
, archived at http://perma.cc/VS9Y-5JGX.
State laws:
Jagd- und Wildtiermanagementgesetz [JWMG] [Hunting and Wild Animal Management Act] Nov. 25, 2014,
Gesetzblatt [GBL.] [State Law Gazette ] 2014 at 550, as amended, § 32, ¶ 3, http://www.landesrecht-bw.de/jportal
/portal/t/aw2/page/ bsbawueprod.psml/screen/JWPDFScreen/filename/WildTManagG_BW.pdf;jsessionid=58E8E
C92C50651847D7E4FE58E90D995.jp81
, archived at http://perma.cc/3ARD-TY4W; Bayerisches Jagdgesetz [BayJG]
[Bavarian Hunting Act], Oct. 13, 1978, Bayerische Rechtssammlung [BAYRS] [State Law Gazette] V at 595, as amended,
§ 29, ¶ 2, no. 2, § 29, ¶ 3, no. 1, http://www.gesetze-bayern.de/Content/Document/BayJG/true, archived at http://perma.cc
/4PPY-89TZ
; Landesjagdgesetz Berlin [LJagdG Bln] [Berlin State Hunting Act], Sept. 25, 2006, Gesetz-und Verordnungsblatt
Berlin [BLN. GVBL.] [State Law Gazette  and Ordinances] 2006 at 1006, § 22, ¶ 2, http://gesetze.berlin.de/jportal/?quelle
=jlink&query=JagdG+BE&psml=bsbeprod.psml&max=true&aiz=true
, archived at http://perma.cc/3DE8-TYQY;
Hamburgisches Jagdgesetz [HmbJagdG] [Hmburg Hunting Act], May 22, 1978, Hamburgisches Gesetz-und
Verordnungsblatt [HMB GVBL.] [State Gazette of Laws and Ordinances] 1978 at 162, § 16, ¶ 1, no. 3,
http://www.landesrecht-hamburg.de/jportal/portal/page/bshaprod.psml;jsessionid=C5DC9213123F78D23A2C4A
08177C838C.jp23?showdoccase=1&st=lr&doc.id=jlr-JagdGHArahmen&doc.part=X&doc.origin=bs
, archived at
http://perma.cc/F76L-XXDF; Niedersächsisches Jagdgesetz [NJagdG] [State
Hunting Law of Lower Saxony], Mar. 16, 2001, Niedersächsisches Gesetz-und Verordnungsblatt [NDS. GVBL.]
[State Gazette of Laws and Ordinances] No. 7/2001 at 100, as amended, § 24, ¶ 2, sentence 2, http://www.nds-
voris.de/jportal/portal/t/1azo/page/bsvorisprod.psml;jsessionid=526F00909D776C63B738D6F48E8A8EB5.jp15?
action=controls.jw.PrintOrSaveDocumentContent&case=save
, archived at http://perma.cc/9X4S-3DQV;
Landesjagdgesetz Rheinland-Pfalz [LJG] [State Hunting Law of Rhineland-Palatinate], July 9, 2010, Gesetz-und
Verordnungsblatt Rheinland-Pfalz [RP GVBL.] [State Gazette of Laws and Ordinances for Rhineland-Palatinate ]
2010 at 149, as amended, § 23, ¶ 1 no. 14, http://landesrecht.rlp.de/jportal/portal/t/1dz7/page/ bsrlpprod.psml?pid=Dokumentanzeige&showdoccase=1&js_peid=Trefferliste&documentnumber=1&numberof
results=69&fromdoctodoc=yes
&doc.id=jlr-JagdGRP2010rahmen&doc. part=X&doc.price=0.0&doc.hl=1#focuspoint
, archived at http://perma.
cc/5LZD-ME8X
;
Saarländisches Jagdgesetz [SJG] [State Hunting Law of Saarland], May 27, 1998, Amtsblatt  [Official Gazette]
1998 at 638, as amended,
§ 32, ¶1, nos. 2 & 3, http://sl.juris.de/cgi-bin/landesrecht.py?d=http://sl.juris.de/sl/ gesamt/JagdG_SL_1998.
htm#JagdG_SL_1998_rahmen
,
archived at http://perma.cc/9XX2-M77N; Sächsisches Jagdgesetz [SächsJagdG] [Hunting Act of Saxony],
June 8, 2012, Sächsisches Gesetz-
ud Verordnungsblatt [SächsGVBl.] [State Gazette of Laws and Ordinances] 2012 No. 10 at 308, as amended, § 18, ¶ 1,
nos. 2& 3 and § 18, ¶ 2,
http://www.revosax.sachsen.de/vorschrift_gesamt/12495/14570.html, archived at http://perma.cc/GE6Y-Y7MP;
Landesverordnung über die
Fangjagd [Fangjagdverordnung] [State Trapping Regulation], Aug. 5, 2013, Gesetz- und Verordnungsblatt
Schleswig-Holstein [GVOBL.] [State Gazette of Laws and Ordinances] 2013 at 350, as amended, § 1, no. 5, http://
www.gesetze-rechtsprechung.sh.juris.de/jportal/portal/t/ 17de/page/bsshoprod.psml;jsessionid=BCFE3C7A1D0E
4F26CEAB2EE0D626EAC0.jp20?action=controls.jw.PrintOrSaveDocumentContent&case=save
, archived at
http://perma.cc/PHR5-ZTCQ; Thüringer Jagdgesetz [ThJG] [Hunting Act of Thuringia], June 28, 2016, Gesetz- und
Verordnungsblatt [GVBL.] [State Gazette of Laws and Ordinances] 2006 at 313, as amended, § 29, ¶ 2, no. 1,
http://landesrecht.thueringen.de/jportal/portal/ t/1efb/page/bsthueprod.psml;jsessionid=567E5615B08A1DA61B9A
75A3C26036D0.jp16?action=controls.jw
.PrintOrSaveDocumentContent&case=save
, archived at http://perma.cc/9D5A-S3QQ.

Date Ban Established: 1976

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Ghana

Provisions

Manufacture, possession, or use of any “gin trap which may be used for the purpose of hunting or destroying any animal,” prohibited.

Citations

Wildlife Conservation Regulations, 1971, § 4 (LI 685) (Mar. 4, 1971), available at http://faolex.fao.org
/docs/pdf/gha40817.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/FZ75-2VMV.

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1971

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Greece

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation.

Date Ban Established: Jan. 1, 1995

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Greenland*

Greenland is part of Denmark and is governed by a self-governance instruction.[11]  The Greenlandic Parliament (Inatsisartut) has the power to regulate all matters that fall under the self-governance agreement with Denmark.[12]  Greenland is not a member of the European Union.  Its relationship with the European Community is governed by a special treaty entered into following the granting of home rule.[13]

In the area of hunting, Greenland has issued its own legislation.  The legislation mentions the use of traps generally and authorizes the Greenlandic Government to issue rules for hunting, including rules that relate to the use of hunting equipment (including traps).[14] 

The Home Rule Greenlandic Government has also issued legislation that regulates the hunting of polar bears, which specifically prohibits the use of leg-hold traps when hunting these animals.[15]  Similarly, in fox-specific legislation dating back to 1989, Greenland prohibits the use of all form of traps, including leg-hold traps, that do not kill the fox immediately.[16]

 

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Guatemala

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Ley General de Caza, Decreto 36-04 [General Hunting Law], art. 24, Diario de Centro América, Dec. 22, 2004,
http://old.congreso.gob.gt/archivos/decretos/2004/gtdcx36-04.pdf, archived at, https://perma.cc/Y4EC-YPMS.

Date Ban Established: 2004

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Guinea

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited except where government authorizes their use for certain capture operations.

Citations

Loi nº L/97-038/AN du 9 décembre 1997 adoptant et promulguant le Code de protection de la faune sauvage et
réglementation de la chasse [Law No. L/97-038/AN of 9 December 1997 Adopting and Promulgating the Code
of Protection of Wildlife and Regulation of Hunting] arts. 95, 102 & 149, available at http://faolex.fao.org/
docs/pdf/gui12733.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/HL4G-UQZD.

Date Ban Established: Dec. 25, 1997

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Guyana*

While no specific prohibition on the use of leg-hold traps was located, Guyana’s Criminal Law (Offenses) Act does generally prohibit injury to domestic animals.[17]  Sources reviewed include the Laws of Guyana (print edition, 1973) and the Guyana Acts, for which the Library has incomplete holdings, as well as the Guyana Consolidated Index of Statutes and Subsidiary Legislation dating to January 2011, and online sources. 

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Haiti

Provisions

Use of traps, cages, and snares prohibited; all hunting must be done with authorized rifle.

Citations

Décret du 31 mars 1971 organisant la surveillance et la police de la chasse, conformément à la convention
ratifiée par la République d’Haiti, pour la protection de la nature et la préservation de la faune sauvage dans
l’hémisphère occidental [Decree of March 31, 1971, Organizing the Monitoring and Policing of Hunting in
Accordance with the Convention Ratified by the Republic of Haiti for the Protection of Nature and the Preservation
of Wildlife in the Western Hemisphere] art. 20, available at http://faolex.fao.org/ docs/pdf/hai4279.pdf,
archived at https://perma.cc/AG94-UWKV.

Date Ban Established: Apr. 1, 1971

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Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited when hunting wild animals, except in accordance with special permit; possessing such appliances prohibited.  Use of spring-back traps of a size and type commonly used to kill rats and mice allowed.   

Citations

Wild Animals Protection Ordinance (1997), Cap. 170, §§ 2, 7, http://www.legislation.gov.hk/eng/home.htm
(enter Cap. number to locate text), archived at https://perma.cc/J954-DDTR; Wild Animals Protection (Approval
of Hunting Appliances) Notice (1997), Cap. 170A, ¶ 2, http://www.legislation.gov.hk/ eng/home.htm (enter
Cap. number to locate text), archived at https://perma.cc/K5UC-KFHA.

Date Ban Established: On or by Jan. 1, 2000

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Hungary

Provisions

Use of trapping methods such as leg-hold traps to capture animals prohibited.

Citations

1996. évi LV. törvény a vad védelméről, a vadgazdálkodásról, valamint a vadászatról [Law No. LV of 1996
on the Protection, Management and Hunting of Wildlife], July 3, 1999, as last consolidated Apr. 27, 2015,
arts. 30 (1), 67 (3), & 102, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/hun10591.pdf, archived at https://
perma.cc/6L63-AEDU
.

 

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Iceland

Provisions

Leg-hold traps banned except for rats, mice, mink, and foxes; traps used must receive prior approval from Icelandic Environment Agency.

Citations

Lög um vernd, friðun og veiðar á villtum fuglum og villtum spendýrum Act 1994 nr. 64 19. maí [Protection
and Hunting of Wild Species Act, 64/1994], art. 9 item 7, http://www.althingi.is/lagas/nuna/1994064.html,
archived at https://perma.cc/ADY4-D58V

Date Ban Established: 1994

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Iraq

Provisions

Use of iron leg-hold traps for hunting wild animals prohibited.

Citations

Law No. 17, 2010, art. 4 (a), 4148 al-Jariddah al-Rassmyiah (Mar. 15, 2010) available at http://www.iraq
-lg-law.org/ar/webfm_send/323
, archived at https://perma.cc/CY2V-FLYD (in Arabic).

Date Ban Established: 2010

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Ireland

Provisions

Hunting wild birds or wild mammals with traps prohibited.  Importing, offering for sale, or selling traps prohibited unless permitted by other legislation.  Spring traps generally outlawed by regulation, but gin traps designed to cause immediate death, or immediate unconsciousness and then death, allowed.

Citations

Ground Game Act 1880, 43 & 44 Vict. c. 47, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1880/47/pdfs/ukpga_18800047
_en.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/6N25-WWEX; Wildlife Act 1976, No. 39 of 1976 (as amended), http://www.
irishstatutebook.ie/eli/1976/act/39/enacted/en/print
, archived at https://perma.cc/JR9A-C9NH; Wildlife Act
1976 (Approved Traps, Snares and Nets) Regulations 2003, SI 620/2003, http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli
/2003/si/ 620/made/en/print
, archived at https://perma.cc/WY6F-2M37.   

Date Ban Established: 1800

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Israel

Provisions

Use of traps, nets, or glue prohibited for hunting wild animals.  Some local authorities have issued similar prohibition on use of animal traps of any kind in their public parks, including Herzliya, Hadera, Hulon, Haifa, and Kfar Saba.

Citations

Wild Animals Protection Law, 5715-1955, §§ 1 & 5, Sefer Hahukim [Book of Laws, official gazette] 5715 No.
170 p. 10, as amended, available in the Nevo Legal Database (NEVO), http://www.nevo.co.il (subscription
database, in Hebrew); Local Law for Herzlia (Prevention of Hazards and Preservation of Order and
Cleanliness) 5750-1988, § 44, Kovetz Hatakanot [KT] [Subsidiary Legislation] 5750 No. 412 p. 34, available
at
NEVO; Local Law for Hadera (Prevention of Hazards and Preservation of Order and Cleanliness) 5744-
1984, § 44, KT 5744 No. 212 p. 256, available at NEVO; Local Law for Hulon (Prevention of Hazards and
Preservation of Order and Cleanliness) 5742-1982, § 44, KT 5742 No. 142 p. 902, available at NEVO; Local
Law for Haifa (Preservation of Order and Cleanliness) 5742-1981, § 29B, KT 5742 No. 142 p. 106, available
at
NEVO; Local Law for Kfar Saba (Environment Protection and Prevention of Hazards) 5768-2008, § 52, KT
5742 No. 218 p. 243, available at NEVO.

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Italy

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps (tagliole) for hunting prohibited.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; Legge 11 febbraio 1992, n. 157 Norme per la protezione della fauna
selvatica omeoterma e per il prelievo venatorio [Law No. 157 of Feb. 11, 1992, on Protection of Warm
-blooded Wildlife and the Hunting of Specimens], art. 21(1)(u), Gazetta Ufficiale No. 46, Feb. 25, 1992,
http://www.normattiva.it/uri-res/N2Ls?urn:nir: stato:legge:1992;157, archived at https://perma.cc/WMJ3
-JZWU.

Date Ban Established: 1992

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Jamaica *

Jamaica’s Cruelty to Animals Act, 1904,[18] prohibits cruelty to animals, but does not specifically regulate leg-hold traps.  The Act provides, “[e]very person who cruelly beats, ill-treats, starves, drives, over-rides, over-loads, abuses, tortures, or otherwise maltreats any animal, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.”[19]

 

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Japan

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited.

Citations

Wildlife Protection and Hunting Management Law, Act No. 88 of 2002, amended by Act No. 46 of 2014,
art. 12, ¶ 1, item 3, http://law.e-gov.go.jp/cgi-bin/idxselect.cgi?IDX_OPT= 1&H_NAME=%92%b9%8f%
62%82%cc%95%db%8c%ec&H_NAME_YOMI=%82%a0&H_NO_GENGO=H&H_NO_YEAR=&H_NO
_TYPE=2&H_NO_NO=&H_FILE_NAME=H14HO088&H_RYAKU=1&H_CTG=1&H_YOMI_GUN=1&H
_CTG_GUN=1
, archived at https://perma.cc/R4W5-24N4; Enforcement Ordinance of Wildlife Protection and
Hunting Management Law, Ministry of Environment (MOE) Ordinance No. 28 of 2002, amended by MOE
Ordinance No. 41 of 2015, art. 10, ¶ 3, items 9 & 10, http://law.e-gov.go.jp/cgi-bin/idxselect.cgi?IDX_OPT=1&H
_NAME=%92%b9%8f%62%82%cc%95%db%8c%ec%8b%79%82%d1%
8a%c7%97%9d%95%c0%82%d1%82%c9%8e%eb%97%c2%82%cc%93%4b%90%b3%89%bb%82%c9%
8a%d6%82%b7%82%e9%96%40%97%a5&H_NAME_YOMI=%82%a0&H_NO_GENGO=H&H_NO_YEAR
=&H_NO_TYPE=2&H_NO_NO=&H_FILE_NAME=H14F18001000028&H_RYAKU=1&H_CTG=1&H_
YOMI_GUN=1&H_CTG_GUN=1
archived at https://perma.cc/LR9V-35DY (both in Japanese).

Date Ban Established: Enacted 2006; effective Apr. 16, 2007

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Jordan

Provisions

All types of traps prohibited for hunting.

Citations

Law No. 13, 2015, 5337, art. 56 (c) (10), al-Jariddah al-Rassmyiah (Mar. 8, 2015) p. 1868, http://www.moa.gov.jo/
Portals/0/law/قانون الزراعة رقم 13 لسنة 2015 .pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/QMA9-7BPX (in Arabic).

Date Ban Established: 2015

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Kazakhstan

Provisions

Use of traps for hunting brown bears, hooved animals, or birds prohibited. Large traps must have clear warning signs visible to humans.  Other types of traps allowed subject to noted use restriction.

Citations

Prikaz ispolniaiuschego obiazonnosti Ministra Selskogo Khoziaistva Respubliki Kazakhstan Ob utverzhdenii Pravil okhoty
[Order of the Acting Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Hunting Rules], No. 18-03/157 of Feb. 27,
2015, §§ 13(5), 18(21), http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/V1500011091, archived at https://perma.cc/U4UX-XGJG (in Russian).

 

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Kenya

Provisions

Use of snares, traps, or any other device designed to cause “unnecessary suffering to an animal” banned in 1962; any use of snares, traps, or similar devices without authorization banned in 2013.

Citations

Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, No. 42 of 1962, § 6, 16 Laws of Kenya, Cap. 260 (rev. ed. 2015), http://www.kenya
law.org/lex/actview.xql?actid=CAP.%20360&term=leghold%20trap
, archived at https://perma.cc/2YQV-GLW6; Wildlife
Conservation and Management Act, No. 47 of 2013 (Jan. 10, 2013), http://www.kenyalaw.org/lex//actview.xql?actid=No.
47 of 2013
, archived at https://perma.cc/MED6-9UTK.

Date Ban Established: 1962

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Kosovo

Provisions

Use of traps for hunting prohibited

Citations

Ligji Nr. 02/L-53 për gjuetinë [Law No. 02/L-53 on Hunting], Gazeta Zyrtare [Official Gazette of the Republic of Kosovo],
Jan. 1, 2007, No. 8, art. 9.3(c), http://gzk.rks-gov.net/ActDocumentDetail.aspx?ActID=2433, archived at https://perma.cc/
WW2W-45BR
(in Albanian).

 

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Latvia

Provisions

Hunting while using “[l]eg-hold traps and traps or snares which work nonselectively according to the terms for use or conditions for use” is illegal.

Citations

Hunting Law of July 8, 2003, as last amended Nov. 26, 2015, § 24(9)(h), http://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=77455, archived at
https://perma.cc/A5DX-QWEH (in Latvian).

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Lebanon*

Lebanon’s Penal Code contains a few articles criminalizing certain acts related to animals but none includes a ban on the use of leg-hold traps.[20]  Legislative instruments available on the website of the Lebanese Ministry of Agriculture, which has supervisory authority over matters related to animals,[21] and general Internet sources are also silent on the subject.

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Liberia*

A 1957 law prohibits the use of traps in certain circumstances, banning the trapping of chimpanzees or female monkeys “with sucking young” and the use of any arrow traps.[22]  It also imposes an absolute ban on the use of traps in national parks.[23]  In all other circumstances, it requires the acquisition of permits for the use of traps or snares.[24] 

A 1988 law similarly bans the possession of traps and snares in a national park or national reserve except by persons on official duty.[25]  Significantly, it bans the use of any “tension, steal jawed or leg-hold trap” to hunt or capture any animal.[26]

It is unclear whether these laws are in force today.

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Liechtenstein

Provisions

Use of all snares and use of traps that capture/kill animals in large quantities or nonselectively prohibited.

Citations

Jagdgesetz [Hunting Act], Jan. 30, 1962, Liechtensteinisches Landesgesetzblatt Nummer [Liechtenstein LGBl.-Nr.]
[Liechtenstein Official Law Gazette No.] 1962.004, art. 34a, para. 1(a), as amended, https://www.gesetze.li/lilexprod/ lgsystpage2.jsp?search_text=JAGDGESETZ&search_loc=text&rechts_gebiet=0&menu=0&tablesel=0&observe_date=
21.07.2016&formname=showlaw&lgblid=1962004000&version=4
, archived at http://perma.cc/846K-C6QW.

Date Ban Established: 1995

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Lithuania

Provisions

Use of traps that could injure captured animals, or may not kill animal instantly, prohibited.

Citations

Hunting Rules of the Republic of Lithuania No. 258 of June 27, 2000, as last amended June 23, 2016, art. 58 (26),
https://www.e-tar.lt/portal/en/legalAct/TAR.308F43BA7D00/tWFoyLTwUp, archived at https://perma.cc/2TQV-SR8Z
(in Lithuanian).

 

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Luxembourg

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited by EEC Council Regulation and by domestic regulation and legislation, from 1994 onward.  Use of any type of trap for hunting abolished in 2011.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; Règlement grand-ducal du 1er décembre 1993 fixant certaines modalités d’application du
règlement (CEE) No. 3254/91 du 4 novembre 1991 interdisant l’utilisation du piège à mâchoires dans la Communauté
et l’introduction dans la Communauté de fourrures et de produits manufacturés de certaines espèces animales sauvages
provenant de pays qui utilisent pour leur capture le piège à mâchoires ou des méthodes non conformes aux normes
internationales de piégeage sans cruauté [Grand-Ducal Regulation of 1 December 1993 Establishing Certain Application
Measures for Regulation (EEC) No. 3254/91 of 4 November 1991 Prohibiting the Use of Leg-hold Traps in the Community
and the Introduction into the Community of Pelts and Manufactured Goods of Certain Wild Animal Species Originating in
Countries Which Catch Them by Means of Leghold Traps or Trapping Methods Which Do Not Meet International Humane
Trapping Standards] art. 1, http://www.environnement. public.lu/dechets/dossiers/centres_de_recyclage/regl_parc_
conteneurs.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/KFM8-VNL5; Loi du 25 mai 2011 relative à la chasse [Law of M25 May
2011 Regarding Hunting] art. 10, http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2011/ 0111/a111.pdf, archived at
https://perma.cc/KX9A-TERR.

Date Ban Established: Jan. 1, 1994

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Macedonia

Provisions

Hunting with traps prohibited.

Citations

Zakon za Lovstvo [Law on Hunting], Služben Vesnik [Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia], Feb. 24, 2009,
No. 26, art. 54, http://www.mzsv.gov.mk/files/Zakon_za_ lovstvoto.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/Y2QY-4LYD.

 

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Malawi

Provisions

Possession or use of traps within national park or wildlife service area prohibited absent authorization.  Sale, manufacture, or use of any trap, net, snare, or similar substance/device for hunting protected animals banned. 

Citations

National Parks and Wildlife Act, No. 11 of 1992, §§ 33 & 66 (May. 15, 1992), available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/
html/mlw4733.htm
, archived at https://perma.cc/F3RU-AQXA; Game Rules of 1927, § 3, III Laws of Nyasaland, Cap.
70 (rev. ed. 1933).

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1933 

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Malaysia

Provisions

Possession and use of any snare for hunting wildlife prohibited; legal definition of “snare” appears to include leg-hold traps.

Citations

Wildlife Conservation Act 2010, s 29 & sch. 7, available at https://www.unodc.org/res/cld/document/wildlife-
conservation-act-2010_html/Wildlife_Conservation_Act_2010.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/U3YK-MAYY

Date Ban Established: 2010

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Maldives*

Maldives has enacted an Environment Protection and Preservation Act,[27] but it does not contain provisions on the use of traps for wild animals.  Other rules and regulations could not be consulted because they were available only in the Dhivehi language.[28]  

According to section 3 of the Regulation on the Protection and Conservation of Environment in the Tourism Industry,[29]

3.1 Protected birds or marine living species shall not be caught or kept in cages or other enclosed space in an island or land leased for the development of tourism.

3.2 It is prohibited to carry out any activity that would harm the protected living species in an island or place leased for the development of tourism, or harming or shifting their nests or habitat or eggs.[30]

A review of the Law Library’s print collection and online government sources, including the Environmental Protection Agency and the Attorney General’s websites,[31] revealed no specific provisions on animal leg-hold or body traps.

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Mali

Provisions

Use of traps and snares prohibited, unless authorized for ritual hunting, protection of persons/property, or capture operations.

Citations

Décret nº 97-052/P-RM déterminant les modalités et conditions d’exercice des droits conférés par les titres de chasse
[Decree No. 97-052/P-RM Determining the Terms and Conditions of the Exercise of Rights Conferred by Hunting Titles]
arts. 11–12, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/mli10249.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/8HBQ-YKV5.

Date Ban Established: Jan. 31, 1997

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Mauritania

Provisions

Use of traps and snares prohibited, unless authorized for protection of persons and property.

Citations

Loi nº 97-006 du 20 janvier 1997 abrogeant et remplaçant la loi nº 75-003 du 15 janvier 1975 portant Code de la chasse
et de la protection de la nature [Law No. 97-006 of 20 January 1997 Repealing and Replacing Law 75-003 of 15 January
1975 Establishing the Hunting and Nature Protection Code] arts. 15–16, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/mau
10273.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/ZFF6-MPRV.

Date Ban Established: Jan. 20, 1997

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Mauritius

Provisions

Use of snares or gin traps for hunting wildlife prohibited.

Citations

Native Terrestrial Biodiversity and National Parks Act, No. 14 of 2015, § 26 (Oct. 23, 2015), http://mauritiusassembly
.govmu. org/English/acts/Documents/2015/act1415.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/8MKV-4J4T; Wildlife Act, No. 33
of 1983, § 6, 4 Mauritius Laws (rev. ed. 1990).

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1990

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Mexico

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Ley General de Vida Silvestre [General Law on Wildlife], as amended through May 2016, art. 95(a), Diario Oficial
de la Federación, July 3, 2000, http://www.diputados.gob.mx/ LeyesBiblio/pdf/146_130516.pdf, archived at https://
perma.cc/2LH7-CSCF
.

 

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Moldova

Provisions

Use of traps for hunting prohibited and considered poaching.

Citations

Zakon o Zhivotnom Mire [Law on Wildlife] No. 439 of Apr. 27, 1995, last amended Dec. 3, 2015, art. 35(d),
http://lex.justice.md/ viewdoc.php?action=view&view=doc&id=311667&lang=2, archived at https://perma.cc/
G745-U77J
(in Russian).

Date Ban Established: 1995

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Montenegro

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Zakon o Divljači i Lovstvu [Law on Wild Animals and Hunting] arts. 41, 66(8), Službeni List [Official Gazette],
July 29, 2008, No. 52/2008, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/mne 139648.pdf, archived at https://perma.
cc/YN2W-2TRV
.

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Morocco*

No legislation banning leg-hold traps for animals was found on the Ministry of Justice Adala Legal and Judicial Portal, which contains the laws of Morocco.  However, the Moroccan Penal Code does criminalize certain other acts against animals owned by others.[32]

 

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Mozambique

Provisions

Use of methods, including mechanical traps, that result in indiscriminate killing of species or individual animals prohibited.

Citations

Lei de Florestas e Fauna Bravia [Law of the Forest and Wildlife], Lei No. 10/99, de 7 de Julho (July 7, 1999), art. 24, http://www.minag.gov.mz/images/stories/pdf_files/legislacao/LEI%20DE%20FLORESTAS%20E%20FAUNA%20
BRAVIA.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/NZ8U-YQ6S; Lei No. 16/2014, de 20 de Junho (June 20, 2014), art. 32,
available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/moz134834.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/PE3A-RK77

Date Ban Established: 1999

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Namibia

Provisions

Use of traps or other devices for capturing or destroying any animal prohibited unless necessary to protect property or prevent disease.  Sale of traps or other devices, except those meant for targeting rodents, prohibited absent permit.  Permission needed to bring traps into game parks or nature preserves, as well as to use traps to capture wild animals. 

Citations

Animals Protection Act, No. 71 of 1962, § 2 (Jan. 1, 1973), available at http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSA/
ANIMALS (1962) - Animals Protection Act 71 of 1962 (annotated).pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/69EA-PDV5;
Nature Conservation Ordinance, No. 4 of 1975, §§ 18, 40 & 42 (June 20, 1975), available at http://www.lac.org.na
/laws/annoSWA/ ENVIRONMENT (1975) - Nature Conservation Ordinance 4 of 1975 (annotated).pdf
, archived at
https://perma.cc/98SH-NY8H.

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1973

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Netherlands

Provisions

Leg-hold traps prohibited except in some circumstances, including damage control or to protect public health. 

Citations

Amending Regulation Designating Endangered Exotic Animal and Plant Species and Amending the Exemption Scheme
for Endangered Exotic Animal and Plant Species (Dec. 24, 1995, in force Jan. 1, 1996), STCRT 1995, 251, https://zoek.
officiele bekendmakingen.nl/stcrt-1995-251-p16-SC4864.html? zoekcriteria=?zkt=Uitgebreid&pst=Staatscourant&vrt=
3254&zkd=InDeGeheleText&dpr=AnderePeriode&spd=19951212
&epd=19960312&sdt=DatumPublicatie&planId=&pnr=1&rpp=10&resultIndex=2&sorttype=1&sortorder=4
, archived
at
https://perma.cc/7LYA-YRM5 (in Dutch); Act of May 25, 1998, Containing Rules Relative to the Protection of Wild
Plant and Animal Species (Flora and Fauna Act) (as last amended Apr. 14, 2016), arts. 15a & 15b, http://wetten.over
heid.nl/ BWBR0009640/2016-04-14
, archived at https://perma.cc/9H5C-RAXQ (in Dutch); Decree Containing Rules
Relative to Management and Prevention of Damage Caused by Animals (Decree on Animal Management and Damage
Control) (Nov. 28, 2000, as last amended effective Feb. 1, 2012), arts. 5 & 9, http://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBR00118
49/2012-02-01
, archived at https://perma.cc/USP8-4UPB (in Dutch) (permitting leg-hold traps for capture of some
animals, including mice, voles, and rats). 

Date Ban Established: Jan. 1, 1996

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New Zealand

Provisions

Sale and use of leg-hold traps highly restricted, and certain types prohibited; ministerial approval may be granted in limited situations if in the public interest and no viable alternative exists.

Citations

Animal Welfare Act 1999, ss 32–37, http://www.legislation.govt. nz/act/public/1999/0142/latest/whole.html, archived at
https://perma.cc/8HU2-74F6; Animal Welfare (Leg-Hold Traps) Order 2007, http://www.legislation.govt.nz/regulation/
public/ 2007/0353/latest/whole.html
, archived at https://perma.cc/2SZC-DWUP.  See also Traps and Devices, Ministry
for Primary Industries, https://www.mpi.govt.nz/protection-and-response/animal-welfare/traps-and-devices/ (last visited
Dec. 4, 2015; Ministry for Primary Industries, Leg-Hold Traps and the Animal Welfare Act 1999 (Dec. 2011), https://www.
mpi.govt. nz/document-vault/1466
, archived at https://perma.cc/YU2Y-B7FZ.

Date Ban Established: Different restrictions in the Order came into effect between Jan. 2008 and Jan. 2011

 

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Nicaragua*

Nicaragua’s Law on Special Offenses Against the Environment and Natural Resources does not specifically prohibit the use of any trap.  Article 37 imposes a fine in Córdoba (the national currency) equal to approximately US$5 to $500 on anyone who mistreats, treats with cruelty, physically harms an animal by means of beating, punishment, or excessive burden, whether the animal is domestic or not, and regardless of the purpose of doing so, when such actions cause the animal impairment, harm to its health, stress, or death.[33]

The Penal Code does not penalize the use of leg-hold traps.  However, it penalizes with fines and community service anyone who mistreats, treats with cruelty, or physically harms an animal by means of beating, punishment, or excessive burden, whether the animal is domestic or not, causing the animal impairment, harm to its health, stress, or death.  A person who performs shows displaying violence between animals is penalized with imprisonment for three to six months.  If the shows are for profit, the term of imprisonment is six months to two years.[34]

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Niger*

Hunting in Niger is governed by a 1998 Law[35] and a Decree of the same year.[36]  Hunting is only allowed for holders of a hunting permit.[37]  Hunting through the use of fire, nets, pits, drugs, poison, fixed guns, explosives, or arms or munitions of war is prohibited.[38]  Traps may only be used during daytime and must be removed before nightfall.[39]  Leg-hold traps are not specifically discussed in any provision.  Nigerien law states that no wild animal should be mistreated or suffer any abuse,[40] but no information was found indicating that Nigerien authorities would consider the use of leg-hold traps to constitute mistreatment or abuse.

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Nigeria*

Nigeria is a federation of thirty-six states with Abuja as its federal capital territory.[41]  While the federal government enjoys exclusive legislative jurisdiction on matters affecting national parks, matters affecting the protection of wildlife outside of such areas appears to be within the purview of the states.[42]   

A 1999 federal law bans the possession, use of, or setting of a snare, net trap, “or any other instrument for the purpose of capturing or killing an animal” in national parks unless authorized to do so.[43]

The laws of ten of the thirty-six states were located, and all ban the use of traps in one form or another: Anambra,[44] Bauchi,[45] Borno,[46] Cross River,[47] Enugu,[48] Kaduna,[49] Katinsha,[50] Kano,[51] Lagos,[52] and Sokoto.[53]  A sample of those laws are highlighted below.

Anambra State

Anambra State prohibits the use of traps in game reserves and against protected animals.  It specifically prohibits the setting of a “snare, net, trap or other instrument for the purpose of catching or killing an animal or which is likely to catch, kill or injure an animal” in a game reserve without authorization.[54]  It also prohibits making or using “any game pit, net, trap for the purpose of killing or capturing any protected animal or protected bird.”[55]

Bauchi State

Bauchi State prohibits the use of traps against any wild animal unless authorized to do so.  Its Wild Animals Edict provides that “[n]o person shall . . . make, expose or offer for sale or have in his control or possession or use any trap other than that prescribed for the control of pests unless otherwise authorized.”[56]  It also prohibits setting “any snare, net, trap or other instrument for the purpose of catching or killing animals” in any game reserve unless authorized to do so.[57]  The law defines the term “trap” as “any contrivance designed, calculated, intended or capable of being used to capture or cause to suffer any animal, but excluding any firearms approved under the provisions of this law or any regulations made thereunder.”[58]

Cross River State

Cross River State prohibits making or using “any game pit, net or trap for the purpose of killing or capturing any protected animal or protected bird.”[59]  A 1944 law defines the term “trap” and imposes an absolute ban on their use.  A trap is “any mechanical contrivance having jaws, such as jaws having a space between them of more than four inches and such contrivance being designed, calculated or intended to be used or capable of being used to capture, injure or destroy any animal or bird.”[60]  The law states that “[a]ny person who shall make, or shall expose, or offer for sale, shall have in his control or possession or shall use any trap” commits an offense.[61]

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Northern Ireland

Provisions

Use of spring traps limited to those that have been approved for specified purposes.  Traps must not be set in a position that would trap or injure animals specified in Schedule 5 of Order.

Citations

Wildlife (Northern Ireland ) Order 1985, SI 1985/171 http://www.legislation.gov.uk/nisi/1985/171, archived at
https://perma.cc/CF38-6DWB; Protection of Animals Act 1911 1& 2 Geo. 5, c. 27, § 10, http://www.legislation
.gov.uk/ ukpga/Geo5/1-2/27
, archived at https://perma.cc/B9S6-AZRA; Wildlife and Natural Environment Act
(Northern Ireland) 2011, c. 15 § 11, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/nia/2011/15, archived at https://perma.cc/WX9F-MVMX.

Date Ban Established: 1985

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Norway

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited except to catch small animals such as rats and mice.

Citations

Lov om jakt og fangst av vilt (viltloven) [Act on Hunting and Capture of Wild Animals (Wild Animals Act)],
LOV-1981-05-29-38 [Act No. 38 of May 29, 1981], § 24, https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/1981-05-29
-38/KAPITTEL_6?q=jakt#KAPITTEL_6
, archived at https://perma.cc/5K9Z-QFKP; §§ 47–48 Jaktloven
(Lov Nr. 7 af 14 des 1951) [Hunting Act (No. 7 of Dec. 14 1951)].

Date Ban Established: Use of traps limited to only certain smaller animals as of 1951

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Pakistan

Provisions

Most wildlife protection legislation provincially based, with similar provisions modeled on 1970 committee recommendations.  Use of snares or other traps for hunting wild animals generally prohibited, but exceptions granted for scientific or public purposes.

Citations

Pakistan Ministry of Environment, Office of Inspector General Forests Islamabad, Final Report: Policy & Legal
Reform Study (GEF – Protected Areas Management Project) 29 & 33 (1970), http://sustainableinitiatives.org.pk
/da/ Government Documents/Policy and Strategy/Protected Areas Management Ministry of Environment.pdf
, archived
at
https://perma.cc/M3XK-D2TX.

Sample provincial laws:
Punjab: Punjab Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act, No. 2 of 1974, § 9(i),
http://punjablaws.gov.pk/laws/290.html, archived at https://perma.cc/GC4D-P9PJ; Sindh: Sindh Wildlife Protection
Ordinance, No. 5 of 1972, § 7(iii), http://www.wsip.com.pk/ documents/sinddh_%20wildlife.pdf, archived at
https://perma.cc/V5VE-2722.

Date Ban Established: Varies by province

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Panama

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Ley No. 39 que modifica y adiciona artículos a la Ley 24 de 1995, sobre vida silvestre [Law No. 39 Amending
. . . the Law on Wildlife] art. 59, Nov. 24, 2005, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/pan108640.pdf,
archived at https://perma.cc/DTA4-Z59V.

 

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Paraguay

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Ley de Vida Silvestre, Ley 96, art. 54.e, Boletín Oficial (Dec. 24, 1992), http://www.bacn.gov.py/MjM5MQ==
&ley-n-96
, archived at https://perma.cc/9X23-82DE.

 

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Peru

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Reglamento de Fauna Silvestre [Wildlife Regulation], Decreto Supremo No. 019-2015, Ministerio de Agricultura
(Sept. 29, 2015), art. 191.3, §§ q, y, & x, http://minagri.gob.pe/portal/ download/pdf/marcolegal/normaslegales
/decretossupremos/2015/ds19-2015-minagri.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/KXS5-28HT.

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Philippines*

No information could be located in print or online on any Philippine law specifically banning or limiting the use of leg‐hold or similar traps.  However, the Philippine Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act prohibits hunting wildlife.[62]  In addition, the Philippine Animal Welfare Act prohibits cruelty against animals and imposes penalties of imprisonment and fines on those who exhibit such conduct.[63]

 

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Poland

Provisions

Use of live traps for hunting predators permitted.  No information found regarding types of traps that may be prohibited.

Citations

Ustawa z dnia 13 października 1995 r. Prawo Lowieckie [Law of Oct. 13, 1995, Hunting Law] with the latest
amendments of Nov. 27, 2015, art. 44(a), Dziennik Ustaw Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej [Official Gazette of the
Polish Republic], Dec. 22, 2015, item 2168, http://dziennikustaw.gov.pl/du/2015/2168/1 (last visited July 17,
2016), archived at https://perma.cc/S3ER-4EEK (in Polish).

 

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Portugal

Provisions

Use of nonselective traps that may cause local extinction of species prohibited.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; Decreto-Lei [Decree-Law] No. 140/99, de 24 de Abril (Apr. 24, 1999), http://www
.spea.pt/fotos/ editor2/dl_140_1999transposicaodirectivaaves.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/BK2G-A3CH,
as amended by Decreto-Lei No. 49/2005, de 24 de Fevereiro (Feb. 24, 2005), art. 13, http://www.spea.pt/fotos
/editor2/dl_49_2005transposicaodirectivaaves.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/W9VZ-MMF9.

Date Ban Established: Jan. 1, 1995

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Russia

Provisions

Leg-hold restraining traps with steel arches to catch wolf, raccoon, lynx, badger, pine marten, sable, ermine, otter, beaver, and muskrat prohibited.

Citations

Prikaz Ministerstva Prirodnykh Resursov i Ekologii Rossiiskoi Federatsii O vnesenii izmeneniia v Pravila okhoty
[Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation on Amendments to Hunting
Rules] No. 373 of Nov. 8, 2012, approved by Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the
Russian Federation No. 512 of Nov. 16, 2010, Rossiskaia Gazeta (Feb. 8, 2013), https://rg.ru/2013/02/08/ ohota
-dok.html
, archived at https://perma.cc/HS53-QTGG.

Date Ban Established: 2012

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Rwanda

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Décret-loi du 26 avril 1974 portant confirmation et modification de l’ordonnance-loi du 18 juin 1973 portant création
de l’Office rwandais du tourisme et des parcs nationaux [Law-Decree of April 26, 1974, Establishing Confirmation
and Modification of the Ordinance-Law of June 18, 1973, Establishing the Creation of the Rwandan Office of Tourism
and National Parks] art. 50, http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/rwa4261.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/F73X-VF8N.

Date Ban Established: Apr. 26, 1974

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São Tomé e Príncipe

Provisions

Use of mechanical traps, among other hunting methods, prohibited.

Citations

Decreto Lei No 01/2016 Aprova o Regulamento sobre a Caça [Approving the Regulation of Hunting] art. 22(4)(a),
Diário da República, No. 18, Mar. 11, 2016, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/sao154193.pdf, archived at
https://perma.cc/8C8U-JYG7.

Date Ban Established: 2016

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Scotland

Provisions

Use of unapproved spring traps, use of approved spring trap in a location designed to capture legally protected animals, or offering for sale/selling any spring trap for unlawful purposes prohibited.  Exception exists for use of spring traps designed to break the backs of rats, mice, and voles, and to catch moles in runs.

Citations

Agriculture (Scotland) Act 1948, 11 & 12 Geo. 6, c. 45, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Geo6/11-12/45, archived
at
https://perma.cc/T2DA-RFCF; Small Ground Vermin Traps Order 1958, SI 1958/24, http://www.legislation.gov.
uk/uksi/ 1958/24/made
, archived at https://perma.cc/4WYF-7A74

Date Ban Established: 1948

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Senegal

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited in national parks.

Citations

Décret nº 86-844 portant Code de la chasse et de la protection de la faune – Partie règlementaire [Decree No.
86-844 Establishing the Hunting and Wildlife Protection Code – Regulatory Part] art. D39, available at http://
faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/sen4473.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/AEE5-WQ75.

Date Ban Established: July 14, 1986

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Serbia

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Zakon o Divljači i Lovstvu [Law on Wild Animals and Hunting] No. 18/2010, art. 76(7), Službeni Glasnik
[Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia], Mar. 26, 2010, http://www.srbijasume.rs/pdf/zakon_divljac_
lovstvo.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/Q97R-EGBW.

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Seychelles*

A 1979 regulations prohibit possession of traps in the Aride Island Special Reserve and Cousin Island Special Reserve.[64] No other law specifically addressing the matter was located.  Laws reviewed for this inquiry include the Wild Animals and Birds Protection Act of 1961 and its subsidiary,[65] the Environmental Protection Act of 1994,[66] and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1902.[67]

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Sierra Leone

Provisions

Possession without permission of gin, trap, or snare while in a national park, game reserve, or nonhunting forest prohibited.

Citations

Wildlife Conservation Act, No. 27 of 1972 (Jan. 8, 1973), available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/sie41659.pdf,
archived at https://perma.cc/GZ8Z-FFLL.

Date Ban Established: 1973

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Singapore

Provisions

Person who “nets, snares or takes by means of any contrivance” a wild animal or bird as prohibited by the Act is punishable by a fine and subject to forfeiture of the wild animal or bird.

Citations

Wild Animals and Birds Act (Chapter 351) (revised Dec. 30, 2000) § 8(d), Singapore Statutes Online, http://statutes.
agc.gov.sg/aol/search/display/view.w3p;query=Status:curinforce Type:act,sl Content:"Wild";rec=1;resUrl= http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/search/summary/results.w3p;query=Status%3Acurinforce%20Type%3Aact,sl%
20Content%3A%22Wild%22;whole=no
, archived at https://perma.cc/756Z-BMUT.

Date Ban Established: On or before Dec. 30, 2000

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Slovakia

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited.

Citations

Zákon o Poľovníctve a o Zmene a Doplnení Niektorých Zákonov [Hunting Law and Amendments to Certain Laws],
Zákon č. 274/2009 Zb., § 65.2(a), http://www.zakonypreludi.sk/zz/2009-274, archived at https://perma.cc/ZJQ2-YDJK.

 

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Slovenia

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited.

Citations

Zakon o Divjadi in Lovstvu (ZDLov-1) [Law on Wild Animals and Hunting] art. 43 (3), Uradni List [Official Gazette
of the Republic of Slovenia], Feb. 20, 2004, No. 16/2004, https://www.uradni-list.si/1/content?id=47257#!/Zakon-o-
divjadi-in-lovstvu-(ZDLov-1
, archived at https://perma.cc/L6KN-EEPU  (in Slovenian).

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Somalia

Provisions

Use of gin-traps or snares for hunting prohibited, except with written permission.

Citations

Law on Fauna (Hunting) Forest Conservation Law, No. 15 of 1969 (Jan. 15, 1969), available at http://www.somaliland
law.com/ Law_on_Fauna_Hunting_and_Forest_Conservation_1969.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/H963-PVPG.

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1969

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South Africa

Provisions

Use of “any trap or other device” for capturing or destroying any wild or domestic animal or wild bird prohibited, unless necessary for protection of property or disease prevention.  Use of traps and snares for hunting listed threatened or protected species totally banned.  Traps permitted for some threatened or protected species scientific or management purposes, including to hunt “damage causing animals.”  Listed large predators (white rhinoceros or black rhinoceros) may not be hunted “by making a gin trap.”

Citations

Animal Protection Act, No. 71 of 1962, § 2, 3 Butterworths Statutes Of South Africa (rev. ed. 2015), version amended
through 1972 available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/ nam126907.pdf, archived at  https://perma.cc/X3V5-RU8B;
Threatened or Protected Species Regulations, 2007, §§ 14, 24 & 26 (Feb. 23, 2007), version updated through 2016
available at http://www.lawsofsouthafrica.up.ac.za/index.php/browse/environment-and-conservation/national-
environmental-management-biodiversity-act-10-of-2004/regulations-and-notices/10-of-2004-national-environmental
-management-biodiversity-act-regs-gnr-152-29-apr-2014-to-date-pdf/download
, archived at https://perma.cc/26CQ-TBYL.

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1962

South Korea*

At present there are no Law Library research staff members versed in the Korean language.  Specific information on animal trap laws was not found in English-language materials online or in the Law Library’s collection.  

A White Paper from the Ministry of Environment (MOE) suggests that leg-hold trap regulations may exist even though they could not be located.  The White Paper states that the MOE “worked together with private organizations to remove approximately 19,000 snares, traps, and other illegal poaching equipment set up throughout the country.”[68]

The Wildlife Protection and Management Act requires persons who intend to capture harmful wild animals to obtain permission from the local government.[69]  An ordinance establishes what is needed to obtain permission and what methods of capture may be used.[70]  The Enforcement Ordinance for the Wildlife Protection and Management Act states that when a person who obtained a license wants to capture a wild animal, the person may use tools, such as firearms and snares, that are permitted by the MOE.  However, the person must not hurt the dignity of the animal’s life.[71]  The MOE regulation that establishes which types of snares are permitted was not located.

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South Sudan

Provisions

Use and possession of traps, snares, or gins without authorization for hunting or capturing animals, and conveyance of traps or snares into a national park, prohibited.

Citations

Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Act, 2003, available at http://www.gurtong.net/LinkClick.aspx?
fileticket=9EN5HHfOAFw=&tabid=342
, archived at https://perma.cc/XV7F-QV8B.

Date Ban Established: At least as of 2003

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Spain

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Código Penal [Criminal Code], Ley Orgánica 10/1995, arts. 334.1.c, 336, 337.1, & 337.2.a, Boletin Oficial del Estado
[BOE] (Nov. 24, 1995), http://www.boe.es/buscar/pdf/1995/BOE-A-1995-25444-consolidado.pdf, archived at https:
//perma.cc/DP4T-L3AP
; Ley de Caza [Law on Hunting], Ley 1/1979, art. 43.k, BOE (Apr. 6, 1970), http://boe.es/buscar/
pdf/1970/BOE-A-1970-369-consolidado.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/3RRB-NBB6.

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Sudan

Provisions

All leg-hold traps prohibited in hunting wild animals.

Citations

Law of 1986, art. 23(g)(3), http://moj.gov.sd/content/lawsv4/ 4/4.htm, archived at https://perma.cc/A3H7-2DW4
(in Arabic).

Date Ban Established: 1986

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Swaziland

Provisions

Possession or use of gins, traps, and snares prohibited.

Citations

Game Act of 1953, § 14 (Sept. 1, 1953), available at http://www.sntc.org.sz/legislation/gameact.asp, archived
at
https://perma.cc/4GQE-B92L.

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1953

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Sweden

Provisions

Leg-hold traps, and all traps not selective in nature, that cause suffering to the animal, or are a threat to humans, prohibited. Other traps require prior approval.

Citations

EEC Council Regulation; 11 § Jaktförordning [Hunting Regulation] (Svensk författningssamling [SFS] 1987:905),
as amended, Bilaga [Appendix] 5, http://www.riksdagen.se/sv/ dokument-lagar/dokument/svensk-forfattningssamling/
jaktforordning-1987905_sfs-1987-905
, archived at https://perma.cc/7XAD-794D; ch. 6 § 1 and ch. 8 §§ 1–2 Naturvård
sverkets föreskrifter om typgodkännande av fångstredskap [Swedish Environmental Protection Agency Regulation on
Approval of Hunting Devices] (Naturvårdsverkets föreskrifter [NFS] 2013:13), http://www.naturvardsverket.se/
Documents/foreskrifter/nfs2013/nfs-2013-13.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/Z6V7-C822; 6 § Jaktstadga (SFS 1938:279)
med beaktande av förordning (SFS 1981:678) om ändring i jaktstadgan [Hunting Charter (SFS 1938:279) as amended
by Regulation Amending the Hunting Charter (SFS 1981:678)].

Date Ban Established: As of 1986, use of traps required permission

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Switzerland

Provisions

Use of snares and all traps, with exception of live-catch box traps that are checked daily, prohibited.

Citations

Verordnung über die Jagd und den Schutz wildlebender Säugetiere und Vögel (Jagdverordnung, JSV) [Hunting
Regulation], Feb. 29, 1988, Systematische Rechtssammlung [SR] [Systematic Collection of Laws] 922.01, art. 2,
¶ 1, nos. a, b, https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/19880042/ 201507150000/922.01.pdf, archived
at
http://perma.cc/7926-XXX9.

Date Ban Established: 2012

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Taiwan

Provisions

Use of traps, snares, or other special hunting equipment to hunt wildlife prohibited.  Capturing animals with animal traps (shou jia) without prior approval prohibited.  Manufacturing, selling, displaying, importing, or exporting animal traps without prior approval prohibited.

Citations

野生動物保育法, 八十三年十月二十七日 [Wildlife Conservation Act, Oct. 27, 1994], http://lis.ly.gov.tw/lglawc/ lawsingle?0013465A12DF000000000000000003C000000008FFFFFA00^031180831027^0000F001001, archived
at
https://perma.cc/A8W7-JKD5; Animal Protection Act [動物保護法] (as last amended May 18, 2016) arts. 14-1 &
14-2, http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawAll.aspx?PCode=M0060027, archived at https://perma.cc/4VSP-GDWJ,
English translation available at http://law.moj.gov.tw/Eng/LawClass/LawAll.aspx? PCode=M0060027, archived at
https://perma.cc/M97K-N5LZ; 動物保護法, 九十六年十二月十四日 [Animal Protection Act, December 14, 2007
(effective 2008)], http://lis.ly.gov.tw/lglawc/ lawsingle?0^C4600C99CC1886C0600C81971926DC604D814C1A07
E0620C
, archived at https://perma.cc/6XJX-W9LB; 動物保護法, 一百年六月十三日 [Animal Protection Act, June
13, 2011], http://lis.ly.gov.tw/lglawc/lawsingle?00223F8F 5E0A0000000000000000014000000004FFFFFD^0313
41000613^0000A001001
, archived at https://perma.cc/6JDA-P9XZ.

Date Ban Established: 1994 for wildlife protection provision; 2008 for animal capture approval requirements; 2011 for ban on manufacturing, selling, etc.

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Tajikistan

Provisions

Use of traps that capture the leg or neck of animal prohibited for hunting bears, wolves, lynxes, badgers, and foxes.

Citations

Zakon ob Okhote i Okhothichem Khoziaistve [Law on Hunting and Game Management] No. 1118 of July 26, 2014,
§ 26(2), http://www.mmk.tj/ru/legislation/legislation-base/259/, archived at https://perma.cc/X6M3-6XNB.

 

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Tanzania

Provisions

Mainland Tanzania: Use of traps, snares, or any device capable of killing, capturing or wounding any animal in any, national park, game reserve, wetlands reserve, or game controlled area prohibited; written authorization required for other hunting use of gins, traps, or snares. 

Zanzibar: Use or possession of any trap or snare in a forest reserve requires permit. 

Citations

Wildlife Conservation Act, No. 5 of 2009, §§ 20 & 65 (Mar. 12, 2009), http://parliament.go.tz/polis/uploads/bills
/acts/1452145936-ActNo-5-2009.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/J5GN-5P2C; National Parks Act, No. 12 of
1959, §§ 17 & 24 (July 1, 1959), available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/tan155102.pdf, archived at https://
perma.cc/674L-E4MV
; Fauna Conservation Ordinance, §34, No. 17 of 1951, 32(33) Supplement to the Tanganyika
Gazette (July 6, 1951).

Zanzibar Forest Resources Management and Conservation Act No. 10 of 1996 (Oct. 27, 1997), http://www.zanzibar
assembly. go.tz/act_1996/act_10.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/76CE-PPKQ; Wild Animals Protection Decree,
No. 7 of 1919, § 4, III Laws of the Zanzibar Protectorate (1935).

Date Ban Established: Mainland Tanzania, 1959; Zanzibar, 1935

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Thailand*

At present there are no Law Library of Congress research staff members versed in the Thai language.  Information concerning animal trap laws was not found in the English-language materials online or in the Law Library’s collections.  Two laws were identified that may have relevant provisions, but it appears that neither mentions traps.[72]

 

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Togo

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Arrêté n° 21/MAR du 13 juillet 1983 définissant les modalités de l’exercice de la chasse [Bylaw No. 21
/MAR of 13 July 1983 Defining the Methods of Hunting] art. 5, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/texts/tog
18439.doc
, archived at https://perma.cc/PQ7V-YPFB.

Date Ban Established: July 13, 1983

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Trinidad and Tobago*

A search of the Law Library’s collection as well as online sources failed to identify specific acts addressing traps or cruelty toward animals.  The Conservation of Wild Life Act was identified through a search of the print version of the Laws of Trinidad and Tobago (LTT), but that Act does not address traps or cruelty to animals.[73]  A search of the Alphabetic List of Revised Laws, Laws of Trinidad and Tobago, published by the Ministry of the Attorney General and Legal Affairs, also has not identified any anti-cruelty provisions or provisions on animal traps.[74]

 

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Turkey

Provisions

Use of leg-hold traps prohibited without exception.

Citations

Terrestrial Hunting Law [Kara Avciliği Kanunu], Law No. 4915 (July 1, 2003, as last amended effective Mar. 1,
2014), art. 6, http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.4915.doc, archived at https://perma.cc/QU8H-SYAR.

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Tunisia*

The National Portal of Legal Information, a part of the website of the Presidency of the Government in Tunisia, was consulted to determine if any legislation bans the use of leg-hold traps for animals.  No such legislation was located.  It should be noted, however, that the Tunisian Penal Code contains some provisions criminalizing other acts related to animals.[75] 

 

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Uganda

Provisions

Possession, sale, or use of traps, snares, or “similar substance[s] or device[s] capable of killing, capturing or wounding any protected species” prohibited, with some exceptions.

Citations

Wildlife Act of 1996, § 49 (Aug. 1, 1996), http://www.ulii.org/ug/ legislation/consolidated-act/200, archived
at
https://perma.cc/74ZV-LSV4.

Date Ban Established: At least as of 1996

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United Arab Emirates*

Federal Law No. 9 of 1983, on hunting, does not mention any prohibition on leg-hold traps.  However, article 2 prohibits the hunting of hyenas, wild cows, rabbits, and agamid lizards. 

There are nine emirates within the Union, each of which has its own regulations on local hunting.  Information about local hunting regulations was not located, as the Law Library’s collection contains the federal laws of the United Arab Emirates, but not the local regulations of the individual emirates.[76]

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Ukraine

Provisions

Production, sale, import, use, and storage of trap-like means of hunting prohibited.

Citations

Zakon pro Tvarynnyi Svit [Law on Wildlife] No. 2894-III of Dec. 13, 2001 (last amended Apr. 9, 2015) arts. 52-1
& 53, http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2894-14, archived at https://perma.cc/6H95-Y7AL; Zakon pro Myslyvske
Gospodarstvo ta Poliuvannia [Law on Hunting Economy and Shooting] No. 1478-III of Feb. 22, 2000, art. 20(4),
http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1478-14/page, archived at https://perma.cc/E62M-TJMT.

Date Ban Established: 1993

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Uruguay

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited.

Citations

Decreto 164/996, Se Mantiene la Prohibición de la Caza, Tenencia, Transporte, Comercialización e Industrialización
de Especies Zoológicas Silvestres y sus Productos [Decree 164/996, Banning Hunting, Possession, Transportation,
Commercialization, and Industrialization of Wild Animal Species and Their Products] (May 2, 1996), art. 13,
http://www.cebra.com.uy/renare/wp-content/files_mf/1341601097Decreto164996CAZA.pdf, archived at
https://perma.cc/D8ST-ET2P.

 

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Uzbekistan

Provisions

Use of traps prohibited for hooved animals.

Citations

Pravila Okhoty i Rybolovstva na Territorii Respubliki Uzbekistan [Regulations of the State Committee for Nature
Protection on Hunting and Fishing in the Republic of Uzbekistan] No. 27 of Mar. 22, 2006, § 13, http://www.lex
.uz/pages/GetAct.aspx? lact_id=1004486
, archived at https://perma.cc/PT2G-4YWC.

 

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Zambia

Provisions

Prior permit required for conveying net trap or snare into a national park, community partnership park, or bird or wildlife sanctuary, and for manufacture, possession, sale, or use of “any gin or similar trap or any mist net, snare or similar contrivance capable of killing or capturing
a game animal or protected animal” (Wildlife Act § 70).

Citations

Wildlife Act, No. 14 of 2015, §§ 20 & 70 (Aug. 14 of 2015), http://www.parliament.gov.zm/sites/default/files/
documents/acts/TheZambia Wildlife Act, 2015.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/GY2Z-4X7V; National Parks
and Wildlife Act, No. 57 of 1968, § 84, Republic of Zambia Government Gazette, Acts (1969).

Date Ban Established: 1968

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Global Legal Research Directorate Staff
Full Report: August 2016
Supplemental Report: October 2016


[1] Law No. 2 of 1995, Al-Jarīdah Al-Rasmīyah [Official Gazette], no. 2146, 11 Jan. 1995, p. 3, http://www.legalaffairs.gov.bh/LegislationSearchDetails.aspx?id=2482#.V9byFEbYjcI (in Arabic), archived at https://perma.cc/UAY8-KD2K.

[2] Wildlife Protection Act (as of Dec. 31, 2000), Cap. 220, § 3(d), http://www.belizelaw.org/web/lawadmin/ PDF%20files/cap220.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/BUM3-ANY5.

[6] Bermuda Laws Online, http://www.bermudalaws.bm (last visited Sept. 21, 2016), archived at https://perma.cc/ZC2A-EN65.

[7] Agricultura Resolucion No. 976/2015 (que aprueba el calendario para la práctica de la caza, durante la temporada cinegética 2015-2016 y sus regulaciones complementarias [Resolution 976/2015 (approving the calendar for hunting season 2015–16 and its regulations)], Anexo II(Tercero), Gaceta Oficial [Official Gazette], Dec. 9, 2015, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/cub154672.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/X24V-J2N3

[8] Decreto No. 844, Ley de Conservación de la Vida Silvestre art. 20, Diario Oficial [D.O.], May 25, 1994, http://www.asamblea.gob.sv/eparlamento/indice-legislativo/buscador-de-documentos-legislativos/ley-de-conservacion-de-vida-silvestre (click on “Descargar”), archived at https://perma.cc/BC3B-V77N.

[9] Id. art. 12.

[10] Decreto No. 1030, Código Penal art. 260, D.O., June 19, 1997, http://www.asamblea.gob.sv/eparlamento/indice-legislativo/buscador-de-documentos-legislativos/codigo-penal (click on “Descargar”), archived at https://perma.cc/UAY3-9NLQ

[11] Lov om Grønlands Selvstyre (Lov nr. 473 af 12. juni 2009 om Grønlands Selvstyre) [Act on Greenland’s Self-Governance (Law No. 473 of June 12, 2009)], http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/selvstyreloven.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/EQ6Q-EM7Q.

[12] Id. ch. 1 § 1.

[13] Treaty Amending, with Regard to Greenland, the Treaties Establishing the European Communities, Feb. 1, 1985, 1985 O.J. (L 29) 1, http://naalakkersuisut.gl/~/media/Nanoq/Files/Attached%20Files/Bruxelles/EU%20and%20 Greenland/The%20European%20Union%20and%20Greenland/Greenland%20Treaty%20eng.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/YCX2-RTHG.

[14] Landstingslov nr. 12 af 29. oktober 1999 om fangst og jagt [Parliamentary Act No. 12 of October 1999 on Fishing and Hunting] § 8, http://lovgivning.gl/lov?rid=%7b1A6BE69B-3B89-4173-BAC1-1C61736FF93C%7d#, archived at https://perma.cc/RM9T-63AP

[15] § 9, stk 2 Hjemmestyrets bekendtgørelse nr. 21 af 22. september 2005 om beskyttelse og fangst af isbjørne [Home Rule Government Regulation No. 21 of September 22, 2005 Regarding the Protection and Hunting of Polar Bears], http://lovgivning.gl/lov?rid={699D9C77-D0A7-42D9-B90F-F9F04FA99E3D}, archived at https://perma.cc/AV2K-97R6.

[16] § 3, stk 2 Hjemmestyrets bekendtgørelse nr. 20 af 17. maj 1989 om fredning af ræve i Grønland [Home Rule Government Regulation No. 20 of May 17, 1989 on the Protection of Foxes in Greenland], http://lovgivning.gl/ lov?rid={24A1AAA3-5DB3-4D44-BF4C-C260735AF766}, archived athttps://perma.cc/C47P-VKXG.

[17] Criminal Law (Offenses) Act §§ 120, 121, Laws of Guyana, Cap. 8:01, L.R.O. (Law Revision Order) 3/1998, available on the Organization of American States website, at http://www.oas.org/juridico/spanish/mesicic2_ guy_criminal_law_act.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/E6PG-2SJV.

[18] Laws of Jamaica, Cap. 86, 1973 Rev., L.N. (Legal Notice, published in Gazette Supplement) 92c/2012, available on the Jamaica Ministry of Justice website, at http://moj.gov.jm/sites/default/files/laws/The%20 Cruelty%20to%20Animals%20Act.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/66GK-4YS9.

[19] Id. § 3.

[20] Lebanese Penal Code (issued by Legislative Decree No. 340 of 1943) arts. 605 & 742, available at https://www.unodc.org/res/cld/document/lebanon-penal-code_html/Lebanon_Penal_Code_1943.pdf (in Arabic), archived at https://perma.cc/R4DC-PBPJ.

[21] Lebanese Republic, Ministry of Agriculture, http://www.agriculture.gov.lb/Arabic/Pages/Main.aspx (in Arabic; last visited Sept. 22, 2016), archived at https://perma.cc/Z47K-3ZH8.

[22] An Act Supplemental to “An Act for the Conservation of the Forest of the Republic of Liberia,” Passed and Approved April 17, 1953, pt. 8, “Wildlife Resources,” § 9, Feb. 28, 1957, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/ pdf/lbr3216.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/898W-EGQT.

[23] Id. § 10.

[24] Id. § 11.

[26] Id. § 37.

[27] Environment Protection and Preservation Act of Maldives, Law No. 4/93, available on the Environmental Protection Agency website, at http://www.epa.gov.mv/images/stories/laws%20and%20Regulations/Environment%20Protection%20and%20Preservation%20Act%20
%28Law%20No.%204-93%29/English.pdf
, archived at https://perma.cc/8NK5-ZJQW.

[28] Laws & Regulations, Environmental Protection Agency, Republic of Maldives, http://www.epa.gov.mv/ index.php?option=com_content&view=section&id=7&Itemid=8 (last visited Sept. 30, 2016), archived at https://perma.cc/T7LA-7ZJK

[29] Regulation on the Protection and Conservation of the Environment in Tourism Industry (made pursuant to Maldives Tourism Act, Law No. 2/99) (unofficial translation), http://www.tourism.gov.mv/downloads/unofficial-translation.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/368E-TQJR

[30] Id. § 3.

[31] Statutes, Attorney General’s Office, http://agoffice.gov.mv/english/laws.html, archived at https://perma.cc/YYY9-7585

[32] Moroccan Penal Code (issued by Royal Decree No. 1.59.413 of 1962, as amended), arts. 601–603, http://adala.justice.gov.ma/production/legislation/ar/Nouveautes/القانون الجنائي.pdf (in Arabic), archived at https://perma.cc/S77V-NSHS.

[33] Ley No. 559, Ley Especial de Delitos Contra el Medio Ambiente y los Recursos Naturales art. 37, Oct. 26, 2005, La Gaceta [L.G.], No. 225, Nov. 21, 2005, available at http://www.fao.org/forestry/12966-01d2c590f5db3fda9 fe2e0e504befef1a.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/5LKA-2GLW.

[34] Ley No. 641, Código Penal, L.G., May 5–9, 2008, available at https://www.oas.org/juridico/mla/sp/nic/ sp_nic_Nuevo_Codigo_Penal_%20Nicaragua_2007.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/4D4B-2HWN.

[35] Loi No. 98-07 du 29 Avril 1998 portant régime de la chasse et de la protection de la faune [Law No. 98-07 of 29 April 1998 Establishing a Regulation on Hunting and the Protection of Fauna], available at http://www.coderural-niger.net/IMG/pdf/04-_Loi_N98-007_chasse_et_protection_de_la_faune.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/LZP4-YHA5.

[36] Décret No. 98-295/PRN/MH/E du 29 octobre 1998 déterminant les modalités d’application de la loi No. 98-07 du 29 Avril 1998 portant régime de la chasse et de la protection de la faune [Decree No. 98-295/PRN/MH/E of 29 October 1998 Determining the Terms of Application of Law No. 98-07 of 29 April 1998 Establishing a Regulation on Hunting and the Protection of Fauna], available at http://www.coderural-niger.net/IMG/pdf/18-_Dcret_N98-295_chasse_et_faune.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/PG8P-CAXB.

[37] Loi No. 98-07 du 29 Avril 1998, arts. 3 & 5.

[38] Id. art. 8.

[39] Décret No. 98-295/PRN/MH/E du 29 octobre 1998, art. 24.

[40] Loi No. 98-07 du 29 Avril 1998, art. 22.

[41] Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, § 3, available at http://www.wipo.int/edocs/ lexdocs/laws/en/ng/ng014en.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/HMG5-8BZH.

[42] Id. § 4.

[43] National Parks Service Act, No. 46 of 1999, §§ 30 & 31, May 29, 1999, as amended in 2006, available on the Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre (PLAC) website, at http://lawsofnigeria.placng.org/laws/N65.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/3DLQ-8GT5.

[44] Wild Animals Law of 1965, § 30, 7 Laws of Anambra State of Nigeria, Cap. 130 (rev. ed. 1979).

[45] Wild Animals Edict of 1984, § 33, 3 Laws of Bauchi State of Nigeria, Cap. 167 (rev. ed. 1991).

[46] Wild Animals Law of 1963, §§ 27 & 33, 3 Laws of Borno State, Cap. 143 (rev. ed. 1994).

[47] Wild Animals Preservation Law: Wild Animals Preservation (Licences) Regulations, No. 12 of 1916, § 10, 6 Laws of the Cross River State of Nigeria, Cap. 127 (rev. ed. 1981); Wild Animals Preservation Law: Wild Animals Preservation (Traps) Regulations, No. 78 of 1944, §§ 2 & 3, 6 Laws of the Cross River State of Nigeria, Cap. 127 (rev. ed. 1981).

[48] Wild Animals Preservation Law of 1991: Wild Animals Preservation (Licences) Regulations § 3, 6 Revised Laws of Enugu State of Nigeria, Cap. 157 (rev. ed. 2004).

[49] Wild Animals Law of 1963, § 27, 3 Laws of Kaduna State of Nigeria, Cap. 162 (rev. ed. 1991).

[50] Wild Animals Law of 1963, § 27, 3 Laws of Kantisha State of Nigeria, Cap. 143 (rev. ed. 1991).

[51] Wild Animals Law of 1963, § 27, Laws of Kano State of Nigeria, Cap. 151 (rev. ed. 1991).

[52] Wild Life Preservation Law: Wild Life Preservation (Licences) Regulations § 10, 7 Law of Lagos State of Nigeria (rev. ed. 2003); Wild Life Preservation Law: Wild Life Preservation (Traps) Regulations §§ 1 & 2 (rev. ed. 2013).

[53] Wild Animals Law of 1963, § 27, 4 Laws of Sokoto State of Nigeria, Cap. 151 (rev. ed. 1993).

[54] Wild Animals Law of 1965, § 30, 7 Laws of Anambra State of Nigeria, Cap. 130 (rev. ed. 1979).

[55] Wild Animals Law: Wild Animals Preservation (Licenses) Regulations § 10, 7 Laws of Anambra State of Nigeria, Cap. 130 (rev. ed. 1979).

[56] Wild Animals Edict of 1984, § 33, 3 Laws of Bauchi State of Nigeria, Cap. 167 (rev. ed. 1991).

[57] Id. § 26.

[58] Id. § 2.

[59] Wild Animals Preservation Law: Wild Animals Preservation (Licences) Regulations § 10.

[60] Wild Animals Preservation Law: Wild Animals Preservation (Traps) Regulations § 2.

[61] Id. § 3.

[62] Republic Act 9147, Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act § 27-f, July 30, 2001, http://www.gov. ph/2001/07/30/republic-act-no-9417, archived at https://perma.cc/BH3N-DS5W.

[63] Republic Act 8485, Animal Welfare Act, as amended, §§ 1, 9, Feb. 11, 1998, reproduced in Biodiversity Management Bureau, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Wildlife Rescue Center: Manual of Operations 59–60 (2014), http://www.bmb.gov.ph/index.php/mainmenu-publications/references/ doc_download/917-wrc-manual-of-operation, archived at https://perma.cc/QBC2-TC4P.

[64] National Parks and Nature Conservancy Act: National Parks (Aride Island Special Reserve) Regulations § 6, Oct. 16, 1979; National Parks and Nature Conservancy Act: National Parks (Cousin Island Special Reserve) Regulations, Oct. 16, 1979, both Acts available at http://www.seylii.org/files/Cap%20141%20National%20Parks %20and%20Nature%20Conservancy%20Act_0.docx, archived at https://perma.cc/4FCS-TMQ5.

[65] Wild Animals and Birds Protection Act No. 37 of 1961, Apr. 14, 1961, available at http://www.seylii.org/ files/Cap%20247%20Wild%20Animals%20and%20Birds%20Protection%20Act.doc, archived at https://perma.cc/JJD6-P94U.

[66] Environment Protection Act, No. 9 of 1994, Mar. 1, 1995, available at http://www.seylii.org/files/Cap%20 71%20Environment%20Protection%20Act_0.doc, archived at https://perma.cc/H9BU-TNYH.

[67] Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, No. 23 of 1902 (Oct. 2, 1902), available at http://www.seylii.org/files/Cap%20179%20Prevention%20of%20Cruelty%20to%20Animals%20Act.doc, archived at https://perma.cc/CVL7-2EWC.

[69] Act No. 10977, July 28, 2011, amended by Act No. 12521, Mar. 24, 2014, art. 23(1), http://elaw.klri.re.kr/eng_ service/lawView.do?hseq=32441&lang=ENG, archived at https://perma.cc/92Y8-U4XG.

[70] Id. art. 23(7).

[71] Enforcement Ordinance for the Wildlife Protection and Management Act, MOE Ordinance No. 171, Feb. 7, 2005, amended by MOE Ordinance No. 633, Dec. 31, 2015, art. 31(2)(a).

[72] Wild Animal Reservation and Protection Act, B.E. 2535 (1992), available at http://thailaws.com/law/t_laws/ tlaw0317.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/TX4W-8UJA; Prevention of Animal Cruelty and Provision of Animal Welfare Act, B.E. 2557 (2014), http://app-thca.krisdika.go.th/Naturesig/CheckSig?whichLaw=law2&folderName =%bb53&lawPath=%bb53-20-2557-a0001, (in Thai, examined using online translation service), archived at https://perma.cc/75F5-K99C.

[73] Act 16 of 1958, as amended, LTT ch. 67: 0l L.R.O. 1/2013, earlier version of Act, L.R.O. 1/1980, available at http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/tri4483.pdf, archived at https://perma.cc/MEB8-9YCW.

[74] Alphabetic List of Revised Laws, Ministry of the Attorney General and Legal Affairs, http://www.legal affairs.gov.tt/Laws_listing.html (last visited Sept. 8, 2016), archived at https://perma.cc/4RLE-MU7E.

[75] Tunisian Penal Code of 1913, as amended, arts. 310 & 317, http://www.legislation.tn/sites/default/files/ codes/PenalArabe.pdf (in Arabic), archived at https://perma.cc/Y2DA-AL6V.

[76] Law No. 9 of 1983, Al-Jarīdah Al-Rasmīyah, vol. 133, 19 Dec. 1983, p. 11, available at http://qistas.com/ legislations/uae/view/23623 (in Arabic), archived at https://perma.cc/3Z6S-XWSY.