Law Amended to Give Lawmakers Added Protection (Jul. 21, 2014) by Constance Johnson

The Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR), on July 8, 2014, adopted an amendment to the 2009 Legislative Institution Law, also called the MD3 Law. (

Topic: Government ethics and transparency; Legislative bodies
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Court Awards Control of Maritime Region (Jul. 15, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On July 7, 2014, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, which is located in The Hague, issued its decision on the maritime dispute between Bangladesh and India. ...

Topic: Alternative dispute resolution; Boundaries; International affairs; International organizations; Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime
Jurisdiction: Bangladesh; India

Global Strategy to End Detention of Refugees Includes Suggested Legal Reforms (Jul. 10, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the ...

Topic: Asylum; Child welfare; Immigration; Refugees
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Excise Tax Rates Amended (Jul. 07, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Kazakhstan's president approved amendments to the country's law on excise tax rates on June 18, 2014. The revisions, adopted as Law No. 210-V, will increase the ...

Topic: Excise taxes; Taxation
Jurisdiction: Kazakhstan

Aceh Province Bans Daytime Food Sales During Ramadan (Jul. 07, 2014) by Constance Johnson

The Wilayatul Hisbah, or Shariah Police, of Aceh Province, an area of Indonesia that applies Islamic law, have forbidden sales of food during the daytime during ...

Topic: Church and state relations; Commerce; Religious minorities
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Changing Legal Sexual Identity Simplified (Jul. 03, 2014) by Constance Johnson

The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of ...

Topic: Documents; Health; Human rights
Jurisdiction: Denmark

MOU on Employment and Training Signed (Jul. 02, 2014) by Constance Johnson

This month Sri Lanka and Oman concluded a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on employment and training. The document was signed in Muscat, Oman, by Foreign ...

Topic: Employment and training programs; International affairs; Labor
Jurisdiction: Oman; Sri Lanka

Media Restrictions for Ramadan (Jun. 30, 2014) by Constance Johnson

As reported on June 24, 2014, the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (Komisi Penyiaran Indonesia, or KPI) has issued a circular to remind television broadcasters not to show ...

Topic: Broadcasting; Church and state relations; Communications; Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Experts Oppose Draft Law on Religious Conversion (Jun. 26, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious ...

Topic: Church and state relations; Human rights; International organizations; Religious minorities
Jurisdiction: Burma; United Nations

Electoral Law Amendment Planned (Jun. 23, 2014) by Constance Johnson

According to a June 12, 2014, news report, the Government of Namibia is urgently planning to amend the law on elections. The revision would add ...

Topic: Elections and politics; Treaties and International Agreements/Human Rights; Women's rights
Jurisdiction: Namibia

Bylaw on Cultural Heritage of Bali Proposed (Jun. 13, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On June 9, 2014, Bali's Governor, Made Mangku Pastika, submitted a proposed bylaw on preservation of cultural heritage to the province's legislative council. Balinese culture ...

Topic: Cultural heritage; State and local government
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

New Law Gives Tax Breaks to Some Large Investors (Jun. 10, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On May 26, 2014, a law was adopted establishing the tax rules for large-scale investments in hotels and tourist businesses in French Polynesia. (Law No. 2014-12, ...

Topic: Corporate income tax; Investments; Taxation; Tourism
Jurisdiction: French Polynesia

Agreement Concluded on Movement and Settlement of Nationals (Jun. 09, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), ...

Topic: Human rights; International affairs; Refugees; Treaties and International Agreements/Human Rights
Jurisdiction: Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

New Mining Law Adopted (May. 30, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On February 24, 2014, Algeria adopted a new Mining Law, Law 14-05. It was published in issue 18 of the Official Gazette on March 30. ...

Topic: Corporate income tax; Natural resources; Taxation
Jurisdiction: Algeria

Convicted War Criminal Sentenced (May. 30, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On May 23, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) sentenced Germain Katanga, a militia leader from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), to 12 years ...

Topic: International organizations; Sentencing; War crimes
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; International Criminal Court

Plan to Revise Law on Child Protection (May. 22, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On May 14, 2014, Indonesia's Women's Empowerment and Child Protection Minister, Linda Amaliarai Gumelar, announced that the government will accelerate plans to revise the law on ...

Topic: Child abuse; Children's rights; Crimes against children
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Rape Convictions of Only Two of 39 Accused Controversial (May. 13, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On May 5, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) found two soldiers guilty of rape and 24 others guilty of ...

Topic: Crimes against women; Sex offenses; Specialized courts
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Controversy over Anti-Discrimination Bill (May. 07, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Irakli Gharibashvili, Georgia's Prime Minister, recently spoke in support of a proposed law against discrimination now pending before Georgia's parliament. He said that while the draft ...

Topic: Discrimination; Minority rights
Jurisdiction: Georgia

Islamic Law Adopted (May. 06, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Islamic law; Legal systems
Jurisdiction: Brunei

Income Tax Rules Amended (Apr. 30, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On March 19, 2014, Saudi Arabia's Minister of Finance amended several articles of a regulation issued under the country's Income Tax Law, through Ministerial Resolution No. ...

Topic: Income tax; Tax administration and collection; Taxation
Jurisdiction: Saudi Arabia

Agreement Signed with Olympic Committee (Apr. 30, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and ...

Topic: International organizations; Nongovernmental organizations; Sports and recreation facilities
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Amendment Planned for NGO Funding Rules (Apr. 29, 2014) by Constance Johnson

According to Sri Lanka's President, Mahinda Rajapaksa, the country plans to amend laws on funding for non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The changes would give authorities the ...

Topic: National security; Nongovernmental organizations; Nonprofit corporations
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Court Rules Tax Refunds Must Be Prompt (Apr. 29, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Judiciary; Taxation; Value-added tax
Jurisdiction: Kenya

Disability Rights Group Seeks New Law (Apr. 28, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On April 21, 2014, Fajri Nursyamsi, a researcher at Indonesia's Legal and Policy Studies Center and a member of the Disability Draft Bill Working Group, said ...

Topic: Civil rights and liberties; Treaties and International Agreements/Human Rights; United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Treaty Will Allow Children to File Rights Complaints (Apr. 22, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after ...

Topic: Children's rights; Treaties and International Agreements/Human Rights
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Plan to Revise Foreign Investment Rules (Apr. 17, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, Hatta Rajasa, announced on April 11, 2014, that in the near future Indonesia plans to revise its current "negative investment ...

Topic: Foreign investments
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Human Rights Council to Investigate Alleged War Crimes Committed During Civil War (Apr. 04, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year ...

Topic: Human rights; International organizations; War crimes
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka; United Nations

Partnership to Fight Spread of Weapons (Mar. 31, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Nigeria has partnered with two international organizations, the United Nations and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), in developing a weapons collection program for ...

Topic: Firearms and explosives; International organizations
Jurisdiction: Economic Community of West African States; Nigeria; United Nations

UN Concerned Following Removal of Officials (Mar. 31, 2014) by Constance Johnson

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon expressed concern on March 10, 2014, about the decision of the Supreme Court of Maldives to oust the Chair and Vice-Chair ...

Topic: Elections and politics; International organizations; Separation of powers; Supreme court
Jurisdiction: Maldives

Court Invalidates Election (Mar. 28, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General ...

Topic: Elections and politics; Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Call for More Women in Parliament (Mar. 21, 2014) by Constance Johnson

A prominent human rights activist has called on the parliament of Swaziland to live up to the constitutional requirement for participation of women in the legislature. ...

Topic: Constitution; Legislative bodies; Women's rights
Jurisdiction: Swaziland

Consumer Protection Law Adopted (Mar. 21, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On March 14, 2014, Burma's Union Parliament passed a Law on Consumer Protection, the country's first law comprehensively addressing this topic. President Thein Sein has ...

Topic: Consumer protection; Food safety
Jurisdiction: Burma

Party Sues Election Commission over Disqualification (Mar. 21, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On March 17, 2014, Hatta Rajasa, the chairman of Indonesia's National Mandate Party (Partai Amanat Nasional or PAN), announced that the party has filed a lawsuit ...

Topic: Elections and politics; Political parties and affiliations
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Militia Leader Convicted of War Crimes (Mar. 20, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On March 7, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) convicted Germain Katanga, a former militia leader in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, of four counts ...

Topic: International criminal court; International organizations; War crimes
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; International Criminal Court

Change in Benefits for Those in the Country Illegally (Mar. 20, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Following a March 14, 2014, cabinet meeting, the Norwegian Minister of Labour and Social Inclusion, Robert Eriksson, announced that the type of welfare assistance available to ...

Topic: Poverty and welfare assistance; Undocumented immigrants
Jurisdiction: Norway

Law Purporting to Protect Race and Religion Proposed (Mar. 17, 2014) by Constance Johnson

In response to a petition signed by 1.3 million people, on March 7, 2014, Burmese President Thein Sein called for a new commission to work with ...

Topic: Church and state relations; Freedom of religion; Religious minorities
Jurisdiction: Burma

Rights Expert Calls for Stronger Judicial System (Mar. 11, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces ...

Topic: International organizations; Judiciary; War crimes
Jurisdiction: Mali; United Nations

Plan to End Slavery Expected (Mar. 11, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking; International organizations
Jurisdiction: Mauritania; United Nations

Dispute over Hallal Certificates (Mar. 10, 2014) by Constance Johnson

A dispute over the authority to issue religious certificates has developed between the Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs and the Council of Indonesian Ulama (Majelis Ulama ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Church and state relations; Food labeling
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Campaign Ads Banned Outside Set Election Period (Mar. 06, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's Election Supervisory Committee (Badan Pengawas Pemilihan Umum, often called Bawaslu), the General Elections Commission, and the Central Information Commission, together with the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission, ...

Topic: Elections and politics; Political advertising
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Call for War Crimes Investigation (Feb. 27, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides ...

Topic: International organizations; Judiciary; Religious minorities; War crimes
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

President Proposes Changes to Draft Criminal Procedure Law (Feb. 27, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On February 17, 2014, it was reported that Hamid Karzai, the President of Afghanistan, ordered that a controversial draft law on criminal procedure be changed. The ...

Topic: Accounting and auditing
Jurisdiction: Afghanistan

Rights Groups Decry New Amnesty Law (Feb. 14, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On February 4, 2014, the legislature of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) approved a new law giving amnesty for acts of war committed from ...

Topic: International affairs; Peace; War crimes
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

New Rules on Visas Considered; Other Legislation Discussed (Feb. 12, 2014) by Constance Johnson

The Vietnamese legislature is considering adopting a law on entry, exit, and residence of foreigners that would have a unilateral visa exemption for foreign visitors. On ...

Topic: Bills and resolutions; Health insurance; Visas and passports
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

Defense Cooperation Agreement Signed (Feb. 07, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On February 4, 2014, Indonesia and the Netherlands signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on cooperation in defense matters. The agreement was signed in Den Haag, ...

Topic: Education; International affairs; Military assistance
Jurisdiction: Indonesia; Netherlands

New Terrorism Law in Effect (Feb. 04, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Saudi Arabia

New Energy Regulation Passed (Feb. 03, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On January 28, 2014, Indonesia's legislature passed a new regulation on energy, designed to gradually end the existing fuel and electricity subsidies, stop exports of coal ...

Topic: Coal; Energy; Energy prices; Oil and gas
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Whale Meal Beer Ban Lifted (Jan. 29, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Iceland had temporarily banned the production and sale of beer made with whale bone meal. The West Iceland Public Health Authority had halted production, citing food ...

Topic: Alcoholic beverages; Animal protection; Food industry
Jurisdiction: Iceland

Defense Cooperation Agreement Signed (Jan. 29, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On January 23, 2014, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia signed their first agreement on cooperation in defense matters. It was signed by Indonesia's Sjafrie Sjamsoeddin, a retired ...

Topic: International affairs; Terrorism; Treaties and International Agreements/Terrorism; Treaties and International Agreements/Weapons
Jurisdiction: Indonesia; Saudi Arabia

New Land Law Raises Controversy (Jan. 27, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Burundi recently issued a decree on the structure of the National Commission on Land and Other Assets (CNTB), increasing its authority; the move has been criticized ...

Topic:  Executive agencies; Farmland; Racial and ethnic relations; Refugees
Jurisdiction: Burundi

Export Ban on Unprocessed Minerals Comes into Effect (Jan. 23, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On January 12, 2014, an Indonesian presidential decree prohibiting the export of unprocessed minerals came into force. It had been signed by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono ...

Topic: Import and export; Mining
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Rape Law Amendment Considered (Jan. 15, 2014) by Constance Johnson

On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against women; Sex offenses
Jurisdiction: Morocco

New Laws Become Effective for 2014 (Jan. 08, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Two major pieces of controversial legislation that were passed in 2013 became effective in Denmark on January 1, 2014: the reform of unemployment benefits and a ...

Topic: Freedom of information; Unemployment benefits
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Universal Health Care Program Implemented (Jan. 06, 2014) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's government has said it is implementing a universal health care program, beginning on January 1, 2014. (Nadya Natahadibrata, Indonesia's government has said it ...

Topic: Health care funding; Health insurance
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Agreement Seeks to Address Climate Change Impact (Dec. 31, 2013) by Constance Johnson

In December 2013, Sri Lanka and the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) signed an agreement designed to help some Sri Lankan residents in farming communities. ...

Topic: Agriculture and food; Food assistance ; Foreign aid
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Bill on Money Laundering Considered in House (Dec. 27, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republik Indonesia) is considering a new law on money laundering. (Draft Law andhellip; on the Prevention and Suppression ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions; Elections and politics; Money laundering
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Proposal to Reduce Limits on Logging (Dec. 26, 2013) by Constance Johnson

According to news reports, Indonesia is proposing to resume exports of logs from productive forests. This would reverse a ban on such sales that has been ...

Topic: Forests; Import and export; Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Euthanasia Option May Be Extended to Children (Dec. 17, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On December 12, 2013, the Belgian Senate voted to permit euthanasia in cases of children who are terminally ill. The proposal had been approved by a ...

Topic: Children's rights; Euthanasia; Terminal care
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Calls for Immigration Reform Following Controversial Deportation Order (Dec. 09, 2013) by Constance Johnson

In November 2013, Denmark decided to deport a woman from Thailand and her seven-year-old daughter. The two had moved to Denmark when the woman married a ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Controversial Legislation on the Media Under Consideration (Dec. 06, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Kenya

Constitutional Amendment Passed by Legislature (Nov. 26, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On November 19, 2013, the House of Representatives, the unicameral Parliament of Sierra Leone, passed a controversial amendment to the country's Constitution. The change affects the ...

Topic: Constitution; Legislative bodies
Jurisdiction: Sierra Leone

Provincial Assembly Revises Law on "Jungle Justice" (Nov. 26, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province ...

Topic: Human rights; Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Regional Agreement on Protecting Witnesses and Victims (Nov. 25, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, and Thailand have agreed to establish a technical agency charged with improving cooperation among their national agencies in ...

Topic: Crime victims; International affairs; Witness protection
Jurisdiction: Cambodia; Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Thailand

Corporate Taxation Changes (Nov. 25, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Poland's Parliament (Sejm) voted on November 8, 2013 to approve a proposed law amending the Corporate Income Tax Act. It will become effective 30 days after ...

Topic: Corporations and associations; Partnerships; Taxation
Jurisdiction: Poland

Copyright Infringement Fines to Be Increased (Nov. 20, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Under a government decree of October 16, 2013, Vietnam will be increasing the fines imposed for copyright infringement. The highest level fine for an individual who ...

Topic: Copyright
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

Greenland Votes to Lift Uranium Mining Ban; Considers Independence (Nov. 18, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On October 24, 2013, in a close vote, Greenland's legislature, the Inatsisartut (Parliament),> overturned a 1988 ban on the mining of radioactive materials. ...

Topic: Mining; Natural resources; Sovereignty
Jurisdiction: Denmark; Greenland

Single Customs Tariff Agreement (Nov. 15, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On October 25, 2013, the nations of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), a 15-country regional cooperative bloc, agreed to establish a single customs ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance; International organizations; Tariffs
Jurisdiction: Economic Community of West African States

Working Group Says Private Military Companies Should Be Regulated (Nov. 13, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security; Human rights; International affairs; International organizations; Militias and paramilitary groups
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Tribunal Issues Death Sentences for War Crimes (Nov. 12, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On November 3, 2013, the International Crimes Tribunal for Bangladesh handed down death sentences to two men for crimes they committed in 1971, during the country's ...

Topic: Crimes against humanity; Genocide; War crimes
Jurisdiction: Bangladesh

Government Planning to Reduce Exports of Shark Fins (Nov. 05, 2013) by Constance Johnson

According to a November 4, 2013, news report, Indonesia's government is considering a plan to impose quotas on shark fishing. The goal is to ...

Topic: Animal protection ; Endangered species; Marine resources and fisheries
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Agreement to Cooperate with U.N. in Syria (Nov. 04, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On October 30, 2013, at a meeting held in Oslo, Norway, the Foreign Ministers of the Nordic countries agreed to provide a joint Nordic-United Nations force ...

Topic: International affairs ; Peace
Jurisdiction: Nordic Countries

Anti-Gang Measures Proposed (Oct. 30, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Firearms and explosives
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Court Decision on Use of Word "Allah" by Non-Muslims (Oct. 25, 2013) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on October 22, 2013, that the Court of Appeals in Putrajaya, Malaysia, has upheld a government ban on the use of the word ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Malaysia

Legal Barriers to Economic Equality for Women Still Exist (Oct. 17, 2013) by Constance Johnson

A report issued by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) on September 24, 2013, found that in most of the countries of the ...

Topic: Discrimination; Families
Jurisdiction: World Bank

Regulation Mandates Proportion of Biodiesel in Diesel Fuel (Sep. 30, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, in late August 2013, adopted a regulation that will require companies that sell diesel fuel in the country to ...

Topic: Energy; Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

High Court Delays Presidential Vote (Sep. 27, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On September 23, 2013, the Supreme Court of the Maldives issued an injunction to stop the second round of voting in the country's presidential elections. The ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Maldives

Proposal to Monitor Court Cases (Sep. 13, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Burma

New Policy on Prior Notice of Audits (Sep. 10, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Latvia's tax authorities announced a new audit policy on September 5, 2013. In the future, taxpayers will be informed by mail of any planned audits before ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Latvia

Excise, Customs Changes Adopted (Sep. 10, 2013) by Constance Johnson

In August 2013, Mozambique announced two changes to its tax regulations. One change, effective August 14, implements Law No. 17/2007 of January 7, 2013, which was ...

Topic: Customs enforcement; Taxation
Jurisdiction: Mozambique

Domestic Workers Convention (Sep. 09, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On September 5, 2013, the Domestic Workers Convention came into effect. It extends basic labor rights to domestic workers worldwide. The Convention, developed by the International ...

Topic: International affairs; Labor
Jurisdiction: International Labour Organization

Food Safety Measures Approved (Sep. 05, 2013) by Constance Johnson

It was announced on August 29, 2013, that Sri Lanka's Cabinet has approved a set of measures designed to make imported food safe for consumers. The ...

Topic: Workers safety and health; Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Plan to Increase Recycling (Aug. 30, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Plan to Control Boat Traffic in Venice (Aug. 29, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On August 27, 2013, the city of Venice announced a plan to better control boat traffic in the city's canals. Citing the need to increase ...

Topic: Workers safety and health; Transportation and public works
Jurisdiction: Italy

Kedah State Considering Anti-Shia Law (Aug. 27, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On August 25, 2013, during a speech at the opening of Malaysia's Kedah State Assembly, the Sultan of Kedah endorsed a draft legislation to ban versions ...

Topic: Discrimination; Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Malaysia

Constitution Under Legislative Review (Aug. 23, 2013) by Constance Johnson

In July 2013, a 109-member multi-party committee was formed in the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the two-house Parliament of Burma (also called Myanmar), to review that country's 2008 ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Burma

U.N. Official Urges Stay of Executions in Gaza (Aug. 23, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Bakassi Peninsula Transition Completed (Aug. 23, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On August 15, 2013, the United Nations Security Council issued a statement welcoming the peaceful end two days earlier of the special transitional regime that had ...

Topic: Boundaries; International affairs
Jurisdiction: Cameroon; Nigeria

Regulation on Financial Services Adopted (Aug. 22, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Muliaman D. Hadad, the head of Indonesia's Financial Services Authority (Otoritas Jasa Keuangan, or OJK), announced at a press conference on July 30, 2013, that the ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions; Consumer protection
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Maritime Labour Convention in Force (Aug. 21, 2013) by Constance Johnson

The Maritime Labour Convention of 2006 came into force on August 20, 2013, having been ratified by 47 countries. (MLC Maritime Labour Convention 2006, ...

Topic: International affairs; Labor
Jurisdiction: International Labour Organization

Regulation to Be Reviewed Following Prison Riot (Jul. 18, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Tax Measures Introduced (Jul. 18, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Ghana's government is facing a revenue shortfall and has recently introduced a number of tax measures to deal with the situation. Some of the steps being ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Ghana

Law on Mass Organizations (Jul. 11, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who ...

Topic: Associations; Human rights
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Indonesia Urged to Ratify Smog Treaty (Jul. 08, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia ...

Topic: Environmental protection; Workers safety and health; International affairs
Jurisdiction: ASEAN; Indonesia

New Security Council Resolution Against Sexual Violence (Jul. 08, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; International affairs; War; Families
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Doctors Concerned About Data Sharing (Jun. 28, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Denmark is in the midst of a debate on a revision of its health care law, and doctors in general practice are concerned about the proposed ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Decision to Suspend EU Accession Process (Jun. 28, 2013) by Constance Johnson

According to Iceland's Foreign Minister, Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson, the country has decided to withdraw its request to ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Iceland

Criminalizing Denial of Atrocities (Jun. 12, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On June 7, 2013, the National Assembly of Cambodia adopted legislation criminalizing the denial of the Khmer Rouge regime's atrocities. Violation of the new law could ...

Topic: Freedom of speech; Genocide
Jurisdiction: Cambodia

Cooperation on Sustainable Development Planned (Jun. 07, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, ...

Topic: Environmental protection; International affairs; Science and technology
Jurisdiction: Indonesia; Sweden

Unemployment Benefits Extended (Jun. 05, 2013) by Constance Johnson

The repeal of a January 2013 law limiting unemployment benefits to a two-year period means that Denmark's unemployed will now be able to receive funds for ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Six Former Croatian Leaders Convicted of Crimes Against Humanity (Jun. 04, 2013) by Constance Johnson

According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian ...

Topic: Judiciary; Genocide; War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Forest Rights of Indigenous Peoples Affirmed (Jun. 03, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On May 16, 2013, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia gave indigenous people the right to manage the forests in which they live. It has been reported ...

Topic: Native peoples; Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Domestic Worker Legislation Under Consideration (Jun. 03, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature ...

Topic: Labor; Human rights
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

New Media Law on President (May. 28, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of ...

Topic: Freedom of the press; Freedom of information
Jurisdiction: Burundi

Tax Revisions Considered (May. 28, 2013) by Constance Johnson

The Czech Republic is re-codifying its private law, and in connection with this project, the legislature is considering changes to the tax laws. On May 15, ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Czech Republic

Journalist Imprisoned (May. 21, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Chad

Government Drafting Constitutional Amendment (May. 17, 2013) by Constance Johnson

It was reported in early May 2013 that the Government of Sri Lanka is now drafting a constitutional amendment to reduce the terms of office of ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Government Plans Health Care Reforms (May. 13, 2013) by Constance Johnson

According to a May 2, 2013, press release from Denmark's Minister of Health and Prevention, Astrid Krag, ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Modified Rules on Abortion Considered (May. 10, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On May 1, 2013, Enda Kenny, the Prime Minister of Ireland, introduced the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Bill 2013. If adopted, the bill would establish ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Draft for Women Considered (May. 08, 2013) by Constance Johnson

In April 2013, the Labour Party in Norway joined its coalition partners, the Socialist Left Party and ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security
Jurisdiction: Norway

Expanded Anti-Terror Legislation (May. 02, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Late on April 24, 2013, the Canadian parliament passed the Combating Terrorism Act, which will expand powers of investigation and increase penalties in terrorism cases. While ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Canada

Cities Require Wearing of Muslim Attire on Fridays (May. 01, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Two Javanese cities, located near Jakarta, have established apparel rules for municipal staff members. In South Tangerang city, Mayor Airin Rachni Diany declared on ...

Topic: Officials and employees
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Bill on Economic Growth Considered (Apr. 24, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On April 22, 2013, the Danish government and the opposition party Dansk Folkeparti agreed to a package of initiatives designed to boost growth and employment. The ...

Topic: Economics and Public Finance
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Bureaucracy Reform in Process (Apr. 23, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, in his second term, has given priority to reforming the country's administrative bureaucracy, under the broad umbrella of the Grand Design ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Mobile Courts Program Launched (Apr. 18, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's Geneva, made ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Macau

Man Sentenced for Insulting Royal Family (Apr. 08, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On March 28, 2013, Akachai Hongkangwan, a 37 year-old Thai man, was given a sentence of imprisonment for three years and four months, in addition to ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Provinces Gain Authority over Mining, Forestry, and Plantation Concessions (Apr. 08, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On April 1, 2013, Indonesia's Home Affairs Minister, Gamawan Fauzi, said that the government's plan to transfer authority over some kinds of concessions from cities and ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Journalist Sentenced for Article Deemed Divisive (Apr. 04, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Rwanda

Court Rules on Role of Regional Representative Council (Apr. 04, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's Constitutional Court ruled on March 28, 2013, that the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, or DPD) would have additional lawmaking authority. According to the ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Discrimination Against Transgendered Persons Banned (Apr. 03, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On March 20, 2013, the Canadian House of Commons approved the Act to Amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code (Gender Identity and ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: Canada

Plan to Amend Electricity Act (Apr. 01, 2013) by Constance Johnson

The major opposition party in Sri Lanka has criticized what it views as a flawed attempt by the government to amend the country's Electricity Act. (

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Aceh Stoning Provision Deleted, Other Shariah-Influenced Rules Controversial (Mar. 15, 2013) by Constance Johnson

The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Income Tax Laws Modified (Mar. 13, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Poland's Ministry of Finance took a step on February 12, 2013, toward amending laws on corporate and personal income tax, as well as other legislation. A ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Poland

Prison Term Pronounced for Berlusconi (Mar. 12, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Italy

Guidance on Taxation of Property Developers Issued (Mar. 11, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On March 6, 2013, the Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (IRAS) released information on the taxation of property developers; the information was in the form of ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Singapore

Promise to End Unregulated Ivory Trade (Mar. 07, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Speaking to the members of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), Thailand's Prime Minister, Yingluck Shinawatra, announced that trade in ivory would be ...

Topic: Animal protection
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Draft Publishing Law Criticized (Mar. 07, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Burma

Decree on Bank Tax (Mar. 04, 2013) by Constance Johnson

According to a decree published on February 28, 2013, in Finland's Official Gazette (Suomen Saadskokoelma), banks will be subject to special taxation (Decree No. 169/2013, effective ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Finland

Rules for Hiring Out Labor Come into Force (Mar. 04, 2013) by Constance Johnson

A Belgian law of December 27, 2012, published in the State Gazette on December 31, became effective on January 10, 2013. Among its provisions ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Compensation to Victims of Martial Law (Feb. 28, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Philippines

Foreigners to Be Banned from Purchasing Property (Feb. 27, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka's Cabinet of Ministers has recently approved moves to change regulations under the State Lands Ordinance, and introduced amendments to the Notaries Ordinance and the ...

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Activist to File Complaint (Feb. 27, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Macau; U.N. Human Rights Council

Government Offers Tax Relief Measures (Feb. 27, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On January 7, 2013, Vietnam's government issued a resolution giving tax-related benefits to businesses and individuals. Resolution No. 02/NQ-CP was formulated in response to the economic ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

Government Ordered to Pay Local Community (Feb. 26, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Nigeria

Internet Porn Ban Considered (Feb. 25, 2013) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on February 20, 2013, that Halla Gunnarsdottir, an advisor in Iceland's Ministry of the ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Iceland

U.N. Experts Criticize Bill on Organizations (Feb. 22, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On February 14, 2013, a group of United Nations experts raised concerns about a bill being considered in the Indonesian legislature on mass organizations. The experts ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

New Constitution Approved by Parliamentary Committee (Feb. 07, 2013) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on February 1, 2013, that Zimbabwe's parliamentary Constitution Select Committee (COPAC) has formally adopted a draft new constitution for the country, following a ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

Newspaper Staff Members Arrested (Feb. 05, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Gambia

Court Ruling Denies Equal Rights to Common Law Couples (Feb. 01, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On January 25, 2013, Canada's Supreme Court determined by a five-to-four decision that common law couples do ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Canada

Arbitration in South China Sea Dispute (Feb. 01, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: China

Civil Union Proposal Rejected (Feb. 01, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On January 25, 2013, Poland's legislature (the Seim) rejected three bills that, had they been adopted, would ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Poland

New Tax Measures Adopted (Jan. 31, 2013) by Constance Johnson

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has adopted an array of changes to its tax regime through ordinances issued by the President. While for the ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Journalist Sentenced for Royal Insult (Jan. 25, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Thailand

New Finance Law Published (Jan. 23, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On December 30, 2012, Algeria's Finance Law 2013 appeared in the country's official gazette. (Monia Naoum, Algeria: Finance Law 2013 Published, TAX NEWS SERVICE ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Algeria

President Signs Bill on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly (Jan. 22, 2013) by Constance Johnson

The office of Maldives' President Mohamed Waheed Hassan Manik announced on January 11, 2013, that he had ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Maldives

New Tobacco Control Law (Jan. 16, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On December 24, 2012, Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono signed the Tobacco Control Regulation. Within the next 18 months, cigarette producers and importers will have to ...

Topic: Tobacco and smoking
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Peace Accord Signed with Rebels (Jan. 16, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On January 11, 2013, the President of the Central African Republic, Francois Bozize, signed a peace accord ...

Topic: Peace
Jurisdiction: Central African Republic

Constitutional Court Rules Against International-Standard Schools (Jan. 11, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On January 8, 2013, Indonesia's Constitutional Court determined that existing international standard pilot-project schools (known ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Finnish Language Rights Extended (Jan. 11, 2013) by Constance Johnson

Finnish speakers in eight additional districts in Sweden will have the option of using their native language ...

Topic: Languages
Jurisdiction: Sweden

New Regulation on Phone Imports (Jan. 08, 2013) by Constance Johnson

On December 27, 2012, Indonesia's Ministry of Trade issued Regulation 82/M-DAG/PER/12/2012, effective on January 1, 2013, on the importation of various kinds of mobile phones, personal ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Resolution on Ending Genital Mutilation Passed (Dec. 31, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Affirmative Action Program Adopted for Papuan Businesses (Dec. 18, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 17, 2012, Indonesia's national government issued a regulation that places a limit on which businesses ...

Topic: Economics and Public Finance
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Supreme Court Decision on Freedom of Assembly and Expression (Dec. 13, 2012) by Constance Johnson

During the first week of December 2012, the Supreme Court of Maldives ruled that police should investigate any criminal acts that occur during the exercise of ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Maldives

Tax Authorities Clarify Moonlighting Rules (Dec. 11, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's tax authority, Skat, plans to clarify rules covering working "under the table," with cash payments for ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Tax Law Amended (Dec. 11, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On November 9, 2012, the Dominican Republic adopted a law that provides several amendments to the country's ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Dominican Republic

New Restrictions on Weapons Exports (Dec. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Norway has recently adopted rules placing additional restrictions on exports of weapons produced in the country. The move comes after a report that more than 200 ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: Norway

Agreement on River Restoration (Dec. 04, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Indonesia; South Korea

Committee Passes Resolution on the Death Penalty (Dec. 03, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Migration Board Proposes Plan to Attract Foreign Students (Dec. 03, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Swedish Migration Board has issued a report recommending a new visa plan designed to attract foreign students to universities in the country. It would give ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Oil and Gas Law to Be Revised (Nov. 28, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's Deputy Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources, Rudi Rubiandini, announced in mid-November 2012 that it will be necessary for the country to revise its law ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Limits to Be Placed on Contract Labor (Nov. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On November 15, 2012, Indonesia's Manpower and Transmigration Ministry published a decree that limits the use of contract workers. The new decree has been sent on ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

New Transfer Pricing Regulations Adopted (Nov. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Nigeria announced new Transfer Pricing Regulations on October 22, 2012, applicable retroactively to August 2, 2012. (Catherine Mutava, Nigeria: New Transfer Pricing ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Nigeria

Leaders Adopt Human Rights Declaration (Nov. 21, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: ASEAN

Grant Agreement Signed (Nov. 20, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On November 1, 2012, Norway and Ethiopia signed an agreement on the Access to Justice Project. ...

Topic: International exchanges
Jurisdiction: Ethiopia; Norway

Plan to Ban Large Stores in Small Towns (Nov. 20, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's government is expecting to introduce changes in town planning laws to limit large stores, which while ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Free Trade Agreement Planned (Nov. 08, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is planning to initiate a regional free trade agreement (FTA) in November 2012. In the agreement, ASEAN will partner ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: ASEAN

Decision on Taxation of Non-Resident Companies (Nov. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The European Court of Justice decided in favor of the European Commission on October 25, 2012, in a case involving a dispute over the way

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Court of Justice of the European Union

Payment for Abortions and for Contraceptives for Minors (Nov. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 26, 2012, the National Assembly, the lower house of France's legislature, approved a bill to ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: France

Dispute over Mackerel Fishing Not Resolved by Talks (Nov. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 22-24, 2012, representatives of Iceland, Norway, the Faroe Islands, and the European Union met in ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: European Union; Faroe Islands; Iceland; Norway

Court Overturns Rape Case Decision (Nov. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Sweden

New Law on Franchises (Nov. 02, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 30, 2012, Indonesia's Ministry of Trade issued a new regulation on franchised businesses in the ...

Topic: Corporations
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Tax Exemption for Officers of Foreign Company Headquarters (Oct. 25, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On September 26, 2012, Jamaica's Parliament approved the Income Tax (Amendment) Act 2012. The goal of the ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Jamaica

New Province, Autonomous Regions Planned (Oct. 24, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (House of Representatives) has agreed to a plan to form a new province, North Kalimantan. The new province will bring to ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Seven Death Sentences Upheld (Oct. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 19, 2012, the Gambia Supreme Court upheld the treason convictions of seven men, including the former Chief of Defense Staff, Lieutenant General Lang Tombong ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Gambia

Final Trial Opens (Oct. 19, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 16, 2012, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) began its last trial. Goran Hadzic is the final defendant of 161 individuals ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Plan to Distribute Overdose Kits (Oct. 18, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Danish government announced this month that it will distribute overdose kits to drug users in the capital city,

Topic: Health; Emergency medical services
Jurisdiction: Denmark

UN Calls for Halt of Executions (Oct. 16, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 12, 2012, three U.N.Special Rapporteurs, Ahmed Shaheed, Christof Heyns, and Juan E. M;ndez, whose focus is on Iran, extrajudicial executions, and torture, respectively, called ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Iran

Landmark Case Ends Patriarchal Inheritance System (Oct. 16, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 12, 2012, the High Court of Botswana issued a landmark decision on women's inheritance rights, for the first time according women the right to ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Botswana

Talks on an Agreement to Strengthen Nuclear Cooperation (Oct. 16, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 12, 2012, in New Delhi, India and Sri Lanka began talks on enhancing ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: India; Sri Lanka

New Semi-Private Company to Run Air Traffic Services (Oct. 12, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia has adopted a new regulation that establishes a semi-private corporation to run the air traffic services in the country. Under Government Regulation No. 77/2012 on ...

Topic: Aviation and airports
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Court Awards Settlement to Detainees (Oct. 10, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Malaysia

WTO Membership Terms Concluded (Oct. 04, 2012) by Constance Johnson

As of September 28, 2012, the terms for Laos to join the World Trade Organization (WTO) have ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Laos

California Water Rights Law Lauded (Oct. 03, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: United Nations; United States

Court Decision Changes Banking Rule (Oct. 01, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On September 25, 2012, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia (Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia) ruled on a case ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Burqa Ban Voted Down (Oct. 01, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On September 28, 2012, the National Council, the lower house of the Swiss Parliament, voted down, by a narrow margin, a proposal to ban the wearing ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Sixteen New Agreements Concluded (Sep. 25, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: China; Sri Lanka

Publication of Six Opposition Newspapers Suspended, Restored (Sep. 19, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Ivory Coast

Commission Finds Many Laws that Discriminate Against Women (Sep. 19, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On September 14, 2012, the Indonesian National Commission on Violence Against Women noted that more regulations that discriminate against women are being adopted throughout the country ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Death Penalty Impositions Temporarily Halted (Sep. 18, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On September 14, 2012, Yahya Jammeh, President of The Gambia, set a temporary moratorium on executions in the country. (Gambia Stops Death Row ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Gambia

Tax Amnesty Adopted (Sep. 14, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's Tax Authority, Skat (Skat website (last visited Sept. 14, 2012)), established a tax amnesty program, under legislation adopted in May 2012, that runs until ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Quebec Court Decision Saves Gun Registry (Sep. 13, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On September 10, 2012, a judge of the Cour Sup;rieur (Superior Court) of Quebec issued a decision that declared part of a Canadian federal law to ...

Topic: Firearms and explosives
Jurisdiction: Canada

Media Law Passed (Sep. 12, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Uganda

Plan in Place to Revise Immigration Law (Sep. 11, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Government of Sri Lanka is planning to revise the country's 2006 immigration law, with the goal of curtailing illegal smuggling of migrants. A draft law ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Future Green Goods Trade Pact Considered (Sep. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The 21-member nations of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) have been working on an agreement to reduce tariffs for environmental goods since November 2011, when the ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: APEC; Indonesia

Domestic Workers Treaty to Become Effective Next Year (Sep. 06, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Legalization of Medical Cannabis Considered (Sep. 05, 2012) by Constance Johnson

In a recent interview, Erkki Palva of Finland's national pharmaceutical agency, Fimea, stated that the agency will, within a few weeks, issue an assessment of the ...

Topic: Health
Jurisdiction: Finland

Court Asks for Complete Papers in Test of Corruption Commission Law (Sep. 04, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On August 30, 2012, Indonesia's Constitutional Court, which is considering a challenge to the constitutionality of the law that established the country's Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Government Proposes Outlawing Prostitution (Aug. 30, 2012) by Constance Johnson

It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Terrorist Finance Act to Be Revised (Aug. 29, 2012) by Constance Johnson

According Sri Lankan Media Minister Keheliya Rambukwella, speaking for the nation's Cabinet on August 24, 2012, the government has approved a plan to revise legislation on ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

New Court to Try Former Chadian Leader (Aug. 29, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Senegal

Challenge to Law on Homosexuality Permitted (Aug. 27, 2012) by Constance Johnson

In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Singapore

Corruption Court Judges Arrested (Aug. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Two judges of local corruption courts in Indonesia have themselves been accused of taking bribes by the national Corruption Eradication Commission (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi, or KPK). ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

De Facto Moratorium on Capital Punishment (Aug. 21, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Zimbabwe currently retains the death penalty, with 60 people facing death sentences. However, no one has been subjected to capital punishment in eight years, and at ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

VAT Rules Amended (Aug. 17, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On August 7, 2012, Luxembourg issued a decree amending its VAT rules for independent groups of persons. The amended rule, published in the official gazette (Journal ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Luxembourg

New Investment Code (Aug. 15, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On July 11, 2012, Cape Verde published a new Investment Code Law in its Official Gazette (Law 13/VIII/2012). The new Code replaces two previous laws, Law ...

Topic: Investments
Jurisdiction: Cape Verde

Emoticon Trademark Abrogated (Aug. 15, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Although previously the Finnish National Board of Patents and Registration (last visited Aug. 13, 2012) permitted a Finnish man to trademark the "smiley" emoticon, consisting ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: Finland

Sharia Law Imposed in North (Aug. 14, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Ansar Dine (Defenders of Faith) and the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) have occupied northern Mali, controlling about 60% of the country, ...

Topic: Legal systems
Jurisdiction: Mali

EACJ to Establish Sub-Registry Offices in Member States (Aug. 14, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: East African Community

Commodity Prices to Be Controlled (Aug. 13, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On August 6, 2012, Indonesia's President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, announced that the State Logistics Agency (Badan Urusan Logistik, or Bulog) will soon be able to control ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Seabed Floor Expedition to Determine Extent of Territory (Aug. 10, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The six nations that border the Arctic Sea (Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Russia, and the United States) each claim territory 200 nautical miles (about 230 miles) ...

Topic: Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Recent Human Rights Assessments Identify Problems (Aug. 08, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Burma

Court Rules on Draft Constitutional Amendment (Aug. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Thailand's ruling Phuea Thai party has for the moment withdrawn plans to amend the nation's Constitution, in part due to a court decision. In late July ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Agreement on Access to Indonesian Seas Planned (Aug. 06, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some ...

Topic: Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime
Jurisdiction: Australia; Indonesia

Preliminary Investigation Launched into Recent Violence (Jul. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On July 18, 2012, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Fatou Bensouda, stated that an inquiry is being launched into the recent violence ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Court; Mali

Sedition Law to Be Repealed (Jul. 19, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On July 12, 2012, Malaysia's government announced that it will repeal a law that has been on the books since the colonial era and been used ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Malaysia

Proposal to Extend Sugar Tax (Jul. 16, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On July 5, 2012, Finland's Sugar Tax Working Group released an interim report, recommending extension of the tax on sugar. (Press Release No. 141/2012, Ministry of ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Finland

New Pricing Regulations for Biomass Power Plants (Jul. 16, 2012) by Constance Johnson

According to Kardaya Warnika of Indonesia's Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, speaking on July 10, 2012, the country will soon adopt new pricing regulations for biomass ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Controversial Courts to Be Abolished (Jul. 03, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Turkey

Editor Punished by Court (Jul. 03, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Gambia

Pedophile Organization Banned (Jul. 02, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On June 27, 2012, the civil court in Assen, the Netherlands, outlawed the pedophile association Martijn, ordering its immediate dissolution. The reason for the decision, according ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Terrorism Law Amendments Approved in Lower House of Parliament (Jun. 25, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On June 20, 2012, the lower house (Majlisi Namoyandagon) of Tajikistan's parliament (Majlisi Oli) approved amendments to the country's law on fighting terrorism. The changes had ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Tajikistan

NASCO Ruling on Salmon Fishing (Jun. 25, 2012) by Constance Johnson

In June 2012, the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO) decided to continue a moratorium on commercial fishing of the species off Greenland. Unless the number ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: International

Court Determines Lisbon Treaty Signing Constitutional (Jun. 20, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On June 15, 2012, Denmark's Eastern High Court ruled that the country's government need not have held a referendum before signing the Treaty of Lisbon. The ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Defense Lawyers Boycott Major Trial (Jun. 19, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On June 15, 2012, defense lawyers in Turkey boycotted a high profile trial in protest over a judicial ruling in a case that began with press ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Turkey

Atheist Sentenced in West Sumatra (Jun. 18, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On June 14, 2012, Alexander Aan, a civil servant charged with blasphemy, was given a sentence of two and a half years in prison plus a ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Appellate Body Issues Annual Report (Jun. 15, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On June 13, 2012, the Appellate Body (AB) of the World Trade Organization issued its Annual Report for 2011. (Appellate Body Issues Annual Report for ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: World Trade Organization

Regulation on Crating of Produce (Jun. 14, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Beginning on June 11, 2012, Sri Lanka's Ministry of Cooperatives and Internal Trade will enforce a regulation first adopted several months earlier. The regulation requires the ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Government Reform Proposed (Jun. 14, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Indonesian government has recently proposed three bills on administrative reform; they are now being discussed in the legislature. The bills cover the organization of the ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Local Ordinance to Require Wearing of Headscarves (Jun. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The city of Tasikmalaya, in Indonesia's West Java Province, is in the process of adopting an ordinance that would require Muslim women to wear headscarves. The ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Telecom Tax Bill (Jun. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

A proposed Telecommunication Tax Bill was published in Hungary's official gazette on May 30, 2012. (Tamas Kulcsar, Hungary: Telecommunication Tax Bill Published, TAX NEWS SERVICE (May ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Hungary

Boat Tax Clarified (Jun. 06, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Italian tax authorities issued a circular on May 30, 2012, to clarify an additional tax on boats introduced in 2011. (Giulia Gallo, Italy: Boat Tax ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Italy

Change in Church/State Relations (Jun. 06, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Norway no longer has a state religion. Due to a constitutional change approved by the Storting (Parliament), there is now a separation between church and state. ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Norway

Tax Rule Clarified (Jun. 05, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Under Singapore's 2012 budget, company income gained by the sale of some equity investments, as of the beginning of June 2012, will not be subject to ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Singapore

Government Measures in Response to Earthquakes (Jun. 04, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On May 29, 2012, northern Italy suffered its second earthquake in a little over a week; in all, the disasters caused the deaths of about 24 ...

Topic: Disasters
Jurisdiction: Italy

Government Plans Support for Women Accused of Witchcraft, While Others Call for Legislation (May. 29, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Earlier this month, Burkina Faso announced a plan to offer legal and other types of support to persons accused of witchcraft and driven from their homes. ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Burkina Faso

Court Orders Government to Finish Constitution; Failed Efforts Result in Disbanding of Legislature (May. 29, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On May 24, 2012, Nepal's Supreme Court ordered the country's government to finish a draft of a new constitution by May 27, denying a request from ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Nepal

Right to Food Issues Raised (May. 24, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Canada

Human Rights Crisis (May. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Mali

MOU to Be Signed (May. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

According to Dilan Perera, the Sri Lankan Minister of Foreign Employment Promotion and Welfare, Oman and Sri Lanka are planning to sign a Memorandum of Understanding ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Airspace over Islands to Revert to Indonesia (May. 22, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On May 16, 2012, an official from Singapore, Raj Kumar, stated that control of the airspace above the Indonesian Riau Islands could revert to Indonesia. Singapore ...

Topic: Aviation and airports
Jurisdiction: Indonesia; Singapore

Rights Commissioner Urges Repeal of Homophobic Laws (May. 18, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Minister Opposes Arctic Oil Drill Ban (May. 15, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On May 2, 2012, Sweden's Foreign Minister, Carl Bildt, released a statement on the issue of whether to ban drilling for oil in the Arctic region. ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Draft Constitution to Include Press Freedom (May. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Zambia

Protests over Deaths of Migrant Workers (May. 02, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On April 26, 2012, several Indonesian officials made a formal protest to Malaysia over the shooting deaths of three Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia in late ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Indonesia; Malaysia

Controversial Law Stayed After UN Official Expressed Concerns (May. 01, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On April 27, 2012, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navanethem Pillay, expressed concern about trends in the governance of Papua New Guinea (PNG), ...

Topic: Legal systems
Jurisdiction: Papua New Guinea

New Regulations on Air Guns Stir Controversy (Apr. 30, 2012) by Constance Johnson

As of the beginning of June 2012, new regulations on firearms will tighten control of air guns in Denmark. Any such weapon with a 5.5 millimeter ...

Topic: Firearms and explosives
Jurisdiction: Denmark

New Smoking Law Controversial (Apr. 24, 2012) by Constance Johnson

A new smoking law agreed to on April 21, 2012, in Denmark, will impose a ban on smoking in educational institutions designed for children and youths ...

Topic: Tobacco and smoking
Jurisdiction: Denmark

New Security Law Being Considered (Apr. 17, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On April 10, 2012, a bill for a new law on national security was introduced in the Malaysian Parliament. It will be debated in the lower ...

Topic: National security
Jurisdiction: Malaysia

Medicinal Plants Protected in More Areas (Apr. 13, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Thai government has added eight more places to the list of twelve previously designated locations that are medicinal plant protection zones. A dozen species of ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Mines and Minerals Law to Be Amended (Apr. 13, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On April 5, 2012, Zimbabwe's Mines and Mining Development Ministry announced plans to finalize an amendment to the country's Mines and Minerals Act. The revised provisions ...

Topic: Mining
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

Measure to Curb Textile Dumping to Be Introduced (Apr. 12, 2012) by Constance Johnson

In a new policy in force from late March 2012, the Government of Zimbabwe is working to improve the country's textile industry. Measures will be introduced ...

Topic: Customs enforcement
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

State of Jammu and Kashmir Amends Public Safety Act (Apr. 11, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On April 5, 2012, the legislature of Jammu and Kashmir, a state in northern India, amended the state's 1978 Public Safety Act (PSA), limiting its strict ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: India

Constitution to Be Reinstated (Apr. 09, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On April 1, 2012, Amadou Haya Sanogo, the de facto head of Mali since the military took control in a coup on March 22, announced that ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Mali

Foreign Ministers Discuss Conduct Code for South China Sea (Apr. 05, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On April 2, 2012, foreign ministers of the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), while meeting in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, discussed a proposed ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: ASEAN

Tax on DHMO to Be Proposed (Apr. 04, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Denmark

History of Oppression of Indigenous Peoples to Count in Sentencing (Mar. 30, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On March 23, 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that judges must take into account any history of oppression when sentencing aboriginal defendants in Canada. ...

Topic: Native peoples
Jurisdiction: Canada

Restrictions Placed on Sale of Herbicide (Mar. 28, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka's Ministry of Health has announced it will impose strict regulation on the sale of Paracot, a widely used brand of the herbicide paraquat. The ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

More Mainland Chinese Investment to Be Permitted (Mar. 22, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On March 19, 2012, Taiwan's Minister of Economic Affairs, Shih Yen-shiang, announced the government's intention to allow mainland Chinese investors to participate in 161 kinds of ...

Topic: Investments
Jurisdiction: Taiwan

Same-Sex Marriage to Be Approved (Mar. 22, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's government announced a proposal on March 13, 2012, that would legalize same-sex marriages in the country, beginning on June 15 of this year. According to ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Uniform Framework on Freedom of Expression, Information Considered (Mar. 21, 2012) by Constance Johnson

From March 5-9, 2012, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) held a meeting of its Technical Committee on Legal and Judicial Affairs and the ...

Topic: Freedom of information
Jurisdiction: Economic Community of West African States

New Agreement on Electronic Waste (Mar. 21, 2012) by Constance Johnson

A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Gay Family Rights Ruling (Mar. 19, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On March 15, 2012, Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione) determined that a gay couple who married outside of Italy could not be considered legally ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Italy

Police to Undergo Drug Testing (Mar. 19, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Police authorities in several Indonesian provinces have begun subjecting police officers to drug tests, and the capital city, Jakarta, plans to do so in the near ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Draft General Administrative Law Act Amendment Would Change State Liability for Damages to Individuals (Mar. 14, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Lower House of the Dutch Parliament is now considering a draft amendment to the General Administrative Law Act that would change provisions on the liability ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Media Outlets Face Approval Requirement (Mar. 14, 2012) by Constance Johnson

In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Tax on Sugar Proposed (Mar. 13, 2012) by Constance Johnson

In order to improve the health of its citizens by reducing their use of sugar, Denmark's government is considering taxing the product. Speaking on March 5, ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Doctor Acquitted in Virginity Test Case (Mar. 13, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On March 11, 2012, an Egyptian court acquitted Dr. Ahmed Adel, who had been accused of forcing a woman to undergo a virginity test. The charges ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Egypt

Attendance of Legislators to Be Public Information (Mar. 08, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Ethics Council of Indonesia's House of Representatives adopted a new rule on March 6, 2012. According to Muhammad Prakosa, the Chairman of the Council, any ...

Topic: Legislative power
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Businesses Object to Ministerial Decree on Export of Natural Resources (Mar. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On February 9, 2012, Indonesia's Ministry of Energy and Mining Resources [ESDM] issued a regulation that will ban the export of some raw materials. (Peraturan ...

Topic: Mining
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Sanctions Result in Review of Immigration Policy (Mar. 05, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On February 23, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) sanctioned Italy for its policy of sending to Libya African migrants who have approached Italy ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; Italy

Plan to Cut Childcare Benefits Considered (Mar. 05, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Finland's government is considering shortening the time period in which some families can receive funding from the government to cover the costs of private childcare. According ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Finland

Proposed New Immigration Act (Mar. 01, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On February 16, 2012, Canada's Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Minister, Jason Kenney, introduced a new draft law designed to protect the integrity of the country's immigration ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Canada

Stricter Anti-Tobacco Rules Being Drafted (Feb. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On February 21, 2012, Bambang Sulistomo, an advisor to Indonesia's Health Ministry, announced the country would be going forward with stricter rules on tobacco sales and ...

Topic: Tobacco and smoking
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Health Records Proposal Leads to Controversy (Feb. 21, 2012) by Constance Johnson

A new Danish executive order would permit local government officials to collect information about how an individual used health care services, in order to enhance public ...

Topic: Right of privacy
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Journalist Deported to Face Blasphemy Charges (Feb. 17, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Malaysia; Saudi Arabia

Foreign-Funded Business and Banking Laws Amended (Feb. 17, 2012) by Constance Johnson

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) amended its law on registration of businesses that have foreign funding. The change came via a decree issued ...

Topic: Foreign investment
Jurisdiction: North Korea

Dispute over Policy on Influx of Mothers from China Giving Birth in Hong Kong (Feb. 16, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Leaders in Hong Kong have disagreed recently on how to handle the problem of expectant women from mainland China entering the city in an attempt to ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Hong Kong

Atheist to Be Charged with Blasphemy (Feb. 09, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Alexander Aan, an Indonesian civil servant living in Pulau Punjung, in West Sumatra Province, posted the statement "God doesn't exist" on a Facebook page in January ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

ACTA Signed in Tokyo (Feb. 07, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On January 26, 2012, the European Union and 22 of its member countries signed the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: European Union

Court Permits Candidacy for Third Presidential Term (Feb. 03, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On January 30, 2012, Senegal's Constitutional Court, the Conseil Constitutionel, determined that the current leader of the country, President Abdoulaye Wade, can run for a third ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Senegal

Papuans Indicted for Treason (Feb. 02, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On January 30, 2012, the district court at Jayapura, the capital of the Indonesian province of Papua, indicted five activists from the province on charges of ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Journalists and Politician Sentenced on Terrorism Charges (Feb. 01, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On January 26, 2012, a court in Ethiopia sentenced five people to terms in prison varying from 14 years to, in one case, life, on charges ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Ethiopia

Support for International Anti-Crime Agreements (Jan. 27, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On January 26, 2012, the Vatican moved to support three international conventions that are designed to fight various kinds of criminal activity. (Vatican OK's Moves ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Holy See (Vatican City State)

Court Upholds Decision in Mass Arrests Case (Jan. 26, 2012) by Constance Johnson

In a January 25, 2012, ruling, a Danish court upheld a lower court decision that found that police had acted improperly in carrying out mass arrests ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Labor Law to Be Revised (Jan. 25, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On January 17, 2012, Indonesia's Constitutional Court ruled that outsourcing labor, which in this context means hiring workers on short-term contracts without benefits, is unconstitutional. The ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Criticism of Laws on the Judiciary, Data Protection, and the National Bank (Jan. 23, 2012) by Constance Johnson

On January 17, 2012, President Jose Manuel Barroso of the European Commission (EC) announced the initiation of legal action against Hungary by means of three Letters ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: European Union; Hungary

Plan to Rewrite Law on Visa Procedures (Jan. 17, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's Justice Minister Morten Bandoslash;dskov recently made it known to a Danish newspaper that the government is planning to revise a 2011 law that changed procedures ...

Topic: Government
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Law on Adoption to Be Reviewed (Jan. 17, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Tissa Karalliyadde, Sri Lanka's Minister of Child Development and Women's Affairs, has announced plans to amend the country's law on adoption. The law will be reviewed ...

Topic: Adoption and foster care
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Human Rights Groups Denounce Use of Security Law (Jan. 17, 2012) by Constance Johnson

Both governmental and nongovernmental human rights organizations in Indonesia have raised questions about the way police have implemented the country's security rules. On January 10, 2012, ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Belgian Employees May Lose Tax Deferral (Dec. 30, 2011) by Constance Johnson

The second chamber of the Dutch legislature recently approved changes to the conditions that apply to the "30% rule," whereby employees of foreign companies operating in ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

U.N. Commissioner Urges Respect for Defendants' Rights (Dec. 28, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On December 22, 2011, Navi Pillay, the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights (HCHR), expressed the concern that judges in Kyrgyzstan failed to ensure respect for ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan)

Higher Pollution Tax to Take Effect (Dec. 27, 2011) by Constance Johnson

For 2012, Denmark is raising taxes on pollution by district heating facilities to a level five times as high as those previously in force. While at ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Bill on Peaceful Assembly Criticized (Dec. 09, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Malaysia

Village Government Bill (Dec. 07, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia has long been considering a law on village governance. The bill was dropped from the legislative agenda in 2009 for re-drafting and then was submitted ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Ban on Sending Workers to Malaysia Lifted (Dec. 06, 2011) by Constance Johnson

In 2009, following reports of Indonesian domestic workers being abused in Malaysia, a ban on sending migrant laborers there was instituted. On November 30, 2011, the ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Agreement to Halt Drug Traffic (Nov. 30, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On November 28, 2011, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) praised the three-way pact on drug smuggling signed by officials from Afghanistan, Pakistan, ...

Topic: Drug trafficking
Jurisdiction: Afghanistan; Iran; Pakistan

Bali Council Adopts Stringent Anti-Smoking Rules (Nov. 30, 2011) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on November 28, 2011, that the Legislative Council of the Province of Bali endorsed harsh punishments for persons caught smoking in non-smoking areas. ...

Topic: Tobacco and smoking
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Referendum on Constitutional Changes (Nov. 23, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On November 13, 2011, Equatorial Guinea held a referendum on proposed constitutional changes. Official reports state that 91% of the electorate participated and that the proposals ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Equatorial Guinea

Government Permitted to Expropriate Certain Businesses (Nov. 14, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On November 9, 2011, the Parliament of Sri Lanka passed legislation that will permit the government of the country to expropriate 37 businesses that are currently ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Law on Taxes and Fees Amended (Nov. 07, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On October 13, 2011, Latvia amended its Law on Taxes and Fees; most of the new provisions will become effective on November 9. A number of ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Latvia

Expert Criticizes Plan to Repeal Laws on Indigenous Peoples (Nov. 03, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one ...

Topic: Native peoples
Jurisdiction: Norway; United Nations

Activist Sentenced to Two Years in Jail (Oct. 26, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On October 20, 2011, a court in Senegal sentenced Malick Noel Seck to two years of imprisonment following his conviction for issuing a death threat and ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Senegal

Supreme Court Orders Government to Enforce Law (Oct. 26, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Mongolia

Implementation of New Immigration Law Delayed (Oct. 24, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia adopted a new law on immigration on April 7, 2011, replacing a 1992 statute. (Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 6 Tahun 2011 Tentang Keimigrasian [Law ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Draft Law on NGOs (Oct. 18, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On October 14, 2011, a United Nations human rights expert criticized a draft Cambodian law on non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as potentially in violation of international law, ...

Topic: Non-governmental organizations
Jurisdiction: Cambodia

South China Sea Agreement (Oct. 17, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: China; Vietnam

Psychologist Held in Contempt of Court in Torture Case (Oct. 11, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Legal Aid Law Passed (Oct. 07, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On October 4, 2011, Indonesia's House of Representatives passed a new law on legal aid (Undang-undang tentang Bantuan Hukum [Law Concerning Legal Aid], House of ...

Topic: Lawyers and legal services
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Human Rights Office Calls for Protection of Roma from Discrimination (Oct. 06, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: Bulgaria; United Nations

Medical Waste Regime Recommended (Sep. 19, 2011) by Constance Johnson

As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Experts to Review Syrian Human Rights Abuses (Sep. 15, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Syria

Jurisdiction to Try Crimes Committed Abroad (Sep. 13, 2011) by Constance Johnson

As reported in early September 2011, India's Supreme Court has ruled that Indian citizens who commit crimes while abroad can in some cases be tried in ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: India

Amputation Imposed as Sentence for Theft (Sep. 13, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On September 8, 2011, a Shariah court in Nigeria's northern, predominately Muslim region sentenced two men to amputation for theft. The sentence of amputation at the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Nigeria

Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Begins Session (Sep. 06, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Court Sentences Anti-Slavery Activist, Acquits Others (Sep. 01, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On August 22, 2011, eight individuals accused of "unauthorized gathering and rebellion" were acquitted by a court in Mauritania, while the remaining defendant, Belkheir Ould Cheikh, ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Mauritania

Congo Assets Case Tests Sovereign Immunity (Sep. 01, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue ...

Topic: Sovereign immunity
Jurisdiction: China; Hong Kong

Proposal to Change Funding for Asylum Programs (Aug. 29, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Iceland's Minister of the Interior, andOuml;gmundur Jonasson, recently proposed changing the way funding is allocated to support facilities for persons seeking asylum in the country. He ...

Topic: Asylum
Jurisdiction: Iceland

Special Rapporteur Says More Must Be Done on Human Trafficking (Aug. 24, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. ...

Topic: Human trafficking
Jurisdiction: Thailand; United Nations

Tax Holiday for Innovators (Aug. 17, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On August 15, 2011, Indonesia announced a plan to give major investors in some sectors of the economy a tax holiday. Companies considered to be pioneers ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Court Rules Determines Only Federal Government Can Bring Treason Charges (Aug. 17, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On August 10, 2011, the Lahore High Court in Pakistan ruled that only the federal government has jurisdiction to charge a person with high treason. The ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Pakistan

Protection of Information Bill Controversial (Aug. 16, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On August 10, 2011, the South African organization Open Democracy Advice Centre (ODAC) issued a statement criticizing a clause of the Protection of Information Bill as ...

Topic: Freedom of information
Jurisdiction: South Africa

State Companies to Limit Their Investments in Some Businesses (Aug. 11, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Vietnam's Ministry of Finance has drafted a decree that will change the maximum level of investment by state-owned enterprises in businesses outside of their core areas ...

Topic: Investments
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

House Approves Law on Futures Trading (Jul. 25, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On July 19, 2011, Indonesia's House of Representatives, the country's legislative body, passed a new law on futures trading, revising the 1997 Law on Commodity Futures ...

Topic: Securities
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Citizenship Changed for Residents from the South (Jul. 20, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On July 13, 2011, the Parliament of Sudan passed a law that ends Sudanese citizenship for residents of the newly independent state of South Sudan. Although ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: Sudan

Media Report Prompts Review of Asylum Procedures (Jul. 18, 2011) by Constance Johnson

A July 10, 2011, news story led the Ministry of Refugee, Immigration, and Integration Affairs of Denmark to review the implementation of its procedures for interviewing ...

Topic: Asylum
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Free Trade Agreement Meeting to Be Held (Jul. 11, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Pakistan and Sri Lanka held the tenth session of meetings of their Joint Economic Commission from July 4-5, 2011, in Islamabad, Pakistan. At the meetings, the ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Pakistan; Sri Lanka

Framework Accord Between Government and Liberation Movement (Jul. 01, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On June 28, 2011, the "Framework Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM-North) on Political Partnership between the National Congress ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Sudan

Lawyers Sue over Rights Violations (Jun. 10, 2011) by Constance Johnson

In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: East African Community; Kenya; Uganda

Court Ruling on Genocide Law (Jun. 07, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On June 1, 2011, Denmark's 1955 genocide law was ruled not applicable to the prosecution of foreigners for genocidal acts committed outside Denmark. The Roskilde Court, ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Court Rules for Plaintiff in Abortion Rights Case (Jun. 01, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On May 26, 2011, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a judgment in an abortion case brought by a Polish woman who had been ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; Poland

Law on Discrimination Based on Caste (May. 26, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On May 24, 2011, Nepal's legislature passed the Bill on Caste-Based Discrimination and Untouchability, designed to end discriminatory practices aimed at those considered to be members ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: Nepal

Amnesty for Military Coup Participants (May. 26, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On May 19, 2011, the unicameral legislature of Niger approved a law that gives amnesty from prosecution to members of the military ruling group that ousted ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Niger

Initiative on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (May. 26, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was ...

Topic: Native peoples
Jurisdiction: United Nations

UN Officials Critical of Human Rights Record (May. 25, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Burma; United Nations

Sexual Violence Trial Begins (May. 17, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On May 4, 2011, the trial of two men from Rwanda accused of ordering others to carry out massacres and multiple rapes in the Democratic Republic ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Germany

Eight Countries Sign Nagoya Protocol (May. 17, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South ...

Topic: Biodiversity
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Indonesia Offers Assistance Toward Resolving Border Dispute (May. 11, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On May 8, 2011, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) concluded a summit meeting in Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, which is currently chairing the ...

Topic: Boundaries
Jurisdiction: Cambodia; Thailand

Measure to Counter Foreign Takeovers (May. 10, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On March 31, 2011, Italy issued a decree that established a national fund to acquire equity in companies in key industries if those companies are threatened ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Italy

Senate Endorses New Law on Political Parties (May. 05, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On April 28, 2011, Burundi's Senate, one of the two houses that make up the country's legislature, passed a new law on political parties; it had ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Burundi

Panel Finds Reports of War Crimes Credible (Apr. 29, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka; United Nations

Convictions in War Crimes Trials (Apr. 26, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On April 15, 2011, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), a United Nations-sponsored war crimes tribunal based in The Hague, convicted two former ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Croatia

Local Content Likely to Be Required in Energy Sector (Apr. 26, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Speaking on April 21, 2011, in Accra, Ghana, Deputy Minister of Energy Inusah Fuseini discussed the plan to make the country's local content and local participation ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Ghana

Provisions on Real Estate Prices (Apr. 20, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on ...

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: China

Proposals Aimed at Services to Foreigners (Apr. 13, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's welfare state is experiencing stress due to high costs, and the government is considering moving from the current tax-based welfare model, the approach common in ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Denmark

No Jurisdiction for Georgian Claim (Apr. 05, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On April 1, 2011, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague announced that it does not have jurisdiction to decide on a ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: International Court of Justice

Plan for Aid to University Students to Be Developed (Apr. 01, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka's Minister of Higher Education, S.B. Dissanayake, recently proposed a new law, the Human Capital Development Finance Act. The plan has been approved by the ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Court Rules 1981 Martial Law Unconstitutional (Mar. 30, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On March 16, 2011, Poland's Constitutional Tribunal issued a ruling declaring the imposition of martial law in 1981 under the military government headed by General Wojciech ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Poland

Use of Military, Police Against Civil Society Criticized (Mar. 28, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

Stricter Law Enforcement Planned (Mar. 28, 2011) by Constance Johnson

In two separate moves reported on March 25, 2011, the Netherlands moved to crack down on offenses. Under a plan announced by Justice Minister Ivo Opstelten, ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Reform of Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act Proposed (Mar. 25, 2011) by Constance Johnson

The international human rights organization Amnesty International (AI) has called on India to respect the rights of its people and stop the practice of carrying out ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: India

Single Visa Program Considered (Mar. 22, 2011) by Constance Johnson

The ten-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), based in Jakarta, Indonesia, recently issued a five-year strategic plan for tourism in the region. A key point ...

Topic: Visas and passports
Jurisdiction: ASEAN

Torture Cases Heard (Mar. 21, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On March 18, 2011, the Zhalkair District Court in Kazakhstan began hearings in a case in which prison officials are accused of torture of inmates and ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Kazakhstan

Hamburger Tax Under Consideration (Mar. 17, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Matolcsy added that the specifics of which products would be taxed and how the revenue so raised would be used have not yet been determined. (Id.) ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Hungary

Supreme Court Ruling on Parliament's Authority over Police, Military (Mar. 17, 2011) by Constance Johnson

According to a unanimous decision of the Supreme Court of the Maldives, that country's police and national defense forces must answer questions from the Parliament's National ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Maldives

Group Questions Legality of Cabinet Appointments (Mar. 14, 2011) by Constance Johnson

A former Burmese political party formally dissolved last year, the National League for Democracy (NLD), recently published a statement arguing that the President-elect of the country ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Burma

Gender Equality Law on the Agenda (Mar. 14, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On March 8, 2011, the head of Indonesia's Ministry for the Empowerment of Women and the Protection of Children, Linda Agum Gumelar, announced at an event ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Move Toward Providing Health Care, Education for Illegal Immigrants (Mar. 14, 2011) by Constance Johnson

The Swedish government and the Green Party recently announced an agreement on a policy toward migrants. The plan would allow even those in the country illegally ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Government Campaign Against Dengue Relies on Fines (Mar. 07, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka has resorted to fining individuals and businesses that do not take the necessary actions to curtail mosquito breeding as a part of the country's ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

New Investment Law Planned (Mar. 07, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka's Senior Minister of International Monetary Co-Operation, Dr. Sarath Amunugama, stated that the country's government plans to introduce a new investment law to encourage foreign ...

Topic: Investments
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Law on Intangible Cultural Heritage Adopted (Mar. 02, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: China

Nuclear Power Plant Law to Be Revised (Mar. 01, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On February 22, 2011, the Polish government announced its plan to amend the country's current law on construction of nuclear power plants; the Council of Ministers ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Poland

Clearance Needed for Artists and Students to Go Abroad (Feb. 24, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On February 23, 2011, Pakistan's Interior Minister, Rehman Malik, described a government policy on Parkistani artists and students leaving the country with scholarships to study abroad. ...

Topic: National security
Jurisdiction: Pakistan

Calls for Inquiry into Possible Human Organ Sales (Feb. 23, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On February 16, 2011, Lamberto Zannier, Special Representative of the United Nations in Kosovo, called for an inquiry into allegations of trafficking in human organs in ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Kosovo

State of Emergency over Tunisian Refugees (Feb. 22, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Italy has declared a state of emergency following the arrival, within five days, of 5,000 refugees from Tunisia on the small Italian island of Lampedusa, which ...

Topic: Asylum
Jurisdiction: Italy

Controversy over Proposed Media Law (Feb. 16, 2011) by Constance Johnson

The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Kenya

Transfer Tax for Long-Term Land Leases to Foreigners (Feb. 14, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka's Cabinet recently approved a plan to tax long-term leases of land to foreigners. The proposal came from Mahinda Rajapaksa, the President of the country, ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Proposed Changes to Retirement Fund Rules (Feb. 14, 2011) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka's Minister of Labor, Gamini Lokuge, submitted a draft of the Employees' Provident Fund (Amendment) Act to the legislature. The amendment would make changes to ...

Topic: Employee benefits
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Constitutional Amendment on Elections (Feb. 09, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On January 20, 2011, revisions of certain articles of the 2006 Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were adopted in Kinshasa. (Law 11/002, ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Retirement Age Raised (Feb. 03, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On January 25, 2011, Denmark's Prime Minister Lars Landoslash;kke Rasmussen announced a plan to reform the country's early retirement program. The move has two goals: to ...

Topic: Employee benefits
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Minimum Age for Migrant Domestic Workers Raised (Jan. 27, 2011) by Constance Johnson

In January 2011, the Cabinet of the Sri Lankan government approved a proposal to raise the minimum legal age of employment for migrant domestic workers from ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Irrigation Ordinance to Be Amended (Jan. 19, 2011) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on January 13, 2011, that Nimal Siripala de Silva, Sri Lanka's Minister of Irrigation and Water Management, has announced that the country's 64-year-old ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Supreme Court Permits Suit Against Prime Minister over Lisbon Treaty (Jan. 14, 2011) by Constance Johnson

On January 11, 2011, Denmark's Supreme Court, in a unanimous decision, permitted a group of plaintiffs to sue the country's Prime Minister, Lars Loekke Rasmussen, over ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Denmark

New Law on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Jan. 11, 2011) by Constance Johnson

The Senate and the National Assembly of the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) passed a law on the rights of indigenous peoples on December 30, 2010. ...

Topic: Native peoples
Jurisdiction: Congo

New Law Bans Some Internet Content (Dec. 30, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Venezuela

Government Considers Regulating Microfinance Companies (Dec. 28, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka does not at present regulate the companies that provide micro-financing to businesses in the country. Although there have not been a large number of ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Decision in CIA Kidnapping Case (Dec. 22, 2010) by Constance Johnson

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On December 15, 2010, the Appeals Court in Milan, Italy, rendered a decision in the case of the kidnapping of Abu Omar. Omar ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Italy

Law Enforcement Cooperation Agreement (Dec. 22, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: China; Russian Federation

Measures on Release of Food Safety Information (Dec. 20, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: China

Cabinet Action on Ownership of Alluvial Diamond Mines (Dec. 14, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On December 7, 2010, Zimbabwe's Cabinet announced unanimous agreement that the country should be the owner of all of the alluvial diamond mining businesses ...

Topic: Mining
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

Reform of Public Order Act Considered (Dec. 14, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On December 8, 2010, Zimbabwe's Parliament passed amendments to the country's Public Order and Security Act (Public Order and Security Act No. 1 of 2002, Cap. ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

Lawsuit over Election Law Violations (Dec. 14, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On December 8, 2010, the main opposition party in the Republic of China (Taiwan), the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), announced that it will sue four members ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Taiwan

Violation of Convention Provision on Free Expression (Dec. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; Scotland

Examination of Recent Incidents as Possible War Crimes (Dec. 09, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On December 7, 2010, Luis Moreno Ocampo, the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), stated that following the receipt of communications from Korean citizens on ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Court; South Korea

Air Cargo Carriers Fined by European Commission for Cartel (Dec. 01, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On November 9, 2010, 11 air cargo carriers were fined by the European Commission for maintaining a six-year cartel over surcharges for fuel and security costs. ...

Topic: Aviation and airports
Jurisdiction: European Union

Agreement to Cooperate on Security Research (Nov. 29, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On November 18, 2010, the European Union and the United States concluded the Implementing Arrangement for Cooperative Activities in the Field of Homeland/Civil Security Research. The ...

Topic: National security
Jurisdiction: European Union; United States

Anti-Doping Treaty Ratified (Nov. 24, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On November 17, 2010, Fiji deposited its instrument of ratification of the International Convention Against Doping in Sport with the United Nations. Under the provisions of ...

Topic: Sports and recreation
Jurisdiction: Fiji

Dual Citizenship Law Vetoed (Nov. 23, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On November 18, 2010, Dalia Grybauskaite, the President of Lithuania, vetoed a new Law on Citizenship that would have permitted dual citizenship in more cases than ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: Lithuania

Code of Conduct for Legislators Approved (Nov. 22, 2010) by Constance Johnson

In a November 9, 2010, report on the progress made by nations applying for European Union membership, the European Commission praised Iceland's recent reforms. The report ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: European Union; Iceland

Nuclear Security Agreement (Nov. 18, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On November 4, 2010, the United States' National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) concluded a memorandum of understanding with the West African nation of Cameroon. The cooperation ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Cameroon; United States

New Rules on Tax Residence Forms (Nov. 16, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Serbia's Minister of Finance adopted a rulebook on tax residence certificate forms on October 21, 2010, that will become effective on January 1, 2011. As of ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Serbia

Venice Commission Recommends Further Amendment of Language Law (Nov. 12, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The Slovak Republic enacted a State Language Law that became effective on September 1, 2009. The Law limited the public use of languages of minority peoples ...

Topic: Languages
Jurisdiction: Slovak Republic

Businessman Convicted of Genocide (Nov. 12, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On November 1, 2010, Gaspard Kanyarukiga was convicted of supervising the massacre of 2,000 Rwandans in 1994. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) found Kanyarukiga, ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Rwanda

Prime Minister Plans to End Child Soldiering (Nov. 10, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On November 2, 2010, Somalia's Prime Minister, Mohammed Abdullah I Mohammed, met in Somalia's capital city of Mogadishu with the United Nations Secretary General's Special Representative ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Somalia

Proposal to Strengthen Legislature (Nov. 10, 2010) by Constance Johnson

In late October 2010, the Law Society of Zimbabwe (LSZ) submitted its model constitution to the Constitutional Select Committee and to the Constitutional Affairs Minister, Eric ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

Eligibility for Shorter Jail Terms for Foreigners Proposed (Nov. 08, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Bermuda's Home Affairs Minister, David Burch, has said that the government plans to amend legislation to establish the eligibility of foreign inmates for shorter terms of ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Bermuda

Proposal to Ban Arabic-Language News Channels (Nov. 05, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Government Group Established to Implement Reconciliation Commission Findings (Nov. 04, 2010) by Constance Johnson

In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Real Estate Administration Notice Published (Oct. 29, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and ...

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: China

Special Human Trafficking Court to Be Established in Dubai (Oct. 28, 2010) by Constance Johnson

According to a statement given recently by Judge Ahmed Ibrahim Saif to the EMARAT AL YOUM newspaper, Dubai is planning to set up a special court ...

Topic: Human trafficking
Jurisdiction: United Arab Emirates

Torture Committee Chair Calls for Increased Efforts (Oct. 27, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Election Process Called "Deeply Flawed" (Oct. 27, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights Situation in Myanmar (Burma), stated on October 21, 2010, that he is disappointed with ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Burma

Supreme Court Decides Sex Discrimination Case (Oct. 26, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On October 22, 2010, Finland's Supreme Court decided that a Lutheran clergyman was guilty of discrimination based on gender. The case stemmed from a 2007 incident ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: Finland

War Crimes Case Confirmed (Oct. 26, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On October 19, 2010, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it was charging a former official of the Democratic Republic of the Congo with war ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; International Criminal Court

International Criminal Court Treaty Signed (Oct. 15, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On October 13, 2010, Moldova signed the 1998 Rome Statute, the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC). There are now 114 parties to this ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Moldova

Attorney Calls for Resignation of Head of Supreme People's Court (Oct. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: China

Water, Sanitation Rights Binding (Oct. 06, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a resolution on September 30, 2010, that declares the right to safe drinking water and sanitation to be basic ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: U.N. Human Rights Council

Draft Law on Public Gatherings Criticized (Oct. 04, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Uganda's proposed law, the Public Order Management Bill, has been criticized by a number of legislators and by civil society organizations as limiting civil liberties, as ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Uganda

Reduction of Salaries Proposed for Judges (Oct. 01, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Czech Finance Minister Miroslav Kalousek announced on September 26, 2010, that in two weeks the government will propose the lowering of the salaries of judges and ...

Topic: Judges
Jurisdiction: Czech Republic

Rapes to Be Investigated by U.N. Official (Sep. 30, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; United Nations

Terror Charges Against Pakistanis Dismissed (Sep. 29, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 23, 2010, in Uganda, the Nakawa Chief Magistrates Court released two men from Pakistan who had been in custody in the case of the ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Uganda

Mediation Boards Planned for Northern Province (Sep. 29, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The Ministry of Justice of Sri Lanka has announced plans to establish mediation boards for the Northern Province of the country, with one board in each ...

Topic: Civil procedure
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Report on Human Rights Violations Disputed (Sep. 28, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The Government of Burundi sent a strong protest, in the form of an official note to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, over a draft U.N. report ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Burundi

Humanitarian Law Seminar (Sep. 28, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 28, 2010, a three-day seminar, "National Implementation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL)," began in Abuja, Nigeria. Senior government officials from 35 states that are ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Economic Community of West African States

Pain Management for Dying Patients (Sep. 28, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 23, 2010, the Finnish government announced new guidelines for the care of the dying. The new rules apply to both public and private institutions ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Finland

Report Recommends Investigation of Extrajudicial Killings (Sep. 24, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Nepal; United Nations

Court Rejects Appeal of Case Involving Sodomy Charge Against Opposition Leader (Sep. 23, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 20, 2010, the Court of Appeals in Malaysia rejected an appeal from an August 16 decision of the Kuala Lumpur High Court in a ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Malaysia

Annual Treaty Signing Campaign Launched (Sep. 21, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Officials Urge De-Criminalizing Homosexuality (Sep. 21, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Rules for Victim Participation, Reparations to Be Considered by Tribunal (Sep. 17, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Cambodia

Mining Banned in Three Provinces (Sep. 16, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 11, 2010, Joseph Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), ordered that mining be suspended in three provinces in the eastern ...

Topic: Mining
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Commission Suggests Charging Officials with Negligence in Financial Crisis (Sep. 16, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 11, 2010, a nine-member parliamentary commission in Iceland recommended that the former Prime Minister of that country, Geir Haarde, be charged, tried, and punished ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Iceland

Journalist Released on Bail (Sep. 16, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Iran

Plan to Introduce Resolution on Religious Minorities (Sep. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Italy; United Nations

MOU Signed on Shared Satellite (Sep. 10, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Norway; Spain

Preliminary Draft Constitution Prepared (Sep. 09, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On September 2, 2010, Niger's ruling Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy released a description of a new, draft constitution for the country. Among the ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Niger

Concern Raised over Executions (Sep. 01, 2010) by Constance Johnson

In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Equatorial Guinea; United Nations

Free Health Care to Be Limited for Addicts (Aug. 31, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On August 26, 2010, Maithripala Sirisena, Sri Lanka's Minister of Health, announced a plan to amend that country's laws so that the free medical facilities that ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Aid to Combat Corruption (Aug. 25, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Afghanistan; United Nations

Genocide Ideology Law Being Reviewed (Aug. 20, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Rwanda's government has invited the non-governmental organizations Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch to comment on the three-year-old genocide ideology law that is at present under ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: Rwanda

Human Rights Commissioner Asks Return of Blood Diamonds (Aug. 19, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Sierra Leone's Human Rights Commissioner, Yasmin Jusu-Sheriff, recently called for the return of the "blood diamonds" that internationally known model Naomi Campbell was given by Charles ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Sierra Leone

Cluster Munitions Convention in Effect (Aug. 09, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On August 1, 2010, the Convention on Cluster Munitions came into force (text available from the Convention website, http://
www.clusterconvention.org/pages/pages_ii/iia_textenglish.html
(last visited Aug. ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: International

First Sentence for a Government Official Tied to Drug Trafficking (Aug. 09, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On August 3, 2010, the Primary Court of the Afghan Criminal Justice Task Force sentenced a former police chief to ten years in prison, in addition ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Afghanistan

Extradition of Terror Suspects Approved by Court (Aug. 05, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 29, 2010, an appeals court in Senegal approved the extradition to their home country of three men from Morocco who had been accused of ...

Topic: Extradition
Jurisdiction: Senegal

High Court Upholds War Crimes Conviction (Aug. 05, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 30, 2010, Croatia's Supreme Court upheld the conviction of Branimir Glavas on war crimes charges, but reduced his sentence from ten years of imprisonment ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Croatia

Reparations Paid for 1990 Invasion of Kuwait (Aug. 03, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in ...

Topic: War
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Protestant Church Ordered to Pay Damages (Aug. 02, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Belarus

Case Against Legislator Criticized (Jul. 16, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 13, 2010, the Cambodian Centre for Human Rights (CCHR) released a report on the August 2009 case before the Phnom Penh Municipal Court against ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Cambodia

Trial of Congolese Leader to Continue (Jul. 14, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 12, 2010, Judge Erkki Kourula and Judge Ekaterina Trendafilova of the International Criminal Court (ICC) turned down a request by Germain Katanga, a militia ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Court

Wiretapping Bill Criticized (Jul. 14, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Italy; United Nations

Business Tax Exemptions (Jul. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 28, 20210, China's State Administration of Taxation issued a ruling exempting certain proceeds from business taxation. The exempted proceeds are those earned through providing ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: China

Student Grant Rules to Be Changed (Jul. 09, 2010) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on July 8, 2010, that Denmark's government is planning to amend rules on state grants to students to limit the number of years ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Protest Staged Against Proposed Constitutional Amendments (Jul. 08, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 6, 2010, members of the largest opposition party in Sri Lanka's legislature, the United National Party (UNP), held a demonstration against the constitutional amendments ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Bill Prohibiting Cluster Munitions Passed by National Assembly (Jul. 07, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On July 6, 2010, the French National Assembly adopted a bill that prohibits the use of cluster munitions; the vote was unanimous. The bill had been ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: France

Workers Permitted to Carry Knives in Public (Jun. 29, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Under a new rule issued by the Crown Prosecutor of Denmark, Jandoslash;rgen Steen Sandoslash;rensen, an existing ban on possession of knives in public has been relaxed. ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Tax Ordinance Adopted (Jun. 25, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 23, 2010, Romania published an Emergency Ordinance designed to combat tax evasion and improve the collection of taxes (Ordinance No. 54, Official Gazette No. ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Romania

NGOs Press for End of Emergency (Jun. 25, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 22, 2010, 55 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) issued a statement asking that the Thai government end the state of emergency that has been in place ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Global Labor Standard on HIV/AIDS Adopted (Jun. 21, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 17, 2010, the International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations body devoted to labor issues, adopted a standard on HIV and AIDS. The action ...

Topic: HIV-AIDS
Jurisdiction: International Labour Organization

Court Strikes Down Harsher Penalties for Illegal Immigrants (Jun. 17, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 10, 2010, Italy's Constitutional Court held unconstitutional a law that had imposed stricter penalties for illegal immigrants if they were convicted of other crimes ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Italy

Same-Sex Marriage Approved (Jun. 17, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The Althingi, Iceland's parliament, on June 11, 2010, unanimously approved same-sex marriages. The new concept of marriage as being neutral on gender-orientation will replace the ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Iceland

War Crimes Conviction for Seven Serbs (Jun. 16, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 10, 2010, two former Bosnian Serb officers were given sentences of life in prison by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Court Rules Against Guaranteed Income for Students at Religious Institutes (Jun. 16, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 14, 2010, Israel's High Court of Justice issued a ruling that ends the payment of a guaranteed income to certain students. The group affected ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Israel

New Tax on Use of State-Owned Land (Jun. 11, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Albania's Parliament adopted a law on April 22, 2010, that initiates a tax for the use of state-owned land for construction (Law No. 10270, On the ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Albania

Press and Broadcasting Laws to Be Revised (Jun. 10, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Macau

First Convictions in Bhopal Case (Jun. 09, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On June 7, 2010, a court in India convicted seven men of "death by negligence" in the 1984 Bhopal chemical disaster. These were the first convictions ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: India

Deforestation Agreement (Jun. 07, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Indonesia; Norway

Evidence Obtained by Torture to Be Excluded (Jun. 03, 2010) by Constance Johnson

It was reported in the SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST on May 31, 2010, that two new sets of guidelines have been issued by China that limit ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: China

Court Authorizes Extradition of Terror Suspect (Jun. 02, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On May 31, 2010, the Court of Rotterdam, in the Netherlands, authorized the extradition to the United States of a terrorism suspect from Somalia. The suspect, ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Call for Nations to Join ICC (Jun. 02, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On May 28, 2010, three days before the opening in Kampala, Uganda, of the first review conference on the International Criminal Court (ICC), United Nations Secretary-General ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Court

Gay Couple Pardoned (Jun. 02, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On May 29, 2010, Malawi's President, Bingu wa Mutharika, announced a pardon for Steven Monjeza and Tiwonge Chimbalanga, who had been sentenced to 14 years of ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Malawi

Trial of Somali Pirates Underway (May. 27, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On May 25, 2010, the District Court of Rotterdam, in the Netherlands, began what is expected to be a five-day trial of five Somali citizens accused ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Anti-Terror Squad Abuses Alleged (May. 27, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On May 26, 2010, the Muslim Lawyers Team (TPM, a group of lawyers known for defending the suspects in the Bali bombing of 2002) submitted a ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Mine Ownership Proposal (May. 24, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On May 19, 2010, the Chamber of Mines of Zimbabwe, an umbrella organization of companies involved in the mining industry, proposed a much more moderate rule ...

Topic: Mining
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

Anti-Corruption Plan Adopted (May. 24, 2010) by Constance Johnson

In April 2010, Vietnam adopted an implementation plan for the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC, signed by Vietnam on Dec. 10, 2003, and ratified on ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

Court Orders Confiscation of Musharraf's Property (May. 20, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On May 13, 2010, the Peshawar High Court in Pakistan dismissed an appeal, thereby upholding a lower court's verdict on the confiscation of the property of ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Pakistan

Amendment to Regulate Phone Taps to Be Introduced (May. 17, 2010) by Constance Johnson

India's government has announced it will introduce amendments to the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, to regulate and broaden permissible use of passive (off-the-air interception) of phone ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: India

Constitutional Reform to Be Proposed (May. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

According to Sri Lankan Minister of Health Maithripala Sirisena, that country's government is preparing draft constitutional reforms. The proposal is now being considered by the Attorney ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Terror Suspects Convicted, Sentenced (May. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on May 10, 2010, that eight people were convicted in Belgium for leading a terrorist group and recruiting people to fight for the ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Conference on Child Labor (May. 11, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On May 10, 2010, a two-day conference opened in The Hague to discuss a campaign to end the worst forms of child labor. The conference's ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: International Labour Organization; Netherlands

Fines Impopsed for Illegal Additives in Fish (May. 10, 2010) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on May 6, 2010, that five Danish companies have recently been fined for adding a banned dye to salmon. The additive, sodium nitrite, ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Piracy Prosecution Center to Be Established (May. 07, 2010) by Constance Johnson

With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Seychelles; United Nations

Older Foreigners to Be Permitted to Own Property (May. 06, 2010) by Constance Johnson

In a move designed to make Indonesia attractive to foreign retirees, the government is considering revising regulations to permit foreigners over the age of 55 to ...

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Free Legal Aid for Detainees (May. 03, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid ...

Topic: Lawyers and legal services
Jurisdiction: Iraq; United Nations

Law on Public Information in Force (Apr. 30, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On April 30, 2010, Indonesia's Law on Freedom of Information will come into effect; it was adopted in 2008. Under its provisions, public institutions, including government ...

Topic: Freedom of information
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Whistleblower Protection Law to Be Considered (Apr. 26, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On April 20, 2010, Liberia's President, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, sent a bill to the country's two legislative bodies, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Liberia

Funds Sought for Genocide Court (Apr. 22, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Cambodia; United Nations

Legal Aid Group Reports Torture of Detainees (Apr. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

According to a survey released on April 9, 2010, between 70 and 80% of those detained by the police in Indonesia were the victims of torture ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Parliamentary Panel Blames Officials for Role in Financial Collapse (Apr. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On April 12, 2010, a Special Investigation Committee of the Althingi, Iceland's parliament, released a special report on the collapse in 2008 of the country's financial ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Iceland

New Finance Law Adopted (Apr. 09, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On January 1, 2010, Benin adopted a new Finance Law; it went into effect on the same day. The new provisions change the withholding tax rates ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Benin

Appeals Tribunal Hears First Cases (Apr. 08, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Tax Law, Treaties Adopted (Apr. 07, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The Government of Liechtenstein adopted the Law on Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters on March 30, 2010. This legislation will facilitate the implementation of agreements on ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Liechtenstein

Court Denies Injunction Against Protest (Apr. 07, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On April 5, 2010, a court in Thailand denied a request from that nation's government for an injunction against protesters in the capital city of Bangkok. ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Seven Laws Approved in Principle (Apr. 07, 2010) by Constance Johnson

At the Lao Government's last monthly meeting, held March 29-31, 2010, seven legal documents were approved in principle. The documents are designed to support the country's ...

Topic: Legal systems
Jurisdiction: Laos

Decision on Withholding Rule (Apr. 05, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On March 15, 2010, the Delhi High Court delivered a ruling on the issue of whether Indian companies that pay mobilization and demobilization costs to foreign ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: India

Resolution Critical of Record on Freedoms (Mar. 31, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On March 26, 2010, the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) passed a resolution calling for Myanmar's (Burma's) government to ensure that this year's elections are ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Burma; U.N. Human Rights Council

War Crimes Trials Planned; ICC Ratified (Mar. 29, 2010) by Constance Johnson

In February 2010, the Government of Bangladesh announced that trials would be held for those accused of war crimes during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. Prosecutors ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Bangladesh

New Guidelines on Inheritance and Gift Taxes (Mar. 24, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Finland's government issued new guidelines on March 8, 2010, that affect the taxation of inheritances and gifts received after January 1, 2010. The goal in ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Finland

Finance Law Adopted (Mar. 17, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On February 5, 2010, Gabon adopted a new Finance Law. It is applicable from the beginning of the year and sets individual income tax rates based ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Gabon

Agreement on Technical Assistance in Africa (Mar. 16, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations; World Trade Organization

Emergency Laws Extended (Mar. 12, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On March 9, 2010, Sri Lanka's Parliament, which had been dissolved, met for a short session to approve a one-month extension for the nation's emergency laws. ...

Topic: National security
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Defense Mobilization Law Approved (Mar. 10, 2010) by Constance Johnson

China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) approved the National Defense Mobilization Law on February 26, 2010; it was promulgated by President Hu Jintao and will ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security
Jurisdiction: China

Anti-Terror Law Rejected by Constitutional Council (Mar. 08, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On March 4, 2010, following an appeal by 32 Members of the National Assembly, the Constitutional Council of Mauritania rejected the country's new law on terrorism, ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Mauritania

Proposed Budget Includes Tax Changes (Mar. 03, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Both direct and indirect tax regimes will be amended under the 2010/2011 budget presented by the Indian government on February 26, 2010. The direct tax amendments ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: India

Tax Procedures Changed (Mar. 01, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Albania's tax procedures have been amended by a law that became effective on February 5, 2010. Law No. 10209 amends tax reporting, violation, and penalty provisions ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Albania

Convention on Displaced Persons Ratified (Feb. 25, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Uganda recently became the first nation to ratify the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons (the Kampala Convention). The agreement ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: African Union; Uganda

Stamp Duty on Some Property Sales (Feb. 25, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On February 19, 2010, Singapore's Inland Revenue Authority issued a tax guide in electronic form on the imposition of a stamp duty on the seller of ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Singapore

New Budget Includes Tax Changes (Feb. 22, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The 2010 budget for the Ivory Coast includes a number of tax provisions. Newly incorporated companies will be given tax incentives, as will companies that resume ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Ivory Coast

Deal Made to Compensate Toxic Waste Victims (Feb. 19, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Ivory Coast

Cluster Munitions Treaty to Take Effect (Feb. 19, 2010) by Constance Johnson

According to a February 16, 2010, United Nations press release, the Convention on Cluster Munitions will enter into force in August 2010. The 29th and 30th ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: International

Legal Profession Developing (Feb. 18, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The legal profession has grown in China in the last few years. According to Ministry of Justice statistics for 2009, there were more than 15,000 law ...

Topic: Lawyers and legal services
Jurisdiction: China

Tax Reform in Place (Feb. 12, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On January 28 and 29, 2010, Burkina Faso's Parliament adopted new legislation to reform the tax system in the country. The changes include introducing a corporate ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Burkina Faso

New Finance Law in Force (Feb. 12, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Mauritania's Finance Law for 2010, which was adopted on December 23, 2009, came into effect on January 1, 2010. It includes provisions on direct taxation, indirect ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Mauritania

Tax Administration Guidelines on Islamic Finance (Feb. 04, 2010) by Constance Johnson

The tax administration of Luxembourg issued a circular on January 12, 2010, on taxation of Islamic finance instruments. (Circular L.G.A. No. 55, cited in Ren; Offermanns, ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Luxembourg

Legislature Passes Constitutional Amendment (Jan. 29, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On January 28, 2010, Nepal's legislature passed the seventh amendment to the country's interim constitution. The amendment, which passed with a two-thirds majority, will permit the ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Nepal

Supreme Court Upholds Controversial Immigration Law (Jan. 27, 2010) by Constance Johnson

In January 2010, Denmark's Supreme Court issued a decision in an immigration case that retains a controversial rule. Since 2002, immigrants to Denmark that become naturalized ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Criminal Age May Be Lowered (Jan. 26, 2010) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's parliament began hearings on January 12, 2010, on a bill that would lower the age of criminal responsibility to 14. At present, it appears that ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Denmark

New Obligation to Report Payments to Tax Havens (Jan. 25, 2010) by Constance Johnson

As of the first of this year, Belgian companies and the permanent establishments in Belgium of foreign companies are required to include on their tax returns ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Anti-Corruption Law Planned (Jan. 25, 2010) by Constance Johnson

According to a statement by Dilan Perera, a Member of the Sri Lankan parliament and the Justice Minister, the country's President, Mahinda Rajapaksa, is planning to ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Budget Promulgated with New Tax Rates (Jan. 13, 2010) by Constance Johnson

On December 31, 2009, Madagascar's 2010 budget was promulgated as Ordinance No. 2009-14. It includes information on direct and indirect taxation rates. The rate for corporate ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Madagascar

Finance Law Effective New Year's Day (Dec. 31, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On November 10, 2009, the Minister of Finance of Niger announced a Finance Law 2010 bill. If approved, the new Law will come into force on ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Niger

Wiretapping of Jurists Ruled Out (Dec. 31, 2009) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Turkey

Partnership with ICANN on Linguistic Diversity (Dec. 29, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: UNESCO

Regional Government Bill Proposed (Dec. 22, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On December 8, 2009, Ugandan local government minister Adolf Mwesige introduced in the parliament the Regional Governments Bill 2009. (Joyce Namutebi, Regional Governments Bill Tabled, THE ...

Topic: Government
Jurisdiction: Uganda

Freedom of Information Act Approved by Senate (Dec. 17, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On December 14, 2009, the Senate of the Philippines approved a Freedom of Information Act designed to allow access to key public documents, including those related ...

Topic: Freedom of information
Jurisdiction: Philippines

VAT Rules Amended (Dec. 10, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On November 13, 2009, Finland's President ratified a law that implements two European Council Directives on value-added taxation, 2008/8/EC of February 12, 2009, and 2008/9/EC of ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Finland

Social Security Contributions Law (Dec. 07, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On November 23, 2009, implementation regulations for the Law on a Single System of Registration, Control and Collection of Social Security Contributions (the Law) of the ...

Topic: Government
Jurisdiction: Bosnia-Herzegovina

Amended Rules on Tax Deferral (Dec. 03, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Swedish Parliament enacted a bill on November 25, 2009, that amends and liberalizes existing law on the tax applied to individuals in cases of exchange ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Several Tax Information Accords Concluded (Dec. 03, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On September 10, 2009, the Netherlands (in respect of Netherlands Antilles) and Norway signed an amending protocol to their income and capital tax treaty of November ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Fishing Treaty Approved (Dec. 01, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Child Rights Still a World-Wide Challenge (Nov. 24, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Ban on Export of Unfinished Lumber (Nov. 23, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to a November 6, 2009, announcement, confirmed by the Ministry of Water and Forests, Gabon has decided to ban the export of unhewn timber, beginning ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Gabon

Civil Partnerships Permitted for Same-Sex Couples (Nov. 19, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Following weeks of disagreement between Austrian political groups on the subject, on November 17, 2009, the government agreed to permit the registration of civil partnerships for ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Austria

Agreement on Removing Radioactive Batteries (Nov. 19, 2009) by Constance Johnson

In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Finland; Norway

Bill to Reorganize Nuclear, Space Authorities (Nov. 17, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to a report in the Lahore newspaper THE DAILY TIMES, on November 11, 2009, Azra Fazal Pechuho, chairperson of the Standing Committee on Defence of ...

Topic: Government
Jurisdiction: Pakistan

Report on Environment in Times of Conflict Released (Nov. 10, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Tax Reforms Considered (Nov. 09, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to recent remarks made by the Treasury Secretary of Sri Lanka, the government is considering reforming the country's tax structure. The purpose of the new ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Treaty on Internally Displaced Persons (Oct. 27, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On October 23, 2009, a new treaty was endorsed at a special summit of African Union heads of state, held in Kampala, Uganda. The treaty concerns ...

Topic: Asylum
Jurisdiction: African Union

Court Rules Turkey Violated Press Rights (Oct. 26, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights

New Measures on Certificates of Practice for Lawyers (Oct. 23, 2009) by Constance Johnson

China's Ministry of Justice promulgated measures on September 21, 2009, designed to regulate the way in which certificates of practice are issued to lawyers and law ...

Topic: Lawyers and legal services
Jurisdiction: China

Organ Trafficking Treaty Proposed (Oct. 15, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, ...

Topic: Organ and tissue donation and transplantation
Jurisdiction: Council of Europe; United Nations

U.N. Expert Decries Human Rights Situation (Oct. 06, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On October 1, 2009, Surya Subedi, an independent United Nations expert, spoke of concerns about human rights in Cambodia. The issues raised include the lack of ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Cambodia

Constitutional Court Established (Oct. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Qatar

Proposal to Compensate Businesses for Computer Hacking of Banks (Oct. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's Ministry of Commerce has proposed that the country's Financial Supervisory Authority consider a plan to require banks to compensate small businesses for losses due to ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Treaty Signing Initiative Successful (Oct. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Shenzhen Stock Exchange Rules (Oct. 01, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On September 15, 2009, the Shenzhen Stock Exchange issued the "Implementing Rules on Listing and Trading of Shares with Sale Restrictions of Listed Companies on the ...

Topic: Securities
Jurisdiction: China

Treaty on Maritime Goods Transportation (Sep. 25, 2009) by Constance Johnson

A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in ...

Topic: Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Secretary-General Urges Signing of Treaties of Global Significance (Sep. 24, 2009) by Constance Johnson

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Action Taken Against Book Publication on National Security Grounds (Sep. 24, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Court Rules Against Poker Player (Sep. 16, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's Supreme Court ruled recently that a man who had won 194,000 kroner (about US$37,700) playing poker online had to surrender his winnings. The gambler was ...

Topic: Gambling
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Proposed Secrecy Law Controversial (Sep. 16, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's government and House of Representatives have agreed on a state secrecy bill that includes the death penalty for those convicted of revealing state secrets. The ...

Topic: Freedom of information
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Highway Safety Code Revised, Fines Increased (Sep. 11, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Among other changes, Italy's new law on traffic offenses imposes heavier penalties for illegal acts that occur in the overnight hours, between 10 p.m. and 7 ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Italy

Pirate Fishing Agreement Drafted (Sep. 09, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Environmental Bill Would Strengthen Ministry's Powers (Sep. 03, 2009) by Constance Johnson

A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Judges Named as Soft on Corruption (Aug. 28, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW), a non-governmental organization established in 1998, has issued a report criticizing 221 judges from 57 district courts, three high courts, and ...

Topic: Judges
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Legal Basis for Release of Lockerbie Convict (Aug. 27, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The release from Scottish custody of the only person convicted of the 1988 Lockerbie bombing, Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, to his native Libya, has sparked a ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Scotland

Court Rules on Right to Refuse Nourishment (Aug. 26, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Australia

Memorandum on Aquaculture Signed (Aug. 25, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On August 17, 2009, Norway and Scotland signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on Aquaculture. The document was signed in Trondheim, Norway, by the Scottish Environment ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Norway; Scotland

Investment Deal (Aug. 24, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On August 15, 2009, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the People's Republic of China concluded the ASEAN-China Investment Agreement, the third trade-related agreement ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: ASEAN; China

Burka Ban Debated (Aug. 24, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Although Denmark's governing Liberal Party has rejected the idea, other political parties in the ruling coalition have proposed that the country ban the wearing of burkas ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Corruption Monitor to Join Genocide Court (Aug. 21, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Cambodia; United Nations

Court Upholds Vote Count (Aug. 14, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On August 7, 2009, the Indonesian Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi, or MK) overturned an earlier decision to affirm the second phase of vote counting in the ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Disabled Student Takes Education Bureau to Court (Aug. 11, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Tong Wai-ting, an 18 year-old student with a mild form of mental retardation, is asking the Hong Kong High Court to overturn a decision to end ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Hong Kong

Editors Detained by Police (Aug. 11, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Niger

Panel Established in China-U.S. Poultry Dispute (Aug. 06, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On July 31, 2009, the World Trade Organization's Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) set up a panel to consider a dispute between China and the United States ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: World Trade Organization

Intelligence May Not Be Kept from Parliament (Aug. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On July 30, 2009, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany ruled that the government intelligence service (BND) may not withhold information from the legislature, unless there ...

Topic: Executive power
Jurisdiction: Germany

Media Barred from Covering Elections (Aug. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Investment Law Modified, Other Legislation Passed (Aug. 03, 2009) by Constance Johnson

As was reported at a press conference held by Thongteun Sayasane, the spokesman for the legislature of the Southeast Asian nation of Laos, the country has ...

Topic: Legislative power
Jurisdiction: Laos

Panel Pays Reparations for Kuwait Invasion (Jul. 31, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion ...

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Regional Human Rights Body for Southeast Asia (Jul. 31, 2009) by Constance Johnson

A new institution devoted to human rights in southeast Asia has been endorsed by the foreign ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: ASEAN

Former Governor Found Guilty (Jul. 16, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On July 14, 2009, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, located in Arusha, Tanzania, convicted Tharcisse Renzaho for his part in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Renzhao ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

War Crimes Judges' Terms Extended (Jul. 10, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Supreme Court Communiqué on Replacement of President (Jul. 09, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Honduran Supreme Court of Justice (SCJ) issued an undated special communiqu; on the subject of the removal of President Jos; Manuel Zelaya Rosales from the ...

Topic: Executive power
Jurisdiction: Honduras

Legislature Downplays Corruption Court (Jul. 08, 2009) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on July 3, 2009, that Indonesia's House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's bicameral legislature, is not planning to take action ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Threats to Lawyers Raise Concerns (Jul. 07, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers ...

Topic: Lawyers and legal services
Jurisdiction: Cambodia; United Nations

Conviction Upheld in Saddam Hussein Chemical Supplier Case (Jul. 06, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On June 30, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands upheld a 2005 conviction of Frans Van Anraat on war crimes charges stemming from his business ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

City Government to Shame Polluters (Jul. 01, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Government Issues Human Rights Report (Jun. 30, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On May 8, 2009, Vietnam's Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Pham Binh Minh, presented a report on the country's human rights status to the United Nations ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

New Tribunals to Handle Staff Complaints (Jun. 26, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Torture Criminalized in Revised Code (Jun. 26, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to a news report from Burundi dated June 25, 2009, the country has adopted a revised penal code that criminalizes torture. Article 23 of the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Burundi

Courts to Be Restored in the North (Jun. 25, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Sri Lankan Ministry of Justice is working to reestablish a system of courts in the country's Northern Province, according to the Secretary of that Ministry, ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Agreement May Lead to Return to Constitutional Government (Jun. 22, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On June 4, 2009, Mauritania took a step toward a return to constitutional order and democratic rule. The country had undergone a coup d'tat in 2008, ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Mauritania

Court Annuls Legislative Election Results (Jun. 16, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On June 11, 2009, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia annulled the results of a May 2009 legislative election. As a result, at least 26 legislators elected ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Few Terror Suspects Actually Convicted (Jun. 16, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to figures from the public prosecutors' department in the Netherlands, very few of the suspects arrested in that country for alleged acts of terrorism since ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Referendum Scheduled for New Constitution (Jun. 12, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Council of Ministers of Niger has scheduled a referendum on a proposed new constitution; the vote will take place on August 4, 2009.

...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Niger

Measures to Control Dangerous Dogs Introduced (Jun. 10, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The opposition party in the Danish Parliament has been leading efforts to enact stricter controls on dangerous dogs. Now that the measures have support from the ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Proposal to Change Asylum Policy (Jun. 09, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Finland's government is drafting a proposal for changes to the country's policies on asylum; the proposal will be presented to the legislature. The goal is to ...

Topic: Asylum
Jurisdiction: Finland

System to Try Pirates Being Considered (Jun. 02, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On May 30, 2009, the Group of Eight countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) agreed to work on ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Group of Eight

Government Effort to Register Citizens (Jun. 02, 2009) by Constance Johnson

In response to a recommendation of the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, the government of Burkina Faso has announced a national program ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Burkina Faso

Treaty on Shipbreaking (May. 26, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Amnesty for Some Acts of War (May. 22, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On May 7, 2009, President Joseph Kabila Kabange of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) signed a law that grants amnesty for certain acts of ...

Topic: War
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

New Provisions on Foreign Financial Information Services (May. 22, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Effective June 1, 2009, new provisions will regulate foreign institutions that provide financial information services in China. The document, entitled "Provisions on Administration of Foreign Institutions ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: China

Plan to Revise Criminal Code to Include Rape (May. 22, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to a statement from the Mauritanian Association for Maternal and Child Health, a United Nations-funded nongovernmental organization in the country's capital city of Nouakchott, there ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Mauritania

Economic Zones Agreement (May. 14, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On April 30, 2009, Norway and the United Kingdom concluded an agreement on the boundary between the economic zones of the two nations. Since 1977, when ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Norway; United Kingdom

U.N. Criticizes Forced Evictions (May. 12, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On May 6, 2009, Raquel Rolnik, United Nations Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing, expressed concern about the fate of 100 families in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, who ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Cambodia

Anti-Terror Laws Criticized (May. 06, 2009) by Constance Johnson

AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Australia

Special Courts to Try Riot Cases (May. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Five special fast-track courts will be set up to try cases resulting from riots in the Indian state of Gujarat in 2002. The events had resulted ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: India

Land Distribution Proposed (May. 01, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On April 23, 2009, Cambodia's Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning, and Construction held its annual press conference and announced plans to distribute land concessions to ...

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: Cambodia

Resettlement Abroad of Some Hmong Refugees (Apr. 30, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Kasit Priomya, Thailand's Foreign Minister, visited the United States in late April 2009, and he discussed the status of ethnic Hmong refugees from Laos now living ...

Topic: Asylum
Jurisdiction: Laos; Thailand

Anti-Crime Body Ratified (Apr. 29, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On April 21, 2009, the National Assembly of Togo passed a bill ratifying the establishment of an Africa-wide anti-crime body; that action was followed by the ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Togo

New Law on Human DNA (Apr. 29, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Tanzania's National Assembly passed a bill on April 22, 2009, that will make it possible to administer and regulate application of DNA technology in the country. ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Tanzania

New Law to Permit Suspending Students (Apr. 17, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Sweden's government is proposing a new law on discipline for school children. The Education Minister, Jan Bjrklund, has called for reforming the existing law, which became ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Sweden

News Group Director Arrested (Apr. 16, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Niger

Jailed Editor Pardoned (Apr. 16, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Mauritania

Prosecutors Investigate Quake Damage with a View to Charges (Apr. 16, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Public Prosecutor's Office in Italy has begun investigation into the damage that resulted from the April 2009 earthquake, in which nearly 300 people died and ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Italy

Ethics Monitor Proposed for ECCC (Apr. 14, 2009) by Constance Johnson

United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Cambodia; United Nations

Steps to Stop Underage Employment (Apr. 14, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka's National Child Protection Authority (NCPA) is taking steps to combat the practice of employing underage children as domestic helpers. According to Jagath Wellawatta, NCPA's ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Anti-Piracy Law Cuts Internet Traffic (Apr. 13, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Law Restricts Women's Rights (Apr. 07, 2009) by Constance Johnson

A law recently passed by both houses of Afghanistan's Parliament and signed by President Hamid Karzai but not yet published is reported to re-introduce restrictions on ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Afghanistan

Draft Constitutions Presented (Apr. 06, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Several of Nepal's political parties represented in the Constituent Assembly have written concept papers on the new constitution and presented them to the Constitutional Committee. The ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Nepal

U.N. Program to Fight Child Marriage (Apr. 06, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Girls must be over the age of 16 to marry legally in Burkina Faso, with an exception that may be granted by a court when there ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Burkina Faso

Convictions for Terrorism T-Shirts (Mar. 30, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Denmark's Supreme Court has upheld a High Court conviction of six members of the group "Fighters+Lovers." The defendants were found guilty of supporting terrorism through donations ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Radio Stations Suspended (Mar. 27, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Senegal

Plan to Reform Military (Mar. 25, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On March 19, 2009, Swedish Defense Minister Sten Tolgfors introduced a bill that would institute the largest reform of Sweden's military in several decades. "This will ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Guidelines Target Internet Drug Deals (Mar. 20, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Immigration Cases to Be Reopened (Mar. 18, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Birth Randoslash;nn Hornbech, Denmark's immigration minister, has announced that 50 applications for residency that were previously denied will be reconsidered. The cases involve spouses of Danish ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Special Court System for Terror Trials Considered (Mar. 18, 2009) by Constance Johnson

A committee of Denmark's parliament has proposed the establishment of a special court system for trials of suspected terrorists who face deportation. The new court would ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Denmark

Hacker Sentenced for Computer Fraud (Mar. 13, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Bulgaria

Covered Short Selling Ban to Continue (Mar. 13, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC ...

Topic: Investments
Jurisdiction: Australia

Public Debt Law to Be Debated (Mar. 13, 2009) by Constance Johnson

A draft law on public debt was discussed on March 9, 2009, in committees of Vietnam's National Assembly, as well as by the Assembly's Council on ...

Topic: Economics and Public Finance
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

Agreements Signed (Mar. 11, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On March 3, 2009, Sri Lanka and Nepal concluded two agreements, one to establish air service between the two nation's capital cities (Kathmandu and Colombo) and ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Nepal; Sri Lanka

Electricity Bill Passed (Mar. 10, 2009) by Constance Johnson

A new bill on electrical power was passed by the Sri Lankan Parliament on March 3, 2009. The vote was 109 to 40, amid controversy over ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

National Security Bill Passed (Mar. 10, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On February 25, 2009, the legislature of the Macao Special Administrative Region of China passed the National Security Bill; it was promulgated March 2 and effective ...

Topic: National security
Jurisdiction: Macau

Financial Shortfall May Lead to Taylor's Release (Mar. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

As of May 2009, the United Nations-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone may face a shortage of funds of more than US$5 million. Donations to the ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Liberia; Sierra Leone

Government Announces Amnesty (Mar. 04, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Government of Myanmar (Burma) has reportedly announced an amnesty for 23 political prisoners. The news was welcomed by U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who said, "[t]his ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Burma

Emergency Decree on Rape, Immigration (Mar. 03, 2009) by Constance Johnson

A decree increasing the penalty for rape was issued by Italy's government on February 20, 2009; it will go into effect immediately, but must be approved ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Italy

Human Rights Agreement (Mar. 02, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Nepal; United Nations

Protocol to Convention on Organized Crime Approved (Feb. 24, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On February 3, 2009, Indonesia's House of Representatives ratified a Protocol to the U.N. Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Decision on Black Sea Boundaries (Feb. 12, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and ...

Topic: Boundaries
Jurisdiction: Romania; Ukraine; United Nations

Guiding Opinions Issued on Layoffs (Feb. 12, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On January 23, 2009, in response to the international financial crisis, four Chinese agencies jointly issued guiding opinions on stabilizing labor relations (the Opinions). The six-part ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: China

Groundwork Laid for Fishing Treaty (Feb. 12, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Requirements to Build Eased as Part of Stimulus Plan (Feb. 09, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: New Zealand

Bill Prohibiting Slaughter of Cattle Introduced (Feb. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On January 30, 2009, a Private Member's bill on prohibiting the slaughter of cattle was given to the Speaker of the Sri Lankan House. Acting as ...

Topic: Agriculture and food
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Anti-Piracy Agreement Signed (Feb. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast ...

Topic: Piracy
Jurisdiction: United Nations

First Trial on Use of Child Soldiers (Feb. 03, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The trial of Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga Dyilo at the International Criminal Court (ICC), the first trial in the ICC's history, began on January 26, 2009. ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Court

Justice System Criticized (Jan. 29, 2009) by Constance Johnson

Although Bulgaria joined the European Union in 2007, it has been placed under a strict monitoring regime by the EU, with particular emphasis on the operation ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Bulgaria; European Union

Proposal to Raise Marriage Age May Help Counter Trafficking in Girls (Jan. 28, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to the United Nations, Niger is the country with the highest incidence in the world of early marriages, with many married by age 12 and ...

Topic: Human trafficking
Jurisdiction: Mali

New Database of Regional Agreements (Jan. 28, 2009) by Constance Johnson

In January 2009, the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched an online database of regional trade agreements (RTAs). It can be accessed by the public at

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: World Trade Organization

Plan to Charge Doctors for Leaving the Country (Jan. 26, 2009) by Constance Johnson

According to the Deputy Health Director of Sri Lanka's Health Ministry, the government of that country is turning to the courts to implement a plan to ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Economic Partnership Agreement Signed (Jan. 23, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On December 25, 2008, Vietnam and Japan concluded an Economic Partnership Agreement; it is expected to come into effect early in 2009, following ratification by each ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Japan; Vietnam

Court Rules on Marcos Assets (Jan. 15, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On January 12, 2009, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court ruled that assets deposited by an associate of Ferdinand Marcos, the former president of the Philippines, should be ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Switzerland

Former Congolese Leader Charged (Jan. 15, 2009) by Constance Johnson

On January 12, 2009, the prosecutors of the International Criminal Court (ICC) formally charged Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo with five counts of war crimes and three counts ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Court

Fuel Prices Cut, Other Steps Taken to Aid Budget, Industry (Jan. 05, 2009) by Constance Johnson

The Government of Sri Lanka has taken steps to cut the cost of living for its citizens and strengthen the economy. They were announced in a ...

Topic: Officials and employees
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Shipping Across Taiwan Straits (Dec. 30, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On December 12, 2008, the China Maritime Safety Administration (CMSA) issued Interim Measures on Supervision and Administration of Direct Shipping Vessels across the Taiwan Straits (the ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: China

Trademark Treaty (Dec. 30, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks, a United Nations-sponsored agreement, will become effective on March 16, 2009. It was adopted by the members of ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Corruption Court Bill in Deliberations (Dec. 17, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Indonesia's Corruption Court was established under a law promulgated in 2002; that law was ruled unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court in 2006. Since December 2006, work ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Indonesia

Cluster Bomb Ban Signed (Dec. 16, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On December 3 and 4, 2008, in Oslo, Norway, close to 100 countries signed a pact to ban cluster bombs, a type of weapon considered particularly ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: International

Parliament Urges Mining Plan (Dec. 11, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On December 4, 2008, Mongolia's parliament passed a resolution asking President Nambaryn Enkhbayar to report by February 2009 on progress in negotiations over development of two ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Mongolia

Constitutional Amendment to Qualify for EU Trade Preferences Rejected (Dec. 08, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On December 3, 2008, the Government of Sri Lanka rejected a proposal put forth by an opposition political party to amend the country's constitution that would ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Use of Electronic Law to Imprison Dissidents (Dec. 05, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The Government of Burma's recent use of the country's Electronic Law to charge dissidents and hand out long sentences is having a chilling effect on Internet ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Burma

Radio Station Shut Down (Nov. 26, 2008) by Constance Johnson

According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Malawi

Treaty Against Doping in Sports (Nov. 18, 2008) by Constance Johnson

One hundred countries have now signed a global treaty against doping in competitive sports. Paraguay signed the agreement on November 12, 2008, making it possible to ...

Topic: Sports and recreation
Jurisdiction: United Nations

New Rules for Taiwan Journalists (Nov. 14, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: China

Agreements on Direct Transport, Mail, and Food Safety (Nov. 10, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On November 4, 2008, China (the People's Republic of China, or PRC) and Taiwan (also referred to as the Republic of China) signed several agreements designed ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: China; Taiwan

Agreements Signed (Nov. 04, 2008) by Constance Johnson

During recent meetings of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the 2009 budget for the organization was approved, and a number of agreements and memoranda were signed. ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Shanghai Cooperation Organization

High Court Judges Selected by Lottery (Nov. 04, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On October 29, 2008, Ecuador selected judges to serve on a temporary Supreme Court of Justice by means of a lottery. The procedure selected 21 of ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Ecuador

Free Trade Agreement (Nov. 03, 2008) by Constance Johnson

As of November 2008, a free trade agreement between South Korea and Cambodia will be in effect. According to the Ministry of Strategy and Finance of ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Cambodia; South Korea

Niger Found Guilty in Slavery Case (Oct. 30, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The Community Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), in a landmark decision, recently found Niger guilty of failing to protect ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Economic Community of West African States

Agreement on Migratory Birds of Prey (Oct. 29, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Bill on Freedom of Assembly Passes (Oct. 28, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The Maldives' government-proposed bill on freedom of assembly, drafted by the Ministry of Legal Reform, was passed by Parliament on October 20, 2008. It had been ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Maldives

Lawsuit Seeks to End Large Lottery Payoff (Oct. 23, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Codacons, a consumer rights organization in Italy, has filed suit against the Italian lottery, with the goal of having the current large jackpot divided into several ...

Topic: Consumer protection
Jurisdiction: Italy

UN Asks World Court to Rule on Kosovo (Oct. 14, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On October 8, 2008, the General Assembly of the United Nations voted 77 to 6, with 74 abstentions, to refer the question of the legality of ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Kosovo

Trials Underway for Those Arrested in Riots (Oct. 14, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Courts in Mongolia have started to hear the cases of the 182 people charged with crimes in connection with July 1, 2008, riots in the country's ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Mongolia

Journalist Provisionally Released (Oct. 14, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Niger

Website Bans to Continue (Oct. 14, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Turkey

Injunction Against Posters Criticizing Dairy Company Linked to Melamine (Oct. 08, 2008) by Constance Johnson

It was reported on October 3, 2008, that a district court in Colombo, Sri Lanka's capital, issued an injunction against a poster campaign in the city. ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Gabonese President Ordered to Pay Restitution (Oct. 06, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On September 29, 2008, a court of appeal in Bordeaux, France, confirmed a June 2007 ruling ordering Omar Bongo, the President of Gabon, to return 457,347 ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France; Gabon

Nine Convicted of Conspiracy (Oct. 06, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On September 30, 2008, a court in Matadj County, in the western part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, sentenced nine people convicted of criminal ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Foreign-Funded Telecom Companies Rules Modified (Sep. 29, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On September 10, 2008, the State Council, China's Cabinet, promulgated amended Provisions on Administration of Foreign-Funded Telecommunication Enterprises, effective immediately. The purpose of amending these Provisions, ...

Topic: Foreign investment
Jurisdiction: China

Border Demarcation Planned in Lake (Sep. 17, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Uganda are planning to clearly mark their border in Lake Edward. The work will be done by a ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Uganda

Economic Laws Amended in Legislature (Sep. 15, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The House of Representatives, the lower house of Nigeria's National Assembly, has amended some financial and economic laws in an effort to stabilize the business environment. ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Nigeria

Parliament Dissolved by Decree (Sep. 09, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On August 5, 2008, Guinea-Bissau's President, Joao Bernardo Vieira, issued a presidential decree announcing the dissolution of the Parliament. The decree followed the withdrawal from the ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Guinea Bissau

Fingerprinting of Roma Approved (Sep. 05, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On September 4, 1008, the European Commission rejected accusations that Italy's fingerprinting of Roma gypsies as part of a census of their population in camps in ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: European Union; Italy

Iranian Students Challenge Study Ban (Sep. 05, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Since July 2008, the government of the Netherlands has forbidden Iranians from taking courses related to nuclear technology in Dutch schools. Under the policy, even Dutch ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Broadcaster Ordered to Suspend Operations (Aug. 29, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Niger

Law on NATO Human Intelligence Center (Jul. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On June 25, 2008, Romania's two parliamentary chambers approved a draft law establishing a NATO intelligence center. The bill, which was passed unanimously, paves the way ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security
Jurisdiction: Romania

Parliament Passes Law on Elections (Jul. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On July 1, 2008, Sudan's National Assembly passed a draft law on general elections. The bill had been recommended by the Committee on Legislation and Justice. ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Sudan

Same-Sex Marriage Approved (Jul. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On June 17, 2008, the Norwegian parliament, the Storting, approved legislation permitting same-sex marriage that will come into force on January 1, 2009. The bill had ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Norway

Asylum Procedures to Be Revised (Jul. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On June 24, 2008, the Government of the Netherlands announced a large-scale revision of procedures for asylum seekers. They will no longer be interrogated immediately, as ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Netherlands

Abortion Permitted in Rape Case (Jul. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

It was recently reported that Romania is making an exception to its laws to permit an eleven-year-old girl to have an abortion. The girl became pregnant ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: Romania

Cyclone Orphan Adoptions Must Follow Procedures (Jul. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Cyclone Nargis, which devastated a large region of Burma, created a number of orphans. The Burmese Department of Social Welfare (DSW) has stressed, however, that they ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Burma

Wiretapping Bill Approved (Jul. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On June 18, 2008, Sweden's Parliament passed a law authorizing warrantless wiretapping (draft text in Swedish, Mar. 8, 2007, available at http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/8670/a/78367). The National Defense ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Sweden

Proposal to Abolish Death Penalty (Jun. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On May 21, 2008, the Justice Minister of the Republic of China on Taiwan, Wang Ching-feng, announced plans to try to abolish the death penalty in ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Taiwan

Former VP Arrested (Jun. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On May 24, 2008, Jean Pierre Bemba Gombo, a former Vice-President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), was arrested in Belgium. The Belgian police ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; International Criminal Court

Tribunal Officials Urge More Support for Genocide Trials (Jun. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On June 4, 2008, the Presidents and Prosecutors of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia; United Nations

Court Rules in Maritime Dispute (Jun. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

In a May 23, 2008, ruling of the International Court of Justice, Singapore has been accorded sovereignty over an island in the Straits of Singapore. The ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Malaysia; Singapore

Foreigners Banned from Getting Cheap Gas (Jun. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Malaysian Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Minister Shahrir Abdul Samad announced on May 26, 2008, that operators of foreign-registered vehicles will be forbidden to buy any ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Malaysia

Presidential Veto of Amendment to Conflict-of-Interest Provision (May. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Calling the proposed amendment to the law on conflict of interest unsystematic, ill-conceived, chaotic, and incomprehensible, Czech President Vaclav Klaus has vetoed it. Klaus was concerned ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Czech Republic

Proposal to End Death Penalty Meets Opposition (May. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The government of Mali has proposed ending the use of capital punishment in the country, but opposition politicians have rallied to oppose the move and keep ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Mali

Accusations Connected with Child Soldiers (May. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Thomas Lubanga Dyilo will be tried in June 2008 by the International Criminal Court (ICC). He is accused of recruiting child soldiers in the Democratic Republic ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; International Criminal Court

Committee on Spread of Weapons Extended (May. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On April 25, 2008, the United Nations Security Council renewed the mandate of a U.N. committee originally established by Security Council resolution in 2004. The term ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Controversial Criminal Code Provision Amended (May. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On April 30, 2008, Turkey's Grand National Parliament passed an amendment to a controversial provision of the Criminal Code. The Turkish legislature had adopted a new ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Turkey

Fishery Agreement Signed (Apr. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Mauritania and Senegal signed a one-year fishery agreement, under which 300 permits will be issued to Senegalese fishermen working in Mauritanian waters. The agreement was concluded ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Mauritania; Senegal

UN Urges Human Rights Improvement (Apr. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

A new United Nations report, prepared by the U.N. mission in Liberia, discusses human rights conditions in the country and makes 12 major recommendations to improve ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Liberia

Disability Rights Convention Entering into Force (Apr. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On May 3, 2008, the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities will come into effect, 30 days following ratification by Ecuador, the 20th ...

Topic: Civil rights and liberties; Treaties and international agreements/human rights
Jurisdiction: United Nations

International Criminal Court Statute Ratified (Apr. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On March 14, 2008, Madagascar deposited its instrument of ratification of the Rome Statute, the instrument that establishes the International Criminal Court, with that court in ...

Topic: Judiciary
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Court; Madagascar

Mercenaries Not Regulated (Apr. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

A United Nations working group on the use of mercenaries reported to the U.N. Human Rights Council in Geneva on March 10, 2008. According to the ...

Topic: War
Jurisdiction: United Nations

UN Agency Concerned About Abductions (Mar. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Rupert Colville, a spokesperson for the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, has expressed concern about the human rights situation in Chad. ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Chad

Former Official to Be Tried for Genocide (Mar. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Callixte Nzabonimana, who had been Minister of Youth and Sports in Rwanda in 1994, was arrested on February 19, 2008, in Kigoma, Tanzania. He was sent ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Rwanda

High Court Rejects Complaint Against Supreme Court Head (Mar. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On March 3, 2008, the Olomouc High Court in North Moravia, the Czech Republic, rejected a complaint against Iya Brozova, the Chairwoman of the Czech Supreme ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Czech Republic

Agreement on Telecommunications Fiber Cable (Mar. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

At a meeting held in mid-February 2008 in Addis Ababa, Indian Ocean islands agreed to be connected to each other and the rest of the world ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Indian Ocean Commission

ID Offices to Be Computerized (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Sri Lanka's Ministry of Internal Administration has announced that it will establish units in each region of the country to issue computerized identity cards. The new ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Penalties Increased for Drug Crimes (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Under a new law adopted by Senegal's legislature, the punishment for drug trafficking will be increased to 10 to 20 years of hard labor, double the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Drug trafficking
Jurisdiction: Senegal

Rice Designated Essential Commodity (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On January 23, 2008, the Sri Lankan government designated rice an "essential commodity" in accordance with provisions of the Consumer Protection Act. The move, which will ...

Topic: Consumer protection
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Khmer Rouge Victims' Complaints Reviewed (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The tribunal established to try Khmer Rouge leaders for their crimes in Cambodia has received more than 500 complaints by victims. The Extraordinary Chambers in the ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Cambodia

Media Gag Rejected (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The British Ministry of Defence lost an attempt to prevent a newspaper, THE GUARDIAN, from reporting allegations of serious abuse of Iraqis by soldiers from the ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: United States

New Immigration Fees Announced (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The UK Home Office has announced new immigration fees as part of a reform of border security provisions. Although fees for a number of immigration services, ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: United Kingdom

New Immigration Fees Announced (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The UK Home Office has announced new immigration fees as part of a reform of border security provisions. Although fees for a number of immigration services, ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: United Kingdom

Twenty NGOs Banned (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

The Government of Gabon has accused about 20 non-governmental organizations of interfering in the political life of the country and has placed a temporary ban on ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Gabon

Radio Station Closed (Feb. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On January 16, 2008, police in Chad's capital city, M'Djamena, raided a privately-owned radio station and closed it. Radio FM Libert;'s manager, Djekourninga Kaoutar Lazar, was ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Chad

Attorney General Opposes Non-Summary Proceedings (Jan. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Speaking at a meeting of the Asian Crimes Prevention Foundation on December 15, 2007, the Sri Lankan Attorney General, C. R. De Silva, said that he ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Call for Death Penalty Moratorium (Jan. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On December 18, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution calling for a moratorium on capital punishment. The vote, held in a plenary ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: United Nations

French Aid Workers Convicted (Jan. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

Six French aid workers from the organization Zo;'s Ark have been convicted of attempting to kidnap more than one hundred children in Chad. The court in ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Chad

Proposal to Amend Security and Media Laws (Jan. 02, 2008) by Constance Johnson

On December 18, 2007, Zimbabwe's government introduced proposed amendments to the laws on security and on the media. The changes were introduced in Parliament by Justice ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Zimbabwe

Action Against Child Trafficking Urged (Dec. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

Speaking at an international meeting on trafficking in children and armed conflict, Antonio Maria Costa, the head of the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, urged ...

Topic: Human trafficking
Jurisdiction: United Nations; Africa

Parliament Passes Draft of Constitution Chapter (Dec. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

The draft constitutional chapter concerned with procedures for amending the Constitution was passed by the Majlis, the Parliament of Maldives. The language written by the Drafting ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Maldives

Anti-Rape Campaign Launched (Dec. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

The Liberian government, with assistance from the United Nations, has undertaken a national campaign to prevent and punish the crime of rape. The project was launched ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Liberia

Court Approves Extradition of Muslim Cleric (Dec. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

Abu Hamza al-Masri is currently serving a seven-year term in the United Kingdom on terror-related charges. Known as a radical Muslim cleric, he was convicted of ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: United Kingdom

U.N. Report Calls for Improved Juvenile Justice System (Dec. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

A November 14, 2007, report issued by the United Nations mission in Liberia states that the country's juvenile justice system needs to be made stronger to ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Liberia

Advancing Rule of Law Deemed Vital (Dec. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

On November 20, 2007, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon stated that upholding the rule of law is "crucial to the cause of peace." He was speaking to ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: United Nations

Vice-President Calls for Review of Constitution (Dec. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

Nigeria's Vice-President, Goodluck Jonathan, on November 20, 2007, said that the country's Constitution is inadequate and in need of amendment. Speaking at the International Conference on ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Nigeria

First Woman Convicted Under Terrorism Act (Dec. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

Samina Malik, a female employee of the bookstore WH Smith at Heathrow Airport, is the first woman to have been convicted in the United Kingdom under ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: United Kingdom

Ban on Arms Deals Proposed (Nov. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

The Sri Lankan government has issued a special provision under the existing Emergency Regulations on Arms Trading. According to Basil Rajapaksa, a new Member of Parliament, ...

Topic: Arms control and nonproliferation
Jurisdiction: Sri Lanka

Publisher Charged with Sedition (Nov. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

On October 10, 2007, in southern Nigeria, the publisher of a private newspaper was arrested by officers reported by some to be agents of the State ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Nigeria

Highest Court Reviews Terrorism Control Orders (Nov. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

On October 31, 2007, the United Kingdom's highest court, the House of Lords, gave broad support to the controversial government control-order regime for terrorism suspects. At ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: United Kingdom

Cabinet Abolishes Death Penalty (Nov. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

L'Essor, a government newspaper in Mali, reported on its Web site on October 18, 2007, that the Cabinet had passed a bill on the abolition of ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Mali

Protocol Agreement (Nov. 02, 2007) by Constance Johnson

On October 18, 2007, the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Central African Republic (CAR) concluded an agreement on cooperation, including provisions on protection by the ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: International Criminal Court, the Central African Republic