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(Oct 01, 2012) A year after the
Therefore, in June 2012, the legislature adopted the Act to Support Nuclear Disaster Victims' Daily Lives. (Tokyo denryoku genshiryoku jiko ni yori hisai shita kodomo o hajime to suru ju_min to_ no seikatsu o mamori sasaeru tame no hisaisha no seikatsu shien to_ ni kansuru sesaku no suishin ni kansuru ho_ritsu [Law on Promotion of Measures Concerning Disaster Victims' Daily Life Support in Order to Protect and Assist Residents Who Suffered from the Tokyo Electric Company's Nuclear Accident, Especially Children], Law No. 48 of 2012, June 27, 2012.) Under the new Act, the government must implement the necessary measures to suppress radiation released from the soil, with priority given to areas in which children and pregnant women stay or pass by, such as their houses, schools, and daycare and school commute routes. (
The government is also obligated under the Act to support people who moved out of the evacuation area or who returned to it, by assisting them to find places to live and jobs, among other things. (
The Act to Support Nuclear Disaster Victims' Daily Lives sets the philosophy and framework of government support; the concrete measures and details will be determined by Cabinet orders and ministry ordinances. Those measures are supposed to reflect disaster victims' opinions. (
At the end of March 2012, based on another government review, the designation of the 20 kilometer radius surrounding
At the same time, the government designated the areas in which the radiation level is below 20 mSv per year as "areas prepared for cancellation of the evacuation directive." In those areas, cancellation of the government directive to prepare for emergency evacuation is expected in the near future, after infrastructure is restored and decontamination of locales with radiation has progressed. The government also restricted residential use of areas in which the radiation level is between 20 and 50 mSv per year. Entry to such areas for specific purposes is permitted without protective equipment being required for the entry. (Nuclear Disaster Victims' Support Team, Regarding Notions on Activities in the New Evacuation Directive Areas, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry website (Mar. 30, 2012).)
The government further designated those areas in which the radiation level is over 50 mSv per year and in which the level is not likely to go below 20 mSv per year as "difficult-to-return-home" areas. Entry to such areas is more restricted and protective equipment is required for entry. (
|Author:||Sayuri Umeda More by this author|
|Topic:||Disasters More on this topic|
|Jurisdiction:||Japan More about this jurisdiction|
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Last updated: 10/01/2012