Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Australia http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Australia: High Court Strikes Down Government Funding of School Chaplains http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404041_text Church and state relations; Education - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404041_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Two Indonesian Nationals Sentenced to Prison for People Smuggling http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404022_text Asylum; Human trafficking - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 10 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404022_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Budget Includes Introduction of $7 Co-pay for Doctor Visits http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403987_text Budget; Health; Health care funding; Health insurance - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 22 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403987_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Government Releases Climate Change Policy Details http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403951_text Climate change; Environmental protection - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 29 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403951_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: New Privacy Law Comes into Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403906_text Right of privacy - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 21 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403906_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: High Court Strikes Down Territory's Same-Sex Marriage Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403799_text Families; Marriage and family status; Same-sex marriage - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403799_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Bill Giving Personhood to a Fetus at 20 Weeks Passed by State Lower House http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403769_text Crime and law enforcement - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403769_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Court Holds Public Servant Can Be Fired for Critical Tweets http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403667_text Freedom of speech; Officials and employees - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 16 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403667_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; New Zealand: New Food Labeling Standard Requires Manufacturers to Prove Health Claims http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403548_text Workers safety and health - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 11 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403548_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Provision on Life Sentence for Trafficking in Firearms Passed by House of Representatives http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403484_text Firearms and explosives - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 11 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403484_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Australian Parliament Votes Down Two Marriage Equality Bills http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403342_text Families - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403342_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Plain Packaging Law Upheld by High Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403286_text Tobacco and smoking - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders:... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 16 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403286_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Indonesia: Agreement on Access to Indonesian Seas Planned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403269_text Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 06 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403269_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Further Reform of Executive Remuneration Laws Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403007_text Corporations - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 28 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403007_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Panel Recommends Changes to Constitution to Recognize Indigenous Peoples http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402952_text Constitution - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402952_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Climate Change Reforms Passed, Price on Carbon to Apply from July 2012 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402883_text Environmental protection - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 15 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402883_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Agreement Reached on National R18+ Video Game Classification http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402758_text Freedom of speech - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 28 Jul 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402758_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: High Court Declares Anti-Gang Law Invalid http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402724_text Constitution - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 27 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402724_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Bill to Improve Ability to Understand Legislation Introduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402678_text Legal systems - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402678_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Former Student Wins Negligence Case Against School for Bullying http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402635_text Education - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 20 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402635_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Mortgage Exit Fees Banned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402617_text Banks and financial institutions - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 08 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402617_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Flood Levy Legislation Passed to Fund Reconstruction Package http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402616_text Disasters - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402616_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Journalist Shield Law Passed by Australian Senate http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402563_text Freedom of the press - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists'... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402563_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Legislation to Enhance Cooperation Between National Security Agencies Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402561_text National security - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402561_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; New Zealand: Historic Investment Protocol Signed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402530_text Investments - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 22 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402530_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Amendments to Aviation Crimes Legislation Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402514_text Transportation safety and security - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 14 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402514_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Bangladesh: Reciprocal "Work and Holiday Visa" Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402492_text International affairs - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 31 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402492_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: New National Consumer Law Comes into Force http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402463_text Consumer protection - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 06 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402463_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Freedom of Information Reforms Come into Force http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402375_text Freedom of information - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402375_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Referendum on Recognizing Indigenous People in Constitution Announced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402366_text Constitution - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 10 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402366_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Political Donations Bill Reintroduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402336_text Elections and politics - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402336_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Major Class Action over Bank Fees Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402277_text Banks and financial institutions - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 28 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402277_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Taiwan: MOU on Green Energy Industries and Technology http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402209_text Environmental protection - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 02 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402209_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; New Zealand; World Trade Organization: Restrictions on Importation of New Zealand Apples Found Inconsistent with Trade Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402178_text Foreign trade and international finance - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402178_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: New Consumer Credit Laws in Force http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402107_text Banks and financial institutions - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 14 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402107_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Japan: Legality of Scientific Whaling Program Challenged in International Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402038_text Environmental protection - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 10 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402038_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Legislation to Combat People Smuggling Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401995_text Asylum - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 20 May 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401995_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Bill Establishing Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401882_text National security - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Mar 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401882_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Court Finds Internet Provider Not Responsible for Illegal Downloads http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401814_text Intellectual property - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 12 Feb 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401814_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Securities Regulator to Have Greater Powers, Tougher Penalties http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401808_text Securities - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 03 Feb 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401808_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: New South Wales Government Responds to Report on Same-Sex Adoption Laws http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401776_text Adoption and foster care - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 14 Jan 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401776_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Plans for Mandatory Internet Filtering Announced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401748_text Communications - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401748_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: New Guidelines on International Cooperation in Death Penalty Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401745_text Capital punishment - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401745_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Judge Finds Abuse of Process in Case Against Former Solomon Islands Attorney-General http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401737_text Crime and law enforcement - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 18 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401737_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Bill to Prohibit Torture and Abolish the Death Penalty Introduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401685_text Human rights - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401685_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Cook Islands: Tax Information Exchange Agreement Signed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401673_text Taxation - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 17 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401673_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Federal Government to Reform Privacy Laws http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401640_text Right of privacy - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 22 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401640_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Recommendations for Improving Access to Justice http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401613_text Civil procedure - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy,"... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401613_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Bankruptcy Law Revisions http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401549_text Civil code - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401549_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Court Rules on Right to Refuse Nourishment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401519_text Workers safety and health - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401519_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Red Cross Can Refuse Blood from Homosexual Donors http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401314_text Discrimination - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 01 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401314_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Anti-Terror Laws Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401271_text Terrorism - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 06 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401271_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Draft Legislation on Carbon Pollution Reduction http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401138_text Environmental protection - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 18 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401138_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Covered Short Selling Ban to Continue http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401127_text Investments - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401127_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: New Proposals to Prevent Terrorist Attacks, Including Review of Police Detention Powers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540898_text Terrorism - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 31 Dec 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540898_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Ban on Short Selling Extended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540748_text Banks and financial institutions - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 27 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540748_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: New National Transplant Authority http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540676_text Organ and tissue donation and transplantation - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 29 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540676_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Amendment to Allow Lesbian Mothers'; Names on Birth Certificates http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540675_text Families - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 29 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540675_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Draft Children's Television Standards 2008 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540644_text Communications - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540644_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; United States: Mutual Recognition of Securities Regulation Arrangement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540610_text International affairs - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Aug 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540610_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Introduction of Seasonal Worker Program http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540608_text Immigration and nationality - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Aug 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540608_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; New Zealand: Mutual Recognition of Securities http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540529_text Investments - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as From July 2008, New Zealand and Australia will implement a Mutual Recognition of Securities Offerings (MRSO) that will permit issuers to use a single prospectus to offer shares, debentures, or managed or collective investment schemes to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540529_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Compulsory Dispute Resolution for All Parenting Orders http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540509_text Families - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as From July 2008, New Zealand and Australia will implement a Mutual Recognition of Securities Offerings (MRSO) that will permit issuers to use a single prospectus to offer shares, debentures, or managed or collective investment schemes to From July 1, 2008, all persons in Australia applying for a Parenting Order (Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) Pt VII) must attend family dispute resolution (other than in instances of violence, child abuse, or urgency). Parenting... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540509_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Indonesia: Carbon Trading Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540506_text Environmental protection - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as From July 2008, New Zealand and Australia will implement a Mutual Recognition of Securities Offerings (MRSO) that will permit issuers to use a single prospectus to offer shares, debentures, or managed or collective investment schemes to From July 1, 2008, all persons in Australia applying for a Parenting Order (Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) Pt VII) must attend family dispute resolution (other than in instances of violence, child abuse, or urgency). Parenting On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540506_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: 2008-2009 Budget Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540548_text Budget - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as From July 2008, New Zealand and Australia will implement a Mutual Recognition of Securities Offerings (MRSO) that will permit issuers to use a single prospectus to offer shares, debentures, or managed or collective investment schemes to From July 1, 2008, all persons in Australia applying for a Parenting Order (Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) Pt VII) must attend family dispute resolution (other than in instances of violence, child abuse, or urgency). Parenting On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership The Australian Parliament has passed six appropriations bills to implement the government's 2008-2009 budget. The budget will amend legislation to provide for, among other things:andbull; amendments to increase the personal income thresholds;andbull; an increase in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jun 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540548_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Summit Recommends Republic http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540409_text Constitution - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as From July 2008, New Zealand and Australia will implement a Mutual Recognition of Securities Offerings (MRSO) that will permit issuers to use a single prospectus to offer shares, debentures, or managed or collective investment schemes to From July 1, 2008, all persons in Australia applying for a Parenting Order (Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) Pt VII) must attend family dispute resolution (other than in instances of violence, child abuse, or urgency). Parenting On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership The Australian Parliament has passed six appropriations bills to implement the government's 2008-2009 budget. The budget will amend legislation to provide for, among other things:andbull; amendments to increase the personal income thresholds;andbull; an increase in the The Governance Session of the 2020 Summit (held April 19-20, 2008, in Canberra Australia) has recommended that Australia become a republic via a two-step process involving an initial plebiscite to ascertain whether or not Australia should... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540409_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; China; France: Extradition Treaties http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540419_text Crime and law enforcement - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as From July 2008, New Zealand and Australia will implement a Mutual Recognition of Securities Offerings (MRSO) that will permit issuers to use a single prospectus to offer shares, debentures, or managed or collective investment schemes to From July 1, 2008, all persons in Australia applying for a Parenting Order (Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) Pt VII) must attend family dispute resolution (other than in instances of violence, child abuse, or urgency). Parenting On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership The Australian Parliament has passed six appropriations bills to implement the government's 2008-2009 budget. The budget will amend legislation to provide for, among other things:andbull; amendments to increase the personal income thresholds;andbull; an increase in the The Governance Session of the 2020 Summit (held April 19-20, 2008, in Canberra Australia) has recommended that Australia become a republic via a two-step process involving an initial plebiscite to ascertain whether or not Australia should On April 24, 2008, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (PRC) ratified extradition treaties with France and Australia. Each treaty has 23 articles. The treaties cover, among... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540419_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Foreign Sovereign Funds Subject to Scrutiny http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540294_text Foreign investment - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as From July 2008, New Zealand and Australia will implement a Mutual Recognition of Securities Offerings (MRSO) that will permit issuers to use a single prospectus to offer shares, debentures, or managed or collective investment schemes to From July 1, 2008, all persons in Australia applying for a Parenting Order (Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) Pt VII) must attend family dispute resolution (other than in instances of violence, child abuse, or urgency). Parenting On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership The Australian Parliament has passed six appropriations bills to implement the government's 2008-2009 budget. The budget will amend legislation to provide for, among other things:andbull; amendments to increase the personal income thresholds;andbull; an increase in the The Governance Session of the 2020 Summit (held April 19-20, 2008, in Canberra Australia) has recommended that Australia become a republic via a two-step process involving an initial plebiscite to ascertain whether or not Australia should On April 24, 2008, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (PRC) ratified extradition treaties with France and Australia. Each treaty has 23 articles. The treaties cover, among The Australian government has released a set of principles by which it will assess foreign investment in Australia by foreign governments and their agencies. (Press Release, The Hon. Wayne Swan, Government Improves Transparency of Foreign Investment... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sun, 02 Mar 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540294_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Inquest Rules Murder in Balibo Five Case http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l2054059_text Crime and law enforcement - On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government's funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams On June 5, 2014, a judge in the Perth District Court in Western Australia sentenced two Indonesian nationals to terms of imprisonment for their roles in a 2012 boat journey that resulted in the deaths of On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government's annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government's climate change On March 12, 2014, substantial amendments to the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) that resulted from a bill passed in 2012 came into effect in Australia. (Privacy Act 1988 (Cth); Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) On December 12, 2013, the High Court of Australia (Australia's highest court) ruled that a law granting same-sex couples the ability to marry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is invalid because it is inconsistent with On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or It was reported on August 13, 2013, that a judge of the Australian Federal Circuit Court had dismissed an application by a public servant for a stay in her dismissal from her public affairs role at On April 7, 2013, New Zealand's Minister of Food Safety, Nikki Kaye, announced that she had signed into law a standard that will require food manufacturers to provide scientific evidence to support all health and nutrition On February 5, 2013, the lower chamber of the Australian federal parliament voted to pass legislation that will introduce a new aggravated offense of trafficking in firearms. The offense will be subject to a maximum penalty On September 20, 2012, the Australian Senate (the upper house of the federal parliament) voted 41-26 against the Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012. (Marriage Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2012; Marriage Amendment On August 15, 2012, the High Court of Australia rejected a constitutional challenge to legislation passed in November 2011 that will require plain packaging of cigarettes. (High Court of Australia, Summary of Pronouncement of Orders: On August 1, 2012, Indonesia's Defense Ministry announced plans for a future agreement with Australia that would permit Australian ships to patrol Indonesian waters under some circumstances. According to Brigadier General Hartind Asrin, a Ministry spokesman, On February 21, 2012, the Australian government announced that it would introduce further reforms aimed at strengthening Australia's legal framework related to executive remuneration. In particular, the reforms will include a requirement for listed companies "to On January 19, 2012, the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Expert Panel) presented its final report to the Australian government. (Press Release, Prime Minister andamp; Minister for Indigenous Affairs, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On July 22, 2011, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, announced that the relevant ministers from each Australian jurisdiction, except New South Wales, had reached an agreement to introduce a nationwide R18+ On June 23, 2011, the High Court of Australia declared that a New South Wales law aimed at combating organized crime is invalid. (Wainohu v The State of New South Wales [2011] HCA 24; see On May 12, 2011, the Australian Attorney-General introduced the Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011 into Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Acts Interpretation Amendment to Make Legislation More Accessible (May 12, 2011).) This bill On April 13, 2011, the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in Australia, held that a school had breached its duty of care to a former student by failing to implement its anti-bullying policy or to On March 23, 2011, the Australian government promulgated a regulation that will prevent lenders from charging mortgage exit fees. (Press Release, Hon. Wayne Swan MP, Exit Fee Ban A Victory for Australian Families (Mar. On March 22, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed the Tax Laws Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011 and the Income Tax Rates Amendment (Temporary Flood and Cyclone Reconstruction Levy) Bill 2011. These On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' On March 2, 2011, the Australian Parliament passed a bill aimed at enabling Australian national security agencies, including the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIO), the Defence Signals Directorate, and the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation, "to On February 16, 2011, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an Investment Protocol to the Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement. (Press Release, Hon. Julia Gillard, Australia and New Zealand Sign Historic Investment Protocol On February 9, 2011, the Aviation Crimes and Policing Legislation Amendment Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, Safer Skies for All Australians with Passage of New Laws (Feb. 9, Bangladesh has become the latest country to join a reciprocal "work and holiday" visa agreement with Australia. Other countries with such agreements with Australia include Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. Under On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law "brings together a number of national, Changes to Australia's freedom of information (FOI) laws came into effect on November 1, 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, New Era of Freedom of Information Starts Today (Nov. 1, 2010), http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/www/ministers/oconnor.nsf/Page/MediaReleases_2010_FourthQuarter_1November2010-Neweraoffreedomofinformationstartstoday.)On November 8, 2010, the Australian Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, announced that an expert panel will be established to lead a national discussion on recognizing indigenous people in Australia's Constitution. The panel will be tasked with On October 20, 2010, the Australian government introduced a bill to reform the rules relating to political donations, disclosure, and funding. (Press Release, Hon. Gary Gray, Government Moves to Increase Transparency in Political Donations, Oct. 20, On September 22, 2010, a class action lawsuit against the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) was filed in the Federal Court of Australia, in the first of a series of claims being brought On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two On August 9, 2010, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel issued its final report on a trade dispute involving a complaint by New Zealand that measures imposed by Australia on the importation of apples from New national consumer credit laws came into force in Australia on July 1, 2010. The reforms are intended to "improve credit and loan transactions, make financial institutions more responsible and to reduce red-tape for lenders and On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan On May 13, 2010, the Australian Parliament passed the Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010. (Press Release, Hon. Robert McClelland, Hon. Brendan O'Connor, andamp; Sen. Chris Evans, Passage of Legislation to Combat People Smuggling (May The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Bill 2010 was passed by the Australian Parliament on March 18, 2010. The bill establishes a new position of National Security Legislation Monitor, with responsibility for reviewing and reporting on On February 4, 2010, in what is being called a "landmark judgment" that has possible international ramifications, the Federal Court of Australia ruled against a number of major Hollywood film studios in finding that an Internet On January 28, 2010, the Australian federal government announced plans to increase the maximum penalties that can be imposed for market misconduct. The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) will also have greater powers to investigate On January 6, 2009, the government of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, released a letter in response to a parliamentary report that had recommended changing the law to allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In the On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given On December 18, 2009, the Australian government announced that new guidelines governing international law enforcement cooperation in possible death penalty cases had come into effect. (Press Release, Brendan O'Connor andamp; Hon. Robert McClelland, International Law Enforcement On December 15, 2009, a judge in the Supreme Court of Queensland, Australia, granted a permanent stay in the child sex case against Julian Moti, a Fiji-born Australian citizen who is a former Attorney-General of the On November 19, 2009, Australia's Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, introduced the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Torture Prohibition and Death Penalty Abolition) Bill 2009 in the Parliament. The bill will create a specific federal offense of torture and ensure On October 27, 2009, Australia and the Cook Islands signed a comprehensive tax information exchange agreement in Rarotonga. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request in both criminal and civil tax matters. The On October 14, 2009, the Australian Federal Government released the first part of its response to a major review of Australia's privacy laws that was undertaken by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (Enhancing National Privacy Calling access to justice "central to the rule of law and integral to the enjoyment of basic human rights," as well as "an essential precondition to social inclusion and a critical element of a well-functioning democracy," On August 25, 2009, the Attorney-General's Department of Australia issued for public consultation details of the country's planned reform of personal bankruptcy laws. The Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment Bill 2009 recognizes "that the majority of bankruptcies relate On August 14, 2009, in a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court of Western Australia determined that the right to refuse medical treatment includes the informed refusal of all nourishment, including liquids for hydration. (Right to Refuse On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not AUSTRALIA Nicholas Cowdery, the head of the New South Wales public prosecution office, has said that Australia's counter-terrorism laws are complex, expensive to apply, and not effective. His State office is the country's largest prosecution On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On March 5, 2009, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) extended through May 2009 a ban on covered short selling of financial securities. The ASIC had announced on January 21, 2009, that the ban would On December 23, 2008, the Australian government, under new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, put before the country's Parliament new proposals to counter terrorism. According to a press release issued the same day, the proposals are a Australia's corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), has extended its ban on covered short selling for financial securities until January 27, 2009, and ASIC's ban on covered short selling of non-financial securities may The Australian government has proposed new legislation, the Australian Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority Bill 2008, to establish an independent Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation Authority to improve rates of organ donation within The Parliament of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has passed the Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Same Sex Relationships) Act 2008 (NSW). The Act permits existing children conceived through artificial fertilization who are living in domestic The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast Australia and the United States have signed a mutual recognition arrangement regarding recognition of financial services regulation. This arrangement will permit investors and brokers to comply primarily with their home jurisdiction regulations, but obtain recognition in Australia is introducing a three-year Seasonal Worker Pilot Program, under which workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatumay work for up to seven months a year in the horticulture industry. Under the program, as From July 2008, New Zealand and Australia will implement a Mutual Recognition of Securities Offerings (MRSO) that will permit issuers to use a single prospectus to offer shares, debentures, or managed or collective investment schemes to From July 1, 2008, all persons in Australia applying for a Parenting Order (Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) Pt VII) must attend family dispute resolution (other than in instances of violence, child abuse, or urgency). Parenting On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership The Australian Parliament has passed six appropriations bills to implement the government's 2008-2009 budget. The budget will amend legislation to provide for, among other things:andbull; amendments to increase the personal income thresholds;andbull; an increase in the The Governance Session of the 2020 Summit (held April 19-20, 2008, in Canberra Australia) has recommended that Australia become a republic via a two-step process involving an initial plebiscite to ascertain whether or not Australia should On April 24, 2008, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (PRC) ratified extradition treaties with France and Australia. Each treaty has 23 articles. The treaties cover, among The Australian government has released a set of principles by which it will assess foreign investment in Australia by foreign governments and their agencies. (Press Release, The Hon. Wayne Swan, Government Improves Transparency of Foreign Investment International media have reported a Sydney coroner court finding that the five Australian-based journalists known as the Balibo Five (two Australians, two Britons, and a New Zealander) were murdered in East Timor by Indonesian troops, to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sun, 02 Dec 2007 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l2054059_text