Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Brazil http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Schools Required to Show Films Produced in the Country http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404054_text Education; Television and Film - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404054_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Penal Code Amended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404055_text Crime and law enforcement; Smuggling - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404055_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Air Force Authorized to Destroy Hostile Aircraft http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404038_text Armed forces and national security; Aviation and airports; National security - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404038_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: No Violent Fans for the World Cup http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404039_text Border security; Immigration; Sports and recreation - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404039_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Blacks Will Have 20% of Available Executive Branch Positions http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404035_text Minority employment; Officials and employees - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404035_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Punishes Parents for Spanking Children and Adolescents http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404034_text Child abuse; Child welfare - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 17 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404034_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: People with HIV/AIDS Protected Against Discrimination http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404017_text Discrimination; HIV/AIDS - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404017_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404018_text Constitution; Drug trafficking; Labor - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404018_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: National Education Plan Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404020_text Education; Education funding - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404020_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: No Pedophiles Allowed in Brazil http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404002_text Child abuse; Crimes against children; Sex offenses - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404002_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law on Travel Agencies Partially Vetoed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403995_text Consumer protection; Executive powers; Tourism - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 28 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403995_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Dismantling of Cars Regulated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403996_text Motor vehicles; Waste management - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 28 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403996_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: National Council of Justice Launches Campaign for the Rational Use of Resources http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403993_text Energy; Environmental protection; Judiciary; Natural resources - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403993_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Pre-Paid Electricity Regulated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403985_text Energy; Energy revenues and royalties - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403985_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Sexual Exploitation of Children Now a Heinous Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403986_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Sex offenses - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403986_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Foreigners Statute Amended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403971_text Internet; Visas and passports - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403971_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: State Offers Reward for Information that Helps Solve Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403972_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403972_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Justice Tribunal of the State of Rio de Janeiro Implements New Means to Access Legal Materials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403961_text Information technology; Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403961_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Justice Tribunal of Rio de Janeiro Calls For an Institutional Pact to Reduce Litigation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403962_text Consumer protection; Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403962_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Internet Rules http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403949_text Data protection; Internet; Right of privacy - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 29 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403949_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Resolution Bans Advertising to Children Under Age 12 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403936_text Children's rights; Communications; Marketing and advertising - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 22 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403936_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: International Adoption http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403915_text Adoption and foster care; Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403915_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: More Medical Doctors Program Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403739_text Health - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403739_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: National Contingency Plan for Oil Pollution Incidents http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403740_text Environmental protection; Natural resources - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403740_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Defines "Criminal Organization" and Provides for Investigatory and Other Procedures http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403663_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 12 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403663_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Youth Statute Enacted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403658_text Families - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403658_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Resolution Allowing Use of In Vitro Fertilization by Gay Couples and Single Persons Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403591_text Health - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403591_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil; World Trade Organization: New WTO General Director Is a Brazilian Diplomat http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403587_text Foreign trade and international finance - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403587_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil; Mexico: Agreement to Skip Visas http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403583_text Visas and passports - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403583_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: No More Visa Cap for Haitian Citizens http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403584_text Visas and passports - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403584_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: No More Initials on Supreme Court Criminal Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403555_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403555_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Mandatory Pre-School Enrollment for Four-Year-Old Children http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403556_text Education - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403556_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Creates Four New Federal Regional Tribunals http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403542_text Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403542_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Bloc Creates Development Bank http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403532_text Banks and financial institutions - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403532_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Labor Rights of Household Workers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403529_text Labor - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403529_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Congress Rejects Presidential Vetoes to Petroleum Royalties Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403513_text Natural resources - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 11 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403513_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Naturalization Annulment Requires a Judicial Procedure http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403490_text Citizenship and nationality - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 20 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403490_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Zero Tolerance of Drunk Driving http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403471_text Driving while intoxicated - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 31 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403471_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: President Vetoes Amendment to Disarmament Statute http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403455_text Firearms and explosives - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 11 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403455_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Requires Listing of Taxes on Receipts http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403435_text Taxation - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403435_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Amends Penal Code to Criminalize Electronic Offenses http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403427_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403427_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Petroleum Royalties Law Promulgated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403426_text Natural resources - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 10 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403426_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Minister Appointed to Federal Supreme Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403393_text Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403393_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Quota Law Reserves 50% of the Places at Federal Universities for Public School Students http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403317_text Education - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 07 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403317_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Judges and Prosecutors More Protected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403265_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 03 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403265_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Strengthens Fight Against Money Laundering http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403241_text Money laundering - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 16 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403241_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Search Engines Not Responsible for Internet Content http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403234_text Communications - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403234_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Creates DNA Database to Help Resolve Violent Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403177_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 05 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403177_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Criminalizes Collateral Security for Emergency Medical Care http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403178_text Workers safety and health - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 05 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403178_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: 12 Articles of New Forestry Code Vetoed by the Government http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403176_text Natural resources - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403176_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Father Sentenced to Pay Compensation to Daughter for Abandonment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403130_text Families - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 07 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403130_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: The Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice Have a New President http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403110_text Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403110_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Criminalization of Some Abortions Ruled Unconstitutional http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403096_text Abortion - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403096_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Launches Central Database http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403103_text Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403103_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Elects New President http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403035_text Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 16 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403035_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Provisional Measures Must Follow Procedure Established in the Constitution http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403028_text Constitution - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 14 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403028_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Amends Women's Protection Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402990_text Families - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402990_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Confirms Powers of National Council of Justice http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402985_text Judges - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402985_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Immigration Policy Needed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402948_text Immigration and nationality - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402948_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Judiciary Under Attack http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402946_text Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 18 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402946_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Newly Enacted Laws Guarantee Access to Information, Create Truth Commission to Investigate Human Rights Violations http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402896_text Freedom of information - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 28 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402896_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Creates National Program for Access to Technical Education and Employment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402888_text Education - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 18 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402888_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Supreme Courts Rules on Bar Exam http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402872_text Lawyers and legal services - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402872_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Labor Law Extends Notice of Dismissal to Up to 90 Days http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402856_text Labor - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 19 Oct 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402856_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: National Borders Plan http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402842_text Border security - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 07 Oct 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402842_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: State Law Cannot Overrule Federal Law on Transportation of Asbestos http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402839_text Transportation and public works - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 05 Oct 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402839_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: First Gay Marriage Authorized by Judiciary http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402739_text Families - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 11 Jul 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402739_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Provisions of Code of Criminal Procedure on Preventive Detention Amended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402738_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Jul 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402738_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Homosexual Inmates Granted Right to Conjugal Visits http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402736_text Discrimination - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 06 Jul 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402736_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Freedom of Assembly and Expression Upheld by Federal Supreme Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402717_text Constitution - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 20 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402717_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Sale of Spray Paint to Minors Prohibited http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402692_text Workers safety and health - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402692_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Use of Cell Phones Prohibited Inside Banks in the State of Rio http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402615_text Communications - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 08 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402615_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: White Roofs to Fight Global Warming http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402609_text Environmental protection - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 06 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402609_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New National ID Card Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402458_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402458_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Code of Criminal Procedure Approved by the Federal Senate http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402428_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402428_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Standardized Birth, Marriage, and Death Certificates http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402425_text Families - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402425_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Antibiotics to Be Sold with Prescription Only http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402356_text Workers safety and health - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 05 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402356_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Decision on Clean Record Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402350_text Elections and politics - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402350_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Deputy with the Most Votes May Lose His Seat Due to Illiteracy http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402299_text Elections and politics - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402299_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Maritime Border Expanded http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402228_text Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 10 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402228_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Parental Alienation Criminalized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402210_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 02 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402210_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Land Acquisition by Foreigners Limited http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402194_text Property - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 26 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402194_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Surrogate Motherhood http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402140_text Families - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 05 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402140_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New State Petroleum Company Created http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402142_text Energy - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 05 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402142_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Employers Can No Longer Test Employees for HIV http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402018_text Labor - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402018_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Proposal for an Internet Law Soon to Be Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401910_text Communications - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Apr 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401910_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil; China: Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance Treaty http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401684_text International affairs - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On October 31, 2009, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee ratified the Bilateral Treaty on Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance with Brazil. (Text of decision [in Chinese], NPC Standing Committee official website, Oct. 31, 2009, available... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401684_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: President Nominates 8th Justice for Federal Supreme Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401644_text Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On October 31, 2009, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee ratified the Bilateral Treaty on Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance with Brazil. (Text of decision [in Chinese], NPC Standing Committee official website, Oct. 31, 2009, available On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401644_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Adoption Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401477_text Adoption and foster care - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On October 31, 2009, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee ratified the Bilateral Treaty on Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance with Brazil. (Text of decision [in Chinese], NPC Standing Committee official website, Oct. 31, 2009, available On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is On August 3, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed a new Adoption Law, which revises legislation currently in force in the country. Law No. 12,010 of August 3, 2009, amends the Child and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 05 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401477_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Grants Amnesty to Illegal Immigrants http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401417_text Immigration and nationality - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On October 31, 2009, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee ratified the Bilateral Treaty on Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance with Brazil. (Text of decision [in Chinese], NPC Standing Committee official website, Oct. 31, 2009, available On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is On August 3, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed a new Adoption Law, which revises legislation currently in force in the country. Law No. 12,010 of August 3, 2009, amends the Child and On July 2, 2009, Brazil issued Law No. 11,961, granting amnesty to immigrants who currently are in an irregular or illegal situation and who entered the country before February 1, 2009. The immigrant may request... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401417_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Grants Public Land in the Amazon to Adverse Possessors http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401410_text Property - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On October 31, 2009, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee ratified the Bilateral Treaty on Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance with Brazil. (Text of decision [in Chinese], NPC Standing Committee official website, Oct. 31, 2009, available On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is On August 3, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed a new Adoption Law, which revises legislation currently in force in the country. Law No. 12,010 of August 3, 2009, amends the Child and On July 2, 2009, Brazil issued Law No. 11,961, granting amnesty to immigrants who currently are in an irregular or illegal situation and who entered the country before February 1, 2009. The immigrant may request On June 25, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed Law No. 11,952, which regulates agrarian occupations in lands belonging to the government that are situated in the Amazon region. Law No. 11,952 was... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 07 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401410_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Reform of the Judiciary http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401233_text Judiciary - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On October 31, 2009, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee ratified the Bilateral Treaty on Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance with Brazil. (Text of decision [in Chinese], NPC Standing Committee official website, Oct. 31, 2009, available On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is On August 3, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed a new Adoption Law, which revises legislation currently in force in the country. Law No. 12,010 of August 3, 2009, amends the Child and On July 2, 2009, Brazil issued Law No. 11,961, granting amnesty to immigrants who currently are in an irregular or illegal situation and who entered the country before February 1, 2009. The immigrant may request On June 25, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed Law No. 11,952, which regulates agrarian occupations in lands belonging to the government that are situated in the Amazon region. Law No. 11,952 was On April 13, 2009, the presidents of the Chamber of Deputies, Federal Senate, and the Federal Supreme Court and Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva launched the Second Republican Pact, which includes a proposal to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 24 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401233_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Penal Code Amended to Cover "Lightning" Kidnappings http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401171_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On October 31, 2009, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee ratified the Bilateral Treaty on Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance with Brazil. (Text of decision [in Chinese], NPC Standing Committee official website, Oct. 31, 2009, available On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is On August 3, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed a new Adoption Law, which revises legislation currently in force in the country. Law No. 12,010 of August 3, 2009, amends the Child and On July 2, 2009, Brazil issued Law No. 11,961, granting amnesty to immigrants who currently are in an irregular or illegal situation and who entered the country before February 1, 2009. The immigrant may request On June 25, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed Law No. 11,952, which regulates agrarian occupations in lands belonging to the government that are situated in the Amazon region. Law No. 11,952 was On April 13, 2009, the presidents of the Chamber of Deputies, Federal Senate, and the Federal Supreme Court and Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva launched the Second Republican Pact, which includes a proposal to On March 24, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill criminalizing a new type of crime currently being practiced in Brazil, the "lightning kidnapping" (sequestro-relandacirc;mpago). The crime is characterized by the kidnapping of a person... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 30 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401171_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: International Child Custody Battle Transferred to Federal Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401146_text Families - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of articles 124, 126, and 128(I)(II) of the Penal Code (Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On March 8, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that from now on, analysis and approval of provisional measures by the National Congress must follow the procedures provided in article 62, section 9, of the On February 9, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional article 16 of the Brazilian Women's Protection Law (Lei Maria da Penha, Lei No. 11,340 de 7 de Agosto de 2006,PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which required that On February 8, 2012, in a very close, six-to-five decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided to keep the rules currently in force that standardize the methods for investigating judicial misconduct in the country. The rules During a meeting on January 13, 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Celso Amorim, stated that Brazil needs to rethink its immigration policy because of the economic impact created by the increasing On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On November 18, 2011, the Brazilian government enacted a law (Lei No. 12.527, de 18 de Novembro de 2011) to regulate access to information as established in articles 5(XXXIII), 37(andsect;3)(II), and 216(andsect;2) of the Brazilian On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa On October 26, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled that passage of the Brazilian Bar Association (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) exam is a necessary condition for the practice of law. The decision was unanimous On October 11, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed into law legislation that amends the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943). According to Law No. 12,506 of October 11, On October 3, 2011, Brazil's Minister of Justice, Jos; Eduardo Cardozo, was quoted as saying that the National Borders Plan currently being discussed by the government anticipates a duplication in the number of federal agents of In a six to three decision, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 2011, that a law issued by the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Lei No. 12.684 de 26 de Julio de 2007) cannot On June 28, 2011, the Brazilian judiciary authorized the first same-sex marriage in Brazil. After eight years of living together, a gay couple was able to obtain a marriage certificate after being allowed by the judiciary On July 4, 2011, an amendment of Brazil's Code of Criminal Procedure revising 32 articles entered into force (Law No. 12, 402, May 4, 2011, amending Decree-Law No. 3,689 of Oct. 3, 1941). The amending legislation In June 2011, the Brazilian National Council on Criminal and Prison Policy (Conselho Nacional de Politica Criminal e Penitenciandaacute;ria) issued an administrative act (resoluandccedil;andatilde;o) granting homosexual inmates the right to have conjugal visits. The new act On June 15, 2011, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in favor of public demonstrations that defend the legalization of drug use, like the Marijuana March (Marcha da Maconha). The Court expressed the opinion that the On May 25, 2011, Brazil's Law No. 12,408 prohibiting the sale of spray paint to persons who are less than 18 of age was issued. This Law elaborates earlier legislation of February 12, 1998, which provided In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil On December 7, 2010, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that reforms the current Code of Criminal Procedure, Decree-Law No. 3,689 of October 3, 1941. According to Senator Renato On December 14, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Brazil launched a Unified Certificates program designed to provide registrars nationwide with standardized forms to be used for the issuance of birth, marriage, and death certificates. The On October 26, 2010, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa - Agencia Nacional de Vigilandacirc;ncia Sanitandaacute;ria) issued an Administrative Act (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o da Diretoria Colegiada RDC No. 44, de 26 de Outubro de 2010) regulating After five votes in favor and five votes against, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF Supremo Tribunal Federal) decided to follow the decision issued by the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral) and, on October The Federal Deputy (Deputado Federal) elected with the most votes in the Brazilian general elections of October 2010, who represents the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo, may lose his seat in the Chamber of Deputies because he Resolution No. 3 of August 26, 2010 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o No. 3 de 26 de Agosto de 2010), published in Brazil's official gazette on September 3, 2010, by the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Sea Resources, a federal agency subordinated On August 26, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva approved as law a bill that criminalizes parental alienation. (Alienaandccedil;andatilde;o Parental Agora ; Crime Previsto em Lei, JURID (Sept. 1, 2010), http://jornal.jurid.com.br/materias/noticias/alienacao-parental-agora-crime-previsto-em-lei/idp/6606.) Article 2 On August 23, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed an order, binding on the entire public administration, which limits the amount of land that may be acquired by foreigners and Brazil-based companies controlled The Justice Tribunal of the State of Sandatilde;o Paulo (Corregedoria do Serviandccedil;o de Controle das Unidades Extrajudiciais do Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a de Sandatilde;o Paulo) in Brazil authorized a couple who donated genetic material to a surrogate On August 2, 2010, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva sanctioned a bill that created a new state petroleum company, Pr;-Sal Petroleo S.A. The new government company will be subordinate to the Ministry of Mines According to an administrative act (portaria) issued on May 31, 2010, by the Ministry of Employment, Brazilian companies are now prohibited from requiring prospective employees to be tested for HIV during the hiring process or by The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On October 31, 2009, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee ratified the Bilateral Treaty on Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance with Brazil. (Text of decision [in Chinese], NPC Standing Committee official website, Oct. 31, 2009, available On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is On August 3, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed a new Adoption Law, which revises legislation currently in force in the country. Law No. 12,010 of August 3, 2009, amends the Child and On July 2, 2009, Brazil issued Law No. 11,961, granting amnesty to immigrants who currently are in an irregular or illegal situation and who entered the country before February 1, 2009. The immigrant may request On June 25, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva signed Law No. 11,952, which regulates agrarian occupations in lands belonging to the government that are situated in the Amazon region. Law No. 11,952 was On April 13, 2009, the presidents of the Chamber of Deputies, Federal Senate, and the Federal Supreme Court and Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva launched the Second Republican Pact, which includes a proposal to On March 24, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill criminalizing a new type of crime currently being practiced in Brazil, the "lightning kidnapping" (sequestro-relandacirc;mpago). The crime is characterized by the kidnapping of a person On March 14, 2009, Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva met for the first time with the President of the United States, Barack Obama. Lula is the third Head of State to meet with Obama,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401146_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Former President Discusses Marijuana Decriminalization http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401023_text Crime and law enforcement - A Law published on June 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for public and private schools to exhibit, for at least two hours a month, movies produced in the country. (Ivan Richard, Lei Obriga Escolas On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, A Decree published on June 12, 2014, gives the commander of the Brazilian Air Force the power to authorize the destruction of any aircraft considered hostile in Brazilian airspace during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup. On June 10, 2014, the Ministry of Justice published Administrative Act No. 933, which provides that entrance into the country is to be denied during Brazil's hosting of the World Cup to anyone who is included According to article 1 of Law No. 12,990, sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on June 9, 2014, blacks are to be guaranteed 20% of the positions available in the Executive Branch of the government. On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma On June 2, 2014, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,984 (Lei No. 12.984, de 2 de Junho de 2014, PLANALTO), which criminalizes discrimination against people who are HIV-positive or have AIDS. This Law establishes that discriminatory On May 27, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a proposal for a constitutional amendment that was first put forward in 1999. The amendment modifies article 243 of the Constitution. (Proposta de Emenda Constitucional No. On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country's Gross On May 22, 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Justice, Eduardo Cardozo, and the Minister of the Human Rights Secretariat, Ideli Salvatti, signed an Inter-Ministerial Act prohibiting aliens who have been convicted of or who are or Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed one-half of the articles of Law No. 12,974 of May 15, 2014, which regulates the activites perfomed by travel agencies. (On May 20, 2104, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,977, which regulates the dismantling of motor vehicles in the country that are subject to the Brazilian Traffic Code (Lei No. 12.977, de 20 de Maio de On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, The Brazilian Agency of Electric Energy (Agencia Nacional de Energia El;trica, ANEEL) published Resolution No. 610 in the country's Official Gazette of May 13, 2014, to regulate procedures for the receipt of electricity before or after Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, Brazil's Law No. 12,968 of May 7, 2014 (Lei No. 12.968, de 7 de Maio de 2014, PLANALTO) amended articles 9, 10 and 56 of the Brazilian Foreigners Statute (Estatuto do Estrangeiro, Lei No. On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the On April 24, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 12,965, which establishes principles, guarantees, rights, and obligations for the use of the Internet in the country. (Lei No. 12.965, de 23 de Abril de 2014, PLANALTO.)BasisThe Brazil's National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Crianandccedil;a e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On October 22, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,871 (Lei No. 12.871, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which creates the More Medical Doctors Program. This program enables the hiring of On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for On August 5, 2013, Brazil's Parliament enacted the Youth Statute (Estatuto da Juventude) through Law No. 12,852 (Lei No. 12.852, de 5 de Agosto de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR,), which provides principles and guidelines for public youth On May 9, 2013, Resolution No. 213, issued by the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina CFM) on April 16, 2013, was published in the country's Official Gazette, the Diandaacute;rio Oficial For the first time, a Latin-American citizen will lead the World Trade Organization (WTO). Roberto Azevedo, a Brazilian diplomat, was selected to be the Director-General of the WTO for the next four years. Azevedo defeated former Brazil and Mexico recently signed a new agreement to mutually end the use of visas. The agreement enters into force on May 16, 2013. Pursuant to the agreement, Brazilians and Mexicans no longer need to apply On April 29, 2013, the Brazilian National Council of Immigration (Conselho Nacional de Imigraandccedil;andatilde;oandmdash;CNIg), published Normative Resolution No. 102 (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o Normativa No. 102, de 26 de Abril de 2013, CNIg website), which revoked the On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil's national education On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 26, 2013,the BRICS bloc announced that its members had reached an agreement to create a development bank to finance infrastructure projects. The announcement was made during a meeting in On March 26, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Senate unanimously approved, on a second and final round, a constitutional amendment that extends to household workers the same rights and duties of all workers who are regulated by On March 7, 2013, the Brazilian Congress rejected the vetoes by President Dilma Roussef on November 30, 2012, of parts of a law that redefined the distribution of petroleum royalties in Brazil (Lei No. On February 7, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided that an alien's naturalization as a Brazilian citizen can only be annulled through a judicial procedure and not through an administrative act. The decision was made On January 29, 2013, a Resolution (Resoluandccedil;andatilde;o CONTRAN No. 432 de 23 de Janeiro de 2013, DENATRAN (Brazilian Department of Transportation website)) issued by the National Council of Transit (Conselho Nacional de Trandacirc;nsito CONTRAN) On January 10, 2013, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef vetoed a bill (Mensagem de Veto No. 002, de 9 de Janeiro de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) that amended the Disarmament Statute (Lei No. 10.826 of 22 de According to Law No. 12,741, promulgated by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef on December 8, 2012 (Lei No. 12.741, de 8 de Dezembro de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), in six months all taxes paid in a commercial transaction On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On November 30, 2012, a new law defining the distribution of petroleum royalties to states, the Federal District, and municipalities was promulgated in Brazil (Lei No. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database On May 28, 2012, the Brazilian government promulgated Law No. 12,653, to prohibit the practice of asking for collateral security (cheque cauandccedil;andatilde;o) or asking a patient to fill out administrative forms as a prior condition for On May 25, 2012, the Brazilian government vetoed 12 articles of the new Forestry Code, Law No. 12,651 of May 25, 2012 (Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de Maio de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR). President Dilma On May 2, 2012, in an unprecedented decision, Brazil's Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) sentenced a father to pay R$200,000 (about US$105,000) to his daughter as compensation for material and emotional On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of On April 12, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, or STF), by a majority vote, ruled unconstitutional the interpretation of artic