Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: China http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: China: Notable Environmental Public Interest Lawsuit http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404168_text Environmental protection; Judiciary - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case).... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404168_text Global Legal Monitor: China; Netherlands: Renegotiated Double-Tax Treaty in Force http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404156_text Taxation; Treaties and International Agreements/Taxation - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 10 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404156_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Control over Foreign Movies and TV Shows on Online Video Sites Tightened http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404125_text Civil rights and liberties; Communications; Internet; Television and Film - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 22 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404125_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Pricing of Telecommunications Services Now Market-Based http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404106_text Telecommunications - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 19 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404106_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Provincial Family Planning Regulations Amended Allowing More Couples to Have a Second Child http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404091_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Family planning and birth control - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 06 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404091_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Statistics on Family Planning Fines Released http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404086_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Family planning and birth control - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404086_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Tax Reporting Rules for Overseas Investments of Resident Enterprises http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404067_text Corporate income tax; Foreign investments; Taxation - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404067_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Rules Relax Government Approvals for Overseas Investment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404056_text Foreign investments; Licensing and registration - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404056_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Environmental Protection Law Revised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404014_text Civil actions; Environmental protection - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404014_text Global Legal Monitor: China: 2013 Human Rights White Paper Issued http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404006_text Human rights - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404006_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Implementing Regulations of Law on State Secrets http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403916_text Documents; Government ethics and transparency; National security - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 31 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403916_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Interim Carbon Emission Measures Enacted in Guangdong and Shanghai http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403908_text Air quality; Climate change; Environmental protection; State and local government - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403908_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Company Law Revised to Remove Registered Capital Requirements http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403893_text Corporations and associations - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403893_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Consumer Protection Law Revamped for First Time in 20 Years http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403840_text Consumer protection - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 29 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403840_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Courts Required to Publish All Effective Opinions on One Website http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403810_text Government ethics and transparency; Judiciary; Supreme court - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403810_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Trademark Law Revised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403702_text Intellectual property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403702_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Visa Rules Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403678_text Border security; Immigration and nationality - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 26 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403678_text Global Legal Monitor: China: City of Beijing Requires Certificate of No Criminal Record for Foreigner Workers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403669_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Immigration; Labor - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403669_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Visa System Proposed, Public Opinions Being Solicited http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403596_text Immigration and nationality - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 20 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403596_text Global Legal Monitor: China; Mexico: Agreement on Trade Balance and Oil http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403564_text Foreign trade and international finance - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 23 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403564_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Mental Health Law Takes Effect on May 1 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403562_text Workers safety and health - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 19 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403562_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Ministry of Railways Dismantled http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403536_text Government - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403536_text Global Legal Monitor: China: 2012 National Campaign to Fight Firearms-Control Offenses http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403488_text Firearms and explosives - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 13 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403488_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Arbitration in South China Sea Dispute http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403476_text International affairs - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 01 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403476_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Judicial Interpretation on Crime of Giving Bribes to Government Officials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403451_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 08 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403451_text Global Legal Monitor: China: NPC Decision on Network Information Protection http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403445_text Communications - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403445_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Supreme People's Court Releases New Guiding Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403371_text Judiciary - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403371_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Blacklist System to Be Established for Pharmaceutical Safety http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403359_text Workers safety and health - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 05 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403359_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Accessibility Regulations Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403356_text Civil rights and liberties; Building construction - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 03 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403356_text Global Legal Monitor: China; Sri Lanka: Sixteen New Agreements Concluded http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403338_text International affairs - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 25 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403338_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Surcharge on Electronic Waste Takes Retroactive Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403322_text Taxation - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403322_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Railway Courts Integrated into National Court System http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403325_text Judiciary - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403325_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Court Announces Apple and Proview Settlement of iPad Trademark Dispute http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403240_text Intellectual property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 16 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403240_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Investigation of Late Forced Abortion Leads to Suspension of Local Officials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403205_text Abortion - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 21 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403205_text Global Legal Monitor: China; Mexico: Extradition Treaty Ratified http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403197_text Extradition - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 19 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403197_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Draft Measures on Internet Information Services Management http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403202_text Communications - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 19 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403202_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Maternity Leave Extended from 90 Days to 98 Days http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403200_text Labor - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 18 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403200_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Supreme Court Releases First Interpretation on Civil Anti-Monopoly Trials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403174_text Competition and antitrust - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403174_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Outbound Investments Made by Central Enterprises Strengthened http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403150_text Investments - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403150_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Standards for School Buses Adopted After Fatal Crashes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403125_text Transportation and public works - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403125_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Supreme People's Court Issues Provisions to Aid Interpretation of Internet Copyright Infringement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403116_text Intellectual property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 25 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403116_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Measures for Compulsory Licensing of Pharmaceuticals Updated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403105_text Intellectual property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403105_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Amendment of Criminal Procedure Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403080_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403080_text Global Legal Monitor: China: SAFE Standardizes Individual Participation in Overseas Share-Based Incentive Plans http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403069_text Foreign exchange - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7).... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 05 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403069_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Measures to Standardize Internet Services and Protect Users Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403038_text Communications - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 19 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403038_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Measures to Discourage Unreported Business Concentration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403012_text Corporations - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403012_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Revision of Catalog of Industries for Foreign Investment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402998_text Foreign investment - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402998_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Human Rights Activist Li Tie Sentenced for Subversion http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402982_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 09 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402982_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Tightened Controls on Microblogging, Including Real Name Requirement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402977_text Freedom of the press - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402977_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Rules on Foreign Direct Investment with Renminbi http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402924_text Foreign investment - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 22 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402924_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Regulations on Resource Tax Revised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402925_text Taxation - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 22 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402925_text Global Legal Monitor: China; European Union: Agreement to Use Chinese-English Machine Translations for Patents http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402923_text Intellectual property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402923_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New ID Card Law Requires Recording Fingerprints http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402873_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402873_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Legal Definition of Terrorist Activities Clarified http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402874_text Terrorism - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402874_text Global Legal Monitor: China; Vietnam: South China Sea Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402849_text International affairs - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 17 Oct 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402849_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Supreme People's Court Issues Third Interpretation of Marriage Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402809_text Families - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 19 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402809_text Global Legal Monitor: China; Hong Kong: Congo Assets Case Tests Sovereign Immunity http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402793_text Sovereign immunity - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 01 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402793_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Case of Assisted Suicide Stirs Euthanasia Debate http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402784_text Death and dying - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Aug 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402784_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Individual Income Tax Law Revised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402742_text Taxation - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 11 Jul 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402742_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Social Insurance to Cover Foreigners Employed in China http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402729_text Social security - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 01 Jul 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402729_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Collection of Individual Income Tax on High-Income Earners to Be Strengthened http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402713_text Taxation - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 20 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402713_text Global Legal Monitor: China; United Nations: Practice of Enforced Disappearances Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402706_text Human rights - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402706_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Harsher Punishments for Driving After Drinking http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402663_text Driving while intoxicated - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 10 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402663_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Ban on Smoking in Indoor Public Places Takes Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402658_text Tobacco and smoking - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 05 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402658_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Provisions on Real Estate Prices http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402634_text Property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 20 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402634_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Eighth Amendment to Criminal Law Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402612_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402612_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Suspension of Nuclear Reactor Building Plans Pending Safety Standards' Revision http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402582_text Energy - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 22 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402582_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Circular on Suggestions for Improving Grassroots Courts Issued by Apex Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402562_text Judiciary - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402562_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Law on Intangible Cultural Heritage Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402551_text Intellectual property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402551_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Security Review Rules on Foreign Mergers and Acquisitions Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402543_text Foreign investment - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402543_text Global Legal Monitor: China: More Control of Smoking on Screen http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402534_text Tobacco and smoking - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 23 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402534_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Measures on Travel Liability Insurance http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402459_text Insurance - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 06 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402459_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Code of Ethics for Judges Revised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402443_text Judges - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 28 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402443_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Revised Price Control Rules Provide Harsher Penalties for Price Manipulation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402434_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 22 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402434_text Global Legal Monitor: China; Russian Federation: Law Enforcement Cooperation Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402436_text Police power - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 22 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402436_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Measures on Release of Food Safety Information http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402431_text Workers safety and health - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 20 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402431_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Case on Determination of Permanent Establishment of U.S. Company http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402402_text Taxation - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402402_text Global Legal Monitor: China: State Council Orders Government Organs to Use Genuine Software http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402352_text Intellectual property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 05 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402352_text Global Legal Monitor: China: First Statute on Choice of Law Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402353_text Civil code - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 05 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402353_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Law on Social Insurance Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402348_text Social security - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402348_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Real Estate Administration Notice Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402342_text Property - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes."... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402342_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Attorney Calls for Resignation of Head of Supreme People's Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402310_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 13 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402310_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Baby Traffickers Sentenced to Death http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402297_text Human trafficking - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402297_text Global Legal Monitor: China: No Withdrawal of Appeals of Death Sentences http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402231_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402231_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Law on Mediation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402221_text Civil procedure - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider China's National People's Congress Standing Committee promulgated the Law on People's Mediation on August 28, 2010; it will be in force as of January 1, 2011. The Law has 35 articles divided among six chapters, which... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 09 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402221_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Ratification of Convention Against Nuclear Terrorism http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402222_text Terrorism - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider China's National People's Congress Standing Committee promulgated the Law on People's Mediation on August 28, 2010; it will be in force as of January 1, 2011. The Law has 35 articles divided among six chapters, which On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) promulgated its Decision on Ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. At the same time it ratified this United... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 09 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402222_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Full Text of Draft Eighth Amendment to Criminal Law Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402217_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider China's National People's Congress Standing Committee promulgated the Law on People's Mediation on August 28, 2010; it will be in force as of January 1, 2011. The Law has 35 articles divided among six chapters, which On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) promulgated its Decision on Ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. At the same time it ratified this United On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress published the full text of the draft eighth amendment to the Criminal Law after its first reading, to solicit public opinions. An explanation of the draft amendment accompanying... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402217_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Death Penalty Crimes to Be Reduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402201_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider China's National People's Congress Standing Committee promulgated the Law on People's Mediation on August 28, 2010; it will be in force as of January 1, 2011. The Law has 35 articles divided among six chapters, which On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) promulgated its Decision on Ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. At the same time it ratified this United On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress published the full text of the draft eighth amendment to the Criminal Law after its first reading, to solicit public opinions. An explanation of the draft amendment accompanying On August 23, 2010, a proposed amendment to the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China was presented to the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC). The proposal, if adopted,, would reduce the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402201_text Global Legal Monitor: China: State Council Regulations on Natural Disaster Salvage and Assistance http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402190_text Disasters - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider China's National People's Congress Standing Committee promulgated the Law on People's Mediation on August 28, 2010; it will be in force as of January 1, 2011. The Law has 35 articles divided among six chapters, which On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) promulgated its Decision on Ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. At the same time it ratified this United On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress published the full text of the draft eighth amendment to the Criminal Law after its first reading, to solicit public opinions. An explanation of the draft amendment accompanying On August 23, 2010, a proposed amendment to the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China was presented to the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC). The proposal, if adopted,, would reduce the China's State Council (Cabinet) promulgated the Regulations on Natural Disaster Salvage and Assistance on July 8, 2010, to enter into force on September 1, 2010. The seven chapters of the Regulations comprise general provisions, salvage and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 25 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402190_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Business Tax Exemptions http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402104_text Taxation - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider China's National People's Congress Standing Committee promulgated the Law on People's Mediation on August 28, 2010; it will be in force as of January 1, 2011. The Law has 35 articles divided among six chapters, which On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) promulgated its Decision on Ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. At the same time it ratified this United On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress published the full text of the draft eighth amendment to the Criminal Law after its first reading, to solicit public opinions. An explanation of the draft amendment accompanying On August 23, 2010, a proposed amendment to the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China was presented to the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC). The proposal, if adopted,, would reduce the China's State Council (Cabinet) promulgated the Regulations on Natural Disaster Salvage and Assistance on July 8, 2010, to enter into force on September 1, 2010. The seven chapters of the Regulations comprise general provisions, salvage and On June 28, 20210, China's State Administration of Taxation issued a ruling exempting certain proceeds from business taxation. The exempted proceeds are those earned through providing overseas, immobile telecommunications network resources, including circuits, submarine cables, and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 13 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402104_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Law on Oil and Natural Gas Pipelines http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402093_text Natural resources - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider China's National People's Congress Standing Committee promulgated the Law on People's Mediation on August 28, 2010; it will be in force as of January 1, 2011. The Law has 35 articles divided among six chapters, which On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) promulgated its Decision on Ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. At the same time it ratified this United On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress published the full text of the draft eighth amendment to the Criminal Law after its first reading, to solicit public opinions. An explanation of the draft amendment accompanying On August 23, 2010, a proposed amendment to the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China was presented to the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC). The proposal, if adopted,, would reduce the China's State Council (Cabinet) promulgated the Regulations on Natural Disaster Salvage and Assistance on July 8, 2010, to enter into force on September 1, 2010. The seven chapters of the Regulations comprise general provisions, salvage and On June 28, 20210, China's State Administration of Taxation issued a ruling exempting certain proceeds from business taxation. The exempted proceeds are those earned through providing overseas, immobile telecommunications network resources, including circuits, submarine cables, and On June 25, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) adopted the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Oil and Natural Gas Pipelines, in six chapters and 61 articles. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402093_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Evidence Obtained by Torture to Be Excluded http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402024_text Crime and law enforcement - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government agencies, jointly issued the Measures for Administration of Release of Food Safety Information. Food safety information includes data compiled or A case in China's Jiangxi Province involving an American company's permanent establishment there has resulted in the company's being assessed by the tax authorities for payment of RMB12 million (about US$1.8 million). The company in the On October 18, 2010, the General Office of China's State Council issued a notice requiring central government ministries and commissions and local governments to use genuine and authorized computer software. (Guo Ban Fa [2010] No. 47 On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted the Law on the Application of Law in Foreign-Related Civil Cases (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shewai Minshi Guanxi Falu On October 28, 2010, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the People's Republic of China Law on Social Insurance. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Shehui Baoxian Fa [in Chinese] [hereinafter Social Insurance Law], NPC On September 21, 2010, China's Ministry of Land and Resources and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the Notice on "Further Intensifying Administration and Regulation over Utilization and Development of Land for Residential Purposes." According to a recent report from the advocacy group Human Rights in China (HRIC), Yang Jinzhu, a prominent defense attorney, has begun a non-violent protest campaign and published a call for the resignation of the head On September 27, 2010, the Quanzhou Intermediate People's Court in China's coastal Fujian Province sentenced two men to death on charges of human trafficking. The traffickers, Li Diji and Wu Suiqing, along with 11 accomplices, were Effective from September 1, 2010, if a criminal defendant in China who has been sentenced to death in the first trial appeals to the higher court but subsequently withdraws the appeal, the court will still consider China's National People's Congress Standing Committee promulgated the Law on People's Mediation on August 28, 2010; it will be in force as of January 1, 2011. The Law has 35 articles divided among six chapters, which On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) promulgated its Decision on Ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. At the same time it ratified this United On August 28, 2010, China's National People's Congress published the full text of the draft eighth amendment to the Criminal Law after its first reading, to solicit public opinions. An explanation of the draft amendment accompanying On August 23, 2010, a proposed amendment to the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China was presented to the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC). The proposal, if adopted,, would reduce the China's State Council (Cabinet) promulgated the Regulations on Natural Disaster Salvage and Assistance on July 8, 2010, to enter into force on September 1, 2010. The seven chapters of the Regulations comprise general provisions, salvage and On June 28, 20210, China's State Administration of Taxation issued a ruling exempting certain proceeds from business taxation. The exempted proceeds are those earned through providing overseas, immobile telecommunications network resources, including circuits, submarine cables, and On June 25, 2010, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) adopted the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Oil and Natural Gas Pipelines, in six chapters and 61 articles. The It was reported in the SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST on May 31, 2010, that two new sets of guidelines have been issued by China that limit the use of evidence obtained by torture. The Assessment... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402024_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Human Rights Lawyers Disbarred http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401976_text Lawyers and legal services - The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On August 31, 2014, a new income tax treaty and a protocol signed by China and the Netherlands on May 31, 2013, entered into force. The two instruments apply to income received on or after January China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television (SAPPRFT) recently issued a circular on strengthening control over foreign movies and TV shows on online Chinese video sites, according to a summary of the circular On July 29, 2014, China's State Council promulgated an amendment to the Telecommunications Regulations, allowing prices for telecommunications services to be determined by the market instead of by the government. (Guowuyuan Guanyu Xiugai Bufen Xingzheng In the first half of 2014, Chinese provinces have been amending their family planning regulations to allow married couples in which one parent is an only child themselves to have a second child. The previous rules On July 29, 2014, Guangdong Province reportedly issued an audit report on the collection and management of the social maintenance fee, a fine imposed on parents who have "out-of-plan" children. According to the news report, On June 30, 2014, China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued a public notice regarding information about overseas investment and income that Chinese resident enterprises must report. When the Notice takes effect on September 1, 2014, On April 8, 2014, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) promulgated an administrative rule regulating the approval of and record-filing for overseas investment made by Chinese investors. Effective on May 8, 2014, the new On April 24, 2014, China revised its Environmental Protection Law. The new Law will enter into effect on January 1, 2015. (Environmental Protection Law [in Chinese] (Apr. 25, 2014), The Central People's Government On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On January 17, 2014, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang signed State Council Order No. 646 promulgating the Implementing Regulations of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets. Effective on March 1, On January 15, 2014, the provincial government of China's Guangdong Province promulgated the Guangdong Province Interim Measures on Carbon Emissions Management (Guangdong Emissions Measures), which took effect on March 1, 2014. (Guangdong Emissions Measures [in On December 28, 2013, the Sixth Session of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China made a decision to revise the Company Law of the People's Republic of China. The revised On October 25, 2013, the Fifth Session of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) passed the first amendment to the Consumers' Rights and Interests Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On August 30, 2013, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC); the amendments will become effective on May 1, 2014. (Decision On July 12, 2013, the State Council promulgated a set of new rules governing the entry of foreigners into the People's Republic of China, the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. On May 30, 2013, Beijing municipal employment authorities gave notice of a new requirement, effective as of July 1, for foreigners seeking work permits in Beijing. The foreign applicants must provide a Certificate of On May 3, 2013, China's State Council published the Regulations on the Administration of the Entry and Exit of Aliens (Draft for Comments) (hereinafter Draft Regulations) online, in order to solicit public opinions on the document. Mexican President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto, during his recent trip to Sanya, China, on April 6, 2013, agreed with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, on implementing actions On May 1, 2013, China's first Mental Health Law will enter into effect. The National Health and Family Planning Commission, a State Council commission created in March through the merger of the former Ministry of Health On March 10, 2013, the Chinese government announced a new government restructuring plan at the plenary meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC). (Full text of the restructuring plan [in In a campaign to fight firearms control offenses launched by China's Ministry of Public Security (MPS, the police) in 2012, 160,000 guns and 2,780 tons of explosives On January 22, 2013, the Philippines informed China that it wants to go to an international arbitration process over China's claims to a part of the South On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to On August 13, 2012, China's State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) issued the Provisions for the Administration of a Drug Safety Blacklist (for Trial Implementation), to establish a blacklist system for pharmaceutical safety. The Provisions took China's new Regulations on Construction of a Barrier-Free Environment, which came into effect on August 1, 2012, require all newly built roads and buildings in urban areas to meet the barrier-free construction standards to provide accessibility Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of China's National People's Congress Standing Committee, visited Sri Lanka September 15-18, 2012. Following his meetings with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the two countries signed 16 new agreements. The agreements cover It was reported on September 10, 2012, that China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) has issued an announcement that introduces the imposition of a surcharge on electronic waste in the country. (Shiqi Ma, By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. The Guangdong Higher People's Court announced earlier this month that Apple and Proview Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd. have settled their dispute over the rights to the iPad trademark in mainland China, with Apple paying Proview US$60 million. Xinhua News Agency reported on June 15, 2012, that Chinese authorities were investigating a case of an alleged forced abortion, carried out in a woman's seventh month of pregnancy at the instigation of local family planning Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (H;ctor Vargas, M;xico y China Ratifican On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On April 28, 2012, China's State Council published the Special Provisions on Labor Protection of Female Employees (text in Chinese, Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China website (May 7, 2012)). Aiming Despite the promulgation of the Anti-Monopoly Law of China in 2008, few plaintiffs have prevailed in civil anti-monopoly cases. According to an explanation given by officials of the Supreme People's Court (SPC), this is due The rate of Chinese state-owned enterprises investing in the overseas investment market has expanded in recent years, and with this there has also been an increase in the risks to their success. In response to these Since November 2011, the Chinese government has faced strong criticism due to media reports of a number of fatal school bus crashes that resulted from passenger overloads and the use of substandard vehicles and unqualified drivers. On April 22, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued draft provisions for public consultation, available on its website, concerning Internet copyright infringement. The 20-article provisions provide a judicial interpretation of what constitutes such infringement. (Compulsory licensing of medicine patents, which allows drug manufacturers to use patents without the authorization of the patent owner if they meet specified legal requirements, is permitted under international treaties such as the World Health Organization's On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of On March 16, 2012, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) publicized on its website a Notice on Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration of [Domestic] Individuals' Participation in Share-Based Incentive Plans of Overseas Companies (Circular 7). The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi Mergers and acquisitions in China are subject to regulations on business concentration. Under the Chinese anti-monopoly regime, a "business concentration" means a business transaction involving (1) merger with another business; (2) acquisition of control over a On December 24, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce of China jointly issued the revised Catalog of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment (Waishang Touzi Chanye Zhidao Mulu (2011 On January 18, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court in Wuhan (the capital of China's Hubei Province) sentenced writer and human rights activist Li Tie to ten years of imprisonment and deprivation of political rights for three On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Foreign investors, including those from Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao, are now officially allowed to make direct investments in mainland China with offshore renminbi (RMB, Chinese yuan) funds. Although a pilot program of RMB settlement for Effective on November 1, 2011, China's revised Tentative Regulations on Resource Tax noticeably raised the resource tax levied on the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in China. The Regulations were revised by State Council It was reported on December 1, 2011, that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the European Union's European Patent Office (EPO) had signed an agreement on the use of Chinese-English machine-translations for patents, "in an On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) passed the Decision on Issues Related to Strengthening Anti-Terrorism Work, which clarifies the definitions of terrorist activities, terrorist organizations, and terrorist. (Text On October 11, 2011, China and Vietnam signed an agreement aimed at resolving their disputes over control of parts of the South China Sea. The maritime borders at issue, over which Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and The Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued its third interpretation on the application of the country's Marriage Law on August 9, 2011. Interpretation (III) took effect on August 13. (Wang On August 26, 2011, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee unanimously affirmed an earlier decision of a Hong Kong court, declaring that companies cannot sue sovereign states to recover assets. (Sovereign States Get Legal In May 2011, the People's Court of Longnan County, in China's Jiangxi Province, sentenced Zhong Yichun, an elderly farmer, to two years' imprisonment for assisting his friend Zeng Qianxiang to commit suicide. Zhong was convicted of On June 30, 2011, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the Individual Income Tax Law that raises the threshold of tax exemption for individual income from monthly wages and China's new Social Insurance Law, which is set to take effect on July 1, 2011, includes one article applicable to foreigners employed in China, stating that they "will refer" to the Law and join the social China's State Administration of Taxation recently published a circular ordering the tax authorities at all levels in the country to pay closer attention, in collecting individual income tax, to high-income earners. (State Administration of Taxation On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China The Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety (hereinafter Traffic Safety Law) was amended on April 22, 2011, providing harsher punishments for driving after drinking alcohol. The revised Law took effect on Effective May 1, 2011, smoking is banned in all indoor public places in China, according the Implementation Rules of the Regulations on Health Administration of Public Places, issued by the Ministry of Health. (Text of On March 16, 2011, China's National Development and Reform Commission promulgated "Provisions on Clear Price Indication in Sales of Commercial Houses"; they will become effective on May 1 of this year. The stated goal of these Effective from May 1, 2011, Chinese citizens and companies paying bribes to foreign government officials and officials of international public organizations will be subject on conviction to criminal punishments that may be up to ten years China's State Council (Cabinet) announced on March 16, 2011, that the government will suspend approval of new nuclear power stations in the country until the current safety standards have been revised. It further stated that the China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits On February 25, 2011, China's National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted a law on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) designed to preserve traditions considered to have historic, literary, artistic, or scientific value, including those traditions of the On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Council published a circular on the security review system in mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors. (Circular Issued by the General Office of On February 12, 2011, the General Office of China's State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) issued a circular on controlling smoking scenes in movie and television productions. According to the circular, "[f]requent smoking scenes On November 25, 2010, the National Tourism Administration (NTA) and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) issued the Measures on the Administration of Travel Agency Liability Insurance. The Measures, which will be in effect as of On December 15, 2010, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of China published on its website the revised Basic Norms of Professional Ethics of Judges and Code of Conduct for Judges. The two revised documents took effect On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the On December 17, 2010, China and Russia agreed to increase the cooperation between the two nations in law enforcement. During a meeting between Chinese State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu and Russian Minister On November 3, 2010, China's Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Commerce, together with other government a