Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Russia http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Fines for Bitcoin Transactions Will Be Introduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404151_text Banks and financial institutions; Currency; Financial services; Internet - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 07 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404151_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia; Ukraine: Legislature Adopts Law on Dissolution of Black Sea Fleet Treaties http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403922_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Armed forces and national security; International affairs; Peace; Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403922_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Rules for Sports Fans Introduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403862_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Sports and recreation - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403862_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Bitcoin Exchanges Can Be Penalized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403857_text Banks and financial institutions; Financial services; Internet - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403857_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Privacy Protection Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403747_text Civil procedure; Freedom of information; Right of privacy - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 05 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403747_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Law Requires Terrorists to Compensate Their Victims http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403734_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403734_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Administrative Rules on Drunk Driving Adopted, Criminal Penalties Contemplated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403731_text Crime and law enforcement; Motor vehicles; Driving while intoxicated - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 23 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403731_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Federal Law to Regulate Soccer Tournaments http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403638_text Sports and recreation - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 12 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403638_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Rules for Air Passengers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403624_text Aviation and airports; Transportation safety and security; Transportation and public works - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403624_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Expansion of Right of Legislative Initiation Considered http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403489_text Legislative power - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 13 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403489_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Supreme Court Ruling on Unrestricted Access of Journalists to Trials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403449_text Freedom of the press - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 08 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403449_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Procedure to Form the Parliament's Upper Chamber http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403446_text Elections and politics - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403446_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Mandatory Russian Language Test for Labor Migrants http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403442_text Labor - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 31 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403442_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Espionage and State Treason Concepts Revised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403414_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 28 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403414_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Monitoring for Prohibited Web Content http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403391_text Communications - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403391_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Age Restrictions for Senior Government Officials Will Be Loosened http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403358_text Officials and employees - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403358_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Rewards for Assisting Police http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403355_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 03 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403355_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Physicians Required to Make House Calls http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403290_text Workers safety and health - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 20 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403290_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Defamation is Criminalized Again http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403291_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 20 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403291_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Gay Advocacy Among Minors Can Be Prohibited http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403000_text Human rights - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 24 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403000_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Attacks on Transportation to Be Criminalized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402955_text Transportation and public works - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 26 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402955_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Hunger Strikes Are Deemed Riots http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402813_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402813_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Ministry of Finance Will Distribute Aid for Foreign Development http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402814_text Government - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402814_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Government Takes Measures Against Extremism http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402777_text National security - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 16 Aug 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402777_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Foreign Donations to Russian NGOs Are Exempt from Taxation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402768_text Taxation - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Aug 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402768_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Harsher Punishment for Crimes Against Children http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402708_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 14 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402708_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Public Discussions on Bills Will Be Initiated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402521_text Legislative power - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 15 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402521_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Law on Police http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402509_text Police power - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402509_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Government Invests in Enhanced Surveillance http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402502_text National security - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402502_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Reduction in Force for Civil Servants http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402455_text Officials and employees - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402455_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Protection of Children from Harmful Information http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402457_text Children - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402457_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Legislative Ban on Human Cloning Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402417_text Workers safety and health - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402417_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Chief Justice Insists on Limited Application of International Court Rulings http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402410_text Judiciary - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402410_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Reform of the Constitutional Court Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402314_text Judiciary - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 14 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402314_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Chief Justice Insists on Obligatory Role of Judicial Precedents http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402075_text Judiciary - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 29 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402075_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Names of All Persons Sentenced by Courts Will Be Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402063_text Judiciary - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 21 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402063_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Requirements for Labor Migrants http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402034_text Immigration and nationality - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 08 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402034_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Easier Procedures for Migrant Workers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401857_text Immigration and nationality - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Mar 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401857_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Restrictions For Controlled Substances http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401803_text Crime and law enforcement; Drug trafficking - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Jan 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401803_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Death Penalty Ruled Unconstitutional http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401702_text Capital punishment - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 01 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401702_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Court Okays Calling Stalin a Murderer http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401653_text Freedom of the press - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401653_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Ban on Human Cloning Extended for Five More Years http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401630_text Workers safety and health - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 16 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401630_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Parliament Discusses Using Drugs to Lower Sex Drive of Pedophiles http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401616_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401616_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Passports Will Be Issued In-Person Only http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401604_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401604_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Immigration Privileges for Those Who Know Russian http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401571_text Immigration and nationality - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 17 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401571_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Flags with Depiction of Cross Outlawed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401513_text National security - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 24 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401513_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Legislative Agenda Subject to Church Influence http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401451_text Church and state relations - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 27 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401451_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Employment Quotas Proposed for the Young http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401347_text Labor - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 11 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401347_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Tighter Control of Court System Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401298_text Judiciary - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 22 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401298_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Pirates Will Be Prosecuted Under Russian Laws http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401294_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 18 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401294_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Court Rules Against Book Reviewers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401279_text Civil liability - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 11 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401279_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Losing Political Parties to Be Represented in Parliament http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401270_text Elections and politics - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 06 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401270_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Procedures for Appointment of Governors http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401272_text Government - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 06 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401272_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Government Guarantees for Air Travelers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401231_text Transportation and public works - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 21 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401231_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: No Criminal Liability for Medical Errors http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401177_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 02 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401177_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Criminal Liability for Selling Alcohol to Minors http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401178_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401178_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Groups of Police Volunteers May Be Established http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401179_text Police power - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401179_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Criminal Law and the Soviet Role in WWII http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401085_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401085_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Constitutional Amendments Enter into Force http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540981_text Constitution - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 04 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540981_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Rules for University Admission http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540862_text Education - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 19 Dec 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540862_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Requirements for Judicial Appointments http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540834_text Judges - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 15 Dec 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540834_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: More Control over Military Conscription http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540793_text Armed forces and national security - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 25 Nov 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540793_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Stricter Punishment for Drunk Driving http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540794_text Driving while intoxicated - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 24 Nov 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540794_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Limited Digitization Permitted for Three Libraries http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540742_text Libraries - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 24 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540742_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Citizenship Acquisition to Be Simplified http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540682_text Citizenship and nationality - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 30 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540682_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Self-Governance Granted to Caucasus Republics http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540603_text Constitution - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Aug 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540603_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Public Control over Penitentiaries Introduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540523_text Human rights - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540523_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Supreme Court Lifts Confiscation Clause http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540550_text Civil procedure - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jun 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540550_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Ban on Wi-Fi Connections in Private Residences http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540408_text Communications - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540408_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Supreme Court Rules to Acquit Military Deserters http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540456_text Armed forces and national security - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540456_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Import of Blackberry Phones Permitted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540335_text Communications - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Apr 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540335_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Wiretapping Ordered for All Telephone Conversations http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540336_text Communications - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Apr 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540336_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Bailiffs Now Have Housebreaking Right http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540279_text Crime and law enforcement - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sun, 02 Mar 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540279_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Quotas for Guest Workers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540307_text Immigration and nationality - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of On February 1, 2008, a new annual cycle for the issuance of migrant quotas started in Russia. According to a government regulation, two million guest workers from abroad will be admitted in 2008, including about 60,000... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sun, 02 Mar 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540307_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Total Ban on Tobacco Advertisement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540236_text Workers safety and health - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of On February 1, 2008, a new annual cycle for the issuance of migrant quotas started in Russia. According to a government regulation, two million guest workers from abroad will be admitted in 2008, including about 60,000 On January 10, 2007, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted the Resolution on Joining the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on the Fight Against Tobacco and issued a resolution recommending that the State... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sat, 02 Feb 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540236_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: National Version of Presidential Libraries http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540247_text Libraries - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of On February 1, 2008, a new annual cycle for the issuance of migrant quotas started in Russia. According to a government regulation, two million guest workers from abroad will be admitted in 2008, including about 60,000 On January 10, 2007, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted the Resolution on Joining the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on the Fight Against Tobacco and issued a resolution recommending that the State On January 9, 2008, the Government of the Russian Federation introduced to the legislature a bill on legacy centers for presidents whose term of office has expired. The bill was almost unanimously approved by the State... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sat, 02 Feb 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540247_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Consumer Protection Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l2054010_text Consumer protection - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of On February 1, 2008, a new annual cycle for the issuance of migrant quotas started in Russia. According to a government regulation, two million guest workers from abroad will be admitted in 2008, including about 60,000 On January 10, 2007, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted the Resolution on Joining the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on the Fight Against Tobacco and issued a resolution recommending that the State On January 9, 2008, the Government of the Russian Federation introduced to the legislature a bill on legacy centers for presidents whose term of office has expired. The bill was almost unanimously approved by the State On December 10, 2007, newly adopted amendments to the Russian Consumer Protection Law entered into force. The Law includes provisions aimed at introducing the right of a consumer to return an item of inferior quality to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jan 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l2054010_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Federal Passport Control System Created http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l2054037_text Money laundering - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of On February 1, 2008, a new annual cycle for the issuance of migrant quotas started in Russia. According to a government regulation, two million guest workers from abroad will be admitted in 2008, including about 60,000 On January 10, 2007, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted the Resolution on Joining the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on the Fight Against Tobacco and issued a resolution recommending that the State On January 9, 2008, the Government of the Russian Federation introduced to the legislature a bill on legacy centers for presidents whose term of office has expired. The bill was almost unanimously approved by the State On December 10, 2007, newly adopted amendments to the Russian Consumer Protection Law entered into force. The Law includes provisions aimed at introducing the right of a consumer to return an item of inferior quality to On December 18, 2007, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to the Federal Anti-Money Laundering Law that provide for the creation of a national passport control system. To be established before the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jan 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l2054037_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Abortion Restrictions http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l2054049_text Abortion - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of On February 1, 2008, a new annual cycle for the issuance of migrant quotas started in Russia. According to a government regulation, two million guest workers from abroad will be admitted in 2008, including about 60,000 On January 10, 2007, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted the Resolution on Joining the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on the Fight Against Tobacco and issued a resolution recommending that the State On January 9, 2008, the Government of the Russian Federation introduced to the legislature a bill on legacy centers for presidents whose term of office has expired. The bill was almost unanimously approved by the State On December 10, 2007, newly adopted amendments to the Russian Consumer Protection Law entered into force. The Law includes provisions aimed at introducing the right of a consumer to return an item of inferior quality to On December 18, 2007, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to the Federal Anti-Money Laundering Law that provide for the creation of a national passport control system. To be established before the On October 29, 2007, the Russian Federation Health Care and Social Development Ministry issued an executive regulation that establishes a new procedure for providing abortion services. According to the new rules, while abortion remains covered by... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sun, 02 Dec 2007 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l2054049_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Higher Education Reform http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540147_text Education - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of On February 1, 2008, a new annual cycle for the issuance of migrant quotas started in Russia. According to a government regulation, two million guest workers from abroad will be admitted in 2008, including about 60,000 On January 10, 2007, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted the Resolution on Joining the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on the Fight Against Tobacco and issued a resolution recommending that the State On January 9, 2008, the Government of the Russian Federation introduced to the legislature a bill on legacy centers for presidents whose term of office has expired. The bill was almost unanimously approved by the State On December 10, 2007, newly adopted amendments to the Russian Consumer Protection Law entered into force. The Law includes provisions aimed at introducing the right of a consumer to return an item of inferior quality to On December 18, 2007, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to the Federal Anti-Money Laundering Law that provide for the creation of a national passport control system. To be established before the On October 29, 2007, the Russian Federation Health Care and Social Development Ministry issued an executive regulation that establishes a new procedure for providing abortion services. According to the new rules, while abortion remains covered by On October 11, 2007, the Federation Council (legislature) of Russia passed a law that introduced a two-tier higher education system. As of 2009, the existing five-year university education system will be replaced by a "four plus... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 Nov 2007 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540147_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Compensation for Victims of Federal Troops in Chechnya http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540170_text Human rights - On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators' Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled "On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions." (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia's Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On June 8, 2013, in line with preparations for the Soccer World Cup, which will be held in Russia in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a law that provides for the increased involvement of federal On June 7, 2013, the Law on Amendments to the Air Code of the Russian Federation was signed by the Russian President. (Law No. 124-FZ [in Russian], June 7, 2013, ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (June 11, 2013) On January 14, 2013, the legislative assembly of the province of Astrakhan in southern Russia submitted a proposal to the State Duma (lower house of the legislature) on expansion of the legislators' right to initiate legislation. On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On January 1, 2013, the new Law on the Procedure to Form the Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) entered into force. (Federal Law No. 229 of December 3, 2012 Federal Law No. 185 on Amendments to Federal Laws on the Status of Foreigners and on Education entered into force on December 1, 2012. (ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA No. 262 (Nov. 14, 2012) [official publication, in Russian].)Under On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 4, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation submitted to the State Duma (the country's legislature) a proposal to amend the Federal Law on Civil Service. The amendment is aimed at increasing the On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document On June 27, 2012, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation registered new Rules of Initial Medical Assistance issued by the Health Care and Social Protection Ministry. (Text [in Russian], CONSULTANT (last visited Aug. On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. On October 19, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation approved, in the first reading, amendments to the Russian Criminal Code that will establish criminal punishment for actions threatening the security of a means of On September 5, 2011, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) started deliberations on government-proposed amendments to the Russian Code of Criminal Procedure, which, if adopted, would deem hunger strikes On August 26, 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted a proposal of the Ministry of Finance to amend the Federal Law on Government of the Russian Federation by establishing the Federal International Development Agency. On July 29, 2011, President Dmitri Medvedev of the Russian Federation signed a decree ordering the creation of an interagency governmental commission on counteracting extremist activities in the country. The commission, which will include the heads On July 28, 2011, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation (the country's highest judicial authority for commercial disputes) ruled that no difference in legal treatment should be accorded to private donations and research It was reported on May 10, 2011, that a bill aimed at increasing punishments for sexual crimes committed against children has been drafted by the administration of the Russian Federation President and will be introduced to On February 9, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree under which federal constitutional laws and federal laws that address major issues of the country's social and economic development may be brought before On February 7, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the new Federal Law on Police. The Law, which was proposed by the President last year, will enter into force on March 1, 2011. (Federal On January 28, 2011, Russian media outlets reported that on January 11, 2011, the government had issued a resolution approving a two-year program of investing in high technology in the field of security. The program, which On January 3, 2011, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev issued a Decree on Optimization of the Number of Federal Civil Employees and Employees of Federal Government Institutions. According to information published by the President's press service, the On January 3, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the Protection of Children from Negative and Harmful Information Act, which was passed by the Federal Assembly (the country's legislature) on December 24, On December 6, 2010, the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of the Russian Federation submitted its version of the Biomedical Cell Technologies Act to the Cabinet of Ministers for that body's approval and recommendation The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On May 7, 2010, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (lower house of the legislature) finalized amendments to the Federal Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Individuals in the Russian Federation and to related On February 26, 2010, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation approved on a first reading and accepted for further consideration amendments to the nation's legislation on migration that were proposed by the Cabinet of On December 31, 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation issued two regulations which extend the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances and establish a new procedure for their storage and preservation. (Regulations of the Russian On January 1, 2010, a death penalty moratorium, which was introduced in Russia in 1999, was scheduled to expire because of the establishment of courts with jurors in all constituent components of the Russian Federation, a On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 2, 2009, the Minister of Health Care and Social Services of the Russian Federation announced a government decision to extend the ban on human cloning for another five years. This ban was introduced in On September 30, 2009, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) included in its agenda a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code that introduces the use of drugs to On September 8, 2009, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed as legal the existing practice whereby an individual may only submit to police authorities his application to receive or renew a passport in person. According to news reports, the legislative agenda of the Federation Council (upper chamber) will include a bill on privileges for those labor migrants who have a knowledge of the Russian language. This bill was approved by On August 14, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation updated the federal list of prohibited extremist materials to include all flags with an image of a cross. Inclusion on the list entails a On July 8, 2009, following a meeting between the leadership of the Russian State Duma (lower house of the national legislature) and Patriarch Kirill, the Head of the Russian Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Moscow and All-Russia, The Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk (an industrial region in the Ural Mountains that is one of the Russian constituent components) is discussing the First Employment Act, a state law that would provide for additional employment guarantees On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and On May 12, 2009, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Zviagintsev, stated in an interview in the Russian official government daily newspaper, Rossiiskaia Gazeta, that the Office of the Prosecutor General has come On April 23, 2009, a federal district court in the southern Russian province of Dagestan issued an unprecedented ruling, ordering a journalist of a local newspaper to pay compensation in an amount equal to US$1,000 to On April 8, 2009, amendments to the Federal Law on Political Parties were passed in Russia. Proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, they are aimed, according to the accompanying explanatory statement, at strengthening citizens' influence on On April 23, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed into law a series of amendments to federal laws that will affect the activities of political parties, the election of governors, and some issues of municipal self-government. On April 13, 2009, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a regulation approving new rules for providing government subsidies to air carriers. After this regulation enters into force on May 1, 2009, the government will be On March 10, 2009, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to article 124 of the country's Criminal Code, which establishes the punishment for refusal to provide assistance to a sick person. An On March 3, 2009, a bill on amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation. The bill provides for the establishment of In an interview given to the Russian government-owned daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA on March 10, 2009, the Minister of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation stated that his Ministry has drafted and introduced to the On February 24, 2009, the Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council (the upper chamber of the Russian legislature), while in Poland attending events commemorating the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz on January On January 21, 2009, the government-published daily newspaper ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA published the official text of recently adopted amendments to the Russian Constitution. These amendments provide for the extension of presidential terms from four to six years On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high On December 2, 2008, the Congress of Russian Trial Judges held its session in Moscow. This is the highest authority in the judicial professional community, and it meets irregularly, mostly upon the request of the Russian On November 12, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which establish stricter control over all Russian male individuals age 16 and older On November 14, 2008, the State Duma (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that prescribe heavier punishments for driving while intoxicated or under the influence of narcotic or alcoholic substances. Article 264 On October 15, 2008, the Federal Assembly (legislature) of Russia adopted amendments to the nation's Federal Law on Libraries, which designates the newly established Presidential Library in St. Petersburg as a national library and obligates this On September 22, 2008, the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, the Federation Council, adopted amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Citizenship, aimed at the simplification of the citizenship acquisition procedure for nationals of the On August 25, 2008, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) adopted a law that provides for the creation of self-government institutions in Chechnya and Ingushetia, constituent republics of the On June 10, 2008, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev signed into law the bill on public control for the implementation of human rights in penal institutions and legal aid to the incarcerated. The Law allows members of On May 18, 2008, the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, the highest judicial body in the country to resolve commercial disputes, announced its ruling regarding the application of article 169 of the Civil On March 19, 2008, the Russian Federation's Federal Agency on Telecommunications Supervision (analogous to the FCC in the United States) issued a regulation that restricts the use of personal computer routing devices and provides for mandatory On April 3, 2008, the plenary session of the Russian Federation Supreme Court reviewed the lower courts' practice in resolving cases related to draft dodging and ruled that a conscript who left the place of his On February 26, 2008, the Federal Security Service (knows as the FSB, successor to the former Soviet KGB) issued permits to two major Russian cellular telephone service providers allowing them to work with encrypted electronic communications. On March 4, 2008, the Russian Federation Information and Telecommunications Ministry published a regulation that obligates all telecommunications companies and Internet providers to guarantee to the Russian Federal Security Service (known as the FSB) unrestricted and On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of On February 1, 2008, a new annual cycle for the issuance of migrant quotas started in Russia. According to a government regulation, two million guest workers from abroad will be admitted in 2008, including about 60,000 On January 10, 2007, the Government of the Russian Federation adopted the Resolution on Joining the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on the Fight Against Tobacco and issued a resolution recommending that the State On January 9, 2008, the Government of the Russian Federation introduced to the legislature a bill on legacy centers for presidents whose term of office has expired. The bill was almost unanimously approved by the State On December 10, 2007, newly adopted amendments to the Russian Consumer Protection Law entered into force. The Law includes provisions aimed at introducing the right of a consumer to return an item of inferior quality to On December 18, 2007, the State Duma (legislature) of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to the Federal Anti-Money Laundering Law that provide for the creation of a national passport control system. To be established before the On October 29, 2007, the Russian Federation Health Care and Social Development Ministry issued an executive regulation that establishes a new procedure for providing abortion services. According to the new rules, while abortion remains covered by On October 11, 2007, the Federation Council (legislature) of Russia passed a law that introduced a two-tier higher education system. As of 2009, the existing five-year university education system will be replaced by a "four plus On October 4, 2007, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a ruling under which Russia is obligated to pay 200,000 (about US$285,000) to three Chechen women who suffered from the unwarranted and indiscriminate use... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 Nov 2007 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540170_text