Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: United-Nations http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Global Strategy to End Detention of Refugees Includes Suggested Legal Reforms http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404069_text Asylum; Child welfare; Immigration; Refugees - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404069_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Agreement Signed with Olympic Committee http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403957_text International organizations; Nongovernmental organizations; Sports and recreation facilities - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403957_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Treaty Will Allow Children to File Rights Complaints http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403935_text Children's rights; Treaties and International Agreements/Human Rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 22 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403935_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Resolution Declares Crimea Referendum Invalid http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403921_text International affairs; International organizations; Sovereignty - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403921_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Working Group Says Private Military Companies Should Be Regulated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403756_text Armed forces and national security; Human rights; International affairs; International organizations; Militias and paramilitary groups - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 13 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403756_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Commission Issues Declaration on Gender Equality and Reproductive Health http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403709_text Workers safety and health; Families - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403709_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: U.N. Official Urges Stay of Executions in Gaza http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403674_text Capital punishment - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403674_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Security Council Resolution Against Sexual Violence http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403629_text Crime and law enforcement; International affairs; War; Families - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403629_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda; United Nations: Mobile Courts Program Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403559_text Judiciary - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403559_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Campaign to Inform Tourists About Illegal Trafficking http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403552_text Foreign trade and international finance - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 15 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403552_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Agreement on Binding Convention to Reduce Mercury Use http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403467_text Environmental protection - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403467_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Resolution on Ending Genital Mutilation Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403439_text Families - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 31 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403439_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Committee Passes Resolution on the Death Penalty http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403420_text Capital punishment - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 03 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403420_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey; United Nations: Criticism of Anti-Terrorism Laws http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403397_text Terrorism - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403397_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations; United States: California Water Rights Law Lauded http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403353_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 03 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403353_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New International Guidelines on Detention of Asylum-Seekers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403345_text Asylum - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403345_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Domestic Workers Treaty to Become Effective Next Year http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403314_text Labor - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 06 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403314_text Global Legal Monitor: Bangladesh; United Nations: Bangladesh Urged to Accept Refugees from Burma http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403189_text Asylum - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 15 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403189_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Rights Commissioner Urges Repeal of Homophobic Laws http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403159_text Discrimination - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 18 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403159_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations; United States: First U.N. Investigation of Native American Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403111_text Native peoples - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403111_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: UNODC and IOM Sign MOU to Enhance Cooperation in Combating Human Trafficking, Migrant Smuggling http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403104_text Human trafficking - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403104_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Agreement on Electronic Waste http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403042_text Environmental protection - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403042_text Global Legal Monitor: Cyprus; United Nations: Extension of Peacekeeping Force Until July 2012 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402921_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402921_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Agreement to Combat Trafficking in Persons http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402906_text Human trafficking - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402906_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway; United Nations: Expert Criticizes Plan to Repeal Laws on Indigenous Peoples http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402870_text Native peoples - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402870_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Report on Use of Lethal Force in Making Arrests http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402866_text Police power - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402866_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Special Rapporteur Calls for Holistic Approach to Prevent Violence Against Women http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402862_text Families - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Oct 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402862_text Global Legal Monitor: Bulgaria; United Nations: Human Rights Office Calls for Protection of Roma from Discrimination http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402835_text Discrimination - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 06 Oct 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402835_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Medical Waste Regime Recommended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402808_text Workers safety and health - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 19 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402808_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Begins Session http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402796_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402796_text Global Legal Monitor: Thailand; United Nations: Special Rapporteur Says More Must Be Done on Human Trafficking http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402785_text Human trafficking - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Aug 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402785_text Global Legal Monitor: China; United Nations: Practice of Enforced Disappearances Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402706_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402706_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Warning Against Internet Restrictions Issued http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402702_text Communications - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402702_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Initiative on Rights of Indigenous Peoples http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402685_text Native peoples - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 26 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402685_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma; United Nations: UN Officials Critical of Human Rights Record http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402684_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 25 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402684_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Eight Countries Sign Nagoya Protocol http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402677_text Biodiversity - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 17 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402677_text Global Legal Monitor: Sri Lanka; United Nations: Panel Finds Reports of War Crimes Credible http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402653_text War crimes - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402653_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Security Council Resolution Considers Specialized Courts to Combat Piracy in Somalia http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402628_text Piracy - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 18 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402628_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Three Key Actions on Biodiversity, Biosafety Issues Taken at Nagoya http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402449_text Biodiversity - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 29 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402449_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Torture Committee Chair Calls for Increased Efforts http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402332_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402332_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Mechanism to Focus on Elimination of Discrimination Against Women http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402300_text Discrimination - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402300_text Global Legal Monitor: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; United Nations: Rapes to Be Investigated by U.N. Official http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402284_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 30 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402284_text Global Legal Monitor: Nepal; United Nations: Report Recommends Investigation of Extrajudicial Killings http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402269_text Police power - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 24 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402269_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Two More Countries Put in Force IAEA Additional Protocols to Nuclear Safeguard Agreements http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402263_text Energy - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 22 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402263_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Annual Treaty Signing Campaign Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402256_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 21 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402256_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Officials Urge De-Criminalizing Homosexuality http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402257_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 21 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402257_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy; United Nations: Plan to Introduce Resolution on Religious Minorities http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402235_text Church and state relations - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402235_text Global Legal Monitor: Equatorial Guinea; United Nations: Concern Raised over Executions http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402205_text Capital punishment - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402205_text Global Legal Monitor: Afghanistan; United Nations: Aid to Combat Corruption http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402188_text Government ethics and transparency - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 25 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402188_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Reparations Paid for 1990 Invasion of Kuwait http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402136_text War - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 03 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402136_text Global Legal Monitor: Panama; United Nations: Program to Prevent Shipping of Illicit Goods via Sea Ports http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402133_text Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402133_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy; United Nations: Wiretapping Bill Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402109_text Communications - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 14 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402109_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Report on Human Trafficking in Europe http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402094_text Human trafficking - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 07 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402094_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Talks on International Mercury Treaty Begin http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402085_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 01 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402085_text Global Legal Monitor: Seychelles; United Nations: Piracy Prosecution Center to Be Established http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401964_text Crime and law enforcement - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 07 May 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401964_text Global Legal Monitor: Iraq; United Nations: Free Legal Aid for Detainees http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401955_text Lawyers and legal services - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 03 May 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401955_text Global Legal Monitor: Cambodia; United Nations: Funds Sought for Genocide Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401942_text Judiciary - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 22 Apr 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401942_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Appeals Tribunal Hears First Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401909_text Judiciary - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Apr 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401909_text Global Legal Monitor: South Korea; United Nations: Korea's First Granting of Citizenship Status to Refugee Praised by U.N. Body http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401885_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 29 Mar 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401885_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations; World Trade Organization: Agreement on Technical Assistance in Africa http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401873_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 16 Mar 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401873_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Mandate of Tribunals on Rwanda and Balkans War Crimes Extended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401777_text War crimes - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 15 Jan 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401777_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Fishing Treaty Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401700_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 01 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401700_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Child Rights Still a World-Wide Challenge http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401692_text Children - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401692_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Report on Environment in Times of Conflict Released http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401665_text Environmental protection - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 10 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401665_text Global Legal Monitor: Council of Europe; United Nations: Organ Trafficking Treaty Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401623_text Organ and tissue donation and transplantation - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 15 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401623_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Treaty Signing Initiative Successful http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401597_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 05 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401597_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Treaty on Maritime Goods Transportation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401582_text Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401582_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Creation of New Super Agency on Women's Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401577_text Families - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women"... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401577_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Secretary-General Urges Signing of Treaties of Global Significance http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401576_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401576_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Pirate Fishing Agreement Drafted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401553_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401553_text Global Legal Monitor: Cambodia; United Nations: Corruption Monitor to Join Genocide Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401510_text Government ethics and transparency - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 21 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401510_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations; Venezuela: Alarm over Purported Draft Media Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401503_text Freedom of information - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 18 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401503_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Panel Pays Reparations for Kuwait Invasion http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401462_text Property - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 31 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401462_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Protocol to Make Reporting of Pollutants in Europe Legally Binding http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401450_text Environmental protection - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 22 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401450_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: War Crimes Judges' Terms Extended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401429_text War crimes - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 10 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401429_text Global Legal Monitor: Cambodia; United Nations: Threats to Lawyers Raise Concerns http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401411_text Lawyers and legal services - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 07 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401411_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations; World Trade Organization: Report on Connection Between Climate Change and Trade Issued http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401402_text Environmental protection - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401402_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Tribunals to Handle Staff Complaints http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401382_text Judiciary - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 26 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401382_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Treaty on Shipbreaking http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401302_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 26 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401302_text Global Legal Monitor: Cambodia; United Nations: Ethics Monitor Proposed for ECCC http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401213_text Government ethics and transparency - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 14 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401213_text Global Legal Monitor: Myanmar; United Nations: U.N. Opinion Finds Activist's Detention Violates Myanmar Domestic Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401202_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401202_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Guidelines Target Internet Drug Deals http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401154_text Communications - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401154_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Criticism of Israel and Religions Dropped from Racism Conference Agenda http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401152_text Discrimination - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401152_text Global Legal Monitor: Nepal; United Nations: Human Rights Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401053_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401053_text Global Legal Monitor: Romania; Ukraine; United Nations: Decision on Black Sea Boundaries http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401005_text Boundaries - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401005_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Groundwork Laid for Fishing Treaty http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401006_text International affairs - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401006_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Anti-Piracy Agreement Signed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540986_text Piracy - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast of Somalia. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 05 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540986_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Security Council Resolution Empowers States Combating Piracy to Conduct Land Operations in Somalia http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540914_text Piracy - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast of Somalia. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, On December 16, 2008, the United Nations Security Council adopted its fourth resolution since June on combating piracy off Somalia's coast. Unlike the others, however, the latest resolution "empowers states combating piracy to conduct operations on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Jan 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540914_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Trademark Treaty http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540894_text Intellectual property - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast of Somalia. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, On December 16, 2008, the United Nations Security Council adopted its fourth resolution since June on combating piracy off Somalia's coast. Unlike the others, however, the latest resolution "empowers states combating piracy to conduct operations on The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks, a United Nations-sponsored agreement, will become effective on March 16, 2009. It was adopted by the members of the U.N. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in March 2006... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 30 Dec 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540894_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Climate Change Conference Concluded http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540874_text Environmental protection - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast of Somalia. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, On December 16, 2008, the United Nations Security Council adopted its fourth resolution since June on combating piracy off Somalia's coast. Unlike the others, however, the latest resolution "empowers states combating piracy to conduct operations on The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks, a United Nations-sponsored agreement, will become effective on March 16, 2009. It was adopted by the members of the U.N. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in March 2006 The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Dec 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540874_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Arms Embargo Against Somalia Strengthened http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540808_text Sanctions - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast of Somalia. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, On December 16, 2008, the United Nations Security Council adopted its fourth resolution since June on combating piracy off Somalia's coast. Unlike the others, however, the latest resolution "empowers states combating piracy to conduct operations on The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks, a United Nations-sponsored agreement, will become effective on March 16, 2009. It was adopted by the members of the U.N. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in March 2006 The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 20, 2008, the United Nations Security Council, through the unanimous adoption of Resolution 1844 (2008), strengthened the arms embargo on Somalia established under Resolution 733 of 1992 and amended by subsequent resolutions. Resolution 1844... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 03 Dec 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540808_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Treaty Against Doping in Sports http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540780_text Sports and recreation - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast of Somalia. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, On December 16, 2008, the United Nations Security Council adopted its fourth resolution since June on combating piracy off Somalia's coast. Unlike the others, however, the latest resolution "empowers states combating piracy to conduct operations on The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks, a United Nations-sponsored agreement, will become effective on March 16, 2009. It was adopted by the members of the U.N. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in March 2006 The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 20, 2008, the United Nations Security Council, through the unanimous adoption of Resolution 1844 (2008), strengthened the arms embargo on Somalia established under Resolution 733 of 1992 and amended by subsequent resolutions. Resolution 1844 One hundred countries have now signed a global treaty against doping in competitive sports. Paraguay signed the agreement on November 12, 2008, making it possible to reach that goal. The International Convention Against Doping in Sport,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 18 Nov 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540780_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Agreement on Migratory Birds of Prey http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540753_text Environmental protection - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will On August 19, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, said that Thailand must work more effectively against human trafficking. In addition, the country should do more to protect On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On May 20, 2011, the United Nations began the U.N. Indigenous Peoples' Partnership (UNIPP), an effort to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The project was launched in conjunction with the 10th session of the U.N. Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. On April 25, 2011, the United Nations released the report that a panel of experts had completed about a month earlier, concerning accountability in the final stages of the 1983-2009 civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The On April 11, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), cognizant of the continuing incidents of armed robbery and other violence against ships off the coast of Somalia and of other states in that region, adopted The 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture, Japan, concluded on October 30, 2010, with agreement on a strategic plan for the CBD Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), announced on September 20, 2010, the opening day of the IAEA's annual General Conference, that more than 100 countries now allow the United Nations body The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws On September 13, 2010, Italy's Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that the country plans to present a resolution at the next United Nations General Assembly. The resolution will cover the protection of religious minority groups. In August 2010, four men, including three former military officers, were executed in Equatorial Guinea, after having been charged with treason and terrorism. They were accused of assisting with an armed attack on the presidential palace The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to On July 29, 2010, new reparations totaling US$650 million were paid by the United Nations for losses incurred from the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1990. The payments came from the U.N. Compensation Commission (UNCC) On June 22, 2010, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Panama announced that they have started a program aimed at preventing counterfeit and illicit and goods from accessing Central American markets via On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a document on June 29, 2010, on the problem of human trafficking in Europe, entitled Trafficking of Persons to Europe for Sexual Exploitation. The report is On June 11, 2010, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) on mercury of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) completed its first round of talks on creating an international treaty to restrict the sale and use of With the support of the United Nations, Seychelles will establish a center to prosecute pirates apprehended by the European Union Naval Force Somalia Operation (EU NAVFOR). Located to the south of the Horn of Africa in On April 28, 2010, a meeting was held in Amman, Jordan, to review the United Nations program to provide legal assistance to detainees in Iraq. Aid for their legal defense has been available through 20 centers, On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the On March 23, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) publicly praised the Republic of Korea (ROK) for granting citizenship to a recognized refugee, the first time the ROK had done so since adopting On March 9, 2010, a memorandum of understanding was concluded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the UNECA offices in Addis Ababa. The agreement, which was On December 16, 2009, the United Nations Security Council extended until the end of 2012 the mandates of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, in the Hague) and for Rwanda (ICTR, in Arusha, On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted 20 years ago and has been ratified by 193 countries, the highest number of any human rights treaty. According to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, however, even On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On October 13, 2009, a study on human organ trafficking, issued jointly by the United Nations and the Council of Europe, was released. (TRAFFICKING IN ORGANS, TISSUES AND CELLS AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR THE PURPOSE The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action A United Nations treaty on the transportation of goods by sea, adopted by the General Assembly in December 2009, was signed on September 23, 2009, in Rotterdam. (G.A. Res., U.N. Doc. A/RES/63/122 (Feb. 2, 2009), with After three years of negotiations, in what is hailed by supporters as "a breakthrough for women's equality and rights," the United Nations General Assembly (GA) unanimously voted to form "a new, more powerful agency for women" United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging nations to sign, ratify, or accede to international treaties with universal implications. The topics of the 39 highlighted accords include climate change, terrorism, nuclear weapons, human rights, the protection The "Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing," sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is On August 12, 2009, the United Nations and Cambodia announced an agreement setting up an ethics watchdog in the special tribunal on the genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of On August 10, 2009, Frank La Rue, who has served since August 2008 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, expressed concern about On July 29, 2009, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) paid a total of $430 million to settle the damage claims arising from the 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Together with earlier payments, this action On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force On July 7, 2009, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted two resolutions to extend the terms of service of judges on two different war crimes tribunals, in order to complete pending cases. The decision affects On July 1, 2009, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Leandro Despouy, expressed concern about a restrictive atmosphere affecting how lawyers represent clients in Cambodia. Some attorneys have themselves faced criminal The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Peter Taksoe-Jensen, on April 8, 2009, proposed an ethics monitoring mechanism for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), a U.N.-backed tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal was The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Myanmar (Burma) was in violation of not only international but also domestic On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to "defamation of religion." According to U.N. officials, On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast of Somalia. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, On December 16, 2008, the United Nations Security Council adopted its fourth resolution since June on combating piracy off Somalia's coast. Unlike the others, however, the latest resolution "empowers states combating piracy to conduct operations on The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks, a United Nations-sponsored agreement, will become effective on March 16, 2009. It was adopted by the members of the U.N. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in March 2006 The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 20, 2008, the United Nations Security Council, through the unanimous adoption of Resolution 1844 (2008), strengthened the arms embargo on Somalia established under Resolution 733 of 1992 and amended by subsequent resolutions. Resolution 1844 One hundred countries have now signed a global treaty against doping in competitive sports. Paraguay signed the agreement on November 12, 2008, making it possible to reach that goal. The International Convention Against Doping in Sport, Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 29 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540753_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia; United Nations: Tribunal Officials Urge More Support for Genocide Trials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540594_text Human rights - On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at On April 28, 2014, the United Nations and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the role of sports in development and peace. The pact was signed at U.N. headquarters by Secretary-General On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in cooperation with the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), hosted the Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Bangkok from September 16-20, 2013. On August 14, 2013, Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, spoke out against executions scheduled in the Gaza Strip. The area has been controlled by the organization Hamas since 2007. According to On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 5, 2013, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) jointly announced a campaign against the trade in illegal goods and services that funds organized On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling on the nations of the world to eliminate female genital mutilation, a term used to refer to several different practices involving cutting of On November 19, 2012, the United Nations Third Committee the Social, Humanitarian Cultural Affairs Committee voted in favor of a resolution for a moratorium on capital punishment. By a vote of 110 for, 39 On November 1, 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) a body of 18 independent experts responsible for monitoring implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (in force on On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On September 21, 2012, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued new international guidelines on the detention of persons seeking asylum, a practice the UNHCR opposes in principle. Issuance of the The Convention on Domestic Workers, a United Nations treaty providing international standards aimed at improving the lives of domestic workers around the world, will come into effect next year. The ratification of the document by two The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has urged the Bangladeshi government to accept Burmese refugees fleeing sectarian conflict in the Burmese state of Rakhine. (Dhaka Won't Accept Myanmar Refugees, THE DAILY STAR (June Navanethem Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, honored International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2012, by issuing a statement calling for the end of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. From April 23 to May 4, 2012, James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as Regents Professor and the James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on April 17, 2012, to work more closely together to combat crimes of human trafficking A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On December 14, 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 2026, which extends the mandate of the U.N. Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until July 2012. (Press Release SC/10486, United Nations Security Council, On October 31, 2011, the heads of two United Nations agencies the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to On October 28, 2011, James Anaya, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, advocated the rejection of a proposal made by one political party in Norway that laws and policies that now Christof Heyns, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, and arbitrary executions, stated on October 20, 2011, in presenting a report to the U.N. General Assembly, that states' law enforcement officers must observe international standards On October 10, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women appeared before the U.N. General Assembly to present her report on violence against women world-wide. Rashida Manjoo urged the U.N. Member States to Beginning on September 23, 2011, Bulgaria has experienced demonstrations against the Roma people, an ethnic minority, which were set off when a Bulgarian was killed in a traffic accident blamed on a van driven by a As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rappor