Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Communications http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Vietnam: Controversial Internet Decree in Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403690_text Communications; Freedom of speech; Freedom of the press - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403690_text Global Legal Monitor: New Zealand: Patents Bill Passed, Includes Ban on Software Patents http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403684_text Communications; Intellectual property - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403684_text Global Legal Monitor: China: NPC Decision on Network Information Protection http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403445_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403445_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Draft Directive on Accessibility of Government Websites to All http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403432_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 18 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403432_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Agreement to Combat Theft and Cross-Border Trafficking of Mobile Devices http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403424_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 07 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403424_text Global Legal Monitor: United Arab Emirates: New Law Imposes Sanctions on Online Demands for Regime Change http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403403_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 19 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403403_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Monitoring for Prohibited Web Content http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403391_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403391_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Court Decides Google Search Keywords Are in Public Domain http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403361_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403361_text Global Legal Monitor: Jordan: Parliament Approves Law on Online Publications http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403330_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 18 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403330_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Legislation to Limit Children's Smartphone Spending Being Considered http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403328_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 14 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403328_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Media Law Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403324_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403324_text Global Legal Monitor: Czech Republic: Newly Amended Data Retention Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403313_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 07 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403313_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Criminalization of Certain Activities Involving Computer Software http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403293_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 21 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403293_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: Draft Law to Punish Individuals Who Use Social Media to Attack Islam http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403260_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403260_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: European Commission Addresses Cloud Computing http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403262_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403262_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Search Engines Not Responsible for Internet Content http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403234_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403234_text Global Legal Monitor: U.N. Human Rights Council: First Resolution on Internet Free Speech http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403231_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403231_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Draft Measures on Internet Information Services Management http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403202_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 19 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403202_text Global Legal Monitor: Switzerland: Court Decision in Privacy Violation Case Partially Favorable to Google http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403188_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 15 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403188_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Draft Laws on Digital Communication with the Public Sector http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403165_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 23 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403165_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Full Digitalization of Public Administration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403163_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 22 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403163_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Court Orders Blocking of The Pirate Bay http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403157_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 17 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403157_text Global Legal Monitor: United Kingdom: Use of Pirate Bay File-Sharing Website Illegal, ISPs Required to Block Access http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403154_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403154_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Amended Telecommunications Act Prescribes Net Neutrality, Stricter Cookie Provisions http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403143_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 15 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403143_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Amended Law on Electronic Communications http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403148_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 15 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403148_text Global Legal Monitor: Belarus: Official Online Publication of Legal Acts http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403064_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403064_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Measures to Standardize Internet Services and Protect Users Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403038_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 19 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403038_text Global Legal Monitor: Belarus: Browsing Foreign Websites a Misdemeanor http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402929_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402929_text Global Legal Monitor: Bolivia: New Telecommunications Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402787_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 26 Aug 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402787_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Mandated Period of Provider Retention of Internet Data Shortened http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402757_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 25 Jul 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402757_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Warning Against Internet Restrictions Issued http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402702_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402702_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Certain Words Banned from Domain Names http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402661_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 10 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402661_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Net Neutrality http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402650_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 28 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402650_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Data Protection Authority Warns Google of Possible Fines for Street Mapping http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402644_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402644_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Smart Tags Raise Privacy Concerns http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402620_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 11 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402620_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Use of Cell Phones Prohibited Inside Banks in the State of Rio http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402615_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 08 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402615_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: ISP Notification and Screening of Harmful Websites and Content http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402611_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402611_text Global Legal Monitor: Czech Republic: Constitutional Court Overturns Parts of Data Retention Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402601_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 01 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402601_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Google Fined by National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402589_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402589_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Video-Sharing Sites to Be Viewed by the Law as Television Broadcasters http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402469_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 13 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402469_text Global Legal Monitor: Venezuela: New Law Bans Some Internet Content http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402444_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 30 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402444_text Global Legal Monitor: Council of Europe: Rules to Protect Automatically Processed Personal Data in the Context of Profiling http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402435_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402435_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: European Parliament Adopts Report on Effect of Online Advertising on Consumers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402380_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402380_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Proposal to Ban Arabic-Language News Channels http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402357_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 05 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402357_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: New Social Media Guidelines Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402233_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402233_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway; Spain: MOU Signed on Shared Satellite http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402230_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 10 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402230_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Parliament Passes Computer Misuse Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402160_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402160_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Data Inspection Board Statement on Social Media Sites http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402129_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 29 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402129_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Parliament Insists on Judicial Oversight in Final Version of Wiretapping Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402116_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402116_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy; United Nations: Wiretapping Bill Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402109_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 14 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402109_text Global Legal Monitor: Finland: Legal Right to Broadband for All Citizens http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402089_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402089_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Electronic Signature http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402090_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402090_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Justice: Price Caps Established by EU Roaming Regulation Declared Valid http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402076_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 29 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402076_text Global Legal Monitor: Bangladesh: Access to Facebook Temporarily Blocked http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402065_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 23 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402065_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union; United States: Launch of Negotiations on Data Protection Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402015_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 01 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402015_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Amendment to Privacy Law Adopted by Legislature http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401962_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 06 May 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401962_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Proposal for an Internet Law Soon to Be Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401910_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Apr 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401910_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Supreme Court Enjoins Streaming Broadcast of Federal Trial http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401860_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Mar 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401860_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Cyber Crime Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401769_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 13 Jan 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401769_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Wiretapping of Jurists Ruled Out http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401751_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 31 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401751_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Plans for Mandatory Internet Filtering Announced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401748_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401748_text Global Legal Monitor: UNESCO: Partnership with ICANN on Linguistic Diversity http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401746_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 29 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401746_text Global Legal Monitor: Argentina: New Media Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401687_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401687_text Global Legal Monitor: Finland: Broadband Access to Be a Legal Right http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401633_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401633_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Internet Piracy Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401590_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401590_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Green Dam Internet Filtering Software Update http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401581_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401581_text Global Legal Monitor: Kazakhstan: Internet Recognized as Mass Media http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401523_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401523_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Clampdown on Sale of Black Market Mobile Phones http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401461_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 30 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401461_text Global Legal Monitor: China: 'Green' Software Postscript: Deadline for Pre-Loading Extended, Foreign Maker Ships Pre-Loaded PCs with Disclaimer http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401435_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401435_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: E-Book Industry to Be Promoted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401431_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401431_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Law on Favoring Diffusion and Protection of Internet Creations http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401407_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 06 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401407_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Web Filter Required to Censor "Undesirable" Internet Sites http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401350_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 12 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401350_text Global Legal Monitor: Namibia: Bill on Intercepting Electronic Communications Without Court Oversight http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401349_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 12 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401349_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Constitutional Council Validates Audiovisual Reform http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401296_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 22 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401296_text Global Legal Monitor: Greece: Data Protection and Google Street View http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401287_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 15 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401287_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Anti-Piracy Law Cuts Internet Traffic http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401211_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401211_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Law on Database of Mobile (Cell) Phone Users http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401204_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 09 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401204_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Guidelines Target Internet Drug Deals http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401154_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401154_text Global Legal Monitor: Bulgaria: Hacker Sentenced for Computer Fraud http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401128_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401128_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Privacy Lawsuit Against Google Street View Rejected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401093_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401093_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Bill on Interception of Communication http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401090_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401090_text Global Legal Monitor: Pakistan: Electronic Crimes Prevention http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401086_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401086_text Global Legal Monitor: Rwanda: New Law on Media http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401060_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 04 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401060_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Signing of Agreement on Social Networking http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401014_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to According to the European Commission's Directorate for Information Society and Media, social networking sites are a new social and economic phenomenon, attracting 41.7 million users across Europe who interact regularly with each other. Recent surveys indicate... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 18 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401014_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: National and European Alert Programs to Report Internet Offenses http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540754_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to According to the European Commission's Directorate for Information Society and Media, social networking sites are a new social and economic phenomenon, attracting 41.7 million users across Europe who interact regularly with each other. Recent surveys indicate On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 29 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540754_text Global Legal Monitor: India: Supreme Court Upholds State Wiretap Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540661_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to According to the European Commission's Directorate for Information Society and Media, social networking sites are a new social and economic phenomenon, attracting 41.7 million users across Europe who interact regularly with each other. Recent surveys indicate On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For On September 1, 2008, the Supreme Court of India in effect affirmed the constitutional validity of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crimes Act (MCOCA), a state law that empowered the state government to intercept telephones and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 11 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540661_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Draft Children's Television Standards 2008 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540644_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to According to the European Commission's Directorate for Information Society and Media, social networking sites are a new social and economic phenomenon, attracting 41.7 million users across Europe who interact regularly with each other. Recent surveys indicate On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For On September 1, 2008, the Supreme Court of India in effect affirmed the constitutional validity of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crimes Act (MCOCA), a state law that empowered the state government to intercept telephones and The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540644_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Wiretapping Bill Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540481_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to According to the European Commission's Directorate for Information Society and Media, social networking sites are a new social and economic phenomenon, attracting 41.7 million users across Europe who interact regularly with each other. Recent surveys indicate On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For On September 1, 2008, the Supreme Court of India in effect affirmed the constitutional validity of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crimes Act (MCOCA), a state law that empowered the state government to intercept telephones and The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast On June 18, 2008, Sweden's Parliament passed a law authorizing warrantless wiretapping (draft text in Swedish, Mar. 8, 2007, available at http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/8670/a/78367). The National Defense Radio Establishment has broad authority under the new legislation to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540481_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Prohibition on Unsolicited Junk Mail http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540480_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to According to the European Commission's Directorate for Information Society and Media, social networking sites are a new social and economic phenomenon, attracting 41.7 million users across Europe who interact regularly with each other. Recent surveys indicate On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For On September 1, 2008, the Supreme Court of India in effect affirmed the constitutional validity of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crimes Act (MCOCA), a state law that empowered the state government to intercept telephones and The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast On June 18, 2008, Sweden's Parliament passed a law authorizing warrantless wiretapping (draft text in Swedish, Mar. 8, 2007, available at http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/8670/a/78367). The National Defense Radio Establishment has broad authority under the new legislation to On May 27, 2008, the Knesset (parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunication Law, 5742-1982. The amendment has a direct impact on communications between companies and other organizations and their clients. The amendment prohibits advertisers from... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540480_text Global Legal Monitor: Iraq: Kurdistan Criminalizes Misuse of Communication Devices http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540552_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to According to the European Commission's Directorate for Information Society and Media, social networking sites are a new social and economic phenomenon, attracting 41.7 million users across Europe who interact regularly with each other. Recent surveys indicate On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For On September 1, 2008, the Supreme Court of India in effect affirmed the constitutional validity of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crimes Act (MCOCA), a state law that empowered the state government to intercept telephones and The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast On June 18, 2008, Sweden's Parliament passed a law authorizing warrantless wiretapping (draft text in Swedish, Mar. 8, 2007, available at http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/8670/a/78367). The National Defense Radio Establishment has broad authority under the new legislation to On May 27, 2008, the Knesset (parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunication Law, 5742-1982. The amendment has a direct impact on communications between companies and other organizations and their clients. The amendment prohibits advertisers from On May 19, 2008, the National Council (parliament) of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq unanimously adopted a law to punish those who use cellular telephones to annoy or cause harm to other persons. The law provides... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jun 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540552_text Global Legal Monitor: Cuba: Government Authorizes Use of Cell Phones by Cuban Citizens http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540551_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in the Journal Officiel, France's official gazette, on June 13, 2009, On May 19, 2009, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the Circular on Computer Pre-Loaded Green Internet Filter Software, which requires that from July 1 of this year, all personal computers manufactured and It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the Information and Communications Technology Minister of Namibia, Joel Kaapanda, sent a communications bill to the floor of the parliament which, if passed, will make it possible for Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, relating to audiovisual services and the new television public services, Street View, a service offered by Google to its users in the United States and in some countries in the European Union two years ago, was greeted with skepticism in Greece in view of its possible Sweden's new anti-piracy law came into force on April 1, 2009, and traffic on the Internet in the country decreased by almost 50 percent. Under the new legislation, those who hold copyrights may obtain a court On April 10, 2009, an amendment to the Federal Act on Telecommunications that mandates telephone companies to create a National Registry of Mobile Phone Users, with the purpose of combating extortion, threats, kidnappings, or any grave On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it Isa "Hacker" Mekhmed was sentenced in Bulgaria on February 23, 2009, after being convicted of computer fraud. His sentence, handed down by a court panel of the Varna District Court, is four and a half years The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania has dismissed a complaint alleging that Google's Street View application invaded homeowners' privacy. In 2007, Google introduced its Street View application to its maps' features. On March 2, 2009, in an address to the Information and Communications Technology Committee, Ugandan Security Minister, Amama Mbabazi, defended the Regulation of Interception of Communications Bill of 2007, which he had proposed as a tool Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, On February 23, 2009, the Lower Chamber of the Rwandan Parliament approved a new media law. This law mandates that all print media outlets put on every copy of their publications the number of copies to According to the European Commission's Directorate for Information Society and Media, social networking sites are a new social and economic phenomenon, attracting 41.7 million users across Europe who interact regularly with each other. Recent surveys indicate On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For On September 1, 2008, the Supreme Court of India in effect affirmed the constitutional validity of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crimes Act (MCOCA), a state law that empowered the state government to intercept telephones and The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the current Children's Television Standards 2005 and has released a draft set of standards. Australia has mandatory quotas for the number or hours and broadcast On June 18, 2008, Sweden's Parliament passed a law authorizing warrantless wiretapping (draft text in Swedish, Mar. 8, 2007, available at http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/8670/a/78367). The National Defense Radio Establishment has broad authority under the new legislation to On May 27, 2008, the Knesset (parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunication Law, 5742-1982. The amendment has a direct impact on communications between companies and other organizations and their clients. The amendment prohibits advertisers from On May 19, 2008, the National Council (parliament) of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq unanimously adopted a law to punish those who use cellular telephones to annoy or cause harm to other persons. The law provides On April 9, 2008, the Cuban government published a resolution that authorizes the acquisition and use of cell phones by Cuban citizens. Previously, it has been reported that cellular phones were offered only to foreigners and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jun 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540551_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Introduction of New Cyber Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540407_text Communications - The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the On August 28, 2013, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Patents Bill with a vote of 117 in favor to four against. (Randal Jackson, Patents Bill Passes into Law, On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC, China's top legislative body) passed the Decision on Strengthening Network Information Protection. The Decision expressly requires all network service providers in China that On December 2, 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the accessibility to all individuals of government websites. (Press Release, European Commission, IP 12/1305, Digital Agenda: Commission Proposes Rules to Make On November 13, 2012, telecommunications authorities from the United States and Mexico announced the signature of a bilateral agreement to combat the theft and cross-border trafficking On November 13, 2012, the United Arab Emirates amended Federal Law 2-2006 on electronic crimes. The amended legislation includes provisions that punish anyone convicted of using digital means to call for a regime change, to tarnish On November 1, 2012, amendments to the Russian Law on Protection of Children from Information Damaging Their Health and Development entered into force. These amendments were passed by the Russian legislature in July 2012. (Federal On September 11, 2012, the Tel Aviv District Court rejected a suit by a plastic surgeon who advertised his services on Google Adwords, an advertising service operating in coordination with Google. He argued that the placement On September 11, 2012, the Jordanian National Assembly approved legislation to regulate Internet publications. The new law is designed to standardize the process of launching news websites on the Internet. The law requires Internet companies to On September 12, 2012, Birgitta Ohlsson, the Swedish minister responsible for consumer affairs, announced that the government might introduce legislation "to prevent children from emptying their parents' bank accounts in just a few clicks when playing Uganda's Parliament recently passed a new media law, the Uganda Communications Act 2012, and created a "contents committee" to review complaints submitted about the contents of various media, including broadcasting, cinema, telecommunications, postal services, and video It was reported on August 1, 2012, that both chambers of the Czech Parliament had approved an act to amend the 2005 Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Republic Data Retention - Almost Back in Business, EDRI-GRAM On July 10, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Computers Law, 5755-1995. The Amendment updates the original Computers Law to address criminal activities involving the use of computers and computer software that On July 15, 2012, the Shura Council, also known as the Consultative Assembly, a body that advises the King of Saudi Arabia on legislative matters, announced that it is drafting a law to combat individuals who On July 20, 2012, the European Commission announced that it will soon publish a communication addressing the issue of cloud computing in a comprehensive manner. The communication deals with three major and interrelated issues in that On June 27, 2012, the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (Superior Tribunal de Justiandccedil;a STJ) decided that search engines are not responsible for content available on the Internet and therefore cannot be forced to remove On July 5, 2012, the Human Rights Council (HRC) of the United Nations, unanimously adopted a resolution to protect the free speech of individuals on the Internet, the first such U.N. resolution of its kind. The On June 7, 2012, the State Council issued for public comment the revised draft Measures on the Management of Internet Information Services (Hulianwang xinxi fuwu guanli banfa (xiuding cao'an zhengqiu yijian gao), State Council Information On June 8, 2012, Switzerland's Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht) announced that it had partially upheld Google's appeal in a case involving the company's alleged violations of privacy through its Street View service. (Sung Un Kim, It was reported on May 1, 2012, that two legislative proposals currently before the Danish Parliament, L 160 and L 159, will make the use of digital communication with the public sector, for which specific computer The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, announced on April 12, 2012, that "[c]orrespondence between the public and the administration will be based on digital mail," and that full digitalization of the public sector will be In a ruling issued on May 10, 2012, a Dutch district court in The Hague ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the Netherlands to block The Pirate Bay, a multimillion subscriber file-sharing website based in Sweden, In February 2012, the High Court of England and Wales ruled that both the users and operators of The Pirate Bay, which is one of the biggest illegal file-sharing websites in the world and On May 8, 2012, the Senate (Eerste Kamer) of the States-General (Staten-Generaal, the Dutch Parliament), unanimously adopted amendments to the Telecommunications Act in order to conform to European Union Directive 2009/136/EC. (Peter van der Veen, On May 10, 2012, the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament) adopted controversial amendments to the country's Electronic Communications Act, which regulates the monitoring of Internet and telephone activity by the police. While there was agreement among political parties On February 24, 2012, President Aleksandr Lukashenko of Belarus issued two decrees amending the system of official publication of legal acts in the country. According to these decrees, as of July 1, 2012, online publication of The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Peoples' Republic of China (PRC) recently promulgated Several Provisions on Regulating the Order of the Internet Information Services Market ("Provisions") (Guifan Hulianwang Xinxi On December 21, 2011, the governmental portal dedicated to official publication of laws and other legal acts issued in the Republic of Belarus published Law No. 317-3 of November 25, 2011, on Amendments to the Code On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion y Comunicacion (texto), EJU! website (July 30, 2011)). The Law As of July 16, 2011, providers of public telecommunications networks or services in the Netherlands are mandated to retain Internet-related data for a period of six months, reduced from the former requisite period of 12 months. On May 16, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 7/36, submitted his report On April 28, 2011, Turkeyand#8217;s Telecommunications Directorate (Telekomand#252;nikasyon and#304;letiand#351;im Baand#351;kanland#305;and#287;and#305;, or Tand#304;B), under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority, sent a list of 138 Turkish and English words to web-hosting companies, banning their use in domain The question of net neutrality, that is, whether access to Internet services or content should be regulated or should be unfettered and provided pursuant to the principle of "best effort," has moved to the forefront of On April 19, 2011, the Dutch Data Protection Authority (College bescherming persoonsgegevens, CBP) issued several administrative orders for incremental penalty payments against Google Inc. and Google Netherlands BV, to be applied unless they take certain actions Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs), or smart tags, are small, affordable circuits that communicate with a portable device (the reader) and are attached to goods and other consumer products. Smart tags have certain practical applications including their In an effort to curb the crimes that occur when customers leave bank branches after withdrawing funds, on April 4, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil enacted Law No. On March 30, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Telecommunications Law, 5742-1982. The amendment authorizes the Minister of Communications to issue guidelines to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on their duty to inform The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, on March 31, 2011, overturned certain provisions of the Electronic Communications Act. (Czech Constitutional Court Rejects Data Retention Law, European Digital Rights (EDRI) website (Mar. 31, 2011).) The On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for violating French data privacy laws. (D;liberation 2011 de la The Italian Communications Authority (ITA) ruled on December 28, 2010, that in the eyes of the law video-sharing sites such as YouTube (a subsidiary of Google Inc.) should be considered television broadcasters. This means that "the On December 20, 2010, after less than a week of consideration and with the support of the ruling party, Venezuela's National Assembly adopted the Law on the Social Responsibility of Radio, Television, and Electronic Media (Ley The Recommendation notes that "information and communication technologies (ICTs) allow the collection and processing on a large scale of data, including personal data, in both the private and public sectors," and that "this collection and processing On November 8, 2010, the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report on the impact of advertising on the behavior of consumers. Philippe Juvin, the French Member of the European The leader of the Danish People's Party (DF), Pia Kjandaelig;rsgaard, has recently proposed banning access to two Arabic-language news channels, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. The DF, the third largest political party in the country, is On September 7, 2010, the Data Inspection Board (Datainspektionen, DIB) of Sweden published a new, four-page set of social media guidelines, entitled PERSONAL INFORMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA. (Marcus Hoy, Swedish Data Protection Authority Issues New Social Norway and Spain are planning to jointly acquire and run a communications satellite; the two nations signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the project on September 7, 2010. The purpose is to improve communications with Norwegian On August 4, 2010, the 332-member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Computer Misuse Bill (No. 23 of 2008), which, among other things, seeks to ensure the security of and prevent unlawful access to computers and information Sweden's Data Inspection Board (DIB), the country's key data protection agency, said in a statement issued on July 5, 2010, that it is the legal responsibility of businesses and government agencies to monitor all data that It was reported on July 15, 2010, that in the wake of a terrorist attack on July 11 in Kampala that claimed 74 civilian lives, the Ugandan Parliament passed into law the Regulation of Interception of On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are On July 1, 2010, all Finnish citizens will have a legal right to access a 1 Mbps (megabit per second) broadband connection, reportedly making Finland the first country to accord such a right. The government has On June 28, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed a law amending the 2001 Electronic Signature Law. The original law was designed to facilitate the issuance by the state of electronically signed documents. The new law On June 8, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the validity of the Roaming Regulation adopted by the EU in 2007. The Regulation established limits on the wholesale and It was reported on May 20, 2010, that the Government of Bangladesh temporarily blocked access to the social media website Facebook. The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said it blocked the site because of the posting of On May 26, 2010, the European Commission commenced negotiations with the United States on a new general framework agreement to regulate aspects of protection of personal data for European Union citizens. The agreement will be part On April 27, 2010, Taiwan's legislature passed amendments to the 1995 Computer-Processed Personal Data Protection Law (Tien-nao ch'u-li ke-jen tzu-liao pao-hu fa). Under the proposed amendment, the Law's name will change to simply the Personal Data The Ministry of Justice will soon launch a draft proposal for a law that would regulate the use of the Internet in Brazil. The proposal is designed to define responsibilities for website contents, as well On January 13, 2010, the Supreme Court of the United States enjoined a federal district court order that would have permitted the broadcast of a trial via streaming audio and video to several federal courthouses around It was reported on December 25, 2010, that a new bill on cyber crimes, the "Tipiti bill," has high priority on the Indonesian House of Representative's 2010 National Legislation Program. In the view of the country's It was reported on December 29, 2009, Turkey's Council of State has ruled against a law that would have permitted the Justice Ministry to wiretap judges and prosecutors. The decision of the Council was unanimous and On December 15, 2009, Australia's Minister of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Hon. Stephen Conroy, announced that the government intends to introduce legislation by mid-2010 requiring Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block overseas content given The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently agreed to cooperate so as to promote diversity of languages and scripts on the Internet. The On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/155000-159999/158649/norma.htm.) The law passed with a 44-24 Finland's Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced on October 14, 2009, that the country would become the first to make broadband Internet access a legal right for all its citizens. Under this policy, to take On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Li Yizhong, China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology, announced on August 13, 2009, that the wording in prior documentation concerning the installation of Green Dam Internet filtering software was "not clear enough," causing people to According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, On July 9, 2009, in a news item on the crackdown on the sale of "clone phones" (shanzhai, black market or "knockoff" goods) made in mainland China, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) urged people to use China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced at a press conference on June 30, 2009, that it was permissible for the pre-loading of "green" (non-pornographic, non-illicit) Internet filtering software to be deferred. According to Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) has directed the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), the Ministry of Education (MOE), and the Government Information Office (GIO) to jointly draft an electronic book industry action plan. Deliberations on the e-book Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations