Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Crime and law enforcement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Court of Appeal Dismisses Theft Charges Against Boy for Stealing Bread http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404238_text Crime and law enforcement; Judiciary; Juvenile crime - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404238_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Criminal Court Drops Charges Against Mubarak http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404222_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 10 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404222_text Global Legal Monitor: Canada: Minister of Citizenship and Immigration Tables New Bill on Cultural Practices http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404216_text Crime and law enforcement; Immigration; Marriage and family status - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404216_text Global Legal Monitor: Morocco: Human Rights Activist Sentenced to Four Years in Prison http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404219_text Crime and law enforcement; Lawyers and legal services; Human rights - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404219_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: New Revenge Porn Prevention Act http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404206_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404206_text Global Legal Monitor: Gambia: Law Enacted Making Aggravated Homosexuality a Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404207_text Crime and law enforcement; HIV/AIDS; LGBT rights - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404207_text Global Legal Monitor: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: Militia Leader Sentenced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404197_text Crime and law enforcement; Military justice; War crimes - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404197_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: New Law on State Attorneys http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404187_text Constitution; Crime and law enforcement; Government; Judiciary; Lawyers and legal services - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404187_text Global Legal Monitor: Spain: Criminal Sanctions for Foreign Fighters and Anti-Terrorism Measures Under Consideration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404162_text Crime and law enforcement; Military assistance; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 16 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404162_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia: Human Rights Experts Again Urge Sedition Law Abolition http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404160_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of speech; International organizations - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404160_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Child Protection Legislation Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404150_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Sex offenses - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 07 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404150_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Foreign Fighters Bill Introduced in Parliament http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404139_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 30 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404139_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Presidential Decree Enhances Punishments Against Legal Persons and Individuals Receiving Foreign Funding http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404137_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 26 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404137_text Global Legal Monitor: Greece: New Law Criminalizes Denial of Genocide, Hate Speech, and Other Acts of Racism http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404129_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against humanity; Freedom of speech; Genocide; Hate crimes - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404129_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Abolition of Crime of "Illegal Immigration" and the Mare Nostrum Policy http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404131_text Administrative remedies; Boundaries; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Immigration - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404131_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: New Law Criminalizes HIV/AIDS Transmission, Requires Pregnant Women to Undergo HIV Testing http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404122_text Crime and law enforcement; Discrimination; HIV/AIDS; Women's rights - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404122_text Global Legal Monitor: Gambia: Parliament Adopts Stringent Anti-Homosexuality Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404120_text Crime and law enforcement; LGBT rights - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404120_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain: Magistrate Court Extends Detention of Human Rights Activist http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404115_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404115_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Major Reform of Penal Code http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404112_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure; Sentencing - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 02 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404112_text Global Legal Monitor: United Arab Emirates: Anti-Terrorism Law Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404110_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404110_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Right to Information of Persons Subject to Imprisonment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404100_text Correctional facilities and imprisonment; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 14 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404100_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Compensation for Mistreated Inmates and Other Provisions on Prison Administration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404094_text Correctional facilities and imprisonment; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 12 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404094_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: Possession of Child Pornography Finally Punishable http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404088_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Pornography; Sex offenses - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404088_text Global Legal Monitor: Iceland: Icelandic Bankers Jailed for Fraud http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404082_text Banks and financial institutions; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure; Fraud and financial crimes - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404082_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Begging to Become Illegal Again http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404078_text Crime and law enforcement; Immigration; State and local government - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404078_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: Human Rights Lawyer Convicted Under Anti-Terror Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404070_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Lawyers and legal services; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404070_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Penal Code Amended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404055_text Crime and law enforcement; Smuggling - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404055_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Rape and Sexual Assault Suspects Referred to Criminal Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404037_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure; Sex offenses - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404037_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Court: Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404027_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against humanity; Human rights; International criminal court; Sex offenses; War crimes - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404027_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Supreme Court Rules Local Crimes Not Covered by Statute Implementing Chemical Weapons Convention http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404032_text Crime and law enforcement; Supreme court; Treaties and International Agreements/Weapons; United Nations Chemical Weapons Convention, 1993 - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404032_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Constitutional Decision Upholding Decriminalization of Soft Drugs http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404023_text Constitution; Controlled substances; Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 10 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404023_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Constitutional Decision Upholding Decriminalization of Soft Drugs http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404016_text Constitution; Controlled substances; Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative:... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404016_text Global Legal Monitor: Spain: Government Amends Citizens Safety Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404013_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Law enforcement officers - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404013_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Potential Terrorists Prosecuted for Planning to Support Terrorism in Syria http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404003_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404003_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Overhaul of Criminal Penalties http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403998_text Correctional facilities and imprisonment; Crime and law enforcement; Sentencing - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 28 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403998_text Global Legal Monitor: Sudan: Court Sentences Woman to Death for Converting to Christianity http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403982_text Freedom of religion; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403982_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Sexual Exploitation of Children Now a Heinous Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403986_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Sex offenses - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403986_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Presidential Decree Amending the Law on Money Laundering to Combat Terrorism http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403980_text Crime and law enforcement; Money laundering; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403980_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt; International Criminal Court: Petition from Muslim Brotherhood Rejected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403976_text Crime and law enforcement; International organizations; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 12 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403976_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: State Offers Reward for Information that Helps Solve Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403972_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403972_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya: Parliament to Criminalize Use of Wrong Title to Address Top Government Officials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403974_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Officials and employees - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403974_text Global Legal Monitor: Brunei: Islamic Law Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403965_text Crime and law enforcement; Islamic law; Legal systems - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403965_text Global Legal Monitor: Lebanon: Special Tribunal Indicts Journalists and Media Organizations for Contempt http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403967_text Crime and law enforcement; International organizations; Specialized courts; Criminal procedure - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403967_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Ministry Points Out Right of Appeal for Convicted Muslim Brotherhood Members http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403959_text Capital punishment; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 01 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403959_text Global Legal Monitor: Argentina: Proposal to Reform the Criminal Code http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403943_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403943_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya: Implementation of New Wildlife Law Expedited http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403941_text Animal protection; Conservation; Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403941_text Global Legal Monitor: Libya: Establishment of Commission to Revise Legislation That Might Contradict Islamic Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403925_text Crime and law enforcement; Islamic law - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403925_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Parliament Endorses Stricter Rules on Personal Data Protection http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403911_text Crime and law enforcement; Right of privacy - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403911_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Legislation on Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances Found Partially Unconstitutional http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403903_text Controlled substances; Crime and law enforcement; Constitution - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403903_text Global Legal Monitor: Mauritania; United Nations: Plan to End Slavery Expected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403886_text Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking; International organizations - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403886_text Global Legal Monitor: Angola: Anti-Terrorism and Money Laundering Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403882_text Crime and law enforcement; Drug trafficking; Money laundering; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403882_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Three Individuals Sentenced for Posting Signs Saying "No to the New Constitution" http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403879_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of speech - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403879_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Draft Legislation on Economic Competition Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403876_text Competition and antitrust; Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403876_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Federal Senate Approves of Law Against Human Trafficking http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403877_text Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 24 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403877_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Senate Approves Penalty of Up to 60 Years of Imprisonment for Terrorists http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403873_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 18 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403873_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Use of Virtual Means Does Not Lessen Criminal Responsibility, Punishment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403861_text Crime and law enforcement; Sentencing; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403861_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Cybercrime Bill Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403853_text Crime and law enforcement; Cybercrime; Intelligence activities - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 05 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403853_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: New Terrorism Law in Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403851_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403851_text Global Legal Monitor: Romania: Court Finds Immunity Law Unconstitutional http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403832_text Constitution; Corruption; Crime and law enforcement; Officials and employees - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403832_text Global Legal Monitor: Lebanon: Trial on Assassination of Hariri Begins http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403836_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403836_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Enhancement of Penalties on Crimes Related to Electoral Process http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403831_text Crime and law enforcement; Elections and politics - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403831_text Global Legal Monitor: Morocco: Rape Law Amendment Considered http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403828_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against women; Sex offenses - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403828_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Prohibition of Online Distribution of Sexual Images Without Consent http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403826_text Crime and law enforcement; Internet; Sex offenses - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended;... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 10 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403826_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Constitutional Court Upholds Mandatory Minimum Sentence Rule for Accomplices in Armed Robberies http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403813_text Crime and law enforcement; Judiciary; Sentencing - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403813_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Protocol Adopted to Protect Children in Partner-Killing Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403808_text Child custody; Crime and law enforcement; Domestic violence - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 27 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403808_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Bill Prohibiting Same-Sex Marriage Moves Forward http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403807_text Crime and law enforcement; Families ; Marriage and family status; Same-sex marriage - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 26 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403807_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Parliament Approves Anti-Pornography Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403803_text Crime and law enforcement; Pornography - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403803_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Women Sentenced to Prison Term for Anti-Government Demonstration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403787_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of speech - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403787_text Global Legal Monitor: Belarus: Government Will Confiscate Cars of Drunk Drivers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403781_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 11 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403781_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: Severe Punishment for Drivers Who Have Seizures in Certain Traffic Accident Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403784_text Crime and law enforcement; Driving while intoxicated; Motor vehicles - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 11 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403784_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Bill Giving Personhood to a Fetus at 20 Weeks Passed by State Lower House http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403769_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403769_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Conviction Obtained Under New Law Banning Intrusive Photography http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403761_text Crime and law enforcement; Right of privacy - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 18 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403761_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Constitutional Court Rules on Reasonable Period of Imprisonment for Certain Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403744_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403744_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Anti-Gang Measures Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403736_text Crime and law enforcement; Weapons - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403736_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Law Requires Terrorists to Compensate Their Victims http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403734_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403734_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Administrative Rules on Drunk Driving Adopted, Criminal Penalties Contemplated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403731_text Crime and law enforcement; Motor vehicles; Driving while intoxicated - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 23 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403731_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Cross-Border Prisoner Transfer Law Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403721_text Crime and law enforcement; International affairs - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 27 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403721_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: Legislation Introduced on Criminalization of Holocaust Denial http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403722_text Crime and law enforcement; Genocide; War crimes - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 27 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403722_text Global Legal Monitor: Estonia: Smoking or Taking Drugs During Pregnancy May Be Criminalized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403707_text Crime and law enforcement; Narcotics and drug abuse; Tobacco and smoking - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403707_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Law Passed to Fight Use of Substances Akin to Dangerous Drugs http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403668_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403668_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Defines "Criminal Organization" and Provides for Investigatory and Other Procedures http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403663_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 12 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403663_text Global Legal Monitor: England and Wales: Owners of Dogs That Kill Could Face Life Imprisonment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403659_text Crime and law enforcement; Animal protection - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403659_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Anti-Human Trafficking Legislation Signed into Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403653_text Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403653_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Regulation to Be Reviewed Following Prison Riot http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403644_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403644_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Draft Legislation on Financial-Economic Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403643_text Crime and law enforcement; Government ethics and transparency; Lawyers and legal services; Money laundering - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403643_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Security Council Resolution Against Sexual Violence http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403629_text Crime and law enforcement; International affairs; War; Families - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403629_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: Criminal Responsibility for Legal Entities Introduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403620_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 24 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403620_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Extension of Temporary Provision for Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403618_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 17 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403618_text Global Legal Monitor: Samoa: New Crimes Act Comes into Force http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403580_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403580_text Global Legal Monitor: Libya: Law Criminalizing Torture, Abduction, and Discrimination Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403578_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law:... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 30 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403578_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: No More Initials on Supreme Court Criminal Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403555_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403555_text Global Legal Monitor: India: Criminal Law Amendment Bill on Rape Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403545_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403545_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Aceh Stoning Provision Deleted, Other Shariah-Influenced Rules Controversial http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403522_text Crime and law enforcement - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to Jerandocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the An