Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Crime and law enforcement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: New Law Criminalizes HIV/AIDS Transmission, Requires Pregnant Women to Undergo HIV Testing http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404122_text Crime and law enforcement; Discrimination; HIV/AIDS; Women's rights - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404122_text Global Legal Monitor: Gambia: Parliament Adopts Stringent Anti-Homosexuality Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404120_text Crime and law enforcement; LGBT rights - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404120_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain: Magistrate Court Extends Detention of Human Rights Activist http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404115_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404115_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Major Reform of Penal Code http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404112_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure; Sentencing - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 02 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404112_text Global Legal Monitor: United Arab Emirates: Anti-Terrorism Law Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404110_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404110_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: Possession of Child Pornography Finally Punishable http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404088_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Pornography; Sex offenses - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404088_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Begging to Become Illegal Again http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404078_text Crime and law enforcement; Immigration; State and local government - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404078_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: Human Rights Lawyer Convicted Under Anti-Terror Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404070_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Lawyers and legal services; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404070_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Penal Code Amended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404055_text Crime and law enforcement; Smuggling - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404055_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Rape and Sexual Assault Suspects Referred to Criminal Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404037_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure; Sex offenses - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404037_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Court: Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404027_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against humanity; Human rights; International criminal court; Sex offenses; War crimes - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404027_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Supreme Court Rules Local Crimes Not Covered by Statute Implementing Chemical Weapons Convention http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404032_text Crime and law enforcement; Supreme court; Treaties and International Agreements/Weapons; United Nations Chemical Weapons Convention, 1993 - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404032_text Global Legal Monitor: Spain: Government Amends Citizens Safety Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404013_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Law enforcement officers - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404013_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Potential Terrorists Prosecuted for Planning to Support Terrorism in Syria http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404003_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404003_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Sexual Exploitation of Children Now a Heinous Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403986_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Sex offenses - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403986_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Presidential Decree Amending the Law on Money Laundering to Combat Terrorism http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403980_text Crime and law enforcement; Money laundering; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403980_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt; International Criminal Court: Petition from Muslim Brotherhood Rejected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403976_text Crime and law enforcement; International organizations; Judiciary - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 12 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403976_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: State Offers Reward for Information that Helps Solve Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403972_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403972_text Global Legal Monitor: Brunei: Islamic Law Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403965_text Crime and law enforcement; Islamic law; Legal systems - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403965_text Global Legal Monitor: Lebanon: Special Tribunal Indicts Journalists and Media Organizations for Contempt http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403967_text Crime and law enforcement; International organizations; Specialized courts; Criminal procedure - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403967_text Global Legal Monitor: Argentina: Proposal to Reform the Criminal Code http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403943_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403943_text Global Legal Monitor: Libya: Establishment of Commission to Revise Legislation That Might Contradict Islamic Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403925_text Crime and law enforcement; Islamic law - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403925_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Parliament Endorses Stricter Rules on Personal Data Protection http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403911_text Crime and law enforcement; Right of privacy - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403911_text Global Legal Monitor: Mauritania; United Nations: Plan to End Slavery Expected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403886_text Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking; International organizations - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403886_text Global Legal Monitor: Angola: Anti-Terrorism and Money Laundering Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403882_text Crime and law enforcement; Drug trafficking; Money laundering; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403882_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Three Individuals Sentenced for Posting Signs Saying "No to the New Constitution" http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403879_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of speech - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403879_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Federal Senate Approves of Law Against Human Trafficking http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403877_text Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 24 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403877_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Senate Approves Penalty of Up to 60 Years of Imprisonment for Terrorists http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403873_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 18 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403873_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Use of Virtual Means Does Not Lessen Criminal Responsibility, Punishment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403861_text Crime and law enforcement; Sentencing; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403861_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Cybercrime Bill Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403853_text Crime and law enforcement; Cybercrime; Intelligence activities - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 05 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403853_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: New Terrorism Law in Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403851_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403851_text Global Legal Monitor: Lebanon: Trial on Assassination of Hariri Begins http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403836_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403836_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Enhancement of Penalties on Crimes Related to Electoral Process http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403831_text Crime and law enforcement; Elections and politics - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403831_text Global Legal Monitor: Morocco: Rape Law Amendment Considered http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403828_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against women; Sex offenses - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403828_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Prohibition of Online Distribution of Sexual Images Without Consent http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403826_text Crime and law enforcement; Internet; Sex offenses - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended;... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 10 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403826_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Constitutional Court Upholds Mandatory Minimum Sentence Rule for Accomplices in Armed Robberies http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403813_text Crime and law enforcement; Judiciary; Sentencing - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403813_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Bill Prohibiting Same-Sex Marriage Moves Forward http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403807_text Crime and law enforcement; Families ; Marriage and family status; Same-sex marriage - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 26 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403807_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Parliament Approves Anti-Pornography Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403803_text Crime and law enforcement; Pornography - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403803_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Women Sentenced to Prison Term for Anti-Government Demonstration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403787_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of speech - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403787_text Global Legal Monitor: Belarus: Government Will Confiscate Cars of Drunk Drivers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403781_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 11 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403781_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: Severe Punishment for Drivers Who Have Seizures in Certain Traffic Accident Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403784_text Crime and law enforcement; Driving while intoxicated; Motor vehicles - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 11 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403784_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Bill Giving Personhood to a Fetus at 20 Weeks Passed by State Lower House http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403769_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403769_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Conviction Obtained Under New Law Banning Intrusive Photography http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403761_text Crime and law enforcement; Right of privacy - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 18 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403761_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Constitutional Court Rules on Reasonable Period of Imprisonment for Certain Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403744_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403744_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Anti-Gang Measures Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403736_text Crime and law enforcement; Firearms and explosives - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403736_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Law Requires Terrorists to Compensate Their Victims http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403734_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403734_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: New Administrative Rules on Drunk Driving Adopted, Criminal Penalties Contemplated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403731_text Crime and law enforcement; Motor vehicles; Driving while intoxicated - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 23 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403731_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Cross-Border Prisoner Transfer Law Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403721_text Crime and law enforcement; International affairs - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 27 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403721_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: Legislation Introduced on Criminalization of Holocaust Denial http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403722_text Crime and law enforcement; Genocide; War crimes - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 27 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403722_text Global Legal Monitor: Estonia: Smoking or Taking Drugs During Pregnancy May Be Criminalized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403707_text Crime and law enforcement; Narcotics and drug abuse; Tobacco and smoking - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403707_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Law Passed to Fight Use of Substances Akin to Dangerous Drugs http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403668_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403668_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Defines "Criminal Organization" and Provides for Investigatory and Other Procedures http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403663_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 12 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403663_text Global Legal Monitor: England and Wales: Owners of Dogs That Kill Could Face Life Imprisonment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403659_text Crime and law enforcement; Animal protection - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403659_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Anti-Human Trafficking Legislation Signed into Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403653_text Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403653_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Regulation to Be Reviewed Following Prison Riot http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403644_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403644_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Draft Legislation on Financial-Economic Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403643_text Crime and law enforcement; Government ethics and transparency; Lawyers and legal services; Money laundering - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403643_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Security Council Resolution Against Sexual Violence http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403629_text Crime and law enforcement; International affairs; War; Families - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403629_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: Criminal Responsibility for Legal Entities Introduced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403620_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 24 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403620_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Extension of Temporary Provision for Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403618_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 17 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403618_text Global Legal Monitor: Samoa: New Crimes Act Comes into Force http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403580_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403580_text Global Legal Monitor: Libya: Law Criminalizing Torture, Abduction, and Discrimination Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403578_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law:... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 30 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403578_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: No More Initials on Supreme Court Criminal Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403555_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403555_text Global Legal Monitor: India: Criminal Law Amendment Bill on Rape Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403545_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403545_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Aceh Stoning Provision Deleted, Other Shariah-Influenced Rules Controversial http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403522_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403522_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Prison Term Pronounced for Berlusconi http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403517_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 12 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403517_text Global Legal Monitor: India: Crime of Sexual Assault Penalized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403485_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 11 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403485_text Global Legal Monitor: Lebanon: General Prosecutor Seeks Lifting of Immunity of a Member of Parliament http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403487_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 11 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403487_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Strengthening of Prosecution of Foreign Bribery Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403483_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 08 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403483_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Judicial Interpretation on Crime of Giving Bribes to Government Officials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403451_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 08 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403451_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Law Amends Penal Code to Criminalize Electronic Offenses http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403427_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403427_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: New Amendment to Criminal Code on Child Abuse http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403428_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403428_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Espionage and State Treason Concepts Revised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403414_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 28 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403414_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain: Acquittal of Policewoman Accused of Torturing Journalist http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403407_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403407_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Court Overturns Rape Case Decision http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403383_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 07 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403383_text Global Legal Monitor: Georgia: Criminalization of Domestic Violence http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403390_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 05 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403390_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Parliamentary Committee on Organized Crime and Money Laundering http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403375_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 19 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403375_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Proposed Criminal Law Amendment to Include Internet in Public Space, Public Act Definition http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403376_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 19 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403376_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia: Court Awards Settlement to Detainees http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403362_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 10 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403362_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: Financial Pyramids Will Be Outlawed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403354_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 03 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403354_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Rewards for Assisting Police http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403355_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 03 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403355_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Proposal for Expansion of Pre-Trial Detention Sent to Legislature http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403344_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403344_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Government Proposes Outlawing Prostitution http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403302_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 30 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403302_text Global Legal Monitor: Chile: Disqualifications for Individuals Convicted of Sex Crimes Against Minors http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403298_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 27 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403298_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Pre-Indictment Plea Bargains Allowed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403295_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403295_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Defamation is Criminalized Again http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403291_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 20 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403291_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Making Public Threats on a Blog Will Be Criminalized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403276_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in The Storting, Norway's parliament, may update the country's Penal Code in connection with the crime of making threats in public, in the aftermath of a Norwegian Supreme Court (Handoslash;yesterett) ruling, issued on August 2, 2012, upholding... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403276_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Judges and Prosecutors More Protected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403265_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in The Storting, Norway's parliament, may update the country's Penal Code in connection with the crime of making threats in public, in the aftermath of a Norwegian Supreme Court (Handoslash;yesterett) ruling, issued on August 2, 2012, upholding Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 03 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403265_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain: Penalties Increased for Attacking Military Personnel http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403254_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in The Storting, Norway's parliament, may update the country's Penal Code in connection with the crime of making threats in public, in the aftermath of a Norwegian Supreme Court (Handoslash;yesterett) ruling, issued on August 2, 2012, upholding Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, Pursuant to articles 221 and 339 of the Bahrain Criminal Law No. 15 of 1976, an assault on the person of a public employee (including military personnel) during or because of the discharge of his duties... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403254_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia: Sedition Law to Be Repealed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403247_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in The Storting, Norway's parliament, may update the country's Penal Code in connection with the crime of making threats in public, in the aftermath of a Norwegian Supreme Court (Handoslash;yesterett) ruling, issued on August 2, 2012, upholding Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, Pursuant to articles 221 and 339 of the Bahrain Criminal Law No. 15 of 1976, an assault on the person of a public employee (including military personnel) during or because of the discharge of his duties On July 12, 2012, Malaysia's government announced that it will repeal a law that has been on the books since the colonial era and been used to repress political dissent. (Kevin Drew, Malaysia Vows to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403247_text Global Legal Monitor: Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan): Implementation of Jury Trials Postponed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403239_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in The Storting, Norway's parliament, may update the country's Penal Code in connection with the crime of making threats in public, in the aftermath of a Norwegian Supreme Court (Handoslash;yesterett) ruling, issued on August 2, 2012, upholding Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, Pursuant to articles 221 and 339 of the Bahrain Criminal Law No. 15 of 1976, an assault on the person of a public employee (including military personnel) during or because of the discharge of his duties On July 12, 2012, Malaysia's government announced that it will repeal a law that has been on the books since the colonial era and been used to repress political dissent. (Kevin Drew, Malaysia Vows to Kyrgyzstan will soon become another former Soviet republic in which courts with jurors will be introduced, based on an amendment to the Law on Jurors in Kyrgyz Courts adopted by the national legislature, the Zhogorku Kenesh,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 16 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403239_text Global Legal Monitor: Germany: Regional Court Ruling Criminalizes Circumcision of Young Boys http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403226_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in The Storting, Norway's parliament, may update the country's Penal Code in connection with the crime of making threats in public, in the aftermath of a Norwegian Supreme Court (Handoslash;yesterett) ruling, issued on August 2, 2012, upholding Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, Pursuant to articles 221 and 339 of the Bahrain Criminal Law No. 15 of 1976, an assault on the person of a public employee (including military personnel) during or because of the discharge of his duties On July 12, 2012, Malaysia's government announced that it will repeal a law that has been on the books since the colonial era and been used to repress political dissent. (Kevin Drew, Malaysia Vows to Kyrgyzstan will soon become another former Soviet republic in which courts with jurors will be introduced, based on an amendment to the Law on Jurors in Kyrgyz Courts adopted by the national legislature, the Zhogorku Kenesh, According to a decision handed down by the Cologne regional court (Landgericht Kln) on June 26, 2012, circumcision of young boys is a criminal act, prohibited by law, even if parents have consented to the procedure.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 03 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403226_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Overhaul of Rules on Review of Criminal Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403223_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in The Storting, Norway's parliament, may update the country's Penal Code in connection with the crime of making threats in public, in the aftermath of a Norwegian Supreme Court (Handoslash;yesterett) ruling, issued on August 2, 2012, upholding Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, Pursuant to articles 221 and 339 of the Bahrain Criminal Law No. 15 of 1976, an assault on the person of a public employee (including military personnel) during or because of the discharge of his duties On July 12, 2012, Malaysia's government announced that it will repeal a law that has been on the books since the colonial era and been used to repress political dissent. (Kevin Drew, Malaysia Vows to Kyrgyzstan will soon become another former Soviet republic in which courts with jurors will be introduced, based on an amendment to the Law on Jurors in Kyrgyz Courts adopted by the national legislature, the Zhogorku Kenesh, According to a decision handed down by the Cologne regional court (Landgericht Kln) on June 26, 2012, circumcision of young boys is a criminal act, prohibited by law, even if parents have consented to the procedure. On June 12, 2012, the Upper House (Eerste Kamer) of the Dutch Parliament (Staten-Generaal) adopted draft legislation reforming the rules on criminal case review, which are deemed to have become obsolete and "too limited in legal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403223_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Notice of Rights for Suspects and the Accused in Criminal Proceedings http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403218_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that country for almost two years. High Court Judge Lau Bee Lan ruled On August 23, 2012, the Ukrainian Commission on Financial Markets Regulation approved draft legislation banning financial pyramids in Ukraine and forwarded it to the legislature. The draft On August 23, 2012, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (police) of the Russian Federation published on its website draft Rules on Incentives and Payments to Individuals for Assistance in Investigating Crimes and Apprehending Criminals. This document The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted a proposal to the Lower House of the Parliament that would make it possible to detain a broader range of criminal suspects during the period in which It was reported in July 2012 that the Danish government intends to move forward with a proposal to make purchasing sexual acts illegal. The legislation would target the customers, rather than the prostitutes themselves. According to On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores On July 25, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure [Consolidated Version] Law, 5742-1982. The amendment provides the prosecution an additional way to proceed in a criminal case where it finds On July 28, 2012, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation signed into law amendments to the country's Criminal Code, recently passed by the legislature, which would reintroduce defamation as a felony punishable by fines in The Storting, Norway's parliament, may update the country's Penal Code in connection with the crime of making threats in public, in the aftermath of a Norwegian Supreme Court (Handoslash;yesterett) ruling, issued on August 2, 2012, upholding Almost one year after a criminal judge was brutally murdered in Rio de Janeiro by a criminal organization, some of whose members were being prosecuted, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated Law No. 12,694 of July 24, Pursuant to articles 221 and 339 of the Bahrain Criminal Law No. 15 of 1976, an assault on the person of a public employee (including military personnel) during or because of the discharge of his duties On July 12, 2012, Malaysia's government announced that it will repeal a law that has been on the books since the colonial era and been used to repress political dissent. (Kevin Drew, Malaysia Vows to Kyrgyzstan will soon become another former Soviet republic in which courts with jurors will be introduced, based on an amendment to the Law on Jurors in Kyrgyz Courts adopted by the national legislature, the Zhogorku Kenesh, According to a decision handed down by the Cologne regional court (Landgericht Kln) on June 26, 2012, circumcision of young boys is a criminal act, prohibited by law, even if parents have consented to the procedure. On June 12, 2012, the Upper House (Eerste Kamer) of the Dutch Parliament (Staten-Generaal) adopted draft legislation reforming the rules on criminal case review, which are deemed to have become obsolete and "too limited in legal On June 1, 2012, Directive 2012/13/EU on the Right to Information in Criminal Proceedings entered into force. (2012 OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (142/1) (May 22, 2012), EUR-LEX.) Directive 2012/13/EU establishes rules pertaining... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403218_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: Two Laws Adopted to Improve Use of Autopsies http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403213_text Crime and law enforcement - In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga, On November 27, 2013, the Felony Court of Alexandria, Egypt convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison 14 young women of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, on charges of participating in demonstrations held during the month A new law that cracks down on drunk driving came into force in Belarus on October 24, 2013 (Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 12, 2013, No. 60-Z on Amendments to Certain Laws The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of alcohol or are impaired due to a chronic illness. (On November 21, 2013, the Lower House of the New South Wales (NSW) Parliament passed a controversial bill that would allow authorities to charge a person who harms or destroys a fetus of 20 weeks' or In May 2013 the Swedish government enacted a new piece of legislation that amends the Criminal Code by outlawing filming or taking photos in secret and making the crime punishable with up to two years in The Constitutional Court of Turkey handed down a decision in June 2013 to annul the maximum term of imprisonment for certain crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Courts. (Constitutional Court On October 29, 2013, Denmark's Justice Minister, Morten Bandoslash;dskov, announced a plan to respond to the problem of gang-related crime in the country. There were 49 gang-related shootings in Denmark in the first six months of On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action On July 23, 2013, a new cross border Transfer of Sentenced Persons Act, in 25 articles, took effect in the Republic of China (ROC) (on Taiwan). On the same day, pursuant to the new law, the On September 3, 2013, legislation aimed at amending the Criminal Code of Ukraine and criminalizing the denial of the Holocaust was introduced in the Ukrainian legislature, the Verkhovna Rada. (Bill No. 3165 on Amending Article Following the example of neighboring Latvia, where damaging children's health through second-hand smoking was criminalized recently ( see Peter Roudik, Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (June 5, On July 31, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Law on Combating the Phenomenon of the Use of Dangerous Substances, 5773-2013 (text of the Law [in Hebrew], Ministry of Justice website). The new Law On August 2, 2013, Brazil enacted Law No. 12,850 (Lei No. 12.850, de 2 de Agosto de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which defines "criminal organization" and provides for the methods of criminal investigation, the means for In the face of an increase in the number of dog bites that cause serious injuries or fatalities in England and Wales, the British government is currently proposing the introduction of new legal provisions to stiffen On July 29, 2013, South Africa's President, Jacob Zuma, signed into law the country's first comprehensive legislation on human trafficking, the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill (PCTPB), which, among other goals, seeks to On July 13, 2013, Indonesia's government announced a plan to review a 2012 regulation thought to have set off a riot at Tanjung Gusta prison, in Medan, North Sumatra, two days before. Five people, including It was reported on July 5, 2013, that the Ministry of Security and Justice has submitted to the lower house of the Dutch Parliament, the Tweede Kamer, draft legislation on financial and economic crime. The proposed On June 24, 2013, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 2106, on increasing the efforts against impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence, whether the victim is female or male. (S.C. Res. 2106, On May 23, 2013, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine passed the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine. (Law No. 2990 [in Ukrainian], Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website (last visited On April 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Electronic Monitoring of Persons Released on Bail from Arrest and from Imprisonment (Temporary Order) (Amendment No. 3) Law 5773-2013. Amendment No. 3 extends to March 1, The Parliament of the Independent State of Samoa recently enacted the Crimes Act 2013, which replaces and modernizes the Crimes Ordinance 1961. (Crimes Act 2013, Parliament of Samoa website.) The new legislation came into force The Libyan National Congress approved Law No. 10 of 2013, Concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination, which was issued on April 14, 2013.Pursuant to this law: On April 10, 2013, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided during an administrative session that the criminal cases under analysis in the Court and future criminal cases will have the full name of the person being On April 2, 2013, India's President, Pranab Mukherjee, signed an anti-rape bill into law. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 was approved by the country's Upper House of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), on The Government of Aceh, in Indonesia, has revised a draft set of bylaws, the Qanun Jinayat, to remove a provision that had permitted the stoning of adulterers. These bylaws replace part of the Criminal Code with Italy's former Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, was sentenced on March 6, 2013, to one year in prison by a court in Milan. The sentence was for On February 3, 2013, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, signed with immediate effect a Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, adopted by the country's Cabinet on February 1, which will impose harsher penalties for the current crime On February 2, 2013, Boutros Harb, a Member of Parliament in Lebanon, commented publicly on an indictment issued in a case involving what has been considered an In response to an evaluation report published on January 8, 2013, by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the Cabinet of the Netherlands has adopted On December 26, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a judicial interpretation on the crime of giving bribes to state functionaries. (Text of the Interpretation [in Chinese], Supreme People's Court On November 30, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef promulgated two new laws that amend the Penal Code and establish Internet and electronic crimes and their punishments. (Dilma Sanciona Lei Carolina Dieckman, Sobre Crime Virtual, O On December 5, 2012, an amendment to article 286 of Taiwan's Criminal Code was published in the Gazette of the Office of the President. The amendment expands the scope of child abuse violations that On November 14, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a bill amending the Russian Criminal Code in regard to the crimes of espionage and state treason. (Marina Ozerova, He Did Not On October 22, 2012, the Grand Criminal Court in Manama, Bahrain, cleared a female police officer of wrongdoing. She had been charged with the torture of Sweden's Gta Court of Appeal overturned a previous decision in a rape case in which the victim was a transgendered woman. The October 2012 decision was issued On June 12, 2012, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a package of amendments to the country's Criminal Code and added two new articles that recognize domestic violence as a criminal act. (Law No. 6434 on In March 2012, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Organized Crime, Corruption, and Money Laundering (COCCML) with the mandate of making recommendations to tackle organized crime across the European Union. On October 1, 2012, On September 12, 2012, Norway's Ministry of Justice published for public comment a proposal recommending that the country's Criminal Code be changed to reflect a new definition On October 2, 2012, a High Court of Malaysia awarded damages to three opposition politicians and two activists who had been detained in that