Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Crime and law enforcement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Iceland: Update: Supreme Court Increases Jail Sentence for Kaupthing Bank Director and Shareholder http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404491_text Banks and financial institutions; Crime and law enforcement; Sentencing - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 02 Jul 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404491_text Global Legal Monitor: Canada: Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act Receives Royal Assent http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404485_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Sex offenses - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 30 Jun 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404485_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Cairo Court of Appeal Sentences Former President Morsi to Death http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404461_text Capital punishment; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Jun 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404461_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Supreme Court Affirms Pre-Trial Detention of Julian Assange http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404441_text Civil code; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure; Extradition; Sex offenses - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 15 Jun 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404441_text Global Legal Monitor: Tanzania: Cybercrimes Bill Enacted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404448_text Crime and law enforcement; Cybercrime; Freedom of speech - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 15 Jun 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404448_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: Visit to Hospital Patients and Digging Graves in Lieu of Prison Term http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404445_text Crime and law enforcement; Sentencing - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 12 Jun 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404445_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: New Immigration Law Enacted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404428_text Crime and law enforcement; Immigration; Specialized courts - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 05 Jun 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404428_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Court Sentences TV Show Host to Five Years of Imprisonment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404424_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of religion; Freedom of speech - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Jun 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404424_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Bill on Elimination of Violence Against Persons Enacted into Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404425_text Crime and law enforcement; Crime victims; Crimes against children; Crimes against women; Domestic violence - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Jun 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404425_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Blasphemy Provision to Be Removed from Penal Code http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404404_text Blasphemy; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 19 May 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404404_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Criminal Justice Measures Proposed, Prevention of Violence Against Children Stressed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404385_text Children's rights; Crime and law enforcement; Crime prevention - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 29 Apr 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404385_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: American Citizen Sentenced to Life Imprisonment for Terrorism-Related Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404376_text Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 16 Apr 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404376_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Sentencing of Citizen Who Entered Syria to Join Rebels http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404370_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against the state; Criminal code; Probation and parole - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 06 Apr 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404370_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia: New Anti-Terrorism Measures Tabled in Parliament http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404367_text Crime and law enforcement; National security; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 02 Apr 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404367_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Updated Legislation on Fight Against Terrorism http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404350_text Intelligence activities; Militias and paramilitary groups; National security; Terrorism; Weapons; Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 Mar 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404350_text Global Legal Monitor: Bangladesh: Murder of Avijit Roy, American-Bangladeshi Blogger http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404351_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of religion; Freedom of speech - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Mar 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404351_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: Men Sentenced on Charges of Insulting Buddha http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404352_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of religion; Freedom of speech - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Mar 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404352_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Criminal Court Gives Head of Muslim Brotherhood a Death Sentence http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404347_text Capital punishment; Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Mar 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404347_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: Cyber-Crime Conviction http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404348_text Crime and law enforcement; Cybercrime - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Mar 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404348_text Global Legal Monitor: Bulgaria: New Counter-Terrorism Provisions Proposed for Criminal Code http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404337_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Mar 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404337_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Killing A Woman Due to Gender Now Classed as a Heinous Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404334_text Crime and law enforcement; Women's rights - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Mar 2015 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404334_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Committee Report on Data Retention Bill Released http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404330_text Crime and law enforcement; Internet; National security; Right of privacy; Telecommunications - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 04 Mar 2015 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404330_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia: Opposition Leader Loses Final Appeal Against Sodomy Conviction http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404307_text Crime and law enforcement; Judiciary - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Feb 2015 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404307_text Global Legal Monitor: Papua New Guinea: Cabinet Approves Guidelines for Implementation of the Death Penalty http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404303_text Capital punishment; Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 11 Feb 2015 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404303_text Global Legal Monitor: India: Proposal to Decriminalize Attempted Suicide http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404249_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Mental health - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 29 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404249_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain; Egypt: Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Legal Cooperation Signed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404243_text Crime and law enforcement; Organized crime and gangs; Treaties and International Agreements; Treaties and International Agreements/European Union - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 19 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404243_text Global Legal Monitor: Cameroon: New Law on Repression of Terrorism Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404239_text Capital punishment; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Terrorism; Treaties and International Agreements/Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404239_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Court of Appeal Dismisses Theft Charges Against Boy for Stealing Bread http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404238_text Crime and law enforcement; Judiciary; Juvenile crime - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404238_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Criminal Court Drops Charges Against Mubarak http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404222_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 10 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404222_text Global Legal Monitor: Canada: Minister of Citizenship and Immigration Tables New Bill on Cultural Practices http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404216_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Immigration; Marriage and family status - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404216_text Global Legal Monitor: Morocco: Human Rights Activist Sentenced to Four Years in Prison http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404219_text Crime and law enforcement; Lawyers and legal services; Human rights - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404219_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: New Revenge Porn Prevention Act http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404206_text Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404206_text Global Legal Monitor: Gambia: Law Enacted Making Aggravated Homosexuality a Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404207_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; HIV/AIDS; LGBT rights - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404207_text Global Legal Monitor: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: Militia Leader Sentenced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404197_text Crime and law enforcement; Military justice; War crimes - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404197_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: New Law on State Attorneys http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404187_text Constitution; Crime and law enforcement; Government; Judiciary; Lawyers and legal services - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404187_text Global Legal Monitor: Spain: Criminal Sanctions for Foreign Fighters and Anti-Terrorism Measures Under Consideration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404162_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Military assistance; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 16 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404162_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia: Human Rights Experts Again Urge Sedition Law Abolition http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404160_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of speech; International organizations - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404160_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Child Protection Legislation Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404150_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Sex offenses - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 07 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404150_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Foreign Fighters Bill Introduced in Parliament http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404139_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 30 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404139_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Presidential Decree Enhances Punishments Against Legal Persons and Individuals Receiving Foreign Funding http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404137_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Human rights - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 26 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404137_text Global Legal Monitor: Greece: New Law Criminalizes Denial of Genocide, Hate Speech, and Other Acts of Racism http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404129_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against humanity; Freedom of speech; Genocide; Hate crimes - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404129_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Abolition of Crime of "Illegal Immigration" and the Mare Nostrum Policy http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404131_text Administrative remedies; Boundaries; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Immigration - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404131_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: New Law Criminalizes HIV/AIDS Transmission, Requires Pregnant Women to Undergo HIV Testing http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404122_text Crime and law enforcement; Discrimination; HIV/AIDS; Women's rights - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404122_text Global Legal Monitor: Gambia: Parliament Adopts Stringent Anti-Homosexuality Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404120_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; LGBT rights - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404120_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain: Magistrate Court Extends Detention of Human Rights Activist http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404115_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404115_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Major Reform of Penal Code http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404112_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Criminal procedure; Sentencing - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 02 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404112_text Global Legal Monitor: United Arab Emirates: Anti-Terrorism Law Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404110_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404110_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Right to Information of Persons Subject to Imprisonment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404100_text Correctional facilities and imprisonment; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 14 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404100_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Compensation for Mistreated Inmates and Other Provisions on Prison Administration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404094_text Correctional facilities and imprisonment; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 12 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404094_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: Possession of Child Pornography Finally Punishable http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404088_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Pornography; Sex offenses - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404088_text Global Legal Monitor: Iceland: Icelandic Bankers Jailed for Fraud http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404082_text Banks and financial institutions; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Criminal procedure; Fraud and financial crimes - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404082_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Begging to Become Illegal Again http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404078_text Crime and law enforcement; Immigration; State and local government - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404078_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: Human Rights Lawyer Convicted Under Anti-Terror Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404070_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Lawyers and legal services; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404070_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Penal Code Amended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404055_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Smuggling - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404055_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Rape and Sexual Assault Suspects Referred to Criminal Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404037_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure; Sex offenses - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404037_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Court: Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404027_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against humanity; Human rights; International Criminal Court; Sex offenses; War crimes - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404027_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Supreme Court Rules Local Crimes Not Covered by Statute Implementing Chemical Weapons Convention http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404032_text Crime and law enforcement; Supreme court; Treaties and International Agreements/Weapons; United Nations Chemical Weapons Convention, 1993 - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404032_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Constitutional Decision Upholding Decriminalization of Soft Drugs http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404016_text Constitution; Controlled substances; Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative:... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404016_text Global Legal Monitor: Spain: Government Amends Citizens Safety Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404013_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Law enforcement officers - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404013_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: Potential Terrorists Prosecuted for Planning to Support Terrorism in Syria http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404003_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404003_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Overhaul of Criminal Penalties http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403998_text Correctional facilities and imprisonment; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Sentencing - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 28 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403998_text Global Legal Monitor: Sudan: Court Sentences Woman to Death for Converting to Christianity http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403982_text Freedom of religion; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403982_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Sexual Exploitation of Children Now a Heinous Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403986_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Sex offenses - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403986_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Presidential Decree Amending the Law on Money Laundering to Combat Terrorism http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403980_text Crime and law enforcement; Money laundering; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403980_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt; International Criminal Court: Petition from Muslim Brotherhood Rejected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403976_text Crime and law enforcement; International organizations; Judiciary - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 12 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403976_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: State Offers Reward for Information that Helps Solve Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403972_text Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403972_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya: Parliament to Criminalize Use of Wrong Title to Address Top Government Officials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403974_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Officials and employees - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403974_text Global Legal Monitor: Brunei: Islamic Law Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403965_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Islamic law; Legal systems - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403965_text Global Legal Monitor: Lebanon: Special Tribunal Indicts Journalists and Media Organizations for Contempt http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403967_text Crime and law enforcement; International organizations; Specialized courts; Criminal procedure - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403967_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Ministry Points Out Right of Appeal for Convicted Muslim Brotherhood Members http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403959_text Capital punishment; Crime and law enforcement; Criminal procedure - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 01 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403959_text Global Legal Monitor: Argentina: Proposal to Reform the Criminal Code http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403943_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403943_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya: Implementation of New Wildlife Law Expedited http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403941_text Animal protection; Conservation; Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403941_text Global Legal Monitor: Libya: Establishment of Commission to Revise Legislation That Might Contradict Islamic Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403925_text Crime and law enforcement; Islamic law - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403925_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Parliament Endorses Stricter Rules on Personal Data Protection http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403911_text Crime and law enforcement; Right of privacy - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403911_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Legislation on Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances Found Partially Unconstitutional http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403903_text Controlled substances; Crime and law enforcement; Constitution - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403903_text Global Legal Monitor: Mauritania; United Nations: Plan to End Slavery Expected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403886_text Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking; International organizations - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403886_text Global Legal Monitor: Angola: Anti-Terrorism and Money Laundering Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403882_text Crime and law enforcement; Drug trafficking; Money laundering; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403882_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Three Individuals Sentenced for Posting Signs Saying "No to the New Constitution" http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403879_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of speech - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403879_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Draft Legislation on Economic Competition Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403876_text Competition and antitrust; Crime and law enforcement - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403876_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Federal Senate Approves of Law Against Human Trafficking http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403877_text Crime and law enforcement; Human trafficking - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 24 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403877_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Senate Approves Penalty of Up to 60 Years of Imprisonment for Terrorists http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403873_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 18 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403873_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Use of Virtual Means Does Not Lessen Criminal Responsibility, Punishment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403861_text Crime and law enforcement; Sentencing; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403861_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Cybercrime Bill Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403853_text Crime and law enforcement; Cybercrime; Intelligence activities - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 05 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403853_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: New Terrorism Law in Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403851_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403851_text Global Legal Monitor: Romania: Court Finds Immunity Law Unconstitutional http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403832_text Constitution; Corruption; Crime and law enforcement; Officials and employees - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403832_text Global Legal Monitor: Lebanon: Trial on Assassination of Hariri Begins http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403836_text Crime and law enforcement; Terrorism - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403836_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Enhancement of Penalties on Crimes Related to Electoral Process http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403831_text Crime and law enforcement; Elections and politics - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403831_text Global Legal Monitor: Morocco: Rape Law Amendment Considered http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403828_text Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Crimes against women; Sex offenses - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403828_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Prohibition of Online Distribution of Sexual Images Without Consent http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403826_text Crime and law enforcement; Internet; Sex offenses - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended;... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 10 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403826_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Constitutional Court Upholds Mandatory Minimum Sentence Rule for Accomplices in Armed Robberies http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403813_text Crime and law enforcement; Judiciary; Sentencing - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403813_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Protocol Adopted to Protect Children in Partner-Killing Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403808_text Child custody; Crime and law enforcement; Domestic violence - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 27 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403808_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Bill Prohibiting Same-Sex Marriage Moves Forward http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403807_text Crime and law enforcement; Families ; Marriage and family status; Same-sex marriage - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 26 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403807_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Parliament Approves Anti-Pornography Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403803_text Crime and law enforcement; Pornography - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months' imprisonment, 70 lashes, and Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice issued a press release on March 10, 2015, announcing that it had proposed a draft law on amending and supplementing the country's Criminal Code, in order to ensure an adequate defense against The killing of a woman due to her gender is now a qualifying circumstance that makes the murder a heinous crime, according to a law approved on March 3, 2015, by the Brazilian Chamber of On February 27, 2015, the Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) released an advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 (Advisory Report). (PJCIS,Advisory Report on On February 10, 2015, a five-member panel of the Federal Court of Malaysia (Malaysia's highest court) declined to overturn the conviction and five-year sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal in the criminal case of Anwar On February 5, 2015, it was reported that the Papua New Guinea Cabinet had endorsed guidelines for the implementation of the death penalty. The Secretary of the Department of Justice and Attorney General, Lawrence Kalinoe, On December 10, 2014, India's Ministry of Home Affairs announced in a press release its decision to decriminalize attempted suicide by repealing section 309 of India's Penal Code. (The Indian Penal Code (IPC), World On December 4, 2014, the Egyptian Attorney General, Hisham Barakat, and his Bahraini counterpart, Attorney General Ali Fadl al-Bouainine, signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of legal cooperation. (The Signing of Cameroon's legislature has passed new anti-terrorism legislation that includes the death penalty for citizens who, either as individuals or in a group, carry out, abet, or sponsor terrorism. The legislation will now be On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance On November 29, 2014, the Cairo Court of Appeal dismissed all charges against former President Hosni Mubarak and his Minister of the Interior (homeland security), Habib al Adly. The court found Mubarak and Adly not On November 5, 2014, Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Chris Alexander, announced the tabling of a new bill, whose short title is the Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act. The legislation would amend On November 27, 2014, the appellate court in the city of Agadir, Morocco, sentenced the Western Saharan rights activist Abdelkhalik el-Markhi to four years in prison. The sentence came on the opening day of the The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently enacted the Revenge Porn Prevention Act. (Shiji seiteki gazou kiroku no teikyou tou ni yoru higai no boushi ni kansuru houritsu [Act on Prevention of Damage by Provision of On October 9, 2014, The Gambia's President, Yahya Jammeh, signed into law the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, which includes a provision that prescribes a harsh penalty for certain homosexual acts already criminalized under the country's On November 7, 2014, a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo gave a sentence of ten years of imprisonment to J;randocirc;me Kakwavu, an army general who had been a rebel leader. The court On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The The government is considering an amendment to the Penal Code that would make it a crime of terrorism to participate and fight in armed conflicts abroad on behalf of groups considered to be illegal militias. (Miguel On October 8, 2014, a group of experts associated with the United Nations Human Rights Council called for the abolition of Malaysia's 1948 Sedition Act. U.N. officials have frequently urged that the law be dropped. Child protection legislation discussed last spring by Indonesia's legislature was passed in late September. Due to the importance of its subject matter, the new law is considered to be a "special law," with authority superseding On September 24, 2014, the Australian Attorney-General, George Brandis, introduced the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014 in the Senate. (Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment (Foreign Fighters) Bill 2014, Parliament of Australia website.) Background and Related On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local On September 4, 2014, the Greek Parliament adopted an amendment to Law No. 927/1979 on Combating Race Discrimination, in order to align domestic legislation with European Union rules pertaining to hate speech and denial of genocide. In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 In August 2014, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed into law the HIV and AIDS prevention and control bill, which, among other measures, criminalizes intentional transmission of HIV and requires pregnant women to undergo mandatory HIV testing. On August 25, 2014, The Gambia's 53-member unicameral National Assembly adopted the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, aimed at including a new crime of "aggravated homosexuality" in the country's Criminal Code. (Gambia Passes Bill to It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; l'individualisation des peines et renforandccedil;ant l'efficacit; des sanctions p;nales [Law On August 21, 2014, the Prince of the United Arab Emirates approved Law 7-2014 on combating terrorism and terrorist activities. The new law is aimed at preventing citizens of the United Arab Emirates from joining or Italy's Legislative Decree No. 101 of 2014, which enters into effect on August 16, 2014, implements European Union Directive 2012/13/UE concerning the right to information of persons subject to criminal procedures. (Decreto-Legislativo 1 luglio 2014, Italy's Decree Law No. 92, of June 26, 2014, amends several legislative instruments with the purposes of guaranteeing the rights of persons currently held in Italian prison facilities and improving the administration of those facilities. (Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Jan. 29, 2010).) In a decision issued by the Reykjavik district court on December 12, 2013, two bank directors were among the parties imprisoned for fraud in connection with the banking crisis of 2008. (Domur: H;raandeth;sdoms Reykjavikur 12. As of July 1, 2014, Norwegian municipalities have the right to make begging illegal. Members of the governing parties of the Stortinget (the country's legislature) made a compromise with the Center Party (Senterpartiet) to acknowledge the On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals On June 27, 2014, Brazil published Law No. 13,008, which increases the punishment for smuggling. The new Law amends the Penal Code (Codigo Penal [C.P.], Decreto-Lei No. 2,848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940, On June 12, 2014, Egypt's General Prosecutor ordered the referral of seven individual suspects for trial before the Criminal Court of Cairo, on charges of rape and sexual assault. The authorities had arrested those individuals On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. implementing statute for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) does not apply to local crimes. (Bond v. United States, No. 12-158, (June 2, 2014), Supreme Court website.) On May 29, 2014, the Criminal Chamber of Italy's Supreme Court (Corte Suprema di Cassazione), upheld a Constitutional Court decision on the reduction of penalties for convictions for the sale of soft drugs. (Novitandagrave; legislative: Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 27, 2014, Norwegian prosecutors took three Norwegians into custody on charges of preparing to commit terrorist acts. The three men, all Norwegians, one originally from Somalia and two brothers originally from Yugoslavia, are suspected The Italian Parliament recently adopted Law 67 of April 28, 2014, regulating criminal penalties not involving imprisonment and containing measures on prison reform. (Legge 28 aprile 2014, n. 67, NORMATTIVA.) The overall purpose of the On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery Legislation approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on May 14, 2014, makes sexual exploitation of children and adolescents a heinous crime. The legislation will be sent to President Dilma Roussef for her signature. (Press Release, On May 13, 2014, Egypt's Interim President, Adly Mansour, issued a decree amending Law No. 80 of 2002 on combating money laundering. The purpose of the amendment is to curb the wave of terrorist acts In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers On May 6, 2014, the Brazilian state of Sandatilde;o Paulo launched a State Reward Program (Programa Estadual de Recompensa) designed to offer up to R$50,000 (about US$22,624) to citizens who can provide information that helps the Kenya's Parliament is considering a bill, the Order of Precedence Bill, 2014, which, among other goals, is aimed at "providing a yardstick for determining the proper position of all officer[s], their seniority and hierarchy for the On April 30, 2014, the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, announced that Sharia (Islamic) penal law would become effective in the country on May 1, under the Shari'ah Penal Code Order, 2013. In addition to On April 24, 2014, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international/domestic court, charged two journalists and their respective media organizations, a TV station and a print newspaper, with two counts of contempt and obstruction of The criminal court of Egypt's Al Minya Province recently sentenced the Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood organization (the spiritual head of the organization), along with 680 of its members, to the death penalty. On In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder Ejecutivo para Reformar el Codigo Penal, INFOBAE (Mar. 3, 2014).) In early April 2014, it was reported that a special unit of prosecutors, the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit, recently formed to combat wildlife-related crimes in Kenya, has already had some promising results. The Unit, which consists In January 2014, the Minister of Justice of Libya issued Decree No. 1958-2013 to establish a commission comprised of legal and religious scholars to ensure the adherence of Libyan legislation to Islamic law. (Ministerial Resolution On March 12, 2014, the European Parliament voted on a first reading of a major reform of European Union legislation on personal data protection, which had been proposed by the European Commission in 2012. The proposal On February 12, 2014, the ConstitutionaI Court of the ItaIian RepubIic (Corte CostituzionaIe deIIa ReppubIica ItaIiana, UItimo Deposito deIIe Pronunce (Mar. 14, 2014), ConstitutionaI Court website), decided a question on the constitutionaI Iegitimacy of IegisIation Gulnara Shahinian, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, announced that on February 27, 2014, Mauritania agreed to adopt a roadmap to end slavery. (UN Expert Urges Mauritania to Take More Vigorous Efforts to On February 10, 2014, Angola's National Assembly (the parliament) enacted Law No. 3, which further criminalizes money laundering offenses related to the financing of terrorism (Lei No. 3/14, de 10 de Fevereiro, Secretariat of the On February 25, 2014, an Egyptian Court of First Instance punished three political activists with three years of imprisonment for posting signs saying "No to the New Constitution." The activists were tried in absentia; their whereabouts The House of Representatives of Mexico recently received from the Federal Executive Branch draft legislation (iniciativa) on a new Federal Competition Law, which contains 130 articles, in addition to amendments to article 254 bis of the The Mexican Senate recently approved a comprehensive reform of the law against human trafficking. The reform provides for more severe penalties, incorporates new types of criminal behavior associated with human trafficking, extends the scope of aggravating The full Federal Senate of Mexico overwhelmingly approved draft legislation submitted by President Enrique Peandntilde;a Nieto to increase penalties to up to 60 years in prison for anyone who commits the offense of terrorism in the On February 5, 2014, the Supreme Court of Israel unanimously rejected an appeal of a penalty imposed on two physically impaired Arab-Israeli brothers who were convicted of having used social networks to assist Hamas in the Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah andamp; Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 15, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Romania issued a ruling finding unconstitutional draft legislation that would grant public officials immunity from prosecution. The amendments to the Criminal Law, adopted by the Romanian legislature on On January 13, 2014, two-and-a-half years after the issuance of an indictment in the murder of the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafic Hariri, and others, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a hybrid international tribunal, started On January 10, 2014, according to news reports, the Egyptian President was expected to approve an amendment to article 49 of Law 73-1956, on the exercise of political rights. The amendment will reportedly enhance the Law's On January 9, 2014, Morocco's parliamentary Justice and Human Rights Commission proposed amending the country's law on abduction and rape. (Addison Morris, Morocco Considers Amending Rape Law, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 10, 2014).) The revision On January 6, 2014, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) approved an amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 5758-1998 (hereinafter the PSH Law). (PSH Law 5758-1998, SEFER HAHUKIM [Official Gazette], No. 1661 at 166, as amended; On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On December 1, 2013, a new protocol on custody of children in the event of a partner killing took effect in the Netherlands. It was developed under the aegis of the Dutch Ministry of Security and On December 17, 2013, the Nigerian Senate unanimously adopted a Conference Committee report on the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, bringing the bill one step closer to enactment. (Senate Passes Harmonised Report on On December 18, 2013, Uganda's 375-member unicameral Parliament adopted the Anti-Pornography Bill, 2011, which seeks to establish a catch-all offense of pornography and provide a comprehensive legal regime on the subject. (Yasiin Mugerwa andamp; Nelson Wesonga,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403803_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Women Sentenced to Prison Term for Anti-Government Demonstration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403787_text Crime and law enforcement; Freedom of speech - On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank's largest shareholder On June 18, 2015, the Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act received Royal Assent, the necessary approval by a representative of the Crown after a bill is passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. On June 16, 2015, the Criminal Chamber of the Cairo Court of Appeal found former President Mohamed Morsi guilty of a prison break for escaping from Wadi al-Natron prison on January 28, 2011. (Mahmoud Mourad On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its "Objectives and The Criminal Court in Jeddah Province, Saudi Arabia, substituted a novel punishment for a prison sentence against two young women and two young men by ordering the women to visit ten intensive care patients in one On May 25, 2015, outgoing Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law new immigration legislation that repealed and replaced the 1963 Immigration Act. (Jonathan Signs Anti-Violence, Immigration Bills into Law, INFORMATION NIGERIA (May 25, On May 31, 2015, an Egyptian court of first instance found television show host Islam El-Beheiry guilty of insulting the religion of Islam under article 98(f) of the Penal Code. Article 98(f) provides that confinement On May 25, 2015, as one of his last acts in office, former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan signed into law the Violence Against Persons Bill. (Mohammed Abubakar andamp; Kanayo Umeh, Jonathan Signs Two Bills On May 12, 2015, the Norwegian Parliament made a final decision to immediately remove the provision on blasphemy from the country's General Civil Penal Code. The King must approve the amendment to the Code, and The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and On April 11, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo found an American citizen of Egyptian descent, Mohamed Sultan, guilty of multiple offenses. The Court, headed by Chief Justice Mohamed Nagi Shihata, imposed the penalty of On March 23, 2015 Israel's Kfar-Saba circuit court sentenced a defendant convicted of the offenses of infiltrating a hostile state (Syria) and of negligently causing "the delivery of information likely to benefit the enemy" to imprisonment On March 30, 2015, the Malaysian government tabled seven bills in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's Parliament) related to anti-terrorism. They include:Act on Prevention of Terrorism Bill (D.R. On February 20, 2015, new legislation amending the Criminal Code with respect to fighting terrorism entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including Bangladeshi-American secular blogger Avijit Roy was killed by a number of assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 27, 2015, after he had attended a book fair with his wife, who was attacked in the same incident. On March 17, 2015, a court in Burma (also known as Myanmar) sentenced a New Zealand manager of a bar and his Burmese associates to spend time in prison on charges of insulting the Buddhist religion. On March 16, 2015, the Criminal Court of Cairo handed down a death sentence to Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie. Badie was found guilty of murder, attempted murder, and inciting violence. The court also The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the Whats